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CARRIED TO ITS
cigar, pointing out that long before an increase is located, do not want to conduct a liquor in prices was agitated certain large retail con- business; in fact, they know that it is next to cerns saw the advantage of featuring six-, impossible to do so and at the same time keep seven- and eleven-cent cigars.
within the limits of moral obligation. Another journal, neither drug nor tobacco, In Washington the matter has been put in says that the situation is somewhat analogous the hands of the association's legislative comto that produced by Schedule B of the war tax. mittee, and it is predicted that the legislature The extra cost ought to be passed along to the when it meets this winter will enact a measure consumer, but it's so small it can't be !
which will render it unlawful for druggists to
sell liquor in any form or under any circumWhat shall be the druggists'
stances, even on physicians' prescriptions. LOGICAL CON. attitude toward liquor sales?
Our own State of Michigan went “dry” last That is a pertinent question month, as did Montana, Nebraska, and South these days, with more than half of the United
Dakota, although the lid is not to be closed States “dry” territory.
down at once, time being given the liquor The State of Washington is much disturbed
interests to get out from under. Virginia bein this particular; we have had occasion to
came "dry" a month or two ago. And whenrefer to conditions out there quite frequently
ever a State becomes "dry" it has been the during the last few months. Washington
common experience that the thirsty ones turn went “dry" January 1, 1916, and since then
to the drug stores. Great pressure is brought there has been more or less trouble. Blind-pig
to bear, temptation which the druggist is not drug stores have sprung up, thereby blotching always able to withstand. the good name of the drug business in general.
It is a matter that demands the best thought President Johnson of the State Association
in the profession. Newspaper notoriety conrecommended that legislation be sought which
necting the drug business with the illicit selling would withhold from druggists the right to
of whisky cannot fail to prove detrimental. If sell liquor under any circumstances. He took
measures serving as checks are not fostered
inside the calling, harsh and uncompromising the ground that the average store could not legitimately sell enough liquor to get back in
enactments must be expected to spring from profits what it cost the druggist in the way of
sources outside of it. The Washington assoannual taxes—$25 to the Federal government
ciation is doing good work. and $25 to the State; $50 in all. Dr. Johnson's recommendation caused a
The narcotic law in Illinois
TESTING THE ILLI. heated discussion, and the association voted it
NOIS NARCOTIC permits a physician to disdown. However, the motion prevailed that a
pense habit-forming drugs referendum of all resident registered drug
to habitual users, when such treatment is based gists in the State be taken, and a committee
on good faith; but the State Board of Pharconsisting of H. G. Duerfeldt and E. L. Jones,
macy contends that good faith has not been of Spokane, and E. L. Smalley, of Walla
shown when it can be proved that a doctor has Walla, was appointed to conduct the vote.
supplied a patient with heroin on 184 days out This question was asked: “Do you favor a
of a total of 412 and sometimes in quantities law which will remove from the drug store all
exceeding a hundred tablets. The Board has alcoholic liquor except alcohol (this to be used
filed suit against Dr. N. L. Johnson, and the for manufacturing only), and also a repeal of
patient, a woman, is being held as a witness. the $25 State tax?"
According to information supplied by F. C. Four hundred and ninety-eight druggists Dodds, secretary of the Board, Dr. Johnson's voted, the outcome being nearly two to one in
narcotic records do not balance very well. He favor of elimination: 324 for, 174 against.
can show where he purchased 8850 heroin
tablets, and his files show that he has disposed The significance of this is in of more than 14,000 to this one patient alone. no sense uncertain, and per- Secretary Dodds and a special inspector spent
haps even the figures may weeks in collecting evidence, and it is stated be taken as representative. Two-thirds of the that their findings are extremely damaging. druggists in dry territory, no matter where it Three charges have also been filed against a
woman doctor for supplying the same habitué with narcotics, and seven charges have been filed against a Chicago druggist-five for filling narcotic prescriptions that were not dated on the day they were signed by the physician, and two for failure to record on the prescriptions the date on which they were filled.
Taken altogether, these cases are to constitute tests of the new State narcotic law—a law very similar to the Federal Harrison act.
duties of dean, a position he has creditably held ever since.
Representative men from different parts of the country were present to assist prominent New Yorkers in doing the honors, and the scene was one of much gaiety and enthusiasm.
Friends and associates of
DR. WM. C. Dr. Wm. C. Anderson
joined in celebrating the Doctor's twenty-fifth year of continuous connection with the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy. The testimonial took the form of a dinner, the banquet and attending ceremonies
THE WM. R. WAR
We are living in a "big" NER CO. GOES TO
About the middle of NEW YORK.
last month the treasurer of the Ford Motor Company was on the witness stand. Questioned about the signing of a $24,000,000 contract he replied, “Oh, that's a mere matter of routine!”
So when we learn that the Wm. R. Warner Company, of Philadelphia and St. Louis, "abandoned a new $500,000 building now under construction” in Philadelphia to go to New York and buy the $1,000,000 structure once occupied by the B. Altman Department Store, we are inclined to accept the information as a matter of course.
But one of the points of significance is that the immense Warner business was started in a retail drug store. Moreover, the business is now in the hands of Henry and G. A. Pfeiffer and G. D. Merner, all of whom began their business careers in retail drug stores—the Pfeiffers in Cedar Falls, Iowa, and Mr. Merner in Allison, the same State.
