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A. D. 64.
A. D. 64. man his brother, saying, Know the people received the law,) what further Lord: for all shall know me, from the need was there that another priest least to the greatest. For I will be should rise after the order of Melchis. merciful to their unrighteousness, and edec, and not be called after the or. their sins and their iniquities will der of Aaron, vii. 11. Is the law then I remember no more, ver. 10–12. against the promises of God? God Who are Israelites; to whom pertain- forbid : for if there had been a law eth the adoption, and the glory, and given which could have given life, the covenants, and the giving of the verily righteousness should have been law, and the service of God, and the by the law, Gal. iii. 21. promises, Rom. ix. 4. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises
VER. 8. made. He saith not, And to seeds, Μεμφόμενος γαρ αυτοϊς λέγει: ιδού, as of many ; but as of one, And to quépais é xortal, Néya Kúpaos, xai aurrethy seed, which is Christ. And this aéow ÉTI TÒn oixov 'Ispaña nai ini sàn I say, that the covenant, that was con
οίκον Ιούδα διαθήκην καινήν: firmed before of God in Christ, the For finding fault with them, a he saith, law, which was four hundred and Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, thirty years after, cannot disannul, when I will make ba new c covenant with that it should make the promise of the house of Israel and with the house of none effect. For if the inheritance Judah: be of the law, it is no more of promise : a This is the covenant that I will but God gave it to Abraham by pro- make with them after those days, saith mise. Wherefore then serveth the the Lord, I will put my laws into their law? It was added because of trans. hearts, and in their minds will I write gressions, till the seed should come to them; And their sins and their iniwhom the promise was made ; and it quities will I remember no more, Heb. was ordained by angels in the hands *. 16, 17. Behold, the days come, of a mediator. Now a mediator is saith the LORD, that I will raise unto not a mediator of one, but God is one. David a righteous Branch, and a King Is the law then against the promises shall reign and prosper, and shall of God? God forbid : for if there had execute judgment and justice in the been a law given which could have earth, Jer. xxiii. 5. For, lo, the days given life, verily righteousness should come, saith the LORD, that I will bring have been the law, Gal. ii. 16–21. again the captivity of my people IsIn hope of eternal life, which God, rael and Judah, saith the LORD: and that cannot lie, promised before the I will cause them to return to the land world began, Tit. i. 2. Whereby are that I gave to their fathers, and they given to us exceeding great and pre- shall possess it, xxx. 3. Behold, the cious promises: that by these ye days come, saith the Lord, that I might be partakers of the divine na. will sow the house of Israel and the ture, having escaped the corruption house of Judah with the seed of man, that is in the world through lust, and with the seed of beast, xxxi. 27. 2 Pet. i. 4.
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD,
that I will make a new covenant with VER. 7.
the house of Israel, and with the Ei yàę i wpáson éneim øv åpepe Titos, house of Judah, 31. Behold, the days ουκ αν δευτέρας έζητείτο τόπος. .
come, saith the LORD, that the city a For if that first covenant had been shall be built to the Lord, from the faultless, then should no place have been the corner, 38. And he said unto the
tower of Hananeel unto the gate of sought for the second.
disciples, The days will come, when a For finding fault with them, he ye sball desire to see one of the days saith, Behold, the days come, saith of the Son of man, and ye shall not the Lord, when I will make a new co
see it, Luke xvii. 22. venant with the house of Israel, and b And for this cause he is the me. with the house of Judah, ver. 8. If diator of the new testament, that by therefore perfection were by the Le means of death, for the redemption of vitical priesthood, (for under ic the the transgressions that were under the
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A. D. 64. first testament, they which are called and thy younger : and I will give might receive the promise of eternal them unto thee for daughters, but not inheritance, Heb. ix. 15. And to Je- by thy covenant, Ezek. xvi. 60, 61. sus the mediator of the new covenant, Moreover I will make a covenant of and to the blood of sprinkling, that peace with them; it shall be an everspeaketh better things than that of lasting covenant with them: and I Abel, xii. 24. For this is my blood will place them, and multiply them, of the new testament, which is shed and will set my sanctuary in the for many for the remission of sins, midst of them for evermore, xxxvii. Matt. xxvi. 28. And he said unto 26. them, This is my blood of the new
VER. 9. testament, which is shed for many, Ού κατά την διαθήκην ήν εποίησα τους Mark xiv. 24. Likewise also the | πατράσιν αυτών, εν ημέρα επιλαβομένου cup after supper, saying, This
μου της χειρός αυτών, εξαγαγείν αυτούς εκ the new testament in my blood, which γης Αιγύπτου: ότι αυτοί ουκ ενέμειναν εν is shed for you, Luke xxii. 20. After rñ sia@hxn mov, naye huéansa aitwy, the same manner also he took the cup, λέγει Κύριος. when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: made with their fathers in the day when
Not according to a the covenant that I this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me, 1 Cor. xi. 25. I took them by the hand cto lead them Who also hath made us able minis
out of the land of Egypt; because d they ters of the new testament; not of the continued not in my covenant, eand i letter, but of the spirit : for the letter regarded them not, saith the Lord. killeth, but the spirit giveth life, a Whereupon neither the first testa2 Cor. iii. 6.
