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tia under his roof; and as he glanced at her " I do not much fancy that Mr. Caton," beautiful face, as he realized the charm of her said Horatia. “I wish you would beg your refinement, her soft breeding, he asked him- friends not to congratulate me without knowself more than once if that was indeed his ing me.” wife? His welcome was charming, his tender « Caton is a very good young fellow-he is kindness melted and delighted Horatia, who a rough diamond,” said the doctor. “He had not experienced overmuch in her life. saved my life once when I had the small-pox, She was grateful, gentle and happy and cor- so you must forgive him for that and other dial. When they drove off, the doctor was reasons, Horatia.” And he nodded, and went standing at the gate, as happy and as certain away more in love than ever. of coming happiness as she was herself. When Mr. Caton, whom he met presently

I wonder would it have been different if Dr. began talking over the marriage, with as many Rich could have known that evening what misgivings as the grandest of Horatia's great was to come as days went by? It was yet aunts, James Rich stopped him almost antime. If he could have been told the story of grily. the next two years, would he have hesitated " What do you mean about keeping in -have held back? I think not. He was a one's own class in life? I suppose a gentleman so brave and so incautious that I imagine man is the equal of any lady ; and if she does he would not have heeded the warning. I am not object to marry me, I cannot see what sure he could have borne to know the end of concern it is of yours. Men or women are it all--and could have heard of trouble to none the worse in any station of life for a come, with that same courage with which he good education, and for having some idea of endured it when it fell upon him.

what is happening out of one particular narHoratia had determined to marry her hus- row sphere." band against all warnings : except Mr. and “ Look at your sister,” began Mr. Caton. Mrs. Dumbleton there was no one in favor “ My sister will be all the better for learnof the match. But she would not listen to ing a little more of the world,” said Mr. Rich; any objections. Her aunt's laments, angry " she is too fond of housekeeping." But he reproaches, exclamations of horror, shakes of knew very well what Dr. Caton thought of head, nods, groans, sighs, grand and agitated Roberta. relations who drove up from town to put a Six weeks went by-very happily for James stop to the match, and to crush the presump- and Horatia, very slowly for poor Berta, who tuous doctor under their horses' hoofs, if all the while fought a heroic little battle need be-nothing could prevent her from do- which nobody suspected : she was fighting ing as she liked.

with herself, poor child! and got all the “ I am beginning to see that this is not at blows. all a good match for you,” the doctor said Andrew Caton, indeed, may have guessed one day. “ Horatia, do you understand that that she was not happy ; and one day he you will have to be really a woman of the came up to condole with her, but he had put working classes ? You will have to do as on such a very long sympathetic face for the Berta does—for instance, sew and stitch, and occasion that Berta burst out laughing, and make a pudding on occasions, and I don't would not say a word on the subject. Much know what else."

less would she understand when he tried to “ I am older than Berta, and have been speak of what was much nearer his heart. brought up differently,” said Horatia, smil- The little maiden gently parried and avoided ing. “ I assure you it is a popular fallacy to all sentiment. At the very bottom of her think that households do not go on very well heart I think she liked him, and meant some with a little judicious supervision. The mis- day to make him happy; but at twenty life 'tress is not necessarily always in and out of is long, the horizon stretches away far, far the kitchen. Where are you going to?” into the distance. There is plenty of time to she went on, glad to change the subject, love, to live, to hate, to come, to go. Older which was one she hated.

people are more impatient, and hurry things “I am going to see a very sick man who on. Young folks don't mind waiting; at lives three miles off. Caton is attending him, least, so it has seemed to me. Roberta did and he has sent for me."

not mind much, only sometimes, when a

sort of jealous loneliness came wearily weigh- took to following him about; she would come ing upon her. She could not help feeling out to meet him on his return, and creep that she was changed somehow, that life was gently in his room when he was smoking, or not the placid progress she had always im- at work. The night before his marriage she agined ; wishes, terrors, fancies, were crowd- whispered a little sobbing blessing in his ear. ing round her more and more thickly every “My dearest Berta," he said, “ let us day. She began to see what was going on pray that we may all be happy-don't cry, all about her, to understand what was pass- you silly child,--you do not think that any ing in other people's minds, as she never had one or anything can ever change my love for done in her life before.

you." As the day approached which was settled James was not demonstrative; he had for James's marriage, Berta became more sad. never said so much before, and Berta slept Her wistful eyes constantly crossed his, she sounder than she had slept for weeks.

