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the Junto "became the basis of the American Philosophical Society."
In view of all the facts that they have been able to collect, the Committee have come to the following conclusions :
1. That the present Society was formed, on the 2nd of January 1769, by the union of the “American Philosophical Society” and the “American Society, held at Philadelphia for promoting Useful Knowledge.”
2. That the Philosophical Society was founded by Franklin on the 14th of May 1743 [old style corresponding to 25th of May new style], this being the date of the publication of his “Proposal for promoting Useful knowledge among the British Plantations in America.'
3. That the American Society was begun under the name of the Junto, and bore this name from the year 1750, the earliest recorded date of its existence, until the 13th of December 1766.
4. That the evidence before the Committee does not establish the identity of the Junto which was formed by Franklin in 1727, with that which afterwards became the American Society; though they appear to have been the same in many marked particulars.
5. That dating from the establishment of the elder parent-Society, our centennial anniversary should be celebrated on the 14th [25th, new style] of May 1843.
6. That Franklin, having established one of our parent-Societies, and furnished, in his Junto, the model of the other, is justly entitled to be called our founder.
In conclusion, the Committee congratulate the Society on the important accession to the knowledge of our early history, which has resulted from the labours of Mr. Du Ponceau and Mr. Fisher. Yet it must be admitted that chasms still remain in our early annals which require to be filled up, that doubts exist on some points, and discrepancies of opinion on others.
The question here arises, shall we give publicity to the Society's early history in its present imperfect state; or shall we delay, in the hope of obtaining more facts? The Committee expresses themselves decidedly in favor of the latter course. They, therefore, recommend to the Society, the adoption of the following resolution:
Resolved, that the papers of Mr. Du Ponceau and Mr. Fisher, which were read on the 26th of June 1840, together with the supplementary communications, be deposited in the Archives, as valuable contributions to the early history of the Society.
A. D. BACHE,
A tabular statement of the attendance of members at the meetings from 1758 to 1768 which it is not considered necessary to reproduce.
ABSTRACT FROM THE JUNTO MINUTE BOOK.
[Entries relating to purely scientific and philosophical discussions have been omitted in this transcription]
1758. September 29. Absent, W. Franklin in England.
October 27th. The members evidently become Chairmen and Secretaries in rotation.
November 3rd. Fines due from the 13th of Feb. to the 25th of August 1758 inclusive. Therefore the Club existed on the 13th of Feb. 1758.
November 10. “W. Franklin out of town."
December 1st. “The company resolved that as Peter Chevalier had been absent four nights successively, without sending an apology, that he is no longer to be deemed a member."
Dec. 22nd. “Wm. Franklin abroad."
Dec. 29th. Paul Jackson present as a member; but not previously mentioned either as present or absent.
1759. Jan. 5. C. Thomson proposed “Will it be most advantageous to the company to continue or discontinue keeping a minute book?"
19th. Agreed to keep a minute book. It was ap
prehended that, if no minutes were kept, “fewer queries would be discussed than otherwise would be, and the Junto consequently less improved.”
Turn as Secretary came round not much sooner
than a year.
Feb. 2. “If this want of zeal, this disinclination to industry and due attendance should continue, is it not evident that a dissolution of the Society must speedily follow?” “As our anniversary will be held next Monday, when it is customary for us to express our good wishes for the Society's prosperity” etc. the company proposing to celebrate their anniversary, the Secretary is appointed to bespeak an entertainment suitable to the occasion.
Feb. 5. (Monday) Minutes at the Widow Gray's. “Wm. Franklin at sea.''
“This night, agreeable to a fundamental law of this Society, the original laws were distinctly read, and also the bye-laws."
February 23rd. Edward Duffield ballotted for and approved. “Edmo. Physick and Wm. Hopkins are appointed to speak to him.”
Sep. 27th. “As several of the original laws have been abrogated or changed, and several Bye-Laws made now are in force, and which lie scattered upon and down in the book, E. Physick and Charles Thomson, the Committee before appointed, are desired to make a collection of such laws” etc.
1760. February 1st. Next Tuesday being our anni
versary meeting, the Secretary was desired to bespeak a supper for the company of the Widow Gray.
June 20th. Sam. Powel introduced as a member and paid 20 shillings.
1761. Feb. 6th. “As there had not been proper notice given by the Secretary for the members to meet the 5th inst., the usual time of their anniversary, they agreed to spend a meeting together, in memory thereof, and desired Charles Thomson to bespeak a supper at Whitebread's."
Feb. 9th. “The following members met at W. Whitebread's; viz., Charles Thomson, E. Physick, I. Paschall, F. Rawle, W. Hopkins, and Joshua Howell, together with Geo. Bryan (a former member), who was invited by one of the company."
July 30th. “By the death of two members, P. Syng and F. Rawle, the absence of some who are abroad in England, and the sickness and necessary avocations of the few remaining, this Society has for some time, languished. The meetings were usually kept up. But so few attended and so little was done, that no minutes were made, and some thoughts were let in of giving up the room, and dissolving the Society. But as the Institution was, after long experience, found to be good, and much improvement as well as pleasure reaped from it; it was agreed first to try whether any measures could be fallen upon to revive its ancient spirit. The best way they judged to effect this, was turning back to the first principles, and