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DETROIT, MICH., FEBRUARY, 1916.
gists might dispose of stocks on hand. Each BULLETIN OF PHARMACY package was to be stamped or was to bear a
sticker, setting forth the fact that it was in Issued on the first of every month by
stock when the ordinance, which had, apparE. G. SWIFT, PUBLISHER,
ently, all the authority of a law, came into Corner Joseph Campau Ave. and Atwater St., DETROIT, MICH.
effect. It has been stated, however, that MANAGING EDITOR: HARRY B. MASON.
wholesalers did not enjoy this immunity; that ASSISTANT EDITOR: ARTHUR L. BUZZELL. what stocks of proprietaries they had on hand BUSINESS MANAGER: HARRY SKILLMAN.
must be sold outside the corporate limits of the
city of New York. Of course the scope of the SUBSCRIPTION RATES: United States and Mexico, . .
ordinance was necessarily limited to Greater
$1.00 per year Foreign countries, . • 1.50 per year New York.
* * * FOREIGN OFFICES: WALKERVILLE, ONT., Can.
Three separate restraining 878 ST. PAUL STREET, - - MONTREAL, QUE., Can.
THREE 19 AND 20 GREAT PULTENEY STREET, W., LONDON, ENG,
ITs. injunctions were asked, how
SEPARATE Suits. 125 YORK STREET, - SYDNEY, N. S. W., AUSTRALIA.
ever; three separate suits
were brought challenging the authority of the All articles for publication and all communications bearing on the text should be addressed:
Board to enforce so drastic a measure. It is EDITOR BULLETIN OF PHARMACY,
held on the one hand that the Board has Bow 484, DETROIT, MICH.
usurped an arbitrary power which it cannot All business letters should be addressed:
lawfully possess and that, on the other, the PUBLISHER BULLETIN OF PHARMACY, Box 484, DETROIT, MICH.. enforcement of the ordinance would violate
property rights held by the interested manu
facturers which even the constitution of the THE MONTH'S HISTORY United States safeguards. Suits were brought
by the Charles N. Crittenton Co., as a represen
tative wholesale drug house, by H. Planten & The New York Health Son, as a representative manufacturing drug ORDINANCE Board's ordinance designed concern, and by E. Fougera & Co., as a repre
to compel manufacturers of sentative importing drug company. . proprietary remedies to register with the Board Counsel for the Health Board asked an and at the same time to file a list of the thera- adjournment of two weeks, holding that the peutically active ingredients contained in each affidavits together with the filed complaints so-called "patent” remedy did not go into effect represented a "colossal” mass of material, and on January 1, 1916, as the Board had antici- on the further ground that the proprietary pated. For a while it may have appeared to medicine interests had been making preparathose who were not in a position to know the tions for the litigation for an entire year. The inside facts that the Health authorities were to judge contended that the Health Board had receive little opposition, for many retailers as had this same year in which to make like well as a majority of the local jobbers had preparation. A week was granted, however, signified an intention to conform to require- and later a further postponement was agreed ments; that is to say, they had stated that they upon, attorneys for the drug companies sancwould not handle proprietaries which had not tioning the delay, but insisting that during the been duly listed and approved by the Board interim no attempt be made by the Health De
An arrangement had been made with Dr. partment to enforce the ordinance. This the Goldwater before he resigned to be succeeded Department pledged, and the promise was enby Dr. Emerson Haven to the effect that drug- tered as a part of the record.
THE NEW YORK
According to the Drug, tween vegetable cells and animal cells it is more
belief is held in some quar- mately be found to obtain in the animal cell ters that the Department realizes that it is and tissue. Plant growth is now known to playing a losing game and will come out take place from apical cells, cambium, and shortly with a statement to the effect that this phloem tissues, and if the author's explanation particular part of the Sanitary Code is tem- that immature parenchyma cells are thrown off porarily suspended and will not be enforced by the cell cytoplasm is correct it must revolufor some time to come. The proprietary inter- tionize our present conception of plant and aniests do not want such a thing to happen. They mal growth. are ready to test the constitutionality of the Sphaerocytes are concerned chiefly in buildmeasure, are confident of victory, and would ing up the body of fleshy fruits such as the like to have the issue fought to a finish. tomato, grape, squash, etc. These fruit bodies
Inspectors are said to be making the rounds are mainly of abnormal tissues, hence the deof the drug stores, stamping goods on hand, duction that Sphaerocytes, under the proper where they are permitted to do so. Some drug- stimuli, will produce other abnormal tissues, gists object strenuously, holding that a date such as cancerous growths, regenerative tismark on a package renders it unsalable, if it is sues, or scar tissue. The author freely admits still in stock a year or two hence. Some drug that his explanation of the conditions observed gists, in fact, refuse absolutely to let the in- may be fallacious, but if further researches spectors deface their goods in this manner. So confirm his tentative interpretation of the phefar no arrests have been made when the work nomena it will probably be shown that he has was thus interfered with, although the Depart discovered the real cause of all neoplasmic ment has threatened to cause trouble.
