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at a druggist's, as in England, but no goods scent, and upon acquiescence is gently sprayed outside those appertaining to a druggist are with a delicate perfume. Weird-looking insold. In both countries the sale of candy is struments are to be seen reposing upon glass confined to “medicinal candies," such as black trays inside a case. Soaps, perfumes, currant and glycerin jujubes (gums). In Eng- sponges, thermometers, etc., may have their land, at one time, any unqualified person places, of course, and glass bottles occupy a might open a chemist's shop, but in 1868 the place of honor in the windows. passing of the Pharmacy Act forbade any per- On returning to his own country the travson engaging in that business without being eler appreciates much more than ever before registered. A pharmaceutical chemist must the fact that he can enter a drug store and have have a diploma from the Pharmaceutical So- his prescription filled, mail his orders, and buy ciety of Great Britain, but a chemist, or drug- a cigar or a box of candy, or possibly a mousegist, is required only to pass an examination trap, without having to go to four or five difqualifying him as such.

ferent places. Therefore do we not owe a Most of the drug stores abroad have an air debt of gratitude to the progressive American of gloom, and there is an absence of commer- druggist, who is willing to combine so many cialism. If the customer is a woman she is different kinds of goods in his store for the sometimes asked if she would like a little convenience of the public? We surely do.



We have devised the slip reproduced herewith to keep track of customers who call for articles not in stock, and sometimes for preparations we have never even heard of.

Formerly before the adoption of the slip method, after going to the trouble and expense

Article Aubry a Audru sislin tage Lucam 2/—
Monkfacturer Probably Aubry siskia

nur Horde

1 nM. Customer mas q Maryna

1.9. Ata te At Phone No.

Remarks . Sfarcipy " Ichike". When roking

10-7-16_ - - o -

Here is an example of how the system we now use works out:

A well-dressed woman comes into the store and asks, “Do you keep Aubry Sisters' Face Cream?”

“No, Madam, we have a large number of different creams in stock, but do not happen to carry that particular kind.”

“Isn't it strange? I have been into four other drug stores here and they have never even heard of it.”

So far we have not betrayed our ignorance —the fact that we, too, have never heard of the preparation.

She continues: “I have just moved here from New York and have used that cream for

Phone No.


of getting a called-for article we were often at a loss to know for whom we ordered it. It quite often happened that the inquirer was a stranger to us, but one who could be made a customer if the article desired was forthcoming. Because we had no adequate system we have often lost the effect that this “good seryice" would have had on the person.

We now begin to prick up our ears, for here is a good prospect.

We ask, “What priced jars do you usually buy, Madam?"

“Oh, I never saw anything but the 25-cent size, although I once bought a jar and upon opening it found it was much darker than any I had ever used before. I returned it to the store, and the clerk showed me the difference and said I should always ask for the ‘white!'”

with instructions for the mari

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Ulil that our customer is

We are now wise to the fact that it is a We then mail the order to a jobber at once "powder" in cream form that our customer is with instructions for the goods to come by looking for, and so reach for the blank, which parcel post. If not in stock they are to be sent we start to fill out with the name of the article direct. desired.

When the goods arrive we drop Mrs. MeyAt the same time we say, “If you will kindly ers a postal saying, “We now have the article give us your name and address, Madam, we in stock for which you were inquiring on Octowill send an order to-day and try to locate this ber 7, and will be pleased to show it to you at article for you."

your convenience.” She gives her name and street number, but We do not mention what the article is as says they have no phone as yet, because they the woman may be reticent about having other are newcomers to the town, and are not perma- people know what she purchases. nently located. She also informs us that her S he comes to the store, finds the "beautihusband is a railroad man. She has given us fier" the same as she has used, wants to pay the information necessary for filling out the us extra for our trouble, and upon our reslip. We tell her that we will let her know fusal to take more than 25 cents spends about immediately when we hear from our order, and a dollar. When leaving she states that hereshe goes out, thanking us for our trouble. after we will have her trade.