HENRY Fitz, the telescope maker, died sudden “ About forty years ago I was in Quebec, and ly in this city on Saturday. He was born in through a friend learned that one of the 'grenaNewburyport on the last day of the year 1808. diers' composing the company guarding the He made his first reflecting telescope twenty- Block House in the lower town, near the bridge eight years ago. In the winter of 1844 he in- over which General Montgomery was passing vented a method of perfecting object-glasses for when he was shot, was still iiving and had the refracting telescopes, making the first one of the general's sword. With that friend I called on bottom of an ordinary tumbler. In the fall of Mr. Thompson and was shown the sword and 1845 he exhibited at the Fair of the American belt. It was a two-edged sword, with pearl hanInstitute an instrument of six inches aperture, dle. I buckled it on, and asked Mr. Thompson which, although made of common American ma- to let me take it to Mrs. Montgomery, who was terial, in the way of flint glass, was a very ex- then living in New York. He said he had thought cellent instrument. It secured him the friend- he would send it to her, but as he took it himself ship of noted astronomers, and from that time from the dead body of the general he thought he forward he devoted himself to the business of would keep it. Mr. Thompson was a very tall telescope making with unparalleled success, Con- man, full six feet or over. I walked with him tinually progressing in size he finally succeeded to the spot where General Montgomery was shot, in making instruments of sixteen inches aperture. and had from him every particular of the sad He made two of thirteen inches, one for the Dud-event. Mr. Thompson was one of the men who ley Observatory at Albany, and another for an buried the general, and was the only man living association of gentlemen at Alleghany, Pa. who could point out the true grave of General

Of a large number of six inches aperture, one Montgomery, which he performed for the comvery fine instrument was ordered by the United mittee from New York who came to Quebec for States Government for Lt. Gillies's expedition to the remains, to be deposited in the vault under Chili ; it is in the Observatory of the Chilian his monument in St. Paul's Church, Broadway, Government. The methods of Mr. Fitz were en- in New York. Many years have passed since tirely of his own invention. They were so deli- then, but my memory is fresh in recollecting this cate as to detect the change in form, by expan- interview with Mr. Thompson, and it now apsion, of an object-glass, effected by passing the pears his son still retains that sword.” finger over it on a frosty night. Mr. Fitz was, when seized with his final illness, about to go to BOILING POTATOES.—This is a formula: Let Europe to select a glass for a twenty-four inch each mess be of equal size. Let the water boil telescope, the ambition of his later years, and to before putting the potatoes in. When done, pour procure patents for a camera, involving a new off the water and scatter three or four table-spoonform of lenses, securing all the sharpness and fuls of salt, cover the pot with a coarse cloth, and angle of aperture of Ilarrison's globe lens at a return it to the fire for a short time. Watery. much less cost. Ho leaves a number of large potatoes are made mealy by this process. How telescopes nearly complete. The death of few simple, is the process, yet how few understand it. men would be a greater loss to Science.--New York Express.

“ COMMENT la Russie et la Perse peuvent ané

antir l'Influence Anglaise en Asie" is the latest GENERAL MONTGOMERY'S SWORD.-A writer in pamphlet on the favorite subject of “ England in the Boston Journal says :

the East."

From The Spectator, 24 Oct. tion whether the system of black labor was THE SOUTHERN APOSTOLATE IN ENG or was not justifiable, it was admitted that LAND.

