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organizations of nations, those political con GENERAL ROSECRANZ has shown, like most stitutions are the highest which, like those of the displaced Northern leaders, but more of England and Italy, comprehend the most than all of them, great magnanimity in his various elements in harmonious combination. temporary disgrace. His speeches at CincinThe politics of France and America are infe- nati on the 27th October betray no spark of rior just because the number of really dis- spite against his Government, though they tinct social and political elements is much do show some surprise at his removal. "I less. But when to this interior uniformity hope," he said, **s there is no disposition you add complete external isolation, as in the among you to question the act of the Govcase of America, the evil is, of course, ernment. I do not say this to stifle your greatly exaggerated. And though we could feelings, but to wait for further light. To not expect Mr. Canning to foresee, in 1823, prevent any misunderstanding, I will state the course of events which has brought all here that, since the battle of Chickamauga, this home to us with so much vividness, Mr. the President has written me personally to Everett must excuse us from accepting that express his satisfaction at what was done." statesman's somewhat obsolete authority for He went on to rally good-naturedly the New a policy, the danger of which every year York journals, which have spoken of his failsince Canning's death has helped to iilustrate ing health, his opium-eating, and other false and increase.
charges, and concluded with encou
citizens of Cincinnati to make every sacrifice MR. LINCOLN has been tested as few
for the prosecution of a war which he eviernors have ever been tested, and though he dently regards as holy. General Rosecranz, may not always have risen fully to the level apparently, modestly as he spoke, did not be of a great emergency, he has seldom failed to lieve that, after all his brilliant achievements, display a noble impartiality, a great firmness
he was really to be shelved. Spectator, 14
Nov. of purpose, and a sagacious, if somewhat utilitarian, judgment. His reply to the Missouri delegation who memorialized him to remove General Schofield, chiefly because that general had refused to permit the proposed retaliatory incursion of the Kansas men into Missouri after the horrible massacre in Law MR. VILLIERS addressed his constituents on rence by the Confederate guerillas, is a model Monday, at Wolverhampton, in a speech conof firm and temperate good sense. “While taining the strongest declaration of Northern no punishment,” he says, “could be too sud- opinion yet made by a member of the Cabiden or too severe for these murderers, I am net. He compared the case of the South well satisfied that the preventing of the boldly to that of Ireland. Repeal was once threatened remedial raid into Missouri was a great question, “ Yet he never rememthe only safe way to avoid an indiscriminate bered one English member who was for it, or massacre there, including, probably, more in- one that would not have voted any means to nocent than guilty. Instead of condemning, maintain union, or any minister who would I therefore approve what General Schofield not have been called a traitor who had thought did in that respect. With my present views, of yielding it; and he did not know to what I must decline to remove General Schofield." length they would not have gone to retain the The letter is not only good, but dignified. Union had the eminent man who agitated that “ I hold whoever commands in Missouri, or question so perseveringly not died.” If Ireelsewhere,” it concludes, “responsible to me, land seceded to-morrow, the very men who and not to either Radicals or Conservatives. rave at the North would arm to put her It is my duty to hear all ; but, at last, I must down, and, probably, while slaughtering within my sphere judge what to do and what Irish secessionists would keep on abusing to forbear.” We believe a juster man never Americans for acting so like themselves.held the reins of government.-Spectator, 14 Spectator, 14 Nov. Nnar
ADIEU TO MR. BEECHER.
Which Oriental titles
Are known to be mere shams; MR. BEECHER has left us ; he has sailed for
The Sultan never ordered America, where he can tell his congregation just
This pair of Mersey Rams. what he likes, but where he will, we are sure, tell Messrs. Lincoln and Seward the exact truth;
Upon my word, etc. namely, that large numbers of the uneducated From straying out of the Mersey, classes crowded to hear a celebrated orator, and Those iron Rams to bar, that the press has been very good-natured to him. They closely are attended, Also, we hope he will say, because he knows it, By a British man-of-war ; that the educated classes are at the present date For the peace of England's nation, just as Neutral in the matter of the American Thus Government has cared ; quarrel as they were before the reverend gentle But their laudable precaution, man's arrival. Having duly stated these facts Is a bore for Messieurs Laird. to the President and the Minister, Mr. Beecher
Upon my word, etc. may put them in any form he pleases before the
-Punch delightful congregation, whose members pay £40 a year, each, for pews. And to show that we
THE RAM OF LIVERPOOL part with him in all good nature, we immortal
AIR— The Ram of Derby." ize his witty allusion to ourselves in his farewell
As I was sailing the Mersey speech
I saw a wonderful Ram, “I know my friend Punch thinks I have been Which the people there they told me serving out soothing syrup' to the British Lion. Had frightened Uncle Sam. (Laughter.) Very properly the picture represents me as putting a spoon into the lion's ear
Thinks I, it is no wonder instead of his mouth; and I don't wonder that
For the Ram's as long as a street, the great brute turns away very sternly from
And his head is covered with iron that plan of feeding.” (Renewed laughter.)