ment was dedicated without blood. c Incline your ear, and come unto For when Moses had spoken every me: hear, and your soul shall live; and precept to all the people according to I will make an everlasting covenant the law, he took the blood of calves with you, even the sure mercies of and of goats, with water, and scarlet David, Isa. lv. 3. And I will make wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both an everlasting covenant with them, the book, and all the people, Saying, that I will not turn away from them, This is the blood of the testament to do them good; but I will put my which God hath injoined unto you, fear in their hearts, that they shall Heb. ix. 18—20. And Moses came not depart from me, Jer. xxxii. 40. and told the people all the words of Considerest thou not what this peo- the LORD, and all the judgments : ple have spoken, saying, The two fa- and all the people answered with one milies which the Lord hath chosen, voice, and said, All the words which he hath even cast them off? thus they the LORD hath said will we do. And have despised my people, that they Moses wrote all the words of the should be no more a nation before LORD, and rose up early in the mornthem. Thus saith the LORD, If my ing, and builded an altar under the covenant be not with day and night, hill, and twelve pillars according to and if I have not appointed the ordi. the twelve tribes of Israel. And he nances of heaven and earth; Then sent young men of the children of Iswill I cast away the seed of Jacob, rael, which offered burnt-offerings ; and David my servant, so, that I will and sacrificed peace-offerings of oxen not take any of his seed to be rulers unto the LORD. And Moses took half over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and of the blood, and put it in basons; and Jacob: for I will cause their captivity half of the blood he sprinkled on the to return, and have mercy on them, altar. And he took the book of the Xxxiii. 24-26. Nevertheless I will covenant, and read in the audience of remember my covenant with thee in the people; and they said, All that the days of thy youth, and I will es- the LORD hath said will we do, and tablish unto thee an everlasting cove- be obedient. And Moses took the nant. Then thou shalt remember thy blood, and sprinkled it on the people, ways, and be ashamed, when thou and said, Behold, the blood of the shalt receive thy sisters, thine elder covenant, which the LORD hath made
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HEB. VIII. 9.
A. D. 61,
with you concerning all these words. | mise. Wherefore then serveth the Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Na- law? It was added because of transdab, and Abihu, and seventy of the gressions, till the seed should come to elders of Israel : And they saw the wbom the promise was made; and God of Israel: and there was under it was ordained by angels in the hand his feet as it were a paved work of a of a mediator, Gal.ü. 15–19. Which sapphire stone, and as it were the things are an allegory: for these are body of heaven in his clearness. And the two covenants; the one from the upon the nobles of the children of Is- mount Sinai, which gendereth to rael he laid not his hand : also they bondage which is Agar, iv. 24. saw God, and did eat and drink, b And while he lingered, the men Exod. xxiv, 3-11. And he said, laid hold upon his hand, and upon the Behold, I make a covenant: before hand of his wife, and upon the hands all thy people I will do miracles, such of his two daughters; the LORD beas have not been done in all the earth, ing merciful unto him: and they nor in any nation : and all the peo- brought him forth, and set him with ple among which thou art shall see out the city, Gen. xix. 16. Behold, the work of the Lord : for it is a ter- God will not cast away a perfect man, rible thing that I will do with thee, neither will he help the evil doers, xxxiv. 10. And the Lord said unto | Job viii. 20. Who is this that cometh Moses, Write thou these words : for up from the wilderness, leaning upon after the terror of these words I have her beloved ? I raised thee up under made a covenant with thee and with the apple tree: there thy mother Israel. And he was there with the brought thee forth: there she brought Lord forty days and forty nights; he thee forth that bare thee, Cant. viii. did neither eat bread, nor drink water. 5. For I the Lord God will hold thy And he wrote upon the tables the right hand, saying unto thee, Fear words of the covenant, the ten com- not; I will help thee, Isa. xli. 13. mandments, 27, 28. The LORD our There is none to guide her among all God made a covenant with us in Ho- the sons whom she hath brought forth; reb. The LORD made not this cove- neither is there any that taketh her by nant with our fathers, but with us, the hand of all the sons that she has even us, who are all of us here alive brought up, li. 18. this day, Deut. v. 2, 3. These are the cYe have seen what I did unto the words of the covenant, which the Egyptians, and how I bare you on LORD commanded Moses to make eagles' wings, and brought you unto with the children of Israel in the land myself. Now therefore, if ye will of Moab, beside the covenant which obey my voice indeed, and keep my he made with them in Horeb, xxix. 1. covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar That thou shouldest enter into cove treasure unto me above all people : pant with the LORD thy God, and for all the earth is mine, Exod. xix. into his oath, which the LORD thy God | 4,5. Thou leddest thy people like a maketh with thee in this day, 12. flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron, Brethren, I speak after the manner of Psal. Ixxvii. 