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Into a mixing glass draw 12 ounce of chocolate syrup, add 2 ounces of cream and a little ice. Shake, then add enough carbonated water with the fine stream to fill the glass threequarters full.
Strain into a clean 12-ounce glass, add a portion of ice cream and decorate with sliced pears and a cherry.
ROSE OF OLD IRELAND. Prepare a dressing as follows: To 3 or 4 ounces of rose syrup add 4 ounces of cream and enough marshmallow wh to make 1 pint. Color a delicate pink and whip to the con. sistency of whipped cream. Put a' No. 8 mould of pistachio ice cream into a champagne glass and pour over it a ladle of the dressing Drop a green cherry on it. This may be sprinkled with candied rose leaves.
GRAPE ICE, Two pounds of sugar, two lemons, one orange, two quarts of red Tokay grapes, one quart of water. Put grapes, sugar and water in a ketile and place over a slow fire, under constant stirring bring it to a boil, then pass it through a sieve, leaving skin and pits behind. Squeeze the lemons and orange and add the juice. When cold freeze in the usual manner. If this is to be served in glasses, beat up four egg whites quite stiff and mix it into the batch smooth and foamy. A few drops of red color should be added, to give it a more positive appearance, and two or three whole grapes placed on each portion.
ROYAL GOLF. Into a suitable glass break an egg, and add 1 ounce syrup of raspberry, 2 ounces of sweet cream, 14 glassful shaved ice, and a few dashes of solution of acid phosphate. Fill the glass with carbonated water, coarse stream, and then pour all into another glass, repeating the operation, until a foaming drink is produced.
The marble may be polished by rubbing either with powdered tripoli, followed by putty powder, or with a mixture of chalk, soft soap, and rouge, applied on felt or flannel, afterwards polishing off with a clean piece of felt. These two methods are employed by marble dealers for polishing their ware.
The soda-water and mineral-water glass-holders should also be cleansed and polished in the same manner as the silverware of the apparatus.
It has been suggested to avoid tarnishing the silverware of the fountain by painting it, after cleansing, with collodion, highly diluted with alcohol. When the liquid evaporates, the collodion will be left on the metal in the form of a very thin transparent film.
If the silverware is badly tarnished, it may be cleansed with solution of sodium hyposulphite.
Occasionally also any woodwork should be wiped clean with a damp sponge, then dried off and oiled with paraffin oil.
About twice a month the ice-chamber of the apparatus should be washed out by pouring in several pails of water or by connecting a hose with the hydrant and turning on the faucet. The water washes out the solid impurities which remained from the ice. Those impurities which are too large to be washed through the pipe will collect bout the opening of the latter, and may be gathered up with the hand.
THREE FROZEN TRADE TEASERS.
APPLE ICE CREAM.
Peel, cut and core about two dozen apples; cook them to a stiff marmalade; pass through a sieve with an equal volume of cream; sweeten to taste; add a little lemon juice, and freeze.
KEEPING THE FOUNTAIN CLEAN AND
BRIGHT. The following suggestions, taken from the Western Druggist, have been given in this department in one form or another many times, but it is hoped by their repetition to prevent any fountain owner from falling into the habits of carelessness or untidiness likely to manifest themselves when the season's rush is on:
Every portion of the soda apparatus should be kept perfectly clean and bright. All the silvered portions should be cleansed every morning with a mixture of whiting, ammonia, and water, and then polished with a piece of flannel. The mirrors should also be cleansed as often as may be necessary, at least twice a week, preferably every other day or even every day.
Every utensil should also be cleansed and polished each morning. The silver spoons, holders, etc., should be cleansed with whiting and then polished. The glassware should be cleansed at the same time. The marble counter surface of the apparatus should also be washed every morning.
Occasionally all the marble should be washed with Castile soap and water and then wiped off with kerosene. The latter should, however, not be used on white marble. Instead of cleansing the marble with Castile soap and water, the following may be used:
Roast and grind one pound of Mocha coffee, place it in a French coffee-pot, and pour four pints of boiling water over the coffee. As soon as the coffee is ready pour it into an earthen bowl, add two pounds of sugar, cover well, and set the bowl in a hot-water bath, stirring once in a while until the sugar is well dissolved. When the sugar is dissolved, strain the coffee, let cool, then freeze. When the ice is well frozen and just before serving add about five small glassfuls of French Cognac brandy, mix thoroughly, and serve immediately.
