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This may certify that I assisted in measuring the above crop of winter grain, and that the above statement is correct.
JOHN J. ADAMS.
Essex, ss. Nov. 16th, 1841. Personally appeared the above named John J. Adams, and made oath to the truth of the above statement, before me.
Justice of the Peace.
This may certify that I assisted in measuring the above crop of spring grain, and that the above statement is correct.
WM. W. PERKINS.
Essex, ss. Nov. 16th, 1841. Personally appeared the above named William W. Perkins, and made oath to the truth of the foregoing statement before me.
Justice of the Peace.
This will certify, that upon the request of the subscriber, 1 surveyed the land where he raised his crops of grain and onions.
The onion plat contained one acre and six rods; the rye field contained two acres and a hundred and six rods; one acre with winter grain, the remainder with spring grain.
TRISTRAM LITTLE, Surveyor.
WILLIAM WILLIAMS'S STATEMENT.
To the Committee on Crops:
GENTLEMEN—The field of oats which I cultivated the present season, contained one acre and fifty-four rods, The produce of the lot was seventy-eight and a half bushels of oats; it was measured by Mr. Daniel Spiller
and Mr. Rufus Lothrop. The field was planted with corn last season, applying about eight cords of barn-yard manure; this season I spread on about four cords of barn-yard manure. I ploughed it the sixth of May and sowed it the tenth of May. I sowed four bushels on the lot; when my oats were got in they were very dry, and those that saw them thought there were as many shelled out on the ground as were sowed, for they came up very thick, and made good fall feed.
WM. WILLIAMS. Rowley, Dec. 16, 1841.
ON FRUITS, VEGETABLES, AND FLOWERS.
The exhibition of fruits and vegetables to-day was highly gratifying to your Committee, as it evidently showed an increasing interest in this department of cultivation. The agricultural and horticultural exbibitions of the present day may be made as useful in our country as they have been in Europe. But in order to render them of the greatest possible value, there should always accompany the specimens sent, (when it is known, the method of culture, soil, &c. &c. The articles, with the names of the contributors, are placed in the order in which they were sent.
A basket of Rose Chasselas, Swcet Water, and Black Hamburgh grapes, green-house culture, and green melons, open ground culture, from P. Dodge, Salein.
Four kinds of apples and two of pears, from Erastus Ware, Salem.
Native Rareripes, from Joseph Savory, East Bradford.
St. Michael pears, and monstrous Bell-flower apples, from Daniel Adams, 3d, Newbury.
Large native peaches, grapes, and apples, from Josiah Newhall, Lynnfield.
Isabella grapes, prematurely ripe in consequence of taking off the leaves, (which is a practice to be deprecated, as leaves are to plants analogous to the lungs in the human system, and are consequently necessary to the full developement of the fruit ;) from John B. Bateman, Georgetown.
President and Boxford Stump Apples, from Peabody Russell, Boxford. Apples, 11 varieties, peaches and Isabella
from James Peabody, Byfield.
Apples, 12 varieties, 5 kinds pears, quinces and peaches, Andrew Dodge, Wenham.
Apples, 10 varieties, Clingstone peaches, quinces and pears, Moses Pettingill, Topsfield.
One basket of fine Clingstone peaches, from Daniel N. Breed, Lynn.
Fine Sweetwater grapes and apples, from H. A. Breed, Lynn.
Twenty varieties of pears, mostly new fruits, from J. M. Ives, Salem.
Two bouquets of Dahlias from Mrs. George Spofford, and one from Mrs. Charles S. Tenney, both of Georgetown
Fourteen varieties of fine pears, from E, Emmerton, of Salem.
Three varieties of apples, from Ephraim Wood, Salem.
Fine large variety of the Blood peach, for preserving, and also White grapes, J. B. Sargent, West Amesbury.
Native blue plums, for preserves, from B. Winter, Georgetown.
Twelve varieties of apples, from S. P. Fowler, Danvers. Orange tree in pot from seed, Mrs. Perry, Georgetown. Bouquet of cut flowers, from Susan D. Breed, Lynn.