To smash whatever it meet. A gentler criticism upon us could not be, and
And out of the small of his back, sir, we scorn to retort that, having a respect for anat
Is sticking a roaring flue, omy, we did not make the lion's ear large enough
And under his terrible stern, sir, to hold the other spoon depicted in that magnifi
Is no end of an awful screw. cent engraving. For the Reverend Beecher is
And a Ram we know is addicted not a spoon, whatever we may think of his au
To rushing about in play, diences in England. And so we wish him good And it might be a wiry time, sir, by, and plenty of greenbacks and green believ
For whatever got into his way. ers.--Punch.
They said he was going te Egypt,
At least so his owner states,
But suppose he mistook the turning,
And made for Davis's straits. Upon a certain day,
I think that an honest drover I saw a couple of Rams there
Might prove where he'd made a sale, That never were fed upon hay.
And not come smoothing us over
With a cock and a bullish tale.
And I think that Policeman Russell,
Who to keep the peace is bound,
Has used a wise discretion
In clapping the Ram in the Pound.
-Punch You'll see it as well as I.
We hasten to supply a slight omission in our Their trotters were under water,
contemporaries' translation of the speech of the Like the mail-clad Warrior's keel.
emperor. His majesty, with great consideration, Their tails that grew on their haunches
delicately hinted to MM. Berryer, Thiers, JulesWere hidden from my view,
Favre, and the other gentlemen who speak the Those tails are their propellers ;
sentiments of Paris, if not of France, that he And each is an Iron Screw.
hoped they would remember not to perjure themUpon my word, etc.
selves, but the journals do not give the exact text.
It was this. "You have all taken the same oath These Rams are in Mersey water
to me that I took to the Republic. The last six As true as I sit here ;
words have not been reported, but it will be seen The one of them called El Toussoon, | how materially they increase the force of his The other, El Monastir;
majesty's charming eloquence.-Punch.
No. 1020.–19 December, 1863.
1. Archbishop Whately,
Spectator, 2. Tony Butler-Part 2,
Blackwood's Magazine, 3. Geographical Discovery and Research,
North British Review, 4. Return of Rebel States to the Union,
Hon. Wm. Whiting, 5. Frederick VII., the Republican King of Denmark, Spectator,
PAGE 531 535 553 566 572
POETRY.-Death of Archbishop Whately, 530. The High Tide on the coast of Lincolnshire, 575. Little by Little, 576. Song, 576.
Short ARTICLES.—Goethe's Faust, 534. American Literature in France, 534. Literary Intelligence, 552, 571. Societies for the Assistance of Wounded Military Men, 571. Death of Stephen Woronin, the Russian Privy-Councillor, 574. The New Nile Expedition, 574.
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THE DEATH OF ARCHBISHOP WHATELY. And better far than flowers that blow and per
ish Fast falls the October rain, and dull and leaden Some sunny week, the roots deep-laid in mould
Stretch the low skies without one line of blue ; Of quickening thoughts, which long blue sumAnd up the desolate streets, with sobs that deaden
mers cherish, The rolling wheels, the winds come rolling too. Long after he who planted them is cold.
Faster than rain fall tear-drops-bells are toll- Yea, there be saints, who are not like the painted ing;
And haloed figures fixed upon the pane, The dark sky suits the melancholy heart; Not outwardly and visibly ensainted, From the church-organs awfully is rolling
But hiding deep the light which they contain. Down the draped fanes the Requiem of Mozart.
The rugged gentleness, the wit whose glory
Flashed like a sword because its edge was keen, O tears, beyond control of half a nation,
The tine antithesis, the flowing story, O powerful music, what have ye to say ?
Beneath such things the sainthood is not seen ; Why take men up so deep a lamentation ? What prince and great man hath there fallen Till in the hours when the wan hand is lifted to-day?
To take the bread and wine, through all the
Of mortal weariness our eyes are gifted
To see a quiet radiance caught from Christ ;
Till from the pillow of the thinker, lying
taught, Only the hands that held with feeble shiver
That the true crown for any soul in dying The marvellous pen-by others outstretched o'er
Is Christ, not genius, and is faith, not thought. The children's heads-are folded now forever In an eternal quiet-nothing more !
O wondrous lights of death, the great unveiler,
Lights that come out above the shadowy place,
Just as the night that makes our small world No martyr he o'er fire and sword victorious, No saint in silent rapture kneeling on ;
paler 'No mighty orator with voice so glorious,
Shows us the star-sown amplitudes of space! That thousands sigh when that sweet sound is gone.
O strange discovery, land that knows no bound
ing, Yet in Heaven's great cathedral, peradventure,
Isles far off hailed, bright seas without a breath, There are crowns rich above the rest, with What time the white sail of the soul is rounding
The misty cape-the promontory Death! green Places of joy peculiar where they enter, Whose fires and swords no eye hath ever seen. Rest then, O martyr, passed through anguish
mortal, They who have known the truth, the truth have Rest then, 0 patient thinker, o’er the portal,
Rest then, 0 saint, sublimely free from doubt, spoken, With few to understand and few to praise,
Where there is peace for brave hearts wearied
out. Casting their bread on waters, half heart-broken, For men to find it after many days.
