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ed. The cows, I think, not quite so good as the same number last year, and, owing to the drought, the feed was unusually short. Yours with respect,

J. H. DUNCAN. September 30, 1840.


To the Committee on the Dairy.

Three gave

GENTLEMEN—The cheese I offer for inspection, was made from the milk of five cows. milk the past winter, and one was dried in July; which we consider but four cows through the season, and have used milk necessary for a family of eight persons. Their feeding has been grass only. Weight of butter one hundred and sixty pounds; weight of new milk cheese, two hundred and seven pounds; of four-meal, three hundred and forty pounds. The process of making is the same as stated heretofore.

Respectfully Yours,

ISAAC CARRUTH. Andover, September 29, 1840.


To the Committee on the Dairy.

GENTLEMEN--I present for your inspection, two boxes of butter, containing twelve and fourteen pounds; being a specimen of two hundred and forty pounds, made from two cows and one heifer since


the 15th June, all three of the calves being taken off at that time. The milk used in the family has been from one to two quarts daily.

The cows as yet have had no other feed but common pasturing. After scalding the pans thoroughly, the milk is strained into them, and set in a cool place having the fresh air constantly upon it, where it stands from twenty four to thirty six hours, as the weather varies in temperature; the cream is then taken off and kept in a cold place --- churned once a week. When taken out of the churn, get as much of the buttermilk out as possible. Salted to the taste, with salt pounded fine. In twenty four hours it is worked over till freed entirely from buttermilk, with spatters. Yours with respect,

MRS. H. B. SPOFFORD. Georgetown, September 24, 1840,


To the Committee on the Dairy.

GENTLEMEN—I was in hopes to have been with you to-day, but my health will not permit. I send you two parcels of butter, which I offer for the society's premium, if found deserving a premium. No. 1 firkin, made the first part of June, contains forty one pounds of butter. No. 2, earthen pot, made the latter part of June, and contains thirty six pounds.

The manner of making and preserving the above, was as follows: the milk, after taken from the cows, was strained in tin pans, and remained a sufficient time for the cream to rise, and then taken off before the milk was sour, and put in earthen pots, and remained in them until churned, which was twice a

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week; the butter was taken out and worked over and salted with fine salt and four ounces of loaf sugar to every twenty pounds of butter, then put in the well or ice-cellar, and remained about twenty four hours, and then worked over the second time, and put in firkins. Our cellar being very dry and warm, instead of putting the butter in the cellar, as is usual, I put it in the well, in order to keep it cool. I put it about twenty feet below the surface of the ground, and there it has remained until yesterday, when it was taken up. The above is humbly submitted, by

JESSE PUTNAM, Danvers, September 30, 1840.


To the Committee on the Dairy.

GENTLEMEN—The tub of butter entered for premium, is a part of the quantity made from the milk of two cows, between the first of June and the 9th of July. last. The cows were milked night. and morning; the milk strained into tin pans, kept in a cool place above ground. The cream taken off while the milk was sweet, kept in tin vessels in the cellar ; churned once a week, well worked as taken from the churn and salted. In twenty four hours worked again with the hands, and put into the tub, which was kept in the cellar until two weeks past, when it was brought up. The tub contains fifty eight pounds. About fifty four ounces of the best salt that could be obtained, and forty ounces of the best refined sugar were used for the tub of butter. I am, with respect, Your obedient servant,

DEAN ROBINSON. September 30, 1840.


To the Committee on the Dairy.

GENTLEMEN—I present for your inspection, three firkins of butter, one of June, of twenty five pounds, two of September, of forty five pounds. I have made, since Monday of last week, fifty five pounds of butter, from six cows. I have now one gallon of cream; have thirty two pans of milk on hand. Our cows have had no feed but common pasturing till since haying; they have had a few small lots of fresh feed. I have managed with my butter much as formerly. I am very particular about working out all the buttermilk from the butter when it is first churned.

Yours with respect,

MARGARET WARDWELL, Andover, September 30, 1840.

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The Committee on Ploughing with Double Teams, respectfully REPORT: That ten teams were entered for premium, eight only ploughed, namely: Joseph Goodridge, of West Newbury, Jedediah H. Barker, of Andover, Perley Tapley, of Danvers, Hobart Clark, of Andover, Andrew Towne, of Andover, Samuel F. Barker, of Andover, Alexander Davidson, of Andover, and Jacob F. Davis, of Newbury,

The lot selected for ploughing was a lot of pasture land of Samuel Brocklebank's, a part of which was very rooty, with some small bushes, and difficult to plough; and the committee are of opinion, considering the quality of the land, that the ploughing will not suffer by a comparison with the ploughing of any former years.

The land was laid or marked off in lots, and numbered from one to nine, beginning at the north side.

Lot No. 1, was not drawn by any one, but was taken by Jedediah H. Barker, by consent, (he having awn No. 9, which he relinquished to accommodate a single team,) which he ploughed with Prouty & Mears' plough, in fifty four minutes, with twenty three furrows.

Lot No. 2, was drawn by Andrew Towne, which he ploughed in fifty minutes, with Ruggles & Nourse's plough, with twenty two furrows.

Lot No. 3, drawn by Alexander Davidson, which he ploughed in sixty minutes, with a wooden plough, with iron mould board, with twenty four furrows.

Lot No 4, drawn by Hobart Clark, was ploughed in fifty minutes, with Ruggles & Nourse's plough, with twenty three furrows.

Lot No. 5, drawn by Samuel F. Barker, which he ploughed in forty four minutes, with Prouty & Mears' plough, with twenty two furrows.

Lot No. 6, drawn by Joseph Goodridge, which was ploughed in forty five minutes, with Howard's plough, with twenty two furrows.

Lot No. 7, drawn by Jacob F. Davis, which he ploughed in forty one minutes, with wooden plough, with iron mould board, with nineteen furrows.

Lot No. 8, drawn by Perley Tapley, which was ploughed in forty five minutes, with Moore & Mason's plough, with twenty four furrows.

After the best examination which the committee were able to make while the teams were ploughing, and a more particular examination of the several lots after they were ploughed, and the teams had

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