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pen, Joseph Trotter, Samuel Jervis, Samuel Rhoads, Joseph Brientnall." Hazard's Register, XV, 183.

1728. “Rules for a Club established for mutual Improvement." These rules were drawn up in 1728. “Our debates were to be under the direction of a president,” etc. 2 Sparks 9. Twenty-four queries to be read over by each member on the morning of each meeting. Ibid.

1729. Discussion in Junto about paper money. 1 Sparks, 90.

1730. About Sep. 1. Junto met, not at a tavern, but at a little room of Mr. Grace's, and they clubbed their books. By help of friends of the Junto, got fifty subscribers to a subscription library. 1 Sparks 96, 97.

1731. Left the ale house where they first met, and hired a room to hold their Club in. 1 Sparks, 99.

1732. June 30. “ That all new members be qualified by the four qualifications, and all the old ones take."

2 Sparks 551 et seq. 1733. “I ever forbid myself, agreeably to the old laws of our Junto, the use of every word and expression in the language that imparted a fixed opinion." 1 Sparks, 116.

1735. Published pieces in his newspaper which he had read before the Junto. (Socratic Dialogue—Vicious man not a man of sense). 1 Sparks, 123.

1736. Junto useful, and some members wished to introduce their friends, and increase the number of

members above twelve, the original number. Instead of this Franklin proposed that each member should form a subordinate Club, with the same rules, concealing the existence of the original Club. Five or six were formed. The Vine, the Union, the Band. 1 Sparks, 129.

1737. Wrote a paper, to be read at the Junto, about the irregularities of the Watch, and proposing the hiring of proper men. Approved of by the Junto, and communicated to the other Clubs, as if originating with them. This led to a law being passed, carrying out the plan. 1 Sparks, 132–33.

Read to Junto, a paper about fires, which led to the establishment of the first fire company. 1 Sparks,


1743. May 14. A proposal for promoting useful knowledge among the British Plantations in America." This proposal, printed as a circular letter, dated Philadelphia, contains this paragraph. “That one Society be formed of Virtuosi or ingenious men, residing in the several colonies, to be called The American Philosophical Society, who are to maintain a constant correspondence.6 Sparks 14–15.

. Nov. 4. My long absence from home put my business so far behindhand that I had no leisure to forward the scheme of the Society. Franklin to C. Colden, 6 Sparks, 25.

1744. March 27. John Bartram to Colden, referring to the A. P. S. 6 Sparks, 14 (note).

April 5. Franklin to Colden about the A. P. S., giving a list of members, and division of sciences among them. 6 Sparks, 28.

Proposed and established a Philosophical Society. 1 Sparks, 144.

1749. Associated in the design of an academy, a number of active friends, of whom the Junto furnished a good part. 1 Sparks, 158.

1750. Beginning of the Society-Junto in this year, as per following extract from C. Thomson's Ms. letter to Franklin, dated Nov. 6, 1768.

“You remember the Society to which I belonged, which was begun in the year 1750. By the death and removal of some of its members, it dwindled for some time to that degree, that I was apprehensive of its dissolution.” Mr. Fisher's paper, p. 153.

1753. July 16. . . . My respects to Mrs. Roberts and to all our old friends of the Junto, Hospital, and Insurance.Franklin to Hugh Roberts. Sparks, 77. (Note)

1757. July 27. Franklin and his son William Franklin arrive in London. 1 Sparks, 226.

December 18. Room and necessaries appear to be paid for by the Society-Junto from this date to Sam. Carruthers, as per receipt. See front page of Junto Minute book.

1758. February 13. Fines due in Society-Junto from this date. See Minutes Nov. 3, 1758.

September 16. "Two of the former members of the

Junto you tell me are departed this life, Potts and Parsons." ...“I do not quite like your absenting yourself from the good old Club, the Junto.” Franklin to Hugh Roberts. ~ Sparks, 181.

September 22. Date of the first Society-Junto Minutes extant.

1759. I. Paschall proposes “How may the possession of the Lakes be best improved to the advantage of the English?” See Minutes under this date.

. 1760. Philip Syng, Jun. was buried in Christ Church burial ground, Nov. 14, 1760. Certif. of Robt. R. Bringhurst, Clerk.

1761. February 26. You tell me you sometimes visit the ancient Junto. I wish you would do it oftener. I know they all love and respect you, and regret your absenting yourself so much. People are apt to grow strange and not understand one another so well, when they meet but seldom. Since we have held that Club till we are grown grey together, let us hold it out to the End. For my own Part, I find I love Company, Chat, a glass, and even a song, as well as ever; and at the same Time relish better than I us'd to do, the grave observations and wise sentences of old men's Conversation; So that I am sure the Junto will be still as agreeable to me as it ever has been: I therefore hope it will not be discontinu'd as long as we are able to crawl together.” Franklin to H. Roberts. ~ Sparks, 223. [Original, in the possession of Charles Morton Smith, Esq.]

July 30. A narrative in Society-Junto minute book, explaining a revival. Rules copied. “1. That this Society, called the Junto, meet every Friday evening” etc. Four qualifications given. Substantially the same as those of the Franklin-Junto. Junto Minutes, Part 1. pp. 81, 83, 84.

1761. Oct. 16, to Sep. 3, 1762. For this interval of nearly eleven months, no minutes known to exist of the Society-Junto. For this period it is probable that no meetings took place. See further on, date, Sept. 10, 1762.

1762. End of August. Franklin sailed from England with his son, and arrived in Philadelphia on the 1st of Nov., after an absence of more than five years. A few days before he sailed, his son was appointed Governor of New Jersey. 1 Sparks, 268, 269.

Sep. 3. “The members of the Junto, desirous of continuing the Society, met this evening, having again agreed with Mr. Carruthers for the room on the same terms, on which they had it formerly," etc. See Junto Minutes of this date.

Sept. 10. E. Physick excuses himself for not having introduced Ch. Moore, a member elect, because he went on a journey, “soon after which the Society was discontinued. Now we are met again” etc. C. Moore was elected Oct. 2, 1761. Only two meetings are recorded afterwards in the minute book, after which a hiatus exists until Sep. 3, 1762. See Junto Minutes under date of Sep. 10, 1762.

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