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water there are many persons that affirm it speaks for the edification of this delighted Eng(laughter and cheers). And, as his lordship lish people (laughter)-1 beg leave to subthinks that it is the peculiar duty of this now mit that this speech of Mr. Stephens requires agglomerated and agglutinated association for a little scouring (applause). And then, if Southern independence to do away with that all the other allegations and evidences that impression, I beg to submit to them that, in the South are upholding slavery are to be the the first place they ought to do away with peculiar work of the Southern Independence four million slaves in the South ; for I, for Association, not Hercules in his palmy days my own part, cannot say but that I think had such work and wages before him as they there are uncharitable men enough living in have got (loud cheers). We sha’n’t be troubthis world to think that a nation that has led with them. They will be knee-deep and four million slaves in it has a good deal to do elbow-deep in their business of scrubbing and with supporting slavery (cheers). And when scouring, and Lord Wharncliffe may bid farehe has done that, it might perhaps be perti- well to the sweets of domestic leisure and to nent to suggest to his lordship that there the pursuits of the interests of state, and all should be a little something done to the Mont- its amusements hereafter will be scrubbing gomery Constitution of the South, which is and scouring (loud cheers). But there is changed from the old Federal Constitution in another precious paragraph that I will read : only one or two points, the most essential of - IIe believed that the strongest supporters which is that it introduces and legalizes slav- of slavery were the merchants of New York ery, and makes it unconstitutional ever to do and Boston. He always understood, and had it away; and they are under that Constitu- never seen the statement contradicted, that tion. Now, I submit that that wants scrub- the whole of the ships fitted out for the transbing a little (cheers). Then I would also port of slaves from Africa to Cuba were owned respectfully lay it at his lordship's feet-more by Northerners” (loud laughter). beautifully embossed, if I could, than this His lordship, if he will do me the honor to address to me is — the speech of Vice-Presi- read my speech, shall hear it contradicted in dent Stephens (hear, hear)-in which he de- the most licit terms. There have been clares that all nations have been mistaken, enough Northern ships engaged, but not by and that the subjugation of an inferior race any means all, nor the most. Baltimore has is the only proper way to maintain the liberty a pre-eminence in that matter; Charleston of a superior; in which he teaches cavalry a and New Orleans and Mobile, all of them. new lesson—in which he gives the lie into the And those ships fitted out in New York were face of the Saviour himself, who came to teach just as much despised and loathed and hissed us that hy as much as a man was stronger by.the honorable merchants of that great methan another, he owed himself to that other tropolis, as if they had put up the black flag (loud cheers). Not alone are Christ's blood of piracy (loud cheers). Does it conduce to drops our salvation, but these word-drops of good feeling between two nations to make sacred truth which cleanse the heart and con- such atrocious slanders as these? His lordscience by the expression of precious truths ship goes on to say :and principles, themselves are our salvation 6. That in the Northern States the slave was as well as the atoning blood : and if there be placed in even a worse position than he was in the truths of Christ one more eminent than in the South. He spoke from experience, another, it is “ He that would be chief, let having visited the country twice.” him be the servant of all.” But this auda I am most surprised, and yet gratified, to cious hierarch of infidelity, Mr. Stephens, in learn that Lord Wharncliffe speaks of the the face of God, and before mankind, in this suffering of the slave from experience (laughday of universal Christianity, declares that ter and cheers). I never was aware that he the way for a nation to have manhood is to had been put in that unhappy situation. crush out the liberty of an inferior and Has he toiled on the sugar plantation ? Has weaker race. And he declares ostentatiously he taken the night for his friend, avoiding and boastingly that the foundation of the the day? Has he sped through canebrakes, Southern republic is on that corner-stone hunted by hounds, suffering hunger and heat (loud cheers, “ No, no,” and renewed cheers). and cold by turns, until he has made his way I beg leave, when next Lord Wharncliffe to the far Northern States? (Cheers.) Has
he had this experience? The grammar is was on account of the multitude of Irishmen good. It is the word experience I call atten- that came to the States (cheers and interruption to. If his lordship says that it is his tion). I declare my
admiration for many of observation, I will accept the correction. I these people who have illustrated the page of continue :
history in every department. It is part of the “ In railway carriages and hotels, the ne-, fruit of ignorance, and, as they allege, the groes were treated as pariahs and outcasts, oppression that they have suffered, that it and never looked upon as men and brothers, has made them oppressors. I bear witness but rather as dogs" (cheers).
