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BOUNDARY DISPUTES—Continued

BOLIVIA AND PARAGUAY-continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1927 Apr. 29 (275)

316

318

Oct. 3

(26)

From the Chargé in Argentina

Bolivian-Paraguayan protocol of April 22 (text printed),
repeating acceptance of Argentine good offices, agreeing to ap-
pointment of plenipotentiaries to meet in Buenos Aires within
90 days after signature, and providing for appointment of an
arbitral tribunal to which the matter may be submitted if the
plenipotentiaries fail to reach agreement on boundary line.

(Footnote: Information that the protocol was approved by
the Bolivian and Paraguayan Governments on June 29.)
From the Ambassador in Argentina

Advice that Bolivian-Paraguayan plenipotentiaries opened
conferences in Buenos Aires on September 29; indications,
from press and other sources, that successful outcome of dis-
cussions is unlikely because of unyielding attitude on both
sides; information that Argentine Government would probably
decline to accept membership in arbitral tribunal provided in
the protocol.
From the Ambassador in Argentina

Information that Bolivian-Paraguayan negotiations appear
to have reached an impasse, and that plenary sessions have
been suspended while a special committee studies various
problems including possible establishment of an arbitral
tribunal.
From the Ambassador in Argentina (tel.).
agree to submit the boundary matter to arbitration, that they
substitute police for military in disputed territory and along
frontiers, and that they sign a nonaggression pact to be effective
until the difficulty is solved; Bolivian misinterpretation of sug-
gestion as Argentine offer to mediate, and Argentine denial;
Paraguayan acceptance of suggestion in principle.
From the Ambassador in Argentina

Resolution of Bolivian-Paraguayan conference to suspend
proceedings until March 15, 1928 (text printed); information
that in the interim both Governments will consider the Argen-
tine suggestions.

Dec. 6

(92)

319

321

Dec. 19

(109)

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322

Dec. 28

(114)

COLOMBIA AND NICARAGUA

1927 July 28

(181)

322

From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)

Information that Colombian Minister at Managua is ready
to reopen discussions with the Nicaraguan Government con-
cerning the San Andrés Archipelago and that, if the Depart-
ment so desires, the Nicaraguan President will instruct Foreign
Minister to commence preliminary negotiations with the
Colombian Minister tending toward the settlement proposed
by Colombia as set forth in Department's instruction No.
212, March 21, 1925.
Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State

Conversation with the Colombian Minister concerning the
Colombian-Nicaraguan territorial dispute, as well as Ŭ. S.
claim to ownership of Quita Sueño, Roncador, and Serranilla
Keys.

Aug. 1

323

BOUNDARY DISPUTES-Continued

COLOMBIA AND NICARAGUA-continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

325

328

329

329

330

1927 Aug. 2 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State

Conversation in which the Colombian Minister submitted & memorandum outlining three possible formulas for settle

ment of the territorial questions.
Undated From the Colombian Legation
(Rec'd Outline of three possible formulas for settlement of the ter-
Aug. 2) ritorial questions.
Aug. 31 From the Minister in Nicaragua
(464) Desire of Nicaraguan President and American Legation that

Department indicate whether it still considers advisable a set-
tlement such as outlined in instruction No. 212 of March 21,
1925, or whether any additional representations and points

might be brought up in negotiations. Sept. 13

From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.) (241) Inquiry whether Department is now ready to make any

suggestion to Nicaraguan Government concerning the San

Andrés Archipelago question. Sept. 14 To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.) (141) Information that Department is giving serious considera

tion to the question and will forward instructions in the near

future. Oct. 4 From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.) (260) Request by Nicaraguan President that Chargé ascertain

when the Department will be ready to express an opinion on

the San Andrés Archipelago question. Oct. the Chargé in Nicaragua tel.) (151)

necessity to await reply from another Department in this con

nection, but that it is hoped they may be sent before long. Oct.

8 From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
[270] Information that apparently the Nicaraguan Government

favors proposal by Colombian Minister at Nicaragua for a
settlement leaving San Andrés Archipelago to Colombia, and
the Corn Islands and Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua, but that

it wishes to do nothing until it hears from the Department.
Nov. 11 From the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.)
(327) Request by Foreign Minister that Chargé inquire again

when Department will be ready to express an opinion on the

San Andrés Archipelago question. Nov. 11 To the Chargé in Nicaragua (tel.) (190) Information that Department expects to be able to give an

answer in the near future.

330

330

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330

331

331

BOUNDARY DISPUTES—Continued

COLOMBIA AND PERU

Date and number

Subject

Page

1926 Dec. 30

(110)

331

From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.).

Foreign Minister's assurance to Colombian Minister in Peru that ratification of Colombian-Peruvian boundary treaty will be acted upon by Congress in January; information that American Ambassador has repeatedly urged upon the Peruvian President and Foreign Minister the advisability of prompt ratification,

1927 Jan. 6

(1)

332

333

Jan. 12

(4)

June 15

334

335

Sept. 7

(39)

To the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)

Instructions to take up again with Peruvian Government
the matter of ratification, particularly as there exists a danger
that Colombia may sever diplomatic relations with Peru if
treaty is not ratified, after the repeated promises of President
Leguía.
From the Ambassador in Peru (tel.)