growths. The report is epochal in cytological * * *
* * *
On January 18th and 19th peddlers in the Eastern BUSINESS COURSE the College of Pharmacy of States for bromide of potash. Five dollars a
IN IOWA. the University of Iowa, copound is the price asked, netting the fly-by- operating with the university's Extension Dinight a handsome profit. As a rule the pack- vision, conducted a Short Course to which all ages look innocent enough, being exact repro- druggists in the State were invited, the course ductions of those familiar to the drug trade. having to do mainly with pharmacy as a busiThe name and trade-mark of the Mallinckrodt ness. Practical, every-day matters connected Chemical Works have been thus appropriated with drug-store management were made the in a number of cases.
subject of addresses, the aim being to teach Especially under existing conditions is it ex- advanced business methods. Among the tremely unwise to have anything to do with speakers were W. J. Teeters, Dean of the Iowa itinerant venders. The druggist should ask College of Pharmacy; Frederick J. Wulling, himself this question: If legitimate dealers in President-elect of the A. Ph. A.; L. E. Sayre, drugs can't get adequate supplies, how is it pos- Dean of the College of Pharmacy, University sible for those unknown individuals to become of Kansas; Edward Kremers, Professor of so well stocked?
Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin; R. S. * * *
Kuever, Assistant Professor of Pharmacy,
University of Iowa; and H. E. Eaton, SecreIn The Pacific Pharmacist tary of the Iowa State Board of Pharmacy. NEW SCIENTIFIC for November, 1915, Dr.
* * * . Albert Schneider presents a paper on Sphaerocytes (small spherical bodies
The public prints tell us that originating in the cell cytoplasm) which may
SEX. the laboratory of the Health be the preface to a new discovery in cell and
Department, State of New tissue structure and growth. Dr. Schneider's Jersey, has found a certain "Diamondback experiments were made entirely with plant tis- Rattlesnake Oil” to be composed largely of the sues, but as there are very close analogies be- expressed juice of the seeds of a certain plant
that grows in the South, the seeds being extracted by a process invented by one Eli Whitney. It is furthermore contended by the State Health Department that this so-called snake oil, which is being demonstrated in drugstore windows, is devoid of the therapeutic action claimed for it, in that it will not cure corns more rapidly and readily than might be expected were its base plain lard oil, and furthermore that its retail price, equivalent to $50 a quart, is excessive, in view of the fact that it could be made and sold profitably at 50 cents a quart. We are also told that similar cases are being investigated by the Department and that it is the intention to proceed against the offending manufacturers.
that it will appeal to the popular mind. In each town or city some particular member of the Association will be selected to coöperate with the Central bureau in the capacity of local press agent. It will be the duty of this member to call at the newspaper offices and ask the editors to print the items which will be supplied by the parent body; furthermore, this member is to send marked copies of the papers in which the brief articles appear to the office at headquarters. Charles H. LaWall, Philadelphia ; Edgar F. Heffner, Lockhaven; and Charles F. Kramer, Harrisburg, constitute the Association's Committee on Publicity.
* * *
The term “food,” according
ington, includes "all articles used for food, confectionery or condiment by man or other animals, whether simple, mixed or compound,” and the term “drug” includes "all medicines and preparations recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary for internal or external use, and any substance or mixture of substances intended to be used for the cure, mitigation, or prevention of disease of either man or other animals." These definitions become basic principles, in enforcing the Food and Drugs act. It seems, however, that neither the Government nor the Pharmacopoeia Revision Committee care to be quite so explicit when it comes to defining a "drink.”
