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all modern wars will be trifles, which will, aration ? Many of the questions, doubtless, change from a war of boundaries into one of and among them some of those which appear principles, and be, therefore, without end least soluble, might receive their solution. save exhaustion, and it is a noble effort to Rome-can be evacuated whenever the emperor make one last appeal to the reason of man wills, and Austria might take compensation kind, and strive to arrange in what would for Venetia. Russia might, though we doubt really be “a Parliament of Man," if not it, on certain conditions, resign enough of " the federation of the world," at least that Poland to make reconstruction feasible ; and of Europe. Since the days of Alberoni, no the cession of Gibraltar to Spain is no more dream more brilliant has been put forward impossible with Moorish help than that of the by a statesman of the first class; but amidst Ionian Islands. Europe combined could, all our admiration we cannot conceal from without bloodshed, mediatize all the German ourselves that it is but a dream, a last effort states but two, Germany so strengthened honest or unreal to stay the European world might resign part of the Rhine, and Schleswig on a course along which the new aspirations is just the question a Congress could finally of nations and the old foolishness of kings, settle. There can be no doubt that, with the uprising of new ideas like those of na- Poland and Italy revived and tranquil, Gertionality, and the crumbling of dominions many divided only into North and South, like that of the Turks in Europe, the want Scandinavia freed from apprehension, and the of statesmen in England, and the existence pride of France gratified to her heart's core, of a Napoleon in France, alike combine to Europe might rest in peace for another thirty

years. But no arrangement can be stable Let us examine the project shorn of the which does not revive Poland, and the revivemperor's words as a practical diplomatic ification of Poland, with Russia as a consentscheme. His majesty proposes a new Con- ing power, means the dismemberment of gress of Vienna, to be attended by repre- Turkey, for it is from Turkey alone she could sentatives of all the powers, and to possess obtain compensation. the right of "solving" every question a so Setting aside the moral question, which is lution of which“ is demanded by mighty in- not so powerful as it looks, for Mr. Gladstone, terests.' Foremost among those questions once aided by the consulates, could in three -questions “ of the South as well as the months produce among Englishmen as deep North”-stand those of Schleswig, the Rhine, an abhorrence of Turkish rule as was ever Rome, Venetia, Poland, and European Tur- felt for that of King Bomba, is it conceivable key, which latter would be made justly enough that the interests of the powers could on such to include the whole shore of the Mediterra- a point be made to coalesce? Is it not abso

Let us imagine that Europe, half lutely certain that England, which on many awed and half ashamed of preferring war to questions could be sure of allies, would on negotiation, really obeys the summons. Such this remain isolated, and as certain that the an occurrence is far from probable ; but Rus- people of this country would not in this matsia, the emperor says, in a passage to which ter submit to be overruled ? Either, therewe shall have to revert, has consented to such fore, England would be compelled to fight a Congress, provided only all questions are Congress, i.e., the Continent, or the proceedopen ; the British Government, it seems clear, ings of the solemn assembly would be neuhas agreed to waive the treaties of 1815, and tralized, Turkey spared, and the compensamight possibly be induced to take part; and tion on which alone Russia would surrender the German powers may, not to mince words, Poland finally rendered impossible. This be coerced into accepting their seats.

Let us

“ Eastern question ” again, is but one of a assume the Congress assembled and ready, score on which the nations are divided, as the first diplomatists of Europe collected un- much by feelings, hopes, antipathies - all der the presidency of its ablest sovereign, and that play of the imagination which really what chiance is there of their agreeing on stirs nations—as by those material interests those wide and permanent changes which can which only appear to stir them. France will alone supply the basis of a new “funda- not propose to lay aside her strength because mental pact,” or allow Europe to abandon a Congress has sat, and England is armed as its condition of expensive but sterile prep-much from jealousy of France as for any spe

pean.