O long unrecognized, thy love too loving,
Too wise thy wisdom, and thy truth too free! And better far than eloquence--that golden As on the teachers after truth are moving And spangled juggler, dear to thoughtless They may look backward with deep thanks to
thee. The luminous style through which there is beholden
What measure shall there be to Ireland's weerThe honest beauty of the face of Truth.
What are her best ones to so dear a head, And better than his loftiness of station,
But clouds their faint light after sunset keeping, His power of logic, or his pen of gold,
But ivy living when the oak is dead ? The half-unwilling homage of a nation Of fierce extremes to one who seemed so cold. By his dear Master's holiness made holy,
All lights of hope upon that forehead broad, The purity by private ends unblotted,
Ye mourning thousands, quit the minster slowls, The love that slowly came with time and tears,
And leave the great Archbishop with his God The honorable age, the life anspotted,
That are not measured merely by their years. - Spectator.
From The Spectator, 17 Oct. I ment shown in others of Dr. Whately's ARCHBISHOP WHATELY.
works were, like all these qualities, even betThe late Archbishop of Dublin was, if we ter suited to the press than the pulpit : and, compare him with his equals in position and on the other hand, the archbishop seems to us his fellow-laborers in the church, not only a to have been somewhat out of place in bearing very conspicuous, but a very remarkable inan, witness, to the natural and intellectual world, full of manly ability, intellectual acuteness, of the supernatural and spiritual. pertinent learning, didactic gifts, and honest Not, indeed, that there were many of his convictions. There was, and is still, on the right reverend or most reverend brethren who episcopal Bench certainly one, and probably seemed better qualified for this duty. Few more than one, superior to him in learning bishops in any communion seem half as well and cultivated judgment; one or two who fitted for representing the supernatural world were more than his match in eloquence and to the natural as they do for the converse diplomatic skill; and there have been several duty, if such a duty there were, of representwith greater abilities as ecclesiastical states- ing the natural and visible world in the court men and administrators of church property of the invisible and supernatural. Who does and influence. But it would be difficult, tak- not feel how much more admirably Cardinal ing all his qualifications together, to name Wiseman could plead the case of mundane his superior in liberal feeling, practical learn- ideas to the supra-mundane, than he seems, ing, didactic zeal, and hearty, if somewhat util- to the eyes of strangers at least, to succeed itarian, piety. And yet there is some sense in his spiritual embassy to this world ? Who of dissonance in connecting his intellectual would not trust the Bishop of Exeter better to character with his actual work in life. We explain the wise complexities of ecclesiastical habitually think of his prompt and some- law to the astonished saints than to teach what abrupt intelligence, his sententious crit- saintliness to ecclesiastics ? If we except icism, his keen logic, his contemptuous sense, such men as Fenelon, Berkeley, Butler, He his skilful argumentative strategy, as better ber, and their successors to the number of, persuited to the press than the pulpit. The haps at most, two or three bishops in a generaclean-cut reasoning of his “ Cautions for the tion, it might always be said that the Bench Times” would have moulded into admirable of Bishops would be one of the best delegations “ leaders” in a religious newspaper, neither we could possibly send to explain the views going back too deep into general principles of the respectable conservative opulence of nor ignoring them too much; and his adroit this world to the saintly radicalism of those and neatly fitted illustrations would have ren- who are absolutely “not of this world.” dered them as striking to the public as they But the late Archbishop of Dublin was not would have been ingenious to thinkers. His of this type. He was not at all a worldly power of condensing the impressive points of man, though he was by no means of the order a case was little less remarkable than Paley's. of the Fenelons, or Butlers. Yet valuable as His tact in preparing his readers for intel- was his archiepiscopal service in Ireland, lectual disappointment, in making them feel especially in the work of education, we canthat all the fault of it lay in their own foolish not help thinking of “ a square peg in a round and extravagant expectations, till at last he hole” when we first read his manifold, acute, had browbeaten them into gratitude for any and ingenious writings, and then think of fragments of intellectual satisfaction he had his position at the head of a missionary clergy reserved, was, at least, as great as the old in a country of alien faith. That he was abArchdeacon of Carlisle's. All those—and solutely free from bigotry, indeed, and dethey must be many—who have as children voted to the cause of liberal education, was learned their 6 easy lessons” from the arch- no slight recommendation. But that he had bishop's manuals, must have experienced the in him any spiritual fire capable of communisensation of being held as in a vice between cating itself to those not of his own faith,– his sharp alternatives and clearly pointed any yearning of heart after the poor sheep dilemmas,-not without a vague hope that scattered abroad, either shepherdless or per“ when they were big” they might, perhaps, haps sometimes worse than shepherdless, over discover some way to throw off the intellect- that unfortunate island, it would not be easy ual yoke. The keen humor and strong judg- to maintain. Even this would have gone