the black peasant of the Southern States was

as well clothed, as well fod, as well sent to MR. BERESFORD HOPE is, perhaps, the most church, as any peasant in the world (loud intelligent and docile of all the disciples whom cheers).” There is a largeness of view here the Slave States and their able politicians have in the picture of what a peasantry should be found in England. The result of that “ in- — well fed, well clothed, and well sent to tense study" which, as he told his Liverpool church," there to hear, one would hope, careaudience yesterday week, he had during the fully selected lessons—which must have filled last three years given to this subject, has the minds of his English audience with vain been, no doubt, to mould his flexible intellect regrets. The English peasantry, if they and sympathetic heart into the very attitude could but be effectually bought up by their of the slave-driver's; and the result shows landlords, might be also well fed, well clothed, itself in flashes of arbitrary eloquence and and well sent to church. As a Richmond gleams of splendid mockery against English paper not long ago pointed out, if your capiprejudices which, we are not surprised to find, talist could but own all his laborers, the filled the “Southern Club” of Liverpool with problem of competition for wages and for vaenthusiasm and delight. That passage about rious other and more valuable things might be Lord Russell's hardness of belief as to the solved, or rather annihilated. You can feed, universal prevalence of English sympathy | dress, and drive your peasantry to church, or with the South, was conceived in the strong to the cotton-ground, as the case may be, if spirit, and expressed with all the elegant dic- once you own them. And, then, as to owntion, of a mind tutored in the bar-room con- ing them, continues Mr. Beresford Hope, with versations of Baltimore or Mobile. “He subtle and daring logic, it is, after all, a dishad once heard the story of a gentleman who tinction of words more than of things.' " He was accused of intoxication, and being a man might tell them that he was talking the other of a kind of statesman-like mind, -such a day to a Southerner, and said to him, We man as should preside at the British Foreign don't like the word • slave;" why don't you Office (roars of laughter),--he said, for his get rid of it?' His friend replied, Well, part, he was unwilling to consider any gen- we don't use it in the Southern States, we tleman intoxicated until he saw that gentle- call them " servants," or people." Then he man trying to light his pipe at the pump said, : Why don't you get rid of it?'" The (great laughter). Now, it seemed to him friend did not reply, and Mr. Beresford Hope that Lord Russell required equal stringency did not, as he might have done, reply for him of proof before he would understand that the " because we went to war expressly to presympathies of this nation were with the Con- vent either getting rid of it, or softening its federate States (laughter)." That is very meaning,-in order that it might have a more nicely illustrated, and in a form that would, permanent and austere meaning, '--for that perhaps, appeal yet more popularly to the would have been a painful mode of putting it. every-day experience of the Southern citizen Mr. Beresford Hope knew, like his Southern than even to the cheery imagination of the friend, how to put it more delicately. “It Liverpool sympathizers. And when, amidst was like a question," he said, " which had universal acclamations, Mr. Hope branded been agitated in some of the counties of Engour attorney-general, Sir Roundell Palmer, land as between the lessces and tenants-atas, in type at least, a genuine “ Bostonian will.” There might, perhaps, be more likestatesman, in the pure and true sense of the ness than there is between the two questions ; word, which the political shufflers of the in- but that only shows better the great delicacy tellectual city of Boston put forward,” the of Mr. Hope's discrimination in pointing out Confederates present must have felt, with what there is. “ The theoretical differences sudden joy, that the spirit of the late Hon. (between the English systein and the SlaveW. L. Yancey, or the late Mr. Brooks, of State system of labor) were greater than the South Carolina, or some other heart of fire, practical, and if he might prophesy, in one hunmiscalled a fire-eater, had taken possession of dred, fifty, or thirty years nence, the question the wealthy and generous British politician. of black labor in the Confederate States would

But the best evidence of Mr. Hope's profi- become then just what the great questions of ciency in the Southern school of thought the repeal of the Test and Corporation Acts, was, of course, his happy mode of comparing the Free Trade Bill, and the Catholic Emancithe condition of the black peasantry” of the pation were in England." There is a diffiSouth with that of the English agricultural culty here which Mr. Beresford Hope, with laborer, with which he, of course, as a man more time, would, no doubt, explain satisfacof large property, is thoroughly familiar. torily, Sapposing the Orangemen had es“ They would find that, apart from the ques- tablished a separate state or kingdom apart