She was a commonplace little woman, but as poison me off the face of the earth, she has she entered the store she had undergone a another guess coming. When shall I call? transformation — fairly exuded mystery, it To-morrow?”. might be said. That she believed "the villain “Yes." still pursued her” was evinced by nervous back- I carried the package to the mysterious ward glances. Her entire person said "s-s-sh” realms behind the mirrored mahogany parjust as plainly as if she had spoken the tition. Here I unwrapped the outer paper, to “sisshy" syllable.

find a harmless looking pasteboard box, evi“I have a box of candy here that I believe is dently at one time a repository for cakes of poisoned," she confided in a low but determined cheap toilet soap. The label of the firm, with whisper. “Will you analyze it?”

the brand heralded in impossible printed roses, Figuratively, I sat up and began to observe. still held sway on the lid, and the acrid odor

“Certainly,” I said. "Have you any partic- of the soap assailed the nostrils, even at a disular reason for your suspicion?”.

tance. "You can judge for yourself,” she re- The lid was lifted and a flap of oiled paper sponded, keeping up the nervous glancing. was turned back. Shades of departed candy“The box is, to say the least, queer. The candy makers! There, arranged in rows of mellifluis home-made and was sent from Cleveland, ous temptation, were sweetmeats calculated to where I don't know a soul. Not a scratch of make the palate want to multiply itself a huna pen to tell who sent it.”

dredfold: halves of fat pecans resting in tiny I looked puzzled, as all wise druggists should beds of creamy whiteness; sugared cherries in like emergencies.

atop melty looking bits of pink fondant; slices "Well,” I suggested, "I might test it for of cream, streaked white, and green, and pink, strychnine or morphine. Either test would and brown; dates, stuffed with sweetness; cost you ten dollars."

luscious fudges"Try both,” came the answer, quick and I swallowed hard three times in rapid sucsnappy, to the accompaniment of a sharp little cession! click of the teeth. “If any one thinks she can A customer came in and I went to the front

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of the store, there to be held for a long time, "Neither," I answered. as other customers came and went.

"Was the test-quite conclusive ?" A friend came in while I was thus engaged, "Absolutely." and went back of the case. He was a privileged The disappointed lady backed warily toward character, a trained nurse, and I thought noth- the door, then wheeled suddenly and went out. ing of this. He came and went about the store "What's the row?" inquired the nurse. much as he saw fit.

"Oh, the lady was asking about that candy A little later, the rush over, I went back to you ate yesterday. She had submitted it for the box of candy, remembering that I had left poison tests. I told her you tested it." it uncovered. One glance and my heart stood Not by the glimmer of an eyelash did the still. My friend had devoured a half of the human test-tube betray emotion. contents of the box!

"Did you?” he murmured. Then he stooped "I beg your pardon, old man,” he said, "but and picked up two crumpled ten-spots from the I really couldn't help it. Where'd you get it? floor. Best candy I ever put into my face. Come on; “The lady dropped these in her hurry,” he I'll share what's left with you."

said. “Glad you liked it," I said, thinking hard. “My fee," I laughed. “Keep 'em, Jim; they “But I'm on a diet and can't qualify. Better belong to you.” not eat any more, though; it'll spoil your din "Splits," said the test, as he tossed one bit ner, you know—which I want you to take with of green paper on the counter. And we let it me. Folks are away and I'm just sort of go at that. lunching out, you understand.”

"I'm on!" accepted the gourmand. “Lead me to it!"

BOARD QUESTIONS ANSWERED “Just a minute," I said, and I got busy trying a stomach-pump, to see if it was in firstclass working order.

A NEW YORK EXAMINATION. The dinner proceeded . uneventfully from (Continued from the December BULLETIN.) soup through to coffee; but somehow the con

19. Give the official definition of sassafras. versation drifted to poisons, symptoms, and

The dried bark of the root of Sassafras antidotes, and stuck there. I held him at the variifolium (Salisbury) O Kuntze (Sun Sastable nearly two hours—just as long as I pos- safras Sassafras (Linné) Karsten) (Fam. sibly could.

Lauracee), collected in early spring or autumn, "Guess I'll stay at the shop to-night and

I'll stay at the shop to-night and and deprived of its periderm. work out a stubborn formula," I said at part. 20. Give the official definition of cascara ing. “Call me up there if you want me for sagrada. anything.” But the telephone remained silent The dried bark of Rhamnus Purshiana throughout the weary watches of the night. De Candolle (Fam. Rhamnacee), collected at

Bright and early the next morning the nurse least one year before being used. drifted into the store, looking as sleek and 21. How do mezereum and cotton-root chipper as does a man who had dined well and bark differ in (a) general appearance, (b) breakfasted likewise.

medicinal properties, (c) official dose, (d) “Candy seemed to agree with you?" I in- official preparations, (e) habitat. quired lightly.

