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there from Iowa. Professor Linton came way ville indicated beyond a doubt that many prob-
from Seattle. Dr. W. C. Anderson was of lems faced by revisers of the Pharmacopoeia
course on deck, and Diekman and Rusby of and National Formulary had by no means yet
the New York College. Professor Reming- been solved, and that pharmacy would continue
ton, during the summer, lives only eight or ten to suffer so long as they remained unsolved.
miles away at Longport, and of course he was It was a confession of defeat, for instance,
on hand. Seltzer and Francis represented De- when elixir of the phosphates of iron, quinine
troit. Wilbert and Kebler brought the author- and strychnine was dropped from the new
ity of the United States Government with U. S. P. In other cases preparations were
them. At the press table were E. J. Kennedy continued in the book although satisfactory
of the Era; Caswell A. Mayo of the American formulas had not yet been worked out for
Druggist; Mansfield of the Practical Druggist; them.
Cousins, the broncho buster from Texas; and Not only is a greater amount of research
one or two cubs that I didn't happen to know. work necessary in pharmacy if the U. S. P.
And there were many others—far too numer and N. F. are to be made what they should be,
ous to mention.

but there is a deeper and more fundamental
reason. Germany snatched away from Eng-
land its preëminence in the field of chemical
manufacture because it based chemical indus-
try upon the most careful and elaborate
research work. In the United States those
manufacturing pharmacists who have done the
greatest amount of original investigation have
succeeded in building up the largest enterprises.
The retail druggist, of course, is not in posi-
tion to conduct scientific investigations, but
organized pharmacy, in its larger aspect, must
undertake this work if it is to hold its own, if
it is to command the respect of the world, if
it is to solve its problems satisfactorily, and if
it is to continue to be what it pretends to be
a branch of technical science.

Mr. Scoville's address provoked some discussion, all of a favorable nature, and his

recommendation was adopted. It was voted John F. Patton, present at an A. Ph. A. convention for the tirst to establish a committee on research. For the

present a temporary committee was selected AN APPEAL FOR RESEARCH WORK.

with Mr. Scoville himself as chairman, and

with the following associates: C. E. VanderJudged by its permanent effect upon the fur- kleed, A. Viehoever, C. H. LaWall, and Wm. tunes of pharmaceutical science, the address of Mansfield. W. L. Scoville, as Chairman of the Scientific Chairman Joseph W. England, of the ComSection, was one of the most important fea- mittee on Publication, recommended that a tures of the convention. Incidentally Mr. permanent N. F. chairman be secured, possibly Scoville has been acting chairman of the N. F. under salary, but instead of this the convention during the last year or two, and was largely decided to appoint in 1919 a revision commitresponsible for getting the final work done and tee to serve for the next ten years. This will for seeing the book through the press. He is be in lieu of the previous method of appointing a thinker who gets to the bottom of things, and a new committee, in whole or in part, every his address showed grasp and wisdom. year. Whether or not the future committee

It was an appeal for research work. If we will be salaried remains still to be determined. can find space for it, we mean to print the The present committee has absolutely refused entire address in this issue of the Bulletin. honoraria, and has acted throughout in a most Suffice it to say here, therefore, that Mr. Sco- self-sacrificing and altruistic manner.


time in several years.

by Professor J. V. Lloyd, who began his studies on that subject 30 years and more ago, and who is a pioneer in the realm of colloidal chemistry. Professor Lloyd attracted a roomful, and a number of men even stood during the hour and a half in which he presented his subject and illustrated it with experiments showing how an excess of filter paper not only showing now a causes a loss in substances dissolved, but that substances differ in their absorbability.

He demonstrated that in a mixture of ipecac alkaloid with quinine, both being in solution, the ipecac alkaloid was entirely absorbed in the paper and removed from the solution while the quinine passed through. Similar results were shown with sanguinarine and quinine; the

A DEBATE ON PRESCRIPTION PRICING. Perhaps the most practical and useful discussion of the entire week centered around the subject of prescription pricing. The first gun was fired by the report of a special committee comprisnig Harry B. Mason, F. W. R. Perry, and George M. Schettler. This committee presented facts to show that prescription pricing throughout the United States was in a very bad way. Prices for a given prescription, for instance, would range anywhere from fifty cents to a dollar and a half. It was declared that most druggists really lost money in their prescription departments without realizing it. Often a druggist will follow the old custom of making a flat price for prescriptions—30 cents, say, for a two-ounce mixture, 40 cents for a three-ounce mixture, and 50 cents for a fourounce mixture. These prices would be made regardless of the cost of the ingredients, and despite the fact that frequently the druggist would lose instead of make money by the transaction.