Fourteen varieties of pears, all fall eating fruit, R. S. Ives, Salem.
Vegetables, &c. Purple egg plant, an edible fruit grown from seed sown in the open ground the last of May, the soil being highly manured with ashes; this is a popular vegetable in the southern markets ; raised by A. G. Bradstreet, North Danvers.
Belgian White carrot, from P. Dodge, of Salem ; these were the average of the crop in size; with regard to the quality of this new carrot, we are not yet satisfied of their superiority over the long orange; they are, however, more easily harvested, growing as they do, from two to four inches out of ground; others of the same kind, were sent in by Erastus Ware.
Yellow Globe mangel wurtzel ; nothing accompanied these relative to their superiority, if they have any, over the common variety ; sent by Allen Putnam, Wenham.
Two kinds of potatoes, raised from seed, and large mammoth pumpkin, from J. Savory, Bradford.
The samples of corn exhibited were from Francis Dodge, Danvers, Oliver Kilham, Boxford, John Preston, Danvers, William Williams, Rowley, and Samuel Longfellow, Newbury.
Pure Autumnal Marrow squash, from southern seed, Andrew Dodge, Wenham.
Mangel wurtzel and Sugar beet, from Moses Pettingill, Topsfield.
Marrow and Lima squash, (mixed) weighing 70 lbs, James L. Wales, Bradford.
Large yellow onions, Samuel P. Jewett.
Sugar beet, mangel wurtzel and solid celery, Charles F. Putnam, Salem.
Cucumber and apple, grown in bottles, Elijah Kimball, Georgetown.
Your Committee recommend the following gratuities : To James Peabody, of Byfield, two dollars.
To Moses Pettingill, of Topsfield, H. A. Breed, and D. N. Breed, of Lynn, P. Dodge, Salem, Mrs. George Spofford, Georgetown, R. S. Ives and Erastus Ware, of Salem, one dollar each.
To Mrs. Charles S. Tenny, and B. Winter of Georgetown, E. Wood, of Salem, S. P. Fowler, Danvers, Andrew Dodge, Wenham, E. Emmerton, Salem, John B. Bateman, Georgetown, J. Savory, Bradford, A. G. Bradstreet, Danvers, J. B. Sargent, West Newbury, Stephen C. Thurlow, do., and Miss Susan D. Breed, of Lynn, fifty cents each.
An individual at the exhibition expressed his surprise that the same varieties of apples raised in West Cambridge and around Boston, were so much larger than those he was accustomed to see grown in Essex county. The cause is obviously not in the natural quality of their soil, but in their high manuring and more severe pruning. There are farmers in West Cambridge who apply one hundred dollars worth of manure annually to an acre of land. The size, as well as the quality of apples depend more upon the nature of the soil upon which they are grown than is generally supposed; for while the Baldwin, Roxbury Russet and Yellow Bellflower apples, fruit well upon soil of a light, loamy nature; the Hubbardston Nonesuch, Pickman Pippin, Piper, and some other varieties, require that of a deep clayey loam.
Mr. S. P. Fowler submitted the following resolve:
Voted, That the Committee on Fruits and Flowers be requested to furnish for publication in the Society's next annual Report, a list of fruits best adapted for culture in our county, together with a few flowering shrubs.
For the Committee,
JOHN M. IVES.
In forming a collection of fruits, it is better to be contented with a few good kinds, that produce well in most seasons, than to plant those, for the sake of variety, of which perhaps a crop may be obtained once in three or four years; we should endeavor also to fix upon those which are found to suit our latitude ; many varieties of apples, which are first rate in our southern cities, for example the Newton Pippin and Pennock’s Winter, are, when grown here, inferior to the Lyscom, Fall Harvey, and many others. Attention should also be paid to selecting sorts suitable to their destined soils, as some that would succeed well in a strong clay loam, would languish in a poor, light, sandy soil, and others that would ripen to perfection in the enclosed yards of our