The good that can be accomTHE GOOD
plished in this manner may IT WILL DO.
be best illustrated, perhaps, by giving a brief résumé of the first article sent out—one that was at once gladly accepted and printed by ten daily papers in Philadelphia. The article was headed “The Present High Cost of Drugs Unparalleled," and gave a list of drugs, beginning with acetanilide and ending with thymol, which had increased in cost all the way from 400 to 1800 per cent, shown why a number of products included in the list, particularly the coal-tar products, had sky-rocketed so pronouncedly, and how it thus comes about that druggists very often cannot refill prescriptions at the prices originally charged without losing money. It states, moreover, that prices are bound to continue in their over upward tendency as long as the war lasts.
This is good and needed publicity. Customers of drug stores ought to know these things, and the proper channel through which to get the information to them convincingly is the public press. It is to be hoped that other sections of the county will take up the Pennsylvania idea and that the propaganda may become general.
* * *
A new and highly commendPUBLICITY IN
A. able form of publicity has
been inaugurated by the Pennsylvania Pharmaceutical Associationnew in the sense that we do not recall that the plan has ever been put in operation in the drug trade, and commendable for the reason that it cannot fail to bring good results, in a general as well as a specific way. The Pennsylvania Association has created a new committee, known as the Committee on Publicity, and it is proposed to supply "copy” of an informative character to newspapers, “copy" that the papers will be glad to get and will publish with out charge. This material is to be supplied at stated intervals and is to be of such a nature
sons learned from Germany, in which country the government and scientific industrial con
EDITORIAL cerns have worked hand in hand for more than thirty years.
The working basis of the proposed depar AN OUTLOOK BASED ON FIGURES. ture is, in its entirety, somewhat involved, and
All druggists recognize in a general way, consists of an interlocking of the government,
doubtless, that the business situation is unthe Royal Society, an Advisory Council, and a
usually good. Statements to that effect appear number of committees. It is the aim to render
in the daily papers, and trade and financial available for the public good such discoveries
journals keep constantly reiterating the asseras may be made in the course of experimental
tion. For that matter, the average druggist work in which government assistance has been
does not need outside evidence; his own sales invoked. The scheme is similar in many re
reflect the improved conditions. spects to the one recently proposed by Sir Wil
However, there is a vast difference between liam Ramsay in his address at the ninth annual
general statement and definite knowledgemeeting of the British Science Guild.
and the latter is much more satisfactory. It * * *
serves as a firm foundation on which to build
expectations. The publication of the new U. S. Pharma
“Consumer demand" is a somewhat techcopæia has been delayed. The volume was
nical term, but it is rather expressive, at that. expected January 1, but the date on which it
So when we are told by Associated Advertiswill appear is now somewhat indefinite. A
ing, the official organ of the Associated Advercomplication has arisen on account of the de
tising Clubs of the World, that there has been layed report of the Committee on Atomic
an increase of 15.93 per cent in the consumer Weights, according to Chairman Remington.
demand in America during 1915 we know that Some changes have been suggested in atomic
general buying of all classes of merchandise weights, and whether certain alterations shall
taken as a whole increased to that extent. We be made or the report ignored must be deter
know that, speaking generally, the volume of mined by a vote of the general committee. A
retail sales in 1915 exceeded the volume of further delay is likely to be caused by a recon
retail sales in 1914 by almost 16 per cent. sideration of the whisky and brandy question.
The Educational Research Committee of A vote is now being taken to reopen the discus
the organization referred to caused more than sion, and if carried a somewhat prolonged and
a thousand skilled representatives to visit leadheated debate on standards is not at all im
ing retailers in every important American probable.
market center and submit a set of questions * * *
and, if permitted, go over the books. This In Illinois, after April 1, 1916, applicants
somewhat formidable array of figures was for examination as registered pharmacists or
reduced to percentages and tables under the local registered pharmacists must furnish
direction of Mac Martin of Minneapolis, chairproof of having satisfactorily completed at
man of the Research Committee, and the least one year's work in high school, or its
results have been made known. It cannot be equivalent, the only exceptions being applicants
contended, perhaps, that the figures supplied who are already registered as apprentices or
are beyond question, for while it is estimated assistant pharmacists. This action was taken
that the survey would have cost in the neighat a recent meeting of the Board of Pharmacy,
borhood of $25,000 had each investigator been the resolution having been introduced by Presi
paid for his services, it must nevertheless be dent Gregg.
