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Money-makers and Money-savers.
Information as to where any of the articles mentioned in this department may be obtained will be furnished upon application. Address “Department of Money-makers," THE BULLETIN OF PHARMACY, Detroit, Mich.
Instead of having bills and other important Here is an assortment of rubber chair tips papers scattered loosely in a drawer or care- for furniture the sale of which nets the dealer lessly stuck on a spindle, they may be kept in liberal profits. The assortment comprises six an orderly fashion in this substantially-made different styles and sixteen different sizes of
tips and is packed in a neat box so that it can be displayed on the top of any show-case. When any one size gives out it can be replen
file. Separate compartments are provided for each letter of the alphabet, and when the volume is closed it takes up but little room on the desk. The file is inexpensive.
Druggists who carry sick-room and hospital supplies say that this device is a ready seller. It consists of a one-quart glass jar, enclosed within an attractive aluminum-finished double
People in moderate circumstances who cannot afford high-priced phonographs are excellent prospects for the sale of this machine, which retails at $4.00. It is not a toy but a real phonograph, and one that has a splendid tone and will play any size or make of disc
Here is a tank for dispensing glycerin, oils, and other heavy liquids in a cleanly and convenient manner.
Bottles are filled directly from the pump spout and all drip returns to the tank, a factor that means considerable saving, especially in the handling of expensive liquids.
any desired question. A pointer attached to a
receipts increase materially. The "imitation fly” pin illustrated herewith is a well-made lasting article which is claimed to be so true to
life that it cannot be told from a real fly. * The tanks are made of heavy tin, handsomely Much fun is had with it by jokers who take decorated, and are claimed to give satisfac- pleasure in inserting it in places where a fly is tion in continual service. The tanks are fur- out of place. Joke novelties similar to the nished both lettered and unlettered.
“'imitation fly" are profitable to handle as the average profit is close to 150 per cent. Sales
helps are included with each order. This electric questioner makes an out-of-theordinary novelty to offer for sale during the coming holiday season. Twelve cards, em
Where typewriter and office supplies are bracing all sorts of subjects, accompany each carried, this stenographer's note-book makes a
quick-selling addition to the line. It is a notebook, holder, marker, and bookmark combined
questioner. There are 48 pins on top of the board, over which a perforated card is placed, with 24 questions on the left side, and 24 answers on the right. To operate the questioner a key attached to a flexible cord is placed on
in one, the use of which is claimed to save 25 per cent of the operator's time and which also · allows the operator to sit erect and comfortable while transcribing notes. The difference in cost between this and ordinary note-books is slight—an additional reason why it is not of the “shelf-warmer” class.
added iodine will be liberated and impart to the
On BOARD QUESTIONS ANSWERED
solution a light reddish-brown color. agitating this mixture with a few drops of
chloroform the latter will acquire a violet color. AN IOWA EXAMINATION.
Insoluble iodides should be transposed by CHEMISTRY.
hydrogen sulphide, the insoluble sulphide re(Continued from the August BULLETIN OF PHARMACY.)
moved by filtration, the excess of hydrogen 5. Name and describe the halogens, giving sulphide removed by boiling, and the solution their chemical symbols.
then tested for hydriodic acid by means of
chlorine water and chloroform. Bromine, chlorine, fluorine and iodine, when
7. Name the natural source of the following exercising negative polarity, are called halo
elements: (a) As, (b) I, (c) Hg, (d) P. gens.
Bromine, symbol Br, is a heavy, dark, brownish-red, mobile liquid evolving, even at
(a) Arsenic occurs in the free state, but ordinary temperatures, reddish fumes, highly
more abundantly in the form of sulphides and irritating to the eyes and lungs, and having a
The most common arsenpeculiar suffocating odor, resembling that of
ical ores are realgar, As, S,; orpiment, As,S:; chlorine. Its specific gravity is about 3.016 at
arsenical pyrites, FeAss; and “kupfernickel," 25° C. Bromine is soluble in 28 parts of
NiAs. water at 25° C., and readily soluble in alcohol (1) Iodine accompanies chlorine and broor ether (with gradual decomposition of these
mine, the halides of these three elements being liquids); also in carbon disulphide, and in
generally found together in sea-salts and in chloroform, with a deep reddish color.