that there is no class of people in America In all railway cars where Southerners who are so bitter against the colored people, travel, in all hotels where Southerners' money and so eager for slavery, as the ignorant, the was the chief support, this is true. But allow poor, uninstructed Irishmen (" Oh," and me to say frankly that there has been some “ Hear,” and “ Thrce cheers for old Ireoccasion for such a statement, and there has land”). But although there have been been a prejudice in the North against the wrongs done to them in the North, the connegro. I speak this the more because it has dition of the free colored people in the North been a part of my duty any time these last is unspeakably better than in the South. sixteen years to protest against it, and a well- They own their wives and children (hear, dressed and well-behaved colored man has hear). They have the right to select their never had molestation or question on entering place and their kind of labor ; their rights of my church, and taking any seat he pleases in property are protected just as ours are. The the whole house, not because I had influence right of education is accorded to them (hear, with my people to prevent it, but because hear). There is in the city of New York God gave me a people whose own good sense more than ten million dollars of property and consciences led them to do it of their own owned by free colored people (hear). They accord. But from this vantage ground it has have their own schools; they have their own been my duty to mark out the unrighteous churches, their own orators; and there is no prejudice of which the colored people have more gifted man, and no man whose superb suffered in the North, and it is a part of the eloquence more deserves to be listened to than great moral revolution which is going on, Frederick Douglass (loud cheers); and if you that the prejudices have been in a great meas- think that he has too much white blood, then ure vanquished, and are now well-nigh trod- there is Samuel Ward, who is black as black den down. In the city of New York there can be ; and if you can find any man in the is one street railroad where colored people South who is superior to him in sense, in cannot ride, but in the others they may, and logic, and in eloquence, you will find a man in all the railroads of New England there is who has never yet appeared in any of their not one railroad in which a colored man would councils. I say, still further than that, that be questioned if he rides there. I believe since the breaking out of this war, the good that the colored men may start from the line conduct of the slaves at the South, and the of the British dominions from the North, and good conduct of the free colored people at the traverse all New England and New York till North, has gone far to increase the kind feelhe touches the waters of the Western Lakes ing of the whites towards them ; and since and never be molested or questioned, passing they have begun to fight for their rights of on as any decent white man would pass. But manhood, there is beginning to be the elolet me ask
you how came there to be these ments of a popular enthusiasm for them prejudices? They did not exist before the (loud cheers). I will venture to say that War of Independence. How did it grow up? there is no place on the earth where so many It grew up as one of the accursed offshoots of colored men stand in a position so auspicious slavery. Where you make a race odious by for the future as the free colored men and the oppression, all that belong to that race will freed slaves of the South and of the North participate in that odium, whether they be (cheers). I meant to have said a good deal free or slave. And the South have maintained more to you than I have, or I shall have time that institution which has made the African to say (s. Go on”). I lave endeavored to å prejudiced man even in the North. How place before you those facts which go to show next did that prejudice come to exist? It that slavery was the real cause of this war,
and that if it came to the citation of facts | deavor to the perfection of liberty over all whether North or South were the most guilty our continent (loud cheers). The condition in this matter, there could be no question, I of the North was that of a ship carrying pas think, before any honorable tribunal, any sengers tempest tossed, and while the sailors jury, any deliberative body, that the decision were laboring, and the captain and officers will be that the South, from beginning to end, directing, some grumblers would come up for the sake of slavery, has been aggressive, from among the passengers and say, 6. You and the North patient. Since the war broke are all the time working to save the ship, but out, the North has been more and more com- you don't care to save the passengers.' I ing upon the high ground of moral principle, should like to know how you would save the until now the Government has taken ground passengers so well as by taking care of the for emancipation, and has issued its Procla- ship. (At this point the Chairman read to mation of Emancipation (groans and counter the meeting the telegram relative to the seizcheers, and a voice, “ Go home.” There was ure of the rams at Liverpool. The effect was at this point an outrageous interruption from startling; the whole audience rose to their a person in the gallery, who was removed). feet, while cheer after cheer was given.) It has been said very often in my hearing, and