20. But made his own men ; Though it be but a man's cove- people to go forth like sheep, and nant, yet if it be confirmed, no man dis. guided them in the wilderness like a annulleth or addeth thereto. Now to flock. And he led them on safely, so Abraham and his seed were the pro- that they feared not : but the sea mises made. He saith tot, And to overwhelmed their enemies. And he seeds, as of many ; but as of one, And brought them to the border of his to thy seed, which is Christ. And sanctuary, even to this mountain, which this I say, that the covenant that was his right hand had purchased, lxxviii. confirmed before of God in Christ, 52–54. And he brought forth his the law, which was four hundred and people with joy, and his chosen with thirty years after, cannot disannul, gladness, cv. 43. And he brought that it should make the promise of out Israel from among them: for his none effect. For if the inheritance be mercy endureth for ever : With a of the law, it is no more of promise : strong hand, and with a stretched out but God gave it to Abraham by pro arm : for his mercy endureth for ever:
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A. p. 64. And made Israel to pass through the are come upon you, which the LORD midst of it: for his mercy endureth your God promised you ; so shall the for ever, cxxxvi. 11–14. He shall LORD bring upon you all evil things, feed his flock like a shepherd : he until he have destroyed you from off shall gather the lambs with his arm, this good land which the LORD your and carry them in his bosom, and shall God hath given you. When ye have gently lead those that are with young, transgressed the covenant of the LORD Isa. xl. 11. In all their affliction he your God, which he commanded you, was afflicted, and the angel of his and have gone and served other gods, presence saved them : in his love and and bowed yourselves to them; then in his pity he redeemed them; and shall the anger of the LORD be kindled he bare them, and carried them all against you, and ye shall perish quickthe days of old, Ixiii. 9. Then he re- ly from off the good land which he membered the days of old, Moses, and hath given unto you, Josh. xxii. 15, his people, saying, Where is he that 16. And they rejected his statutes, brought them up out of the sea with and his covenant that he made with the shepherd of his flock? where is he their fathers, and his testimonies that put his holy Spirit within him? which he testified against them; and That led them by the right hand of they followed vanity, and became vain, Moses with his glorious arm, dividing and went after the heathen that were the water before them, to make him- round about them, concerning whom self an everlasting name? That led the Lord had charged them, that them through the deep, as an horse in they should not do like them. And the wilderness, that they should not they left all the commandments of the stumble, 11-13.
LORD their God, and made them molThey have turned aside quickly ten images, even two calves, and out of the way which I commanded made a grove, and worshipped all the them : they have made them a molten host of heaven and served Baal. And calf, and have worshipped it, and have they caused their sons and their daugh. sacrificed thereunto and said, These ters to pass through the fire, and used be thy gods, O Israel, which have divination and enchantments, and brought thee up out of the land of sold themselves to do evil in the sight Egypt, Exod. xxxii. 8. Then men of the Lord, to provoke him to anshall say, Because they have forsaken ger. Therefore the LORD was very the covenant of the LORD God of their angry with Israel, and removed them fathers, which he made with them out of his sight; there was none left when he brought them forth out of the but the tribe of Judah only, 2 Kings land of Egypt, Deut. xxix. 25. And xvii. 15–18. They kept not the cothe LORD said unto Moses, Behold, venant of God, and refused to walk in thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and his law ; And forgat his works and this people will rise up, and go a his wonders that he had shewed them, whoring after the gods of the strangers Psal. lxxviii. 10, 11. But turned of the land, whither they go to be back, and dealt unfaithfully like their among them; and will forsake me, fathers: they were turned aside like and break my covenant which I have a deceitful bow, 57. For I earnestly made with them. Then my anger protested unto your fathers in the day shall be kindled against them, in that that I brought them up out of the land day, and I will forsake them, and I of Egypt, even unto this day, rising will hide my face from them, and early and protesting, saying, Obey my they shall be devoured, and many evils voice. Yet they obeyed not, nor inand troubles shall befall them : so clined their ear, but walked every one that they will say in that day, Are in the imagination of their evil heart: not these evils come upon us, because therefore I will bring upon them all our God is not among us ? And I will the words of this covenant, which I surely hide my face in that day for all commanded them to do ; but they did the evils which they shall have wrought them not, Jer. xi. 7, 8. And many in that they are turned unto other gods, nations shall pass by this city, and Xxxi. 16-18. Therefore it shall they shall say every man to his neighcome to pass, that as all good things bour, Wherefore hath the Lord done
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HEB, VIII. 9, 10.