After discussing the subject at considerable length, the committee recommended that druggists adopt what has become known as the Evans rule in the pricing of prescriptions. This rule is as follows: Get a profit approximating 100 per cent on the cost of the bare material and container, and then charge a dollar an hour for actual time consumed in compounding. If every druggist in the United States were at once to adopt this rule, were to apply it universally, and were to base it on proper knowledge of the actual cost of material and container, he would make a satisfactory profit on his prescription business. Exceptions to the rule might be made in the case of very inexpensive mixtures on the one hand, or very costly mixtures on the other, out of deference to the consumer's pocketbook and prejudices, but such exceptions would not often be necessary.

This report occasioned considerable discussion. Two or three other papers were presented, but in the absence of the authors were read by title only. The recommendations of the committee were entirely approved by the section, and a resolution was afterwards passed in favor of the Evans rule.


In the Scientific Section a dramatic presentation of the subject of absorption was made


Henry P. Hynson, who refused to run for the presidency. sanguinarine being retained in the paper while most of the quinine passed through.

He also exhibited a bottle of phytotrine, a new amorphous alkaloid obtained from ipecac. This alkaloid is very dark in color and has resisted all efforts to crystallize it thus far. It also acts peculiarly with acids, and pure salts have thus far not been obtained. Not only were the experiments and illustrations of especial interest, but Professor Lloyd's talk held the close attention of his audience throughout.

At the close of his address the Committee on Ebert Prize, through its chairman, C. H. LaWall, reported that the prize for 1915 had been awarded to Professor J. U. Lloyd for his studies on the absorption properties of silicates, which drew forth further expressions from the recipient.


Twenty-eight other papers were presented 10 the Scientific Section, and a number of them were of unusual interest—some interesting particularly to chemists, some to pharmacologists, some to botanists, and some to dispensers.

Cuba ; Thomas F. Main, New York; and L. D.
Havenhill, Kansas.

J. O. Burge of Nashville was made honorary president. Prof. H. V. Arny was made Reporter of the Progress of Pharmacy, and the permanent officers of the organization were reëlected-H. M. Whelpley, Treasurer ; W. B. Day, Secretary; and E. G. Eberle, Editor. L. C. Hopp was made chairman of the council and Jos. W. England, secretary.



President W. C. Alpers as he appeared at the Atlantic City meet

A little debate developed one afternoon on the question of commercial training in colleges of pharmacy. What started it was a very interesting talk by Homer S. Pace, an experienced accountant from New York, who described his course of instruction in the New York College of Pharmacy. Harry B. Mason, called on by the chair to speak, approved heartily of the position taken by Professor Pace and uttered the conviction that schools and colleges of pharmacy in the future would have to do much more than they have in the past in the way of commercial training. He declared that a school of pharmacy, if it prepared students for the conduct of a drug store

ing eleven years ago with his two daughters. One of the young ladies was present with him this time.

Three full sessions were held, comprising a little more than ten hours altogether.

This brief review of the meeting is bound to be very sketchy and incomplete. A large number of papers were read in the different sections, and it would be quite impossible to discuss them in detail. All we try to do here is to touch some of the high lights of convention week.



The nominating committee this vear had some difficulty. It originally chose three men as candidates for the presidency-Messrs. H. P. Hvnson, C. A. Bigelow, and Charles Holzhauer. Mr. Bigelow promptly refused to be considered a candidate, whereupon W. L. Cliffe was selected by the committee in his place, and then, when the committee reported at the last general session, Mr. Hynson refused likewise to run. H. C. Christensen was substituted for

cen w substituted for The Boardwalk is always a source of joy-with the shops on one him. The three candidates, to be voted on subsequently by mail, are, therefore, Messrs. Holz- instead of merely preparing them to pass a hauer, Cliffe, and Christensen. There was a technical examination by the State Board, long list of nominees for the three vice-presi- would have to devote at least 40 per cent of dencies, and the following members were nom- its time to instruction in salesmanship, accountinated for the council: F. J. Wulling, Minne- ing, advertising, and business subjects generapolis; C. B. Jordan, Indianapolis; M. I. Wil ally. bert, Washington, D. C.; O. F. Clause, St. This immediately brought Prof. C. H. Louis; G. M. Beringer, Camden ; A. B. Bolen- LaWall to his feet with a declaration that such baugh, West Virginia; Joseph P. · Alacan, a proposition was absurd. There wasn't time

side and the ocean on the other.

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in a pharmacy course for any such amount of would be registered as a liquor dealer, and thus commercial instruction, and it wasn't necessary pharmacy would be ennobled, liquor would be anyway. Afterwards Otto Raubenheimer in- driven out of the drug store, and the millensisted that the place for a young man to get a nium would rapidly approach. business training was in the drug store. He himself got it there, and his argument seemed

THE BOARDS AND THE COLLEGES. to be that it took him a long time to get it,

And finally just a word or two about the and he didn't consider that young men should

boards and the colleges. They held their be started out with something which others had had to work hard to get for themselves. Charles W. Holzhauer asserted vigorously that the average preceptor was not qualified to give a young man modern training in business methods, and if students didn't get it in college they wouldn't get it at all. And so the debate ran back and forth, and did little more than enliven the members by the process of entertaining them.

