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To Mr. Perley Tapley, of Danvers, the se-
a gratuity of
To Mr. William S. Marland, of Andover, for
his Ayreshire bull, the first premium, of To Mr. Perley Tapley, of Danvers, for his
Durham bull, the second premium of
For Milch Cows,
To Mr. George Spofford, of Georgetown, for
his Durham cow, Flora, the first premium
of To Mr. Horatio C. Merriam, of Tewksbury,
for his Durham, cow, Spot, the second premium, of
To Mr. Horatio C. Merriam, of Tewksbury,
for his heifer, Juno, in milk, a premium of To Mr. Horatio C. Merriam, of Tewksbury,
for his yearling heifer, a premium of
For the best Cow of native Breed.
To Mr. Albert Johnson, of Lynn, the first premium of
15 00 To Mr. Josiah Crosby, of Andover, for his cow and calf, a gratuity of
10 00 Respectfully submitted. For the Committee,
DANIEL P. KING. Georgetown, September 30, 1840.
To the Committee on Milch Cors.
GENTLEMEN— I present you a milch cow which I bought of Mr. Draper, of Danvers, April 22, 1839. He said she was then five years old. She had a calf with her which I sold when twenty one days old for eight dollars. We used all we wanted in a family of eight persons, and sold one hundred and twenty five dollars' worth of milk, at five cents per quart, from the 22d of April, 1839, to February 12, 1840.
The present season she calved the 27th day of March." I then commenced keeping an account of her milk, and the result is as follows: the calf was taken from her when nineteen days old, and weighed twenty five pounds per quarter, sold for six dollars.
From March 27, to May 1, 33 days, 11025 lbs. or 441 qts. 430 May 1, to June 1, 31 1397
559 545 June 1, to July 1, 30 13371
535 522 July 1, to Aug, 1, 31 1145
458 447 Aug. 1, to Sept. 1, 31 9981
399 889 Sept. 1, to 28, 28
859) 344 335
6,340 2,736 2,668 or 3 tons, 840 lbs. Averaging, within a fraction of 15 quarts per day, without any estimate of the quantity that the calf took, which was all that he wanted.
The milk sold for five cents per quart, making an income from the milk, for six months $136 80 From sale of calf,
$142 80 The largest quantity any one day, fifty two pounds, or twenty quarts one and a half pint. Her pasture, until the drought came on, was good, after that I gave her some hay and one bag of shorts. Her milk
makes the very first rate of butter, as also a large quantity, the milk is rich and good.
ALBERT JOHNSON. September 30, 1840.
This may certify that I milked the above described cow this whole season, and that the amount is correct and truly stated.
GEORGE SPOFFORD'S STATEMENT.
To the Committee on Milch Cows.
GENTLEMEN—My Durham cow calved the 4th day of April last; the calf was kept on the cow five and an half weeks, and was then sold for twenty five dollars. The whole quantity of milk she gave from the 15th day of May, to the 29th day of September instant, weighed 3,900 pounds. The greatest quantity in any one month, was 1,071 pounds, given in June; the greatest in any one day, was 48 pounds.
The quantity of butter made from the first day of June, to the 26th day of September, instant, was 127 pounds; 43 pounds of which was made in the month of June, when no milk was taken for other uses. From the first day of July, to the twenty sixth day of September, three quarts of her milk was used, or sold daily, for other purposes.
Her keeping has been a common pasture, with six quarts of shorts in two pails of water per day, to the twenty sixth of August; since then she has had four quarts of oat-meal in the same quantity of water per day. Your ob't. servant,
GEORGE SPOFFORD. Georgetown, September 30, 1840.
CHARLES F. PUTNAM'S STATEMENT.
To the Committee on Milch Cows.
GENTLEMEN—The cow offered by me for premium this day, was raised in Vermont, and is six years old. She calved the twenty fifth of October, 1839, and the calf was taken away November fourteenth. Her feed, from the fifteenth November to May fifteenth, has been English hay and one and an half peck of sugar-beets per day. From May fifteenth to this date, she has been in a very poor pasture, and has had two quarts of Indian meal, or three quartsground oats, per day, with hay at night. I have kept an exact account of the milk taken from her at each milking since November fifteenth, and shall furnish you with a copy; I shall also furnish the expense of keeping, with the amount of sale of milk. I should be pleased to continue the account to complete the year, if it meets the views of the committee.
The cow is remarkably gentle, and her milk is of very superior quality. Mr. James Holt, of Danvers, sold me the cow; she was considered superior for butter, having made in one week 10 lbs. 3 oz., with her second calf. She has had three calves, and will calve again in March.
I am very respectfully, yours,
CHS. F. PUTNAM. Salem, Sept. 28th, 1840.
GENTLEMEN—Having kept an accurate account of the milk obtained from my cow, for which a premi
um was awarded at Georgetown, I submit it to be used as you may think proper.
Qts. Pts. Gills. From 1839, Nov. 15, to Dec. 14, 433 0 1
Dec. 15, to Jan. 13, 1840, 425 1 2 1840, Jan. 14, to Feb. 12, 405 0 0
Feb. 13, to Mar. 13, 375 1 0
376 0 0 July 12, to Aug. 10, 302 1 0 Aug. 11, to Sept. 9, 275 0 1
Sept. 10, to Oct. 9, 205 1 0 co
Oct. 10, to Nov. 13, 273 0 1
4214 0 1 being nearly an average of 12 quarts per day for the year.
This milk I value as follows: 3333 quarts at 6 cents,
199 98 881 at 5
Gross amount of produce,
$244 03 Costs of keeping : 21 tons of hay at $15,
37 50 68; bushels sugar beets,
13 05 6 bushels ground oats,
2 88 8 bushels indian meal,
5 20 Pasturage and driving,
11 00 Milking, estimated 6 cts per day, 21 90–91 53
Net produce for the year,
$152 50 CHARLES F. PUTNAM. Salem, December, 1840.
NOTE.— I have compared the foregoing with Mr. Putnam's book of original entries, made daily, and