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populous cities, would not mature in our open fields. There are also some situations where the apple and pear thrive well, while the cherry and plum do not ; the cultivation of the two former should therefore be encouraged, while that of the latter should be only so to a limited extent. The Baldwin, Bellflower, Swaar, and some other varieties of apples, do well in a soil of a light, loamy nature, while the Ribstone Pippin, Hubbardston Nonesuch, Piper, and Pickman Pippin, require that of a strong, clayey, and retentive loam.
The following list of apples which answer well in our locality, comprises some of the best summer, autumn, and winter varieties for New England culture.
Early Harvest, or July Flower, Rhode-Island Greening, ripens in July and August.
ripens from Nov. to Feb. Early Bough, or Washington, of Ň. H. Baldwin,
Dec. to Feb. ripens in July and August. Yellow Bellflower, Dec. to Jan. Summer Permaine, ripens in Sept. Swaar, (great bearer) Fall Harvey, (fine)
ripens from Jan. to March. Cloth of Gold, Cressy apple of Beverly, Danvers or Eppes Sweeting, ripens in Oct.
ripens from Jan. to March. Williams's Favorite Red, Aug. Roxbury Russet, Boxford Stump, ripens in Sept. & Oct.
ripens from Feb. to April. Lyscom, (superior)
Oct. Hubbardston Nonesuch, (fine fruit) Porter, (handsome fruit)
ripens from Oct. to Dec. ripens in Sept. and Oct. Minister, (very superior) Ribstone Pippin, (English apple)
ripens from Nov. to Feb. ripens in Dec. to Feb.
Madaleine, ripens in July and Aug. Urbaniste, (melting fruit)
ripens in Nov. Summer Franc Real,
Sept. Napoleon, (bears young and abundantBartlett, (superior)
ripens in Oct. Dearborn's Seedling, (fine) Aug. Marie Louise,
Sept. Bleker's Meadow, Seckel,
Oct. Dix, - Belle Lucrative, (superior)
Duchesse of Angouleme, (large & fine) Surpasse Virgalieu," )
ripens in Nov. Buffum, (great bearer)
Sept. Winter Nelis, ripens from Dec. to Feb. Washington, (beautiful fruit)
Lewis, (great bearer) ripens in Dec.
ripens in Sept. Josephine, (very sugary and fine) King of Wurtemberg, (large and fine)
ripens in Dec. ripens in Oct. Easter Beurre, ripens from Feb.to May. Iron or Black pear of Worcester, Catilac, Doctor Hunt's Winter,
Green Gage, ripens in Aug, and Sept. Blue Imperatrice,
ripens in Oct. and Nov. Italian Damask,
Aug. Cruger's Seedling," Sept. and Oct. Coe's Golden Drop,
Sharp's Emperor, ripens in Sept. ripens in Oct. and Nov. Imperial Gage,
Large Trees.-Class 1. Abele, or Silver Leaf.
Lime, or Linden, European Sycamore,
Scarlet Maple, Weeping Willow,
Sugar do. Butternut,
Tulip Tree, Elm,
Smaller Trees.-Class 2. Siberian Crab Apple,
Laburnum, Curled Mountain Ash,
Double Flowering Peach, Double Flowering Cherry,
Buffalo Berry, Fringe Tree,
Scotch Larch, &c. Shrubs and Trees of Low Growth.-Class 3. Rose Acacia,
Persian Lilac, Double Flowering Almond,
Snow Ball, or Guelder Rose, Althea, or Rose of Sharon,
Tree Pæonias, (of sorts) Carolina Allspice,
Japan Globe Flower, White Caucasian Honeysuckle, Hardy Roses, (of sorts.) Cornelian Cherry,
THE JACKSON POTATO.
It was the intention of the Committee to have brought forward to the exhibition in Georgetown, a new potato which a member of your Committee received from
Franklin county in this state, through Dr. J. E. Fisk, of Salem, as the best in quality, and nearly if not quite as prolific as the Long Red or River Plate, which is so well known in our county ; but being a late potato, they were not harvested in season. It is the opinion of those who have raised them the past season, that they are in quality and bearing superior to any other variety cultivated in our vicinity. The following letter from a farmer in Beverly, who planted two barrels of this kind late in the spring, was addressed to the Chairman of the Committee, is here inserted.