Not very long ago the announcement was made that Wm. R. Warner & Co. had bought a controlling interest in the Richard Hudnut perfumery business. The Hudnut business is to be operated separately, as heretofore, but it will occupy a floor in the recently-acquired New York building, it is stated.
being held at the Elks' Club, Brooklyn,
The jobbers in New York November 21.
City are indignant over the Few men are better known in pharmacy than
charge recently made by Dr. Anderson. He is chairman of the New Justice Cornelius F. Collins, of the court of York Pharmaceutical Conference, is an ex- special sessions, that "some wholesalers” are president of the N. A. R. D., and has been responsible for the traffic in narcotic drugs president of the New York State Pharmaceu- which has grown up in the "underworld” since tical Association. He is an expert parliamen- the regular sources of supply were cut off by tarian with a special aptitude for debate: the enactment of the Harrison law. It is posfollowing these bents he has had a great deal sible that an occasional jobber is not as parto do with shaping legislation, local, State, and ticular as he might be in safeguarding the sale national. With all of this he is a teacher of of narcotics, but we are convinced that the the first rank. He was with the Brooklyn Col- great majority of both jobbers and manufaclege when it opened its doors twenty-five years turers would gladly dispense with the sale of ago, and in 1902 he was asked to assume the narcotics entirely if physicians did not insist
upon their use and did not find them abso
A distinct shock was experilutely necessary in the practice of medicine.
enced when word went out
WILBERT. Isn't it just possible that the narcotics more
that Martin I. Wilbert had or less freely sold in the "underworld" come died very suddenly on Saturday morning, from the systematic thefts committed all over November 25, of cardiac trouble. Funeral the country? It is more or less common services were held in Philadelphia, Novemknowledge, for instance, that one manufactur- ber 28. ing house alone has suffered ten thieveries in Mr. Wilbert was well known in pharmaits different branches during the last few ceutical and medical circles. For a number months, while another has suffered eight. of years he had been Technical Assistant, Usually anywhere from one to five thousand Hygienic Laboratory, United States Public dollars' worth of narcotics are stolen at a time, Health Service. At the time of his death he and when these supplies are sold at extortion- was a member of the Council of the A. Ph. A. ate prices to consumers, the profits are enor- and of the Council of Pharmacy and Chemistry mous.
If these losses have been suffered by two houses only, what must the thefts have been all over the country when we recall that there are about four hundred jobbing houses engaged in the drug business in the United States, not to mention nearly fifty thousand retailers?
Martin I. Wilbert.
Since Japan took its place DR. TAKAMINE TO
among those nations which
seek for the best there is in the way of knowledge and enlightenment, few opportunities have been overlooked. They are wide-awake in Japan, eager to embrace every opportunity tending to place them as a nation on a higher industrial and commercial plane. It is not a source of surprise, therefore, that a big dye industry is to be established: the government is to assist private interests in building up a business of this character.
Before making the start, however, Switzerland, France, England, and the United States were canvassed for suitable talent to collaborate with the government in putting the enterprise on its feet. Dr. Jokichi Takamine and Dr. Alcan Hirsch, both of the United States, were chosen.
Dr. Takamine, it will be readily recalled, in his capacity as consulting chemist to Parke, Davis & Co. gave medicine the two products, Taka-Diastase and Adrenalin. He ranks high as a chemist and as an original investigator. Dr. Hirsch, though not so well known, is a scientist of note.
Drs. Takamine and Hirsch, who will sail for Japan November 30, were guests at a farewell dinner at the Waldorf, New York, about twenty of the leading chemists of the country being present.
the Commission drafted what is known as the EDITORIAL
Ten Declarations, these ten tenets "specifying the requirements to which proprietary package
medicines should conform in order to render “PATENTS” AND THE DRUG TRADE.
them suitable for direct sale to the general
public." For a number of years now the battle waged
These ten declarations were approved by the between the American Medical Association and
A. Ph. A. at its annual meeting in San Franthe manufacturers of proprietary medicines
cisco last year, and a little later nine of the ten has presented the picture of a continuous and
were approved by the National Wholesale dramatic struggle. It has been waged in the
Druggists' Association; but the longest step popular press. It has been conducted in the
forward, perhaps, was taken when what virtechnical journals. It has entered into legisla- tually amounted to the entire ten provisions tive halls.
were incorporated by amendment in the byWhere does the druggist come in, and how
laws of the Proprietary Association of Amerare his interests affected?
ica, the patent medicine men themselves thereThere are no figures available since 1914, by agreeing to live up to the standards outbut during that year so-called patent medicines
lined by the A. Ph. A. Commission. represented 53 per cent of a jobber's sales.
The 1916 report of the Commission, prePerhaps it may be said that not since 1890 have a jobber's sales in this class of goods
sented at the recent meeting at Atlantic City, amounted to less than 50 per cent of his vol
takes up a point that was not covered in its ume of business.
other report, that being the right of the pharThere is no way of knowing how much of
macist to deal in proprietary medicines. The
Commission finds that there is a legitimate the retail druggist’s volume of business is rep
field for ready-made or package remedies inresented by patent medicine sales. It probably does not reach 50 per cent, however, for a
tended for the domestic treatment of common