cific end. England will not give up her as- | fore his blow, to set Poland free. So clear is cendency at sea for any purpose whatsoever, this one decision, that he goes out of his way and it is in feets, not armies, that the bur- to afford to the insurrection a kind of official densome race of Napoleon and Palmerston sanction, as one which “ by its duration has has been run. Above all, the greatest source accome a national movement.” If this freeof disturbance, the rising of new ideas within dom can be accomplished by Congress, well; the nationalities themselves, cannot be checked if not, it must be by war; but by what war by any Congress, and the first Red explosion he has not quite decided. War with Russia in France, or religious movement in Germany, would seem the more natural course, and or peasant rising in Russia, might shake down Russia is, therefore, menaced in the rough in a week all that Congress had elaborated allusion to her present conduct in Warsaw. with such a waste of force and thought and But the emperor is quite as interested in the care. Omitting all mention of outside com- Eastern question as in Poland, and“ hesitates, plications, of the jarring among the powers therefore, to compromise one of the first alliwho are settling down on the ancient mon-ances of the Continent," an alliance with a archies of Asia, and the rotting Republics of power which, since “ the peace, has been in Spanish America, or of the indefinite disturb- agreement with France on the grand European ing force the United States may exert, the questions," which did not object to the annesCongress, even in Europe, could settle noth-ation of Nice and Savoy, and would not, the ing but boundaries, and it is not for bounda- emperor thinks, object to that of the Rhine. ries that modern nations have waged, or will It might be possible to revive Poland by findwage, the fiercest wars.!

ing for Russia compensation in Turkey, and It is difficult not to believe that the em- the emperor, resolved on his end, hesitates peror sees all, and much more than all this, as to his road. Is it to be war for Poland that he is, as it were, offering to Europe one alone, or for Poland and the resettlement of stately and pleasant alternative sure to be re- the whole Eastern question ? The English fused, before plunging once more into war. alliance will, in all probability, decide his For that, he hints unmistakably, will be the course, and the net result of his speech is, we consequence of a rejection of his offer. The submit, sufficiently clear,-a Congress of Paris speaker can realize prophecy, and it is well, to erase the memory of that of Vienna and therefore, to study carefully the few oracles " reconstruct the edifice," or a general war he emits. A careful perusal of his whole in spring. The resolve has at last been taken, speech, so far as it bears on Poland, will, we and with Italy a great state, and Poland rebelieve, leave this impression upon the mind. called to life, even those who believe in Prov. The emperor has determined, with that in-idence may acknowledge Napoleon's raison flexibility which the public always attributes d'être. to him, but which he only manifests just be

THE first general meeting of the Society for late Mrs. Langdale, of Gower Street.” Among Promoting the Amendment of the Law, now be- the lots were a frame containing miniatures of ginning its twenty-first session, will be held at 3 Sully, Louis XIV., and the Dauphin, his grandWaterloo Place, Pall Mall, on Monday next, Nov. son, by Petitot, which sold for £21 ; and minia

9th, at eight o'clock, Sir Fitzroy Kelly, Q.C., tures of Henry VIII., Mary Queen of Scots, Sir * M.P., in the chair. The Secretary will move : Thomas Moore, and Inigo Jones, which sold for

“ That a committee be appointed to consider what £17 15s. At the same time were sold some fine action should be taken with reference to the pro- Morlands, painted expressly for the late Sir Marposal of bringing together into one place or neigh- maduke Trattle, which sold at very reasonable borhood all the superior courts of judicature, with prices. the offices attached thereto, and to report on the

A NUMBER of the Welsh nobility and gentry

propose to found a University for the PrincipalMESSRS. CHRISTIE, MANSON, AND Woods com- ity: and Mr. Williams, M.P., promises £1,000 menced the season on Wednesday last by the sale towards that object. The Guardian suggests of nicknacks and odds and ends forming the that the foundation of a Welsh college at Oxford “ Collection of Articles of Art and Virtu of the or Cambridge would be better.

same."

THE “ CUMBERLAND."