There was a good deal of interesting work done in the various sections, but there is scarcely space in such a review as this to touch upon it all. Henry P. Hynson held an inter

Here we have a closer view of the shops on the Boardwalk. esting "prescription clinic" one afternoon, in which he showed that some of the drug jour meetings over in Philadelphia before the week nals had given inaccurate information in dis- of the A. Ph. A. Convention. R. D. Lyman cussing prescription incompatibilities. In the was elected President of the Conference of course of his remarks, however, he made a Faculties, and L. C. Lewis President of the couple of errors himself. And then Professor National Association of Boards.

The Conference of Faculties had previously established a requirement that, beginning with this fall, schools belonging to the organization would have to establish an entrance requirement comprising two years of high-school work. It was voted at Philadelphia, however, as a result of an appeal made by the St. Louis College of Pharmacy, that this requirement · should be made recommendatory instead of mandatory for the present year only.

The Association of Boards did a good deal of valuable work and incidentally placed itself in sympathy with the movement for higher entrance requirements. If we mistake not, a full

high-school course is to be required somewhere Not everybody in this picture was a member of the A. Ph. A., but about 1920 or 1921. In the meantime the at least several people were.

association increased its membership dues from LaWall, in supposedly correcting F. T. Gor $15 to $35 annually and its interstate recidon, did so with a misstatement !

procity fees from $5 to $15. This is to proM. I. Wilbert got an elaborate scheme out vide more funds in order that Secretary Chrisof his system one day for solving the liquor tensen may conduct his office more efficiently problem. With the aid of the W. C. T. U., he and may be able to visit the different Boards wants to have liquor handled by a Federal act throughout the country for the purpose of imlike the Harrison Law. Very high profes- proving their methods and for bringing nearer sional requirements could then be insisted upon the day when interstate reciprocity may be by a government bureau, before a druggist universally achieved.


For eighteen years the National Association of Retail Druggists has stood pledged to the principle of price maintenance, and that issue was the big topic of discussion at the annual meeting held at Indianapolis September 18-22. Robert J. Frick, of Louisville, Kentucky, was elected president, Thos. H. Potts remains secretary, and Grant W. Stevens was reelected treasurer. The association indorsed the Paige patent-reform bill and the Kern. Doremus poison-mailing bill. Resolutions were passed condemning the sale of liquor by drug stores, on the one hand, and favoring the establishment of a standard for whisky and brandy on the other. Cleveland made a strong play for the next convention-a matter to be settled by the Executive Committee at its regular semi-annual meeting in December.


Once upon a time the N. A. R. D. was tan- apolis last year, 1068; at Philadelphia two gled up in a legal way with the name “Indian- years ago, 1422. apolis." You all remember it—the “Indianapolis decision;" and a sad blow it seemed, too. But everything has come out all right. Out

By registration is meant all those who atof the remains of the only “trust" that the gov

tend, which does not, however, include all those ernment ever busted there has developed the

who take in the drug show. A great many of present staunch organization—so staunch and

the delegates bring their wives; both man and double-jointed, indeed, that the thought is sug

wife register at a place designated for the purgested that perhaps the eruptive force of the

pose. One dollar per is dug up, badges pinned court's stern mandate was the best thing that

on, and free access to the different social and the association ever came in contact with.

amusement features provided; a coupon-book And now another "Indianapolis decision"

contains tickets to these. has been rendered, and one of quite a different

It is not at all uncommon for a druggist, accompanied by his wife, possibly, to take his vacation in this manner. He may not be a delegate. It may be that there is no organization in his town and that he isn't a member of the N. A. R. D., even. That doesn't matter; he is welcome. He can mingle with his kind, take in all the entertainment features and listen to the deliberations in the big convention room to his heart's content.

Last year a committee was appointed to consider the advisability of changing the form of organization somewhat. It may be recalled that the Iowa delegation made a few dire prognostications to the effect that somebody might wake up one fine morning and find that a mon

key-wrench had been heaved into the works. Robert J. Frick, the new president of the N. A. R. D. There wasn't much done at the time and it now character. It is unanimously conceded that Iu develops that much less has been done since. dianapolis is all right, whether she succeeds in The committee, Charles F. Mann, Detroit. landing a vice-president in November or not.

chairman, reported that no change was necesThe 18th annual convention of the National Sary. Association of Retail Druggists was a success

THE NEW OFFICERS. from every standpoint.

The following officers were elected: There were 189 accredited delegates—30 President, Robert J. Frick, Louisville, ky more than assembled last year at Minneapolis, First vice-president, Walter H. Cousins, Daland 35 more than turned out at the Philadel- las, Texas. phia meeting two years ago. The total regis- Second vice-president, E. W. Stucky. Intration at Indianapolis was 1036; at Minne- (lianapolis, Ind.

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