Mr. Beecher continued, Allow me to say oftener I have read it since I have been in of the conduct of the colored people, our England—the last reading I had of it was citizens (for in New York colored people vote, from the pen of Lord Brougham (hisses, and as they do also in Massachusetts and in sevcries of " Chair, Chair,” and disorder, which eral other Northern States, Mr. Wharncliffe continuing for some time, Mr. Beecher sat -Lord Wharncliffe, I beg his pardon—to down. When it had somewhat subsided, he the contrary notwithstanding), that it is a continued). It is said that the North is fight- subject of universal remark that no men on ing for the Union, and not for the emancipa- either side have carried themselves more galtion of the African. Why are we fighting lantly, more bravely, than the colored regifor the Union, but because we believe that ments that have been fighting for their govthe Union and its Government administered ernment and their liberty. My own youngest now by Northern men will work out the brother is colonel of one of those regiments, emancipation of every living being Cloud and from him I learn many of the most intercheering). If it be meant that the North esting facts concerning them. The son of one went into this war with the immediate object of the most estimable and endeared of my of the emancipation of the slaves, it never friends in my congregation was the colonel of professed to do it; but it went into war for that regiment that charged at Fort Wagner. the Union with the distinct understanding on He fell at the head of his men—hundreds fell both sides that if the Union was maintained -and when inquest was made for his body, slavery could not live long (cheers). Do you it was reported by the men in the fort that supp that it is wise to separate the inter- he had been buried with his niggers; and on est of the slave from the interest of the other his gravestone yet it shall be written, “ The people on the continent, and to inaugurate a man that dared to lead the poor and the oppolicy which took in him alone? He has got pressed out of their oppression died with them to stand or fall with all of us (hear, hear), and for them, and was buried with them” and the only sound policy for the North is (cheers). On the Mississippi the conduct of that policy which shall be for the benefit of the colored regiments is so good that, althe North, of the South, of the blacks, and of though many of the officers who command the whites (cheers), and we hold that the them are Southern men, and until recently maintenance of the Union—the fundamental had the strongest Southern prejudices, those principles which are contained in the Dec- prejudices are almost entirely broken down, laration of Independence and the Constitu- and there is no difficuliy whatever in finding tion—that this is the way to secure to the officers, Northern or Southern, to take comAfrican ultimately his best rights and his mand of just as many of these regiments as best estate. So that in this way the North can be raised. It is an honorable testimony did come into this conflict with the prayer, to the good conduct and courage of these longthe hope, rather than, I had almost said, the abused men, whom God is now bringing by expectation, that God would bless their en-| the Red Sea of war out the land of Egypt. ·
and into the land of promise (cheers). Il" meeting of inquiry" (renewed laughter). have said that it would give me great pleasure It will give me great pleasure, as a gentleto answer any courteous questions that might men, to receive questions from any gentleman be proposed to me. If I cannot answer them, (hear, hear), and to give such reply as is in I will do the next best thing—tell you so my power. (hear). The length to which this meeting (The reverend gentleman remained standing has been protracted, and the very great con- for a few moments, as if to give the opportuviction that I seem to have wrought by my nity of interrogation but no one rising to remarks on this Pentecostal occasion in yon- question him, he sat down amid great cheers. der Gentile crowd (loud laughter) admonish The speech lasted nearly two and a quarter me that we had better open some kind of l hours.)
own name :
THE GUEST AT THE GUARDS' BALL. I'm at home in the up-stairs dormitory, where
the sleep lies heavy as lead ; “ What am I doing here, with my ribs so blank and bare ?"
Snug-isn't it?-each six feet of space with its What business is it of yours, under corsage and
sleepers, two to a bed. berthe to stare?
They come up from the country so gamesome, so “What am I doing here with my tibia and thigh fresh, and full of glee ; bone clean?'
At first sight of this pale face of mine they'll Who are you dares push your question past the.
have nothing to say to me. bounds of crinoline ?
They're not aware 'tis my place to sit among the You don't mean to say the skull peeps out under young ladies still ; wreaths of the rose full-blown?
But the weaker ones soon draw to me ; they're Or that the rouge isn't thick enough to hide the
very often ill. sigmoid bone ? Have you no consideration—no proper feeling at
Some take to me so kindly—and lay their cheeks
to mine, all,-To annoy people by reminding them that Death As a child its face to its mother's will lovingly
incline ; is at the ball ?
Some struggle hard to keep me at arm's length; It's true I wasn't invited, not, at least, in my
but in the end,
They learn that, after all, I'm their best and But I must presume that Madame la Mort is stanchest friend. welcome, all the same.
Poor dears! And not at the Guards' Ball only, but wherever
Where'er they enter while thus twinkling feet,
they work and sleep, Bright eyes, and glossy tresses, and brilliant toi-To my house of business, after all, they're but lettes meet.
too glad to creep.
So no wonder if I'm privileged by my employers But nowhere so welcome as when with train, dia fair monds, lappets, and plume,
To visit the scenes which I furnish with these I sweep past our Gracious Princess in the crowd toilettes rich and rare.
ed drawing-room ; And none drops a gracefuller courtesy down to The old painters--excuse me for speaking of artthe crimson floor
ists so rococoThan La Grande Maitresse des Robes de la Had a subject they used to call “ La Danse Cour, Madame la Mort !