Was it idly? No! though, quickly sinking,

Boomed your last gun level with the tide : PROUDLY rode the “ Cumberland” at anchor, No! though to the last with hearts unshrinking Into Hampton Roads where flows the James ;

Ye by hundreds perished in your pride ; Proudly from the peak of the furled spanker,

With your flag unlowered,
Floating in the light, her ensign flames,

Conquering while o’erpowered,
Not from trailing staff, —

Not in vain ye fought, nor vainly died !
At the lofty gaff,
Starry franchise of the sky it claims.

“ Thou who passeth, tell to Lacædemon,

We obeyed her laws, and here are we :" And her wooden walls were such as Nelson

Yours as proud an epitaph, O Seamen,
Vanquished with at Nile and Trafalgar ;

As those martyrs of Thermopylæ ;
Strong her bulwarks, live-oak ribs and keelson, Written, all in light,
Each top-gallant pine, each rope and spar ;

On that banner bright,
Strong and beautiful

Which illumes your Altar-tomb, the Sea !
Her embattled hull,
Clothed in thunder, terrible in war.

| And, O grateful land ! in measure ample

Thank the living, give the lost your tears ; Seamen swore by her-herself a glory,

Thou, invincible in their example :Their devotion glorified her more.

Laughing death in the face with merry cheers; Like the great roc of Arabian story

Dauntless in despair ;
Wont, on overshadowing wings, to soar ;

And their flag left there
When the breeze was brave,

Beacons valor to victorious years. W. G.
Steam, the galley slave,
Lagged behind her, tugging at his oar.
Quiet on the shore and stream : sedately

THE COLLEGE GATE. Watched the sentinel at Newport News

[Foley's fine statue of Goldsmith stands now in Forts and tented fields, the frigates stately, front of Trinity College, in this city, where it com

Silent with their armaments and crews, mands the admiration of everybody. It is only Norfolk's harbor mouth

placed there in a temporary way, but when the pedHazy to the south,

estal is completed the statue will be erected upon it Slumberous distances and shimmering views and inaugurated with due ceremony.]

“He took his degree of Bachelor of Arts on the Wake, O camps and ships ! What ship encroaches 27th of February, 1749. He was lowest in the On yon river reach, a shadow black ?

list.”—Forster's Life of Oliver Goldsmith.
Grows the slime new Saurians? It approaches-
Ho! she comes ! the mailed “ Merrimac ;”

A LAD slunk out of the college gate,
Bold, with batteries manned,

With a parchment grasped in his fist;
Waits the “ Cumberland”!

He tried to dodge past the sniggering boys
Speeds the Invulnerable to the attack !

That snubbed him with “ Last on the list !”

He stole to a lodging, up three pair of stairs, Waits a gallant crew the word to fire,

In a wretched old tumble-down lane, In that feverish pause their souls aflame.

And took up his flute to get rid of the thoughts Undegenerate-from a hero-sire

That were racking about in his brain.
And the saint of chivalry his name-
Doth their young chief quail ?

“ Just passed through !-and so many a lad Shall the Dragon's scale

Honored and medalled and praised! Scare the good knight, consecrate to Fame ?

Oh, what a crazy foundation whereon

My fortunes will have to be raised !
Steadily came the foe ; from forts and vessels
Spurt the red fire and the spectral wreath;

An awkward, ungainly, diminutive dolt,
Steadily on-for in that stórm of missiles

With nothing on earth to attract; Hurtful only was the monster's breath

Alike for the desk and the drawing-room unfit-
Till, with a great shock,

Devoid both of talent and tact!”
Deep through sides of oak
Drove her iron beak, in the clench of death! He whispered some melodies into his flute,

As a tear gathered up in his eye:
As from ringing roofs the hailstones rounded, " What--what shall I turn to ?-Physic? or Law?

As from fabulous seals the lightnings hot, Or Divinity ?-folly to try!
So the “ Cumberland's ” broadsides rebounded
From the adamantine foe she fought ;

“ The coif, or the mitre-it is not for me :
Idly, on that roof.