from the Liberals, but including all the the same affinity, but had proved itself unCatholics, simply in order to extend and worthy of it, she had fought a good fight to strengthen the penal enactments against the defend what is dearer to her than life."; Catholics, is it clear how soon the Catholic The substance of Colonel Lamar's teaching, emancipation would have been passed? But, however, was more valuable than even the of course, every difficulty could not have been Standard would lead us to believe. He dwelt met in a single speech, and Mr. Beresford first on the noble nature of agricultural purHope had done enough already in reducing suits. Nearly all the people of the Southern the question of slavery to a question of the States, he tells us, “ see in each upturned sod ory," rather than practice, and setting forth of their fallow ground that which is more boine of the advantages of the black peasantry, precious to them than the gold of California in being well fed, well clothed, and well —the sparkle of independence and of personal driven to Church, over the English. Mr. liberty.” The fallow ground, we conclude, Hope having once taught us to see in the represents especially this “ independence and slave-driver's lash the true symbol of freedom, personal liberty,” because it is still idle and we may trust him to develop to us at some fruitless, while the cultivated ground would future time the proof that, as the legitimate represent a certain amount of effective indussway of that lash extends, the use of it will try, and, therefore, of that “ dependence and be relinquished. It is something that a man personal servitude” which is happily associbred in England has acquired so aptly the ated with industry in this blessed land. Colofree logic and homely morality of the Slave nel Lamar said that he ascribed the warlike State.

character of the South to its association with But Mr. Beresford Hope is only an humble the soil ; “ he believed, without disparaging learner, after all,-a very acute learner, much other pursuits, that from the culture of the more intelligent than Mr. Lindsay, though soil, the drawing of sustenance from the scarcely more deeply imbued than the latter bosom of mother earth, they derived a certain with the spirit of the noble cause he advo- moral nutriment, a certain richness of senticates,—but necessarily unable to realize with ment, of capacity for self-devotion and sacfull intensity the whole scheme of life in the rifice, which kept the heart fresh and pure, Southern Confederacy. But England is not and made the nature of men simple and unleft without direct teaching from the pure affected (cheers).”. By a beautiful provisource of the slave principle itself. The Sur- sion of Providence it appears that the « nurey farmers were instructed by a direct mis- triment and richness"—the fat of the land, sionary from the Slave States on the same day we suppose—is conducted through the chanon which the eloquent Englishman tried his nel of the actual laborer, the slave, who stops

'prentice hand” on explaining slavery to the none of it in the way, but hands it on to the Southern Club, at Liverpool. At Chertsey, slave-owner. He ripens and fills out with the Mr. Lindsay introduced to the warm-hearted sap which this human conduit-pipe obediently agriculturists of Surrey a Southern colonel transmits to him, without absorbing any of it. who had fought at Bull Run, and who was re- How subtle a testimony to the supernatural ceived,-if we may trust the Standard,—with character of the institution is here given us ! rapturous enthusiasm by the tillers of the Eng- Colonel Lamar avowed frankly " the diverlish soil. “ All through the after-dinner sity” of opinion which existed between his speeches,” says the Standard, the laborers" hearers and himself as to some of the instioutside, waiting for the distribution of prizes, tutions” involved in slavery ; but he mainwere hammering for admission. Those at the tained, and called upon the meeting to admit, table inside were fascinated by an interest that “ the South had been the guardians, the which they felt to be of a novel kind.”. No protectors, the benefactors of the black man, doubt it was exceedingly novel, for Colonel -- they had elevated him in the scale of raLamar stood amongst them dispelling the il- tional existence, they had Christianized him lusion that slavery has been, or is, anything to a state to which he had never before atbut a blessed decree of Providence for the sal- tained.” “ The negro race,” he said, “ with vation of Africa, and their English hearts all its foulness and barbarity, being naturally opened at once with manly candor, as the a servile race, had become domesticated, and Standard testifies, to receive this teaching : in spite of the institution of slavery if they “ The Surrey farmers felt for this brave man, pleased, but still with slavery, had risen they hung upon his lips, and cheered him till higher and higher in the rational scale, until the welkin rang, as • in thoughts that speak now it furnished heroes and heroines for modand words that burn,' he told them how the ern romance. 66 If the time should ever South loved England, how she rejoiced in her come for the South to believe that liberty possession of all the political privileges which would be a boon and not a curse, then the Englishmen hold dear, how, threatened by a South would be prepared to confer that boon mongrel and degenerate race, which claimed upon them.” In the mean time, as Colonel

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Lamar modestly forgot to point out, the ben- Hope, and Mr. Lindsay, and Colonel Lamar efactors of the black race are fighting solely should call upon us to do at once; and surely and disinterestedly for the right to " guard, many an English heart, like that of the enprotect, benefit, elevate, and Christianize the thusiastic Surrey farmers and the Liverpool black man," over a wider area than the North magnates, would bound in willing acquiesin its churlish malignity chooses to concede as cence. Would not this be the best specific the theatre of that great philanthropic task. aim for these noble-minded men's labors?