Macabre” long ago ;
In which-like vauriens as they are, those artEntre nous, 'tis I who have more to do than ists--they made free, most people are aware
With all conditions of life, as, at last, being led With these ravissantes toilettes that these charm
away by me. ing creatures wear ; There's scarce a house of business, that a West I should like to suggest to our painters—(we've End connection boasts,
some clever ones, they say) But Madame la Mort is there to keep the young A New Dance of Death, adapted to the fashladies at their posts.
ions of the day ;
On one side the House of Pleasure ; scene, the I'm at home in the crowded work-rooms, where ball-room ; and next door, my pupils their needles ply ;
The House of Business ; and for scene, the WorkLet pulses throb and brains go round, so no fin
room of Madame la Mort. gers idle lie.
From The Quarterly Review. | land ; but in this instance the old saying, that 1. The Works of Thomas Hood. 7 vols. one Scotsman will be sure to introduce an
Edited, with Notes, by his Son. Lon- other, was not verified, Thomas Hood being don, 1862.
as unlike a Scotsman as possible. His grand2. Hood's Own, First and Second Series. mother was an Armstrong; and he used to London, 1862.
in joke that he was descended from two
say 3. Memorials of Thomas Hood. 2 vols. London, 1860.
notorious thieves, Robin Hood and Johnnie
Armstrong. The genius of Cockneydom, It depends greatly on a man's physical however, was the ruling power in mixing the health and animal spirits whether he shall be elements of his nature. He would have been of a large, calm, outward-looking nature and all the richer for a little of the ruddy health objective mind, or shall be a brooding sub- of Robin, and the hardihood of the renowned jective being, whose vision is introverted, and Borderer. But Cockney he was doomed to whose temperament is too irritable to allow be ; and we cannot help thinking that the full time for maturing the larger births of lit- “ Song of the Shirt” could only have been erature. The great humorists, as a rule, written by one who entered deeply into Lonwere men of overflowing animal spirits. They don life, so as to feel instinctively how it went have, as the term suggests, more moisture of with the poorest poor who dwell high up the the bodily temperament; the unction of mirth, dark and rickety staircases, seeing the stars and the wine of gladness. Such are the through the rents of the roof; to whom spring Chaucers, Ben Jonsons, and Fieldings, the only comes in the plant or flower on the winMolières and Rabelais. But the small, thin dow-sill ; the gleanı of sunshine on the wing men, with little flesh and blood, the Popes, of a swallow darting by, or the warble of an Voltaires, and Hoods, rarely reach this per- imprisoned skylark. Only a dweller in Lonfect joyousness of feeling. On the contrary, don who knows how the poor live, could they feel naked to the least breath of the fathom the indescribable yearning of the feworld, as though they were one live sensitive vered body and pent-up soul for one breath of nerve of self, and the slightest touch erects the country air and boundless space; to cool the pens like porcupines' quills. That a the feet in the sweet green grass, and the finman with a powerful frame and robust health gers among its wild flowers; to freshen the may, even in a time like ours, reach the cor- poor worn eyes with a look at the glad green pulent Brobdignagian humor of the older world of pleasant leaves, waving woods, and writers, we have had ample proof in John blue heaven bending over all. Wilson, whose life was so opulent, and laugh Hood took cheerfully enough to his birth80 hearty, that he could shake off all the place, and thought if local prejudices were cobwebs of our miserable self-consciousness. worth anything the balance ought to be in That which would pierce the little men to favor of the capital. He would as lief have their vitals he took as a mere tickling of been a native of London as of Stoke Pogis, his cuticle. Those things which are as the and considered the Dragon of Bow Church or mighty blows of Thor's hammer to others only Gresham’s Grasshopper as good a terrestrial seemed to make him look up and say with sign to be born under as the dunghill cock on Skrymir, 6. There must be sparrows roosting a village steeple. He thought a literary man in this tree, I think ; what is that they have might exult that he first saw the light-or
perhaps the fog—in the same metropolis as It is a very noticeable feature in Hood's Milton, Gray, De Foe, Pope, Byron, Lamb, character that, with even worse health than and other town-born authors, " whose fame Pope's, he was of a most sweet temper; and has nevertheless triumphed over the Bills of no amount of pain and buffeting could turn Mortality.” So in their goodly company he him into one of the wasps of wit. But to cheerfully took up his livery, especially as read his nature and appreciate his works, we Cockneyism, properly so called, appeared to must turn to his life.
him to be limited to no particular locality or Thomas Hood by birth was a genuine Cock- station in life. It is likewise worthy of reney. He was born May 23d, 1799, in the mark, that Hood owes a whole class of huPoultry, London ; therefore within the sound morous character to the streets of London. of Bow bells. His father was a native of Scot- The “Lost Child” is a type of what we mean.
dropped ? "