(a) Mezereum is the reddish-brown bark "Best darned candy I ever tasted in my life!" of the stem. It has an epidermis which is the human test declared, his eyes brightening sometimes replaced by a corky substance. reminiscentially.

Cotton-root bark is the yellowish-red bark of Just at this point the lady of the suspicions, the root and has no epidermis. It also shows shrouded in mystery more dense than on the an earth contact which is lacking in the occasion of her first visit, glided into the store. mezereum.

“Did you test the poisoned candy?” she (6) Mezereum is used as a sialagogue, asked in a half-hysterical whisper.

stimulant, and alterative, and externally as a “Yes," I replied.

vesicant, while cotton-root bark is employed as "Which was it-morphine or strychnine?” an emmenagogue and oxytocic.

(c) The official dose (30 grains) of cotton- (e) A rubefacient is a substance which proroot bark is four times as much as that of duces temporary redness and congestion of the mezereum (7172 grains).

skin without causing exudation between the (d) Other than the bark itself there are no cuticle and the true skin. official preparations of cotton-root bark, while 25. Give the definition of a bulb. mezereum is official as the fluidextract and also A bulb is a spheroidal leaf-bud, usually deas a constituent of compound fluidextract of veloped underground, consisting of a cluster of sarsaparilla.

oppressed, thickened, scale-like leaves growing (e) Mezereum is found in the mountainous from the top of a stem which is shortened to regions of Europe, Siberia, Canada, and New a mere disk and throws out roots from its England, while the habitat of cotton-root bark lower face. is Asia and Africa. The latter is also culti- 26. Name an official bulb and give the defivated in the United States.

nition. 22. Name three official leaves, giving the Scilla. The bulb of Urginea maritima definition of each.

(Linné) Baker (Fam. Lilaceæ), deprived of (a) Belladonna leaves. The dried leaves of its dry, membranaceous outer scales, cut into Atropa Belladonna Linné (Fam. Solanacee), thin slices and carefully dried, the central poryielding by the process given in the U. S. P. tions being rejected. not less than 0.30 per cent of mydriatic alka- 27. Give the official definition of ipecac. loids.

The dried root, to which may be attached a (6) Salvia. The dried leaves of Salvia portion of the stem not exceeding 7 cm. in officinalis Linné (Fam. Labiata).

length, of Cephaëlis Ipecacuanha (Brotero) (c) Buchu. The dried leaves of Barosma A. Richard (Fam. Rubiacea), known combetulina (Thunberg) Bartling and Wendland mercially as Rio, Brazilian, or Para ipecac, or (Fam. Rutacea).

the corresponding portion of C. acuminata 23. Define the following botanic terms: (a) Karsten, known commercially as Carthagena tomentose, (b) epicarp, (c) exogenous. ipecac, yielding, when assayed by the process

(a) When the surface of a plant (either of given in the U. S. .P., not less than 1.75 per stems or leaves) is covered with short and soft cent of ipecac alkaloids. hairs (as in mullein) it is said to be “tomen- 28. Give the distinction between the two tose.”

varieties of ipecac. (b) The epicarp is the outer layer of the Rio ipecac occurs in pieces of irregular pericarp (the wall of the fruit).

length rarely exceeding 25 cm.; stem portion (c) Exogenous plants are those which in- 2 to 3 mm. thick, light gray-brown, cylindrical crease in growth by the addition of wood on and smoothish; root portion usually redthe outer side and next to the bark.

brown, occasionally blackish-brown, rarely 24. Define (a) abortive, (b) analgesic, (c) gray-brown, 3 to 6 mm. thick, curved and antacid, (u) demulcent, (e) rubefacient. sharply flexuous, nearly free from rootlets,

(a) An abortive is an agent that causes the occasionally branched, closely annulated with premature arrest of a morbid or a natural pro thickened, incomplete rings, and usually exhibcess.

iting transverse tissues, with vertical sides, (b) An analgesic is a remedy which re- through the bark; fracture short, the very lieves pain either by direct depression of the thick easily separable bark whitish, usually centers of perception and sensation in the resinous, the thin, tough wood yellowish-white, cerebrum, or by impairing the conductivity of without vessels; odor very slight, peculiar, the the sensory nerve fibers.

dust sternutatory; taste bitter and nauseous, (c) An antacid is an alkali which lessens somewhat acrid. acidity in the stomach but which is oxidized in Carthagena ipecac is similar to Rio, but the blood, and excreted as carbonates in the about one-half thicker, `dull-gray externally, urine, decreasing its acidity.

with thinner, merging annulæ, and the frac(d) A demulcent is a substance, usually of tured surface of the bark gray. an oleaginous or mucilaginous nature, which 29. (a) State the habitat of ipecac; (6) soothes and protects the part to wirich it is give its official dose. applied.