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thus unto this great city? Then they a This is the covenant that I will shall answer, Because they have for- make with them after those days, saith saken the covenant of the Lord their the Lord, I will put my laws into God and worshipped other gods, and their hearts, and in their minds will I served them, xxii. 8, 9. Not accord- write them. And their sins and ini. ing to the covenant that I made with quities will I remember no more, Heb. their fathers in the day that I took X. 16, 17. them by the hand to bring them out bAnd Moses wrote all the words of of the land of Egypt ; which my cove the LORD, and rose up early in the nant they brake, although I was an morning, and builded an altar under husband unto them, saith the Lord, the hill, and twelve pillars according to xxxi. 32. Now when I passed by the twelve tribes of Israel, Exod. xxiv. thee, and looked upon thee, behold, 4. And he took the book of the cothy time was the time of love; and I venant, and read in the audience of spread my skirt over thee, and cover the people : and they said, All that ed thy nakedness ? yea, I sware unto the LORD hath said will we do, and thee, and entered into a covenant be obedient, 7. And the LORD said with thee, saith the Lord God, and unto Moses, Hew these two tables of thou becamest mine, Ezek. xvi. 8. stone like unto the first ; and I will for thus saith the Lord God; I will write upon these tables the words that even deal with thee as thou hast done, were in the first tables, which thou which hast despised the oath in break- brakest, xxxiv. 1. And the Lord ing the covenant, 59.
said unto Moses, Write tbou these eYe bave forsaken me, and served words : for after the tenor of these other gods : wherefore I will deliver words I have made a covenant with you no more. Go and cry unto the thee and with Israel, 27. And the gods which ye have chosen ; let them LORD thy God will circumcise thine deliver you in the time of your tribu. heart, and the heart of thy seed, to lation, Judg. x. 13, 14. The anger love the LORD thy God with all thine of the Lord hath divided them; he heart, and with all thy soul, that thou will no more regard them: they re- mayest live, Deut. xxx. 6. But this spected not the persons of the priests, shall be the covenant that I will make they favoured not the elders, Lam. iv. with the house of Israel; After those 16. Though ye offer me burnt-offer. days, saith the Lord, I will put my ings and your meat-offerings, I will law in their inward parts, and write not accept them: neither will I re- it in their hearts ; and will be their gard the peace-offerings of your fat God, and they shall be my people, beasts, Amos v. 22. And this have Jer. xxxi. 33. And I will make an ye done again, covering the altar of everlasting covenant with them, that the LORD with tears, with weeping, I will not turn away from them to do and with crying out, insomuch that he them good; but I will put my fear in regardeth not the offering any more, their hearts, that they shall not deor receiveth it with good-will at your part from me, xxxii. 40. And I will hand, Mal. ü. 13.
give them one heart, and I will put VER. 10.
a new spirit within you; and I will οτι αύτη ή διαθήκη ήν διαθήσομαι το and will give them an heart of lesh,
take the stony heart out of their flesh, οίκου Ισραήλ μετά τας ημέρας εκείνας, λέ
Exod. xi. 19. A new heart also will qui Kúpios, didos vóuous wou die man das I give you, and a new spirit will I put νοιαν αυτών, και επί καρδίας αυτών έτσι. xpá ta avtoúc xai is ouas aiross sic @ièy, stony heart out of your flesh, and I will
within you : and I will take away the και αυτοι έσονταί μοι εις λαόν.
For a this is the covenant that I will give you an heart of flesh. And I will make with the
house of Israel after those put my spirit within you, and cause days, saith the Lord; I will put my shall keep my judgments and do
you to walk in my statutes, and ye laws into their mind, and write them in them, xxxvi. 26, 27. Forasmuch as ye their hearts: and c I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people.
are manifestly declared to be the epis
tle of Christ ministered by us, written . Gr. give. +Or, upon.
not with ink, but with the Spirit of