Information that President Leguía told Colombian Minister
that he could not submit the boundary treaty to the present
Congress because of the delicate situation occasioned by
Tacna-Arica question, and that Colombian Minister replied
that a dangerous condition of public opinion would be created
in Colombia by such delay.
Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State

Conversation in which the Colombian Minister referred to
the continued anxiety of his Government as to Peruvian rati-
fication of the treaty and expressed the hope that the Depart-
ment would continue to use its good offices.
From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)

Intention of Chargé, unless otherwise instructed, to fulfill
request of Colombian Minister in Peru that he urge ratifica-
tion on Foreign Minister.
To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)

Information that Department pointed out to Peruvian
Ambassador interest of U. S. Government in ratification of
the Colombian treaty; authorization to interview Foreign
Minister or President, at Chargé's discretion.
From the Chargé in Peru

Advice that Chargé discussed ratification with Foreign
Minister and was assured that it would take place in October;
opinion that while more active steps are now being taken than
heretofore, matters are likely to drag on as in the past, unless it
is made clear to the Peruvian Government that the United
States understands that a definite assurance has been given.
Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State

Conversation, September 26, in which the Ecuadoran Chargé expressed concern over press reports that the United States is urging Peru to ratify the Colombian-Peruvian treaty, because Ecuador feels that this treaty is contrary to her interests and to spirit of 1916 Colombian-Ecuadoran boundary treaty; Assistant Secretary's reply that Ecuadoran-Peruvian boundary difficulty is an entirely separate matter.

335

Sept. 9

(28)

336

Sept. 14

(811)

Sept. 27

338

BOUNDARY DISPUTES—Continued

COLOMBIA AND PERU—continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1927 Nov. 12

(55)

341

342

Nov. 15

(44)

From the Chargé in Peru (tel.)

Request for instructions as to whether or not to accede to
Colombian Minister's request that Chargé inquire of Peruvian
Government as to progress of the treaty and to intimate the
hope that ratification will take place before adjournment of
Congress on November 17; observation that such an inquiry
might be used by those opposing the treaty as evidence that
U. S. Government is trying to force hand of Peruvian Govern-
ment.
To the Chargé in Peru (tel.)

Information that Department wishes in any proper way to
encourage Peruvian ratification but feels confident that the
assurances as to consideration of the treaty by the present
Congress will not be ignored; authorization to Chargé to use
his own discretion in bringing matter to Peruvian Government's
attention.
From the Colombian Minister

Information that the boundary treaty has been approved
by Peruvian Congress; expression of appreciation for U. S.
good offices.
From the Peruvian Ambassador

Peruvian Government's telegram (text printed), notifying
that boundary treaty has been ratified.

343

Dec. 22 (1360)

Dec. 22

343

1928 Jan. 3

344

To the Colombian Minister

Reply to note No. 1360 of December 22, 1927, expressing
gratification at Peruvian ratification and hope that Colombia
and Brazil will soon settle the boundary question remaining
between them.
To the Peruvian Ambassador

Acknowledgment of note of December 22, 1927.

Jan. 11

344

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC AND HAITI

1927 July 30

(54)

345

345

Aug. 9

(574)

To the Chargé in Haiti

Instructions to keep Department informed of developments
in the Dominican-Haitian boundary question, which is likely
to be discussed during the forthcoming visit to Haiti of Presi-
dent Vasquez of the Dominican Republic.
From the Chargé in the Dominican Republic

Information from the Haitian Minister that the conversa-
tions of President Borno of Haiti with President Vasquez were
frank and cordial, and that Minister is optimistic as to a
prompt solution of the boundary question, preferably by
means of direct negotiations.
From the Chargé in Haiti

Information that the two Presidents agreed in principle to
adopt permanently the status quo; Charge's opinion that their
suggested solution of certain frontier difficulties by means of
exchange of territory may open up a phase which would in-
definitely delay a solution of the entire matter.

Aug. 10

346

(1057,

High

Comsioner's Series)

BOUNDARY DISPUTES—Continued

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC AND HAITI—continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1927 Sept. 28 (639)

347

349

Oct. 5 (644)

350

Oct. 8 (648)

From the Minister in the Dominican Republic

Information that President Borno suggested during Presi-
dent Vasquez' recent visit that the two countries sign a treaty
of amity; apprehension of President Vasquez that the reported
disagreement between President Borno and General Russell,
American High Commissioner in Haiti, as to certain consti-
tutional amendments may react unfavorably upon an early
settlement of the boundary question.
From the Minister in the Dominican Republic

Haitian Minister's assurance to President Vasquez that
there is no basis for report of disagreement between President
Borno and General Russell; Haitian Minister's opinion that
it would be preferable to conclude the proposed treaty of
amity before entering into formal boundary negotiations, and
his explanation that the proposed treaty would consist of a
declaration outlawing war and a provision that if friendly
negotiations should fail to settle any question between the
two Governments, the question will be submitted to a
"friendly third power," which would be construed as the
United States, or possibly to the League of Nations.
From the Minister in the Dominican Republic

Inacceptability to Dominican Government of treaty of
amity in its present form, principal objection being to the
declaration outlawing war; Foreign Minister's willingness to
enter into such a treaty following the settlement of the bound-
ary question or to incorporate the amity treaty provisions in
the final boundary treaty.
To the Minister in the Dominican Republic

Instructions to advise opinion as to possibility that Domin.
ican Government might suggest to Haitian Government that
boundary question be submitted to the League of Nations for
arbitration,
From the Minister in the Dominican Republic

Information that Haitian efforts to effect conclusion of
treaty of amity have been unsuccessful; opinion that Domin-
ican Government does not intend to submit boundary dispute
to League, and that no action will be taken on the boundary
question itself prior to the forthcoming visit of President
Borno to the Dominican Republic.
From the Minister in the Dominican Republic

Inauguration of informal Dominican-Haitian conversations
in Santo Domingo, December 28, which it is hoped will pre-
pare the way for formal negotiations to settle boundary ques-
tion.

352

Oct. 27 (187)

353

Nov. 10 (691)

354

Dec. 31 (747)

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