Page images

find it to be correct. It forcibly illustrates the importance of selecting animals of the best quality. The difference between keeping good animals and poor ones is, that one are profitable and the other are not.

J. W. P.


To the Committee on Milch Cows.

GENTLEMEN—I have entered for premium the cow Countess, and her calf. The cow is a native, has been fed entirely upon hay and grass. Averages about sixteen quarts of milk per day; and her milk contains an uncommon quantity of cream. Her calf is five weeks and four days old, was sired by the Durham bull, Wye Comet, from the celebrated stock of Hon. John Welles, of Dorchester. The sire of the bull Wye Comet was sold to Mr. Woodbridge and others, by Hare Powell, for five hundred dollars. The calf has fed entirely upon the milk of the cow. Which facts are respectfully submitted by Your obedient servant,

JOSIAH CROSBY. Andover, Sept. 20, 1840.



Dear Sir-It is now about forty years since I began the raising of cattle. The Hon. James Bowdoin, my neighbor at Dorchester, purchased of Stewart, the painter, a cow, given Mr. S. by Bakewell or

some of his friends. From this Bakewell cow I bred for several years, in and in, and had a fine show of animals, much admired.

The first imported animal was “ Celebs." I crossed my Bakewell stock first by him. Second, I then took a cross from “ Holderness,” a bull imported by Mr. Gorham Parsons. Third, I availed next of Denton, an animal imported at great expense, by Mr. Williams, of Northboro'. Having sent much of my stock up to Northboro' I had them kept there. Fourth, I then purchased “Admiral,” and kept him several years. Fifth, I then took a cross from a red bull with a brockled or speckled face, sent out to the Agricultural Society, by Admiral Coffin. Sixth, Having thought a new cross expedient, I presented Admiral to the Worcester Agricultural Society, and went to Hartford. Here was a fine young bull, from a male animal, sold to Mr. Woodbridge and others, by Hare Powell, for five hundred dollars. From this bull and an imported cow, I got of Israel Munson, Esq. a fine young animal, which I called Young Wye Comet, from his sire.

The cows I have reared from were the Bakewell cows I have mentioned, and a fine cow, said to have been imported by Capt. E. Davis.

I believe I have omitted one cross, from a fullblood bull of Gov. Gore's.

The Bakewell cows gave me a premium from the Agricultural Society of Massachusetts. The cow said to have been imported by Capt. E. Davis, gave, when tied up aside the Oakes cow, more milk than that celebrated cow; though the Oakes cow's milk made more butter. I think the Oakes cow's milk made thirteen pounds of butter ; my cow, eleven pounds per week, if I rightly recollect. count was published by Hon. Josiah Quincy, to whom I sold her at a high price, I presume mostly for the experiment.

I am, &c. Yrs. JOHN WELLES. Boston, October 12, 1839.

The ac


The Committee on the cultivation of the mulberry tree, silk, &c., respectfully report, that after examining the several claims for premium, they have voted the following:

That the premium of $7, for the best specimen of silk produced within the county be awarded to Mrs. Harriet M. Tappan, of Newburyport. Not less than one pound.

That the premium of $10, be given to Mr. Temple Cutler, for the best conducted experiment on silks, reeled and manufactured.

That a gratuity of $1, be given to Mrs. D. Foster, for specimens of silk exhibited in cocoons, reeled, and a pair of stockings.

That a gratuity of $2, be given to Mrs. Titcomb, for silk stockings, very fine.

That a gratuity of $i, be given to the Misses Charlotte and Caroline Larkin, of Byfield, for specimens of cocoons.

That a gratuity of $1, be given to Mr. Moses: P. Atwood, of Bradford, for specimens of cocoons and silk-worms at work.

That a gratuity of $2, be given to Mrs. Mehitible Burbank, of Bradford, for a silk dress, manufactured by her twenty five years since, when she was rising seventy years of age. Mrs. Burbank is now at the advanced age of ninety six, in the enjoyment of good health and a cheerful mind; the result, no doubt in a great degree, of the industrious habits which she has cherished through life.

That the first premium of $10, be given to Mr. Temple Cutler, of Hamilton, for the best nursery of mulberry-trees, not exceeding two years' growth.

That the premium of $15, be awarded to Gardner

B. Perry, for his orchard of mulberry trees, numbering between five and six hundred, and being over three years' growth.

That a gratuity of $5, be awarded to Mr. Joseph Foster, of Beverly; of $3, to William C. Richardson, and $3, to Moses P. Atwood, for their nurseries of mulberry trees, which the committee think have been cultivated with good success.

With this report of their doings the committee present to the society the statements made by the several claimants, and it is only justice to say, that the committee, as far as they have been able to examine the articles presented, have found these statements fully sustained.

The committee would have accompanied this report with some more extended remarks, but forbear, so as to give place for the communication of Mr. Cutler; observations, coming as they do, from one whose opportunities for experiments of his own, and of gaining information from the experiments of others, are fully entitled to high consideration, and will no doubt be justly appreciated by the Society and an enlightened community.

It would not however be just to themselves nor to the community at large, to send out that communication, without observing that there exists in the committee a diversity of opinion in respect to the comparative value of the hardy mulberry trees and those of the multicaulis, in a climate and soil like those of the county of Essex. For the Committee,

G. B. PERRY. December, 1840.


To the Committee on Mulberry Trees, &c. GENTLEMEN—I offer for premium a Nursery of Mulberry trees, raised from roots and cuttings of the Perotted, or Morus Multicaulis, consisting of about 8,000 plants. Most of the original trees were raised by myself near Zanesville, Ohio, last year, and taken up in October, while the leaf was still green and flourishing, packed in boxes with a small quantity of earth, and arrived here in December. They were then placed in a cellar and the roots covered with earth. The latter part of May last, (not so early by a month as would have been best,) the branches and stocks were cut into what are called “ single bud cuttings,” about an inch in length, and planted separate from the roots. Every root, and nearly every bud to the very extremity of the green branches, vegetated and grew rapidly and are now from three to over five feet high, with numerous stalks and collateral branches covered with foliage.

These 8,000 trees include a few that survived a long passage from the south, in the extreme hot weather of June. They were then cut up and planted; few of these vegetated at all, and those that did delayed to start till some time in July. These are not now more than six inches to two feet high. This disaster, together with the loss of about fifty ounces of eggs by premature hatching, frustrated my design of feeding a large number of worms the past


I fed about twenty thousand worms in the early part of the season, which by accident had prematurely hatched, but owing to the misfortune that happened to my southern trees, I was obliged to have recourse to the white, and native mulberry, to aid in bringing my worms to maturity. My Ohio Perotted trees afforded foliage as early as the native or white, were devoured more greedily by the worms, and were procured from the trees with one quarter part the trouble.

I also present for premium, three small specimens of silk, from the worms above-mentioned ; reeled and manufactured in my family. No. 1, is a speci

« PreviousContinue »