admitted that the remoter sections were not * * *
touched nor was the field swept clean. On the
other hand, similar methods are often emSenator Owen has again introduced his bill ployed by other organizations, and by the to provide for a Department of Health. The Government, even, in getting at facts to serve measure, which was first brought out about as bases for statistics of various kinds. Taken eight years ago, proposes to create a Secretary as a whole Mr. Martin and his associates are of Health, who shall have a cabinet portfolio. to be highly commended for their enterprise.
In the drug trade comparisons were made Nor has this all changed yet. It is changbetween November 1914 and November 1915, ing, though, with so rapid a pace that most of and it is stated that the average drug store sold us have failed to keep step with developments. 11.6 per cent more goods in November 1915 More and more is emphasis placed to-day by than it did in the corresponding month of the educated physicians upon biological therapy. preceding year. Expressed in percentages, the Serums, vaccines, tuberculins, phylacogens, different sections of the country show the fol- and the like are universally recognized as more lowing gains:
efficient than old-line drugs, and the future New England, 14.1; Middle Atlantic, 16.0; will see them used to a far wider extent than South Atlantic, 9.3; East-south central, 14.1; even is the case to-day. East-north central, 12; West-north central, In still another direction is a marked change 9.2; West-south central, 14.9; Mountain taking place. Animal glands have been searchStates, 9.6; Pacific States, 7.2.
ingly studied by advanced experimentalists It is shown, also, that the stocks carried by during the last few years, and this research retail druggists have increased 6.7 per cent. has laid before the physician many agents of Supplementary reports seemed to indicate that remarkable usefulness. a part of this increase was due to added side- Adrenalin was perhaps the first pronounced lines.
success in this field, and then came corpora Collections have been good, also. In every lutea, pituitrin, extract of the pineal gland, section except the Pacific States and the extract of the parathyroid gland, and products southeastern portions of Maine and New like thyroprotein and thyreoidectin. When Hampshire collections have been above nor substances of this kind are employed, we are mal. During the month of November, 1915, using the very bodies which nature herself druggists collected 51.2 per cent of all charge develops for her own protection and for the accounts on their books at the end of October. treatment of her own diseases. We are using “The druggist is a mighty good collector," natural instead of artificial weapons. The says the report, and a little farther along it is same statement is practically true of biological stated that the grocer alone outstrips him.
therapy. Antidiphtheric Serum is the very Viewed as a whole, November collections were
agent developed automatically in human or 4 points above normal.
animal blood to negative and offset the diphSo, it will be seen, we have definite grounds
theria toxin itself. Hence the term anti-toxin. on which to base an optimistic outlook. “If When we administer it we merely fortify nayou are selling luxuries,” concludes the Com- ture's own powers of resistance. mittee, “or articles on which people found it All of which is merely an outline of the possible to economize since the opening of the numerous changes that are rapidly taking European war, unless something unforeseen
place in the materia medica—in the substances should happen you may apparently expect a
used daily by physicians for the cure of human continual increase during 1916. If you are ills. selling necessities, while the increase may not
Has the druggist caught up with these adbe so great, you have a reasonable assurance of
vances? Has he realized that to a considera steady increase.”
able extent the old days of vegetable medication, and even chemical medication, are dis
appearing? More important still, has he CHANGING WITH THE TIMES.
adapted himself to the situation ? The last few years has seen the beginning of We fear that in many cases a negative a transformation in the character of medica- answer must be returned to these questions. ments used by physicians in the treatment of Perhaps the majority of druggists, indeed. disease. When we were all youths in the drug have failed to keep in stock these newer and store, the vegetable materia medica occupied more efficient remedies, instead of advancing the center of the stage, with certain time- step by step with the physician, remaining his honored chemicals also in considerable favor. coadjutor, and continuing to supply him withi Tinctures and fluid extracts, waters and the new as well as with the old. Many a drugelixirs, pills and tablets were the order of the gist has had the fatal notion that the use of day.
glandular and biological products by the physi