salt-springs and salt deposits. The ashes of Chlorine, symbol Cl, is a yellowish-green sea-plants contain iodides. Large quantities gaseous fluid, with a penetrating, suffocating
of iodine are also obtained from the residues odor. It is a supporter of combustion. Its
of the mother liquids collected in the process of specific gravity is 2.47. When the attempt is
separating sodium nitrate from the saltpeter made to breathe it, even much diluted, it ex
deposits of Chili. cites coughing and a sense of suffocation, and (c) Mercury occurs in nature in the form causes a discharge from the mucous membrane of crystallized mercuric sulphide called cinnaof the nostrils and bronchial tubes. Chlorine
bar. manifests great affinity for hydrogen and hy
(d) Phosphorus occurs mainly in the form drogen derivatives, most of the latter being so
of calcium phosphate in the mineral apatite decomposed by the chlorine that hydrogen is
and in bones. removed from them, and hydrochloric acid is
(c) Potassium occurs abundantly in the formed.
granite rocks in the form of silicate in comFluorine, symbol F, in the free state is a
bination with other silicates. Hence it also greenish-yellow gas. Very little is known,
occurs in soils derived from these rocks, and in however, concerning the properties of free plants growing in such soils. Another source fluorine because the intensity of its chemical is acid tartrate of potassium, called "tartar” energy is so great that it cannot be retained in and “argols,” which is deposited from the feran uncombined state long enough to study it. mented juice of grapes in the making of wine. Its atomic weight is 18.9.
The most abundant source of all, however, is Iodine, symbol I, consists of heavy, bluish- the potassium salts found associated with magblack, dry and friable plates, having a metallic nesium salts in the immense salt beds at Stasslustre, a distinctive odor, and a sharp and acrid furth, Germany. taste. Its specific gravity is 4.948. It is solu- 8. Complete the following equations: (a) ble in about 5000 parts of water, and in 10 2KCIO: +4HCI=? (b)K+H,O=? parts of alcohol at 25° C.; freely soluble in (a) When potassium chlorate and hydroether, chloroform, or carbon disulphide. Iodine chloric acid are brought together the following volatilizes slowly at ordinary temperatures.
reaction takes place: 6. Give indentification tests for iodides. KCIO: +6HCl-KC1+3H2O+6CI.
If to 5 Cc. of an aqueous solution (1 in 20) Therefore if 2 parts of KCIO, were mixed of a soluble iodide 1 Cc, of chlorine water be with + parts of HCl there would be formed
potassium chloride, water, and chlorine, while to overcome the attack before more is added. the excess of potassium chlorate would be un- The result is a bright, clear, ruby-red liquid. affected.
11. Criticize the following: (b) K+H,O=KOH+H.
Tincture of guaiac. 4 Auidrachms.
Tincture of cinchona comp..5 Auidrachms. 9. Criticize the following prescription, giv
Oil of peppermint...
..20 minims. Honey
1/2 Auidounces. ing particular attention to incompatibilities,
Water, to make.
Mix according to art.
Sig. : Use as a gargle.
. i fluidounce.
Unless care in manipulation is exercised the Chalk mixture.
4 Auidounces. guaiac resin from the tincture will be thrown
out of solution. To make a presentable mixMake a mixture.
ture, place the honey in a mortar and triturate Directions: Teaspoon ful in some water every four
with it the tincture of guaiac, added in small hours.
portions. Then dissolve the potassium chloThe incompatibility in this prescription is rate in the water and mix with the honey and quite pronounced. When chalk mixture has guaiac. Finally, add the tincture of cinchona aromatic sulphuric acid added to it, carbon compound to which the oil of peppermint has dioxide is liberated and calcium sulphate previously been added. formed. Bismuth subnitrate also liberates 12. Criticize the following: carbon dioxide from chalk mixtures, probably
Oil of turpentine...
..8 Cc. causing the formation of some bismuth sub
1 gramme. carbonate and a calcium compound. If the
Syrup of orange.
15 Cc. prescription is filled as written a combination Water, to make.
...60 Cc. which is probably quite different from the one Mix and make an emulsion. intended by the physician results. For that
Directions: Dessertspoonful every four hours. reason the doctor should be asked to modify it. 10. Criticize the following:
Rectified oil of turpentine should be used in
place of the oil of turpentine as the latter is Tincture of ferric chloride...2 fluidrachms. Spirit of nitrous ether... 4 Auidrachms.
not suited for internal use. Then proceed as Powdered acacia
.3 drachms. follows: Place the oil in a dry bottle, add the Syrup
i fluidounce. tragacanth, shake, add 15 Cc. of water and Peppermint water, to make...3 fluidounces.
shake vigorously until an emulsion results. Make a mixture.
Add the remaining ingredients gradually.
13. Criticize the following: Directions: Teaspoonful three times daily.
.2 drachms. In compounding this prescription the acacia
Solution of lead subacetate. .2 fluidrachms. should first be mixed with the peppermint Spirit of camphor.