(a) Rio ipecac grows in the damp woods of

the Brazilian valleys, Carthagena ipecac comes an agent that influences the rate of change in from Colombia.

chemical reactions, the agent itself remaining (6) As an expectorant, 1 grain; as an stable. emetic, 15 grains.

(b) A solution used for the purpose of de

termining the identity, purity, or strength of PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY.

drugs or their preparations. 1. Give (a) the common name for diluted

(c) One that contains more of a base than hydrocyanic acid, and (b) state how it is pre- suffices to neutralize the acid. pared.

(d) A compound formed by the replace(a) Diluted prussic acid.

ment of hydrogen in ammonia by another radi(b) Mix 15.54 Cc. of diluted hydrochloric cal. acid with 44.10 Cc. of diluted water, add 6 (e) The impregnation of one substance grammes of silver cyanide, and shake the whole with another till no more can be retained. together in a glass-stoppered bottle. When 7. How many grammes of anhydrous calthe precipitate has subsided, pour off the clear cium chloride will be required to convert 175 liquid.

grammes of official sulphuric acid into calcium 2. State (a) the chemical composition of sulphate? [Atomic weights: Ca=39.8, Ci= tartar emetic and (b) name two official prepa- 35.18, H=1, S=31.83, O=15.88.] rations into which it enters.

The following reaction takes place: (a) Antimony and potassium tartrate.

CaCl2 + H2S0=CaSO4 + 2HCl. (b) Compound syrup of squill and wine of Official sulphuric acid contains 92.5 per cent antimony.

absolute acid. Therefore 175 grammes of 3. Write the chemical formula for each of official acid is equivalent to 92.5 per cent of the following: (a) ammonim iodide, (b) 175, or 161.875 grammes absolute acid. barium carbonate, (c) mercurous sulphate, (d) 110.16 (mol. wt. CaCl2): 97.35 (mol. wt. salicylic acid, (e) lithium phosphate.

absolute H2SO4)= (a) NH,I.

X (required wt. Caso,): 161.875 (wt. ab(b) Ba CO.

solute acid). (c) Hg2 SO4.

97.35 x=17832.15. (d) HC,H,O3.

x=183.17 grammes of anhydrous calcium chloride (e) LigPO4.

required. 4. Give the chemical name of each of the fol

8. Give two chemical tests for distinguishlowing: (a) Asis, (6) HBO3, (c) C3H, (NO3)3, (d) Fe(C2H302) 3, (e) CaSO4.

ing between yellow oxide and yellow iodide of (a) Arsenous iodide, (b) boric acid, (c)


When yellow iodide of mercury is heated glyceryl trinitrate, (d) ferric acetate, (e) cadmium sulphate.

with sulphuric acid and a little manganese di5. Complete the following equations:

oxide, vapor of iodine is evolved. Yellow oxide (a) ZnSO4 + H2S=

of mercury does not give this reaction. (b) 2AgNO3 + ZnCl2=

In contact with a solution of potassium (c) Hg(NO3)2+2 Nal=

iodide, yellow iodide of mercury is decomposed (d) NaHSO3 + HCI=

into mercuric iodide which dissolves, and me(e) 3FeCl2 + 2HCI — HNO3=

tallic mercury which remains undissolved. Yel(a) In an alkaline solution zinc sulphide and

low oxide of mercury does not give a similar an alkaline sulphate would be obtained. In an

reaction. acid solution no reaction would occur.

9. Give a characteristic test for potassium (6)=2 AgCl + Zn(NO3)2.

citrate. (c)=HgI2 + 2NaNO3.

An aqueous solution of potassium citrate (d) = 3FeCl2 + 2H2O + NO2.

yields a white, crystalline precipitate with so6. Define the following terms: (a) cataly

dium bitartrate test solution. sis, (b) test solution, (c) subsalt, (d) amide,

10. Write the equation that takes place in

the manufacture of ammoniated mercury. (e) saturation. (a) Catalysis is a process in which is used HgCl2 + NHOH=NH.CI+NH,HgCl + H,0.

(To be continued.)

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