I shall ne'er be addressed as “my lord ;' As an anvil proof,

And, as for the baton, or flag-bless my heart ! Beat the thunder-hammers of the shot. | Only fancy poor Noll with a sword !

“ Well! jests at least, at the gate again

Neath the burning glances of Day ; None shall fling at the Graduate's' head ;

Her fair face fades Since fellowships--scholarships, are not for me, In the sunny gladles, I'll take to my flute for bread!”

Like a dream she dissolves away!

Z. D. C. Now, as you enter that college gate,

- Fraser's Magazine.
Lift up your eyes and you'll see,
Towering over your heads, a bronze,
In its proud serenity.

DYING WORDS OF JOHN FOSTER. Yes ! the strains from that wretched flute

To the ends of the earth have sped : The dying Christian peaceful lay, Though“ Noll” was a drudge so long as he lived, No more his hands could do ; He's deified, now that he's dead.

No more his feet the earthly paths

Of duty could pursue. And what is this world ?--the college gate,

Through which genius may slink with shame : No more the gospel's joyful sound The list is the ledger of life's success,

Could he to men proclaim, And the statue is posthumous fame.

To warn them of the strength of sin,

ADVENA. Make known a Saviour's name.
-Dublin University Magazine.

His earnest mind, so strong and clear

The realms of thought to scan,
No more, with steadfast will, could toil

To serve his fellow-man.
AURORA.

Where once was strength, was weakness now,

Weakness unknown before ;
I HEAR the Morn,

Yet with a spirit calm, resigned,
With her silver horn,

The change he meekly bore.
Arousing the valleys fair ;
I see the light
On her forehead white,

For in that Master's steps he trod,
The dew on her gleaming hair ;

Whom he so long had loved ;
And faith in him sustained his soul,

And all-sufficient proved.
Her rosy hand
On the mountains grand,
Her feet on the sleeping seas ;

“ Still I can pray,” he smiling said,

“ And that's a glorious thing."
The islands wake
On the misty lake

“O grave, where is thy victory?

o death, where is thy sting?”
From their deep and dreamful ease.

Monthly Religious Magazine.
The darkness dies
When her shining eyes

Glance over river and bay ;
She lingers there,
On the glacier bare,

SEWARD.
And the snow-peaks glimmering gray. WELL, be it so ! The not uncommon fate
So high ! so cold !

Of greatness overtakes thee in thy prime :
Yet she cannot hold

He who is mighty will have foes who hate ;
Her calm even there unshaken,

Thou hast false friends, who only consummate

Their own destruction in attempting thine.
For many a sound,
Above and around,

O peerless Champion of the Cause so Just,
The bold, bright Day will awaken.

When some, o'er zealous now, were cold or

mute,

Thou with sublimest courage, took the Trust He follows after

And priceless venture, conscious that thou must With shouts of laughter;

Bear scorn of those who would thy cause disFrom his fiery pursuit she flies

pute. O'er valley and hill;

Keep heart ! the Great Hereafter will refute
But she heareth still

Each slander born of envy or of hate,
The swift footsteps, and joyous cries. And thus thy final labors will compute :

“ HE FREEDOM SAVED, BY SAVING FIRST THE Her faint heart fails,

STATE!”
And her spirit quails

A. D. F. R.

No. 1019.-12 December, 1863.

CONTENTS:

PAGE 483 506

.

1. The Seaforth Papers,

North British Review, 2. Out of the World : Concluded,

Cornhill Magazine, 3. The Destruction of Kagosima :-Mission to the Heathen,

Spectator, 4. The Emperor's Speech : —Europe trembling, Saturday Review and Press, 5. The Monroe Doctrine in 1823 and 1863,-"Tempora Mutantur,"

Economist, 6. Abraham Lincoln, the Just President,

Spectator, 7. Adieu to Beecher-The Mersey Rams, etc., Punch,

517 520

525 527 528

POETRY.—The Working Girls, 482. In the Firelight, 482. The Lord at Hand, 482.

SHORT ARTICLES.-Settled in a Crack, 519. Authorized Commentary on the Bible, 519.

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