MULTI'S DELIGHT. Prepare cream for freezing, one gallon. Add threequarters of an ounce of powdered chocolate, put in the freezer and turn until the mixture comes
near the freezing point. Remove the lid and add one pound of chopped nuts. Finish freezing, take out the dasher, and
2 ounces av.
1 ounce av.
OF INTEREST TO THE CLERK.
Beginning in the June BULLETIN, we shall show under the head of each State what certificates are recognized by the Board of Pharmacy in lieu of a direct examination. This information is frequently sought by clerks or even proprietors who desire to change from State to another, and we have recently made elaborate efforts to collect all the data and to publish it in systematic order.
work in with a butter paddle six sliced bananas (being careful not to mash). This makes a very rich sundae, which should bring 15 cents.
ing dainty lunches and of providing, for home consumption, ice cream and ices packed in special cartons in which the frozen cream will remain hard for an hour or more.
PROPERLY WHIPPED CREAM. As many beginners hardly know what whipped cream is, we will give them a few hints, says the Sodo Dispenser. For ice cream as well as for whipped, the cream should first be tested. To test its purity fill the lactometer (an instrument which should be in every shop), let it stand in a cool place an hour or two, and if any considerable portion of milk settles from it, then it is not first-class quality and should not be used for whipping. .
For whipped cream it is still better to let the "single" cream stand for twelve hours after skimming and then skim off the rich portion, thus obtaining the “cream of the cream.” It will be so rich that it can all be whipped to a stiff froth without any, or, at the very most, little. remainder. This is the true "double" cream.
Whisk the cream with an egg-beater to a stiff froth in a large shallow bowl, set on broken ice, and as soon as it ceases to stiffen skim it off and put on a fine sieve to drain. What runs through can be put with the rest in the bowl and whipped again. Continue whisking until it is all frothed. Stir in very lightly four ounces of finely powdered sugar for each pint of cream used.
A DESCRIPTIVE MENU. “Ye Pig'n Whistle” candy stores, of which there are seven in the California cities of San Francisco, Oakland, and Los Angeles, provide their customers with printed menus listing the various fountain drinks and ices served. Instead, however, of listing by name only the fancy sundaes offered, the menu tells the composition of each individual confection. A page from the menu reads like this:
CRULLERS A LA MODE. Almost every one who has eaten luncheons in quicklunch restaurants knows what "pie a la mode” meansa slice of pie covered with ice cream. Few soda dispensers, however, says a writer in the American Druggist, have ever considered what an attractive light lunch feature might be made of serving a cruller or doughnut with ice cream.
When serving such a combination it is best to select an especially large cruller, which naturally has an unusually large hole in its center. Into this hole there may be deposited a good-sized ladleful of ice cream, which may be smoothed down to a flat surface so as to fill the aperture snugly. This makes a dainty and delicious combination of cake and ice cream which may be eaten with a spoon, and constitutes another attractive specialty for the up-to-date dispenser to advertise.
DRAWING AND SERVING THE BEST ICE
CREAM SODA. A method adopted by successful dispensers to draw and serve the best ice-cream soda is described by the American Druggist as follows:
"After pouring about two fluidounces of syrup into the glass, turn in the fine stream of carbonated water, and revolve the glass quickly so that the stream will reach and play upon each part of the syrup in the glass.
PIG'N WHISTLE SPECIAL, 25 Cents.
MERINGUE GLAÇE, 20 Cents.
FRUIT MELBA, 25 Cents.
BANANA SPECIAL, 25 CENTS.
PINEAPPLE Special, 25 Cents.
Cerise Punch, 20 CENTS.
Root Beer, 10c.
Milk Shake, 15c.
“Then turn in the coarse stream of soda until the glass is more than half filled, and then turn in the fine stream for a moment so as to mix the contents in the glass again. The ice
should thereupon be dropped in and the glass filled with the fine stream so that the layer of foam will rise slowly above the glass."