A nobler cause can scarcely be imagined ; Charity begins at home. It is all very well only Colonel Lamar was too bashful to ex- to give our moral sympathy to the South as pound it in its full dignity. The Northern against the North. But is that enough for States bad wished Colonel Lamar and his our own consciences ? Should we not say at friends to restrict their benevolent work of once to Colonel Lamar and Mr. Ilope, “Let " guarding, protecting, benefiting, elevating, us set the true example to the North. We and Christianizing " the black man to their blame the North most justly for refusing to own Southern States. The South claimed the South the inalienable privilege to guard, the divine right of carrying on that noble protect, benefit, elevate, and Christianize missionary work in any part of the Union, the black man wherever they may take him in the great half-settled Territories, espe- or find him. But let us practice before we cially-nay, even in the so-called free States preach. Let us accord to the South the full also. What could be worse than the impiety right to 'guard, protect, benefit, elevate, and of drawing a strict boundary round the area Christianize 'the black man on English soil, of this divinest task of man? Who could according to the spirit of its own noble instirenounce his right “ to guard, protect, ben-Itutions, on British soil and the soil of Britefit, elevate, and Christianize " the black ish colonies,—and then we can honestly and man, wherever and whenever they could find with a clear conscience upbraid the North for him? No doubt, when they have wrung from wishing, in this niggardly and malignant the North this blessed privilege, they will spirit, to limit the range of this beneficence, wring it from England too, if the noble mis- and say to that exalted type of Christianity. sionaries who are now pleading the cause • Thus far shalt thou go, and no further.» with Liverpool merchants and Surrey farmers This, we think, would be our true response do not first persuade us to give it them as a to the noble appeals of Mr. Beresford Hope, free gift. That is really what Mr. Beresford Mr. Lindsay, and Colonel Lamar.

NOVELTIES in the French drama are : « Les / MESSRS. LONGMAN AND Co. will publish in NoCoups d'Epingle,” by Ernest Capendu, and “ La vember « Sir John Eliot, a Biography,” by John Mère de la Débutante,” by an unknown author. Forster ; the “ Life and Correspondence of Theo

dore Parker," by John Weiss; a translation of The following new French novels are an- the “ Mendelssohn Correspondence,” recently nounced : by G. Sand, “ Malle. de Quintine,” reviewed in The Reader, by Lady Wallace ; reprinted from Feuilleton of the Independence and Professor Anster's translation of Goethe's Belge ; by P. de Kock, “La Fille aux 'Trois Ju- “ Faust,” Part II. During the present month pons ;” and “A Cycle of Three Tales,” by the they will issue “ Father Mathew, a Biography,” renowned author of “ Fanny,” M. Feydeau- by John Francis Maguire ; “ Explorations in respectively called : “ Un Début a l'Opéra," Labrador," by Professor Henry Youle Hinde; “ M. de Saint Bertrand,” and “Le Mari de la the long-expected “ From Matter to Spirit," á Danseuse." Besides these, the following, some ten years' experience in spiritual phenomena ; of a strong sensational character, are also forth- and Mrs. Frances Ann Kemble's Plays : 1, an coming : « Les Enfants de l'Amour,” by E. Sue; original English tragedy ; 2, “ Mary Stuart," “ Les Mystères du Palais-Royal," by Georges de from Schiller ; and 3, “ Mademoiselle de BelleRieux (Xavier de Montépin), with engravings isle," from Alexander Dumas. by Dela ville and Hildibrand, after drawings by J. A. Beaucé and Andrieux ; “ Les Amours d'Artagnan,” by A. Blanquet ; “ Les Cavaliers de MESSRS. CHAMBERS issued on the 2d of Nola Nuit,” by Ponson du Terrail ; “ Monsieur vember the first shilling part of “The Gallery Chérami," by Ch. Paul de Kock; “Les Amours of Geography,” a pictorial and descriptive tour Vulgaires," by A. Vermorel; “Les Secrets of the world, by the Rev. Thomas Milner, author d'une Jeune Fiile," by the Countess of Passan- of the “ Gallery of Nature,” to be completed in ville.

sixteen or seventeen parts.

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