.3 Auidrachms. water in order to form a mucilage. Mucilage Glycerin
| Auidounce. of acacia, however, is incompatible with both Water, to make.
.8 Auidounces. of the first two ingredients, forming a gela- Mix and make a lotion. tinous semi-solid with chloride of iron, and
Sig. : Apply locally. Shake before using. being precipitated in a ropy rubber-like condition by the alcohol in both.
To make a pre
A presentable mixture may be made from sentable mixture, first fortify the mucilage the foregoing by triturating the zinc oxide to a with the syrup, then add the other ingredients smooth paste with the glycerin, adding the a few drops at a time, shaking thoroughly after water, and lastly the spirit of camphor and each addition, and give time for the mucilage lead water.
(To be continued.)
an assay himself in order to convince me that I was wrong. Two days later he telephoned that I was very right and that he intended to return the ten barrels of spurious product that he had on hand.
He further informed me that he had a lot of genuine Epsom in stock, and I ordered a sample of it. This time it was really magnesium sulphate, but contaminated with iron as was the first package. Thereupon I purchased a quantity from another dealer, after convincing myself as to its genuineness and purity.
Hereafter when I buy magnesium sulphate or sodium sulphate I am going to test it.
John N. KOUTOUPAS. Zeitoun (near Cairo), Egypt.
COMMERCIAL EPSOM SALT IN EGYPT. To the Editors :
Here is the account of an experience which may prove of interest to BULLETIN readers who make it a practice to test their purchased chemicals:
Not long ago I was in the market for a barrel of Epsom salt, but before buying a lot of good appearance that was shown me I decided to make a few purity tests. Accordingly I dissolved a small quantity; no change was evident at first, but after standing for fifteen or twenty minutes a cloudy, yellowish-red appearance developed which some hours later resolved itself into a yellowish-red precipitate.
I was inclined to believe that the precipitate might be caused by the water of our country, which comes from artesian wells, and which contains salts of calcium likely to combine with part of the sulphate in the Epsom salt to form calcium sulphate. Therefore, I made up a solution of the salt with distilled water, which solution did not develop a cloudiness or precipitate.
Upon testing for iron, however, I found the cause of my difficulty. The iron in the Epsom salt combined with the carbonates present in the artesian well water to form ferrous carbonate, which upon standing was changed to ferric oxide (in a solution saturated with carbon dioxide). Hence the yellowish-red cloudiness and precipitate.
The sample tested also gave a reaction for chlorides with silver nitrate. Arsenic I did not find.
Because of these discoveries I decided to test other samples in order to see if all commercial Epsom salts contained the same impurities. I procured from my store a packet of the salt in stock there and subjected it to examination. No iron was found.
I determined to assay it for identity, however, because from the formation of the crystals I doubted its genuineness. Tests applied convinced me that the article supplied to me under an Epsom salt label was not magnesium sulphate but sodium sulphate !
When I called up the dealer who had “sold” me, he insisted that the substance sent me was really Epsom salt. Then I asked him to make
EDUCATING THE PUBLIC. To the Editors :
For the purpose of acquainting the public with the constant price changes—mostly upward-which have been brought about by the European war, the editor of the Houston Chronicle publishes occasional letters over my signature.
Here is my letter which appeared in July under the caption "The High Cost of Drugs":
High prices continue in drugs, dyestuffs, leather, paper, and glassware.
Since the writer published an elaborate price list of chemicals in January last, it is not necessary to do so again, as the public is fully aware of the fact that most of the drugs have since that time increased very rapidly. Some items very popular indeed-have gone up in value steadily.
Castor oil, cod-liver oil, and senna leaves are the latest on the list of advanced values. The ever-popular moth balls come very high this season, as they have to be sold from 25 to 35 cents per pound. Even Paris green, London purple, and chloride of lime, three very necessary and seasonable drugs, are advancing in price so steadily that at present we cannot tell what or when the end of the upward movement will be.
As a consolation, however, we must report that a few drugs-in the past two months--have actually declined. You can soon kill your malaria with cheap quinine again and use carbolic' acid and mercury as freely as ever. Glycerin also has been good enough to come down somewhat from the high-price pedestal.
The dyer and laundryman are still kicking about the enormous value of oxalic acid and about the utter absence of green and blue aniline dyes, and others about the high price of citric acid.
The people at large have lots of complaints to lodge against the effects of the war.
The bottles of ink and the size of the writing tablets have a changed look for smallness; glassware and tinware cost a great deal more than they did three