Beverly, Dec. 27, 1841. MR. JOHN M. Ives :
Dear Sir—The potatoes which I had of you I planted on a rich, loamy soil, which had been broken up a week or two previous, with a good shovel full of barn-yard manure in each hill, which was all that was used on the land. In consequence of my thinking them to be early potatoes, they were not planted till the first or second week in June, but notwithstanding the lateness of the season in which they were planted, and the remarkably dry summer, they yielded as well as the Long Red, if not better ; although they did not attain to much more than half their usual size. In quality, they are fully equal to the best Eastern Chenangoes, if not even superior to them. I am decidedly of the opinion, that, taking into consideration their superiority, both in quality and in their yield, they are the best and most profitable potato for cultivation which have ever come under my observation.
This potato in form resembles the Chenango or Mercer, and from the description of a new potato which was cultivated the past season, in the county of Worcester, and there called the Snow Ball, from its whiteness after cooking, we apprehend it is one and the
ON DOMESTIC MANUFACTURES.
The Committee on Domestic Manufactures, having attended to the duty assigned them, beg leave to RePORT:
The number of articles entered in this department was not so large as that of the past year ; but in the taste and skill displayed in their execution, no falling off was perceptible to your Committee. On the contrary, some of the wrought pieces,--the fairy work of fairy fingers,—seemed to your Committee more like the productions of foreign countries than those of our own firesides. By some it may be thought that these articles of taste are hardly worthy of the time and pains bestowed upon them ; but to your Committee it seems, that whatever contributes to the pleasure of the eye, whether in works of art or nature, is highly deserving of encouragement. If the moral influence of flowers be, as we all know it to be, so powerful and salutary, we see no reason why the faithful imitation of flowers on carpets and rugs and quilts and other coverings, may not also be beneficial. How many are the virtues called forth too in their execution! The good wife, or her fair daughter, saves all the fragments of cloth for a carpet or a rug-at the same time she is learning or at least practising that most useful virtue, frugality. Like the bee she devotes hours and hours to construct her curious fabric, and like the winged honey-merchant, she is exhibiting a pattern of patience and industry. Whether, therefore, in the benefits or the pleasures they contribute to domestic life, the description of wrought articles to which we have alluded, are well entitled to the continued patronage of this Society, and we trust that the rewards which it bestows upon them will continue to excite competition among the fair fingers of Essex county, till in every house will be seen a trophy of success.
The number of rugs this year exhibited was about equal to the number of towns in the county—though many of
them were from the same town, and it was with difficulty the committee could decide upon their priority of merits. When they come to equal the number of families in the county, the Committee will need a couple of weeks or at least days, instead of a couple of hours, to examine and estimate their proportionate excellence. The mus"lins and laces were also of superior skill and elegance. Many of the other productions evinced a laudable spirit of emulation, proving that the ladies of Essex county will at the annual cattle show, pull their part of the yoke, and not be outdone by those of the hardier sex.
The Committee have therefore unanimously awarded the following premiums and gratuities, viz: For a piece of wrought carpeting, to Mrs. Abby
Welch, of Newburyport, a gratuity of
1 00 To Sarah L. Steele, of Haverhill, do.
1 00 To Mrs. Dr. Nichols, of Danvers, do.
1 00 To Miss Elizabeth Coffin, of Newbury, do. 1 00 To Miss Ann Maria Gerrish, of Newbury,do. 1 00 To Miss Mary Jane Harun, of Beverly, do. 1 00 To Mrs. Dorcas Hale, of Newbury, do.
1 00 To Miss M. B. Chadburn, of Newburyport, do. 1 00 To Mrs. John M. Stocker, of Beverly, do.
1 00 To Mary Ann Choate, of Essex, do.
1 00 To Sarah D. Tenny, of Bradford, do.
1 00 To Nancy M. Richards, of Newburyport, do. 1 00 To Lucy Peck, of Hamilton,
1 00 To Louisa Fryes, of Andover,
do. 1 00 To Caroline Coffin, of Newburyport,
1 00 To Mrs. Thomas Hills, of W. Newbury, do.
1 00 To Mrs. P. Newman, of Newbury, do.