A Novel and Attractive Window.
For this window devoted to American Oil an electric American flag was used as a background. This flag is made in four sizes by the Toledo Rail & Light Company, the one shown in the picture being four feet
"The marked slips are kept on file until Saturday night, when a count is made, and the boy having the largest number of slips to his credit is given a cash prize of five dollars.
"The greatest advantage of this system is that by it we can find out any boy who is loafing on the job, we have simply to look at the slips to be informed as to when he left on his last trip. Another advantage is that the system enables us to keep track of the increase or decrease of telephone orders; we tabulate records from the slips and use them for reference.
"In order that we may have messengers available at all times of the day the boys report for duty at different hours. The first boy comes on at 7 A.M. and works till 7 P.M. Others report at intervals of one hour apart until 10 A.M. Thus we have one or more messengers on duty from seven o'clock in the morning until ten o'clock at night."
Poultry in the Window.
E. C. Andrew, one of the leading druggists of Montgomery, Alabama, put a little emphasis back of a disinfectant window display he arranged a short time ago by placing in the window two hens and a rooster. These attracted a great deal of attention, and
long. There are 93 electric light bulbs—10 amber, 20 blue, 30 white, and 33 red. The flag is made of steel, and enameled in colors.
This display appeared in the window of Paul A. Loesser's store, corner of Monroe and Lawrence Streets, Toledo, Ohio. Mr. Loesser is president of the Toledo Drug Club.
served to link the goods on display with a definite purpose; for in the spring those who keep hens are more or less in the market for germicides and disinfecting sprays.
It is a specific appeal that counts; it is much more effective than a general one. Window-trimmers should study to "put over” one message at a time.
Speeding Up Delivery Boys.
The Warner Drug Company, of El Paso, Texas, has in operation a plan that succeeds in keeping messenger-boys from loafing on the job and insures the prompt delivery of all packages.
Here is a description of the working of the plan, furnished by Manager Milton A. Warner of the company: “For our messenger service we employ four small boys who are required to deliver, on an average, 150 packages daily. Until after the adoption of our present system we had all kinds of trouble with delivery service.
"To overcome the difficulties we secured a large number of plain blank paper slips made into blocks of about 100 each. The pads are supplied in four different colors-red, pink, blue, and white-so that each boy has in his possession a pad of slips of a distinctive color. Before a boy starts on a trip he makes out one of his slips, stating his destination, and hands it to the cashier, who marks it with a time stamp and places it on a hook-file. The time stamp used costs five dollars and may be obtained from any stationer.
E. H. White, the leading newsdealer of Boone, Iowa, says Crowley's Magazine, has some very attractive gummed stickers in black and gold, seal-shaped, about one inch in diameter, on which appear the words “E. H. White, Newsdealer, Boone, Iowa,” which he sticks upon magazines as he sells them. This sticker is so attractive and small that it doesn't mar or mutilate the magazine and is very effective as a sales-producer. Mr. White says: “My theory is that probably three to six persons read the magazine after the original purchaser has finished it. Many of these 'second-class' readers will begin to realize that these magazines are on sale and don't simply grow on
bushes. Result—they know where to get magazines.”
Nassau Street, New York City; The Scientific American Cyclopedia of Formulas, published by Munn & Co., New York City; and The New Standard Formulary, published by G. P. Engelhard & Co., Chicago.
Information is given in this department under the following conditions only: (1) No queries are answered by mail; (2) queries must reach us before the 15th of the month to be answered in the BULLETIN of the month following: (3) inquirers must in every instance be regular subscribers; and (4) names and addresses must be affixed to all communications.
Inks and Polishes..
K. F. writes: “Will you please print formulas for (1) writing ink, (2) printer's ink, (3) metal polish, (4) shoe polish. I would also like to know the names of several books containing such formulas.” 1. A blue-black writing ink may be made as follows:
Aleppo nutgalls, coarsely ground. .1 pound.
.4 ounces. Boric acid.
.72 ounce. Extract of indigo.
..1 ounce. Picric acid.
.1 drachm. Water, sufficient to make..
.1 gallon. Macerate the nutgalls in one gallon of water for twelve hours, then boil in a kettle for one hour and pour off the decoction; add half a gallon of fresh water to the galls, and boil again for half an hour and pour off the liquid; press the residue and mix the product with the previous decoction. This will make about 1 gallon of the liquid. To this, while still warm, add the remaining ingredients and dissolve; add water if necessary to make 1 gallon, and after standing twelve hours, or more, strain through coarse muslin.
2. A printing ink made as follows is said to yield a clear impression when properly prepared: Venice turpentine..
.24 ounces. Soap in thick paste
.22 ounces. Olein, rectified.
.1 ounce. Carbon black.
114 ounces. Paris blue.
14 ounce. Oxalic acid.
18 ounce. Water
4 ounce. The last three ingredients are mixed into a paste. The tur. pentine and olein are mixed at a gentle heat, the soap and carbon then introduced, and after cooling the blue paste is added, and the whole ground beneath a muller till very fine and smooth.
3. An efficient liquid metal polish may be obtained by using this formula: Levigated ferric oxide.
. 4 ounces. Oil of merbane.
12 minims. Putz oil...
16 fluidounces. Mix thoroughly by agitation. Two ounces of Kieselguhr may be used in place of the ferric oxide, and crystal white petroleum oil may be substituted for the putz oil.
A formula for a metal polish in paste form was printed on page 126 of the March BULLETIN, and a formula for a silver polishing liquid appears elsewhere in this department this month. One or both may be suited to your requirements.
4. Shoe polish, either black or tan, may be made according to a formula.which was printed on page 169 of the April BULLETIN.
Among the books of the nature you desire may be mentioned the Era Formulary, published by D. O. Haynes & Co., New York City; The Pharmaceutical Formulary, published by the Pharmaceutical Journai Office, 17 Bloombury Square, London; Henley's Twentieth Century Book of Recipes, Formulas, and Processes, published by the Norman W. Henley Co., 132
A Miscellaneous Collection. H. B. submits a number of queries which seem to be problems taken from a State Board examination or from a text-book rather than actual difficulties cncountered in the store. As it is the object of this department to furnish information only upon matters which bother a druggist in the conduct of his business we do not feel justified in using the considerable space required to answer in full the questions put to us by H. B., particularly since we are devoting two or more pages each month to the department of “Board Questions Answered."
In order, however, that H. B. may not be disappointed we will answer briefly some of the questions asked:
1. The "shiny-like crystals” noticed in syrup of codeine may be due to the use of a supersaturated syrup, which would cause a separation of sugar crystals when the liquid was subjected to a low temperature.
2. Substitutes for the official arsenic antidote are not to be recommended. The official product is cheap, easy to prepare, and the solutions should be kept on hand in all stores. If, however, it happens that the official mixtures are not available dialyzed iron, or milk of magnesia with a solution of iron sulphate, iron nitrate, or iron acetate may be used. Ammonia water, because of its irritating and caustic properties, should never be substituted for the magnesium oxide. Tincture of ferric chloride is not suitable to use, owing to the considerable amount of alcohol present.
3. To make a smooth ointment from 3 grains of yellow oxide of mercury and %2 ounce of white petrolatum, reduce the oxide to a fine powder and triturate it with a little almond oil until the mixture is perfectly smooth. Then add the petrolatum and incorporate thoroughly. Contact with metallic utensils should be avoided.
4. Your method for preparing a percentage solution may be used to prepare 240 grammes of solution if you will substitute grammes for cubic centimeters in your formula. If, however, you wish to prepare exactly 240 Cc. of solution you will have to work out the problem according to the formula supplied by Professor Frank X. Moerk and printed on page 158 of the April BULLETIN.
A Harrison Law Nut to Crack. F. H. writes: "Here is a Harrison law nut to crack, and when you have cracked it, publish the kernel in the BULLETIN OF PHARMACY, that others besides myself can receive a little benefit. Many towns have no veterinarian. Many teamsters and farmers are better 'hoss doctors' than the nearest veterinarian, for that matter; and said veterinarian may live from five to twenty miles away. Favorite colic remedies contain laudanum. Now in case a horse gets colic is the druggist to let him die, or put up the remedy and save the horse? Our nearest veterinary surgeon is 60 miles away.”
The law distinctly says that the colic remedy cannot Here are three formulas:
be "put up." But is it necessary for the horse to die? There are other sedatives, which might work just as well-cannabis indica, for instance. It would seem that a way might be devised to save the horse and at the same time obey the law.
Perhaps there is not a statute on our books which does not work hardship in isolated cases. Human activity is both manifold and diverse, therefore it could scarcely be expected that restraining measures might be passed which would not run counter to it in unusual cases. But it is the common good that must be considered, not the exceptions. So we shouldn't condemn the Harrison law, even though in specific instances similar to the one cited by our correspondent it would seem to impose a handicap.
.75 grains. Borax
.15 grains. Benzoic acid.
.15 grains. Water
.2 fluidounces. Glycerin
.2 fluidounces. Tincture of orris.
..75 minims. Dissolve the borax and the benzoic acid in the water, add the mixture to the tragacanth previously put into a wide-mouthed bottle, and set aside for several days. Then add the glycerin to the tragacanth mixture, shake frequently during three days, and squeeze through flannel. Lastly incorporate the tincture of orris.
These preparations, in common with most nongreasy creams, should be dispensed preferably in collapsible tubes.
“Dry" Cleaners. E. J. B. writes: "I am desirous of obtaining a formula for a dry cleaner, in liquid or paste form, that may be sold profitably at 25 cents a package. Will you help me out?"
The term "dry cleaning" is something of a misnomer. Volatile solvents are used, such as gasoline, which evaporate quickly, leaving the garments dry. The process itself is essentially a wet one.
Among the liquid preparations sold as dry cleaners are the following:
Silver Brightener. Y. L. K. writes: “I would like to know the formula of an instantaneous silver polish—a solution that will immediately brighten silverware when the articles are immersed in the liquid. I am under the impression that jewelers use a solution of cyanide of potash for such work. Am I right?"
Yes, potassium cyanide solutions are used to a considerable extent by jewelers. A typical formula, taken from the literature, is as follows: Potassium cyanide..
.8 ounces. Denatured alcohol
1 fluidounce. Ammonia water
1 fluidounce. Blue vitriol
42 ounce. Glauber's salt.
1 ounce. Soft water.
.2 gallons. Immerse the silverware in the bath for a few minutes, rinse with clear water, and polish with chamois skin or flannel.
Owing to the extremely poisonous nature of potassium cyanide solutions, care should be taken to prevent them from coming in contact with the skin for fear of absorption through scarcely noticeable abrasions.
According to the Scientific American Cyclopedia of Formulas, a fresh concentrated solution of hyposulphite of soda will dissolve at once the coat of sulphide of silver, which is the cause of the blackening produced by mustard, eggs, and other sulphur-containing substances.
Preserving the Green Color in Plants. F. F. L. asks: "Will you publish a method for preserving the natural green color in ferns and other plants? Melted paraffin is sometimes employed for this purpose, but its use imparts an undesirable waxy appearance. Please suggest a better way.”
There have been numerous coating solutions suggested for this purpose, none of which, however, always prove satisfactory in operation. Indeed, it sometimes happens that plants carefully pressed and dried retain their original colors better than plants which have been treated with preservatives.
Here is a method that is claimed to have given good results in many cases: Dissolve one part of salicylic acid in 600 parts of alcohol. Heat the solution up to boiling point in an evaporating vessel and draw the plants slowly through it. Shake the plants to get rid of any superfluous moisture, and then dry between sheets of blotting-paper under pressure in the ordinary manner. Too prolonged immersion discolors some flowers, and in all cases the blotting-paper must be renewed frequently.
..30 grains. Burnt alum.
.2 drachms. Talc
..2 drachms. Orris root..
.1 avoirdupois ounce. Corn starch.
10 avoirdupois ounces. Violet extract.
..2 fluidrachms. Glycerin, to make a paste. (2) Salicylic acid.
.2 drachms. Corn starch...
..13 avoirdupois ounces. Mucilage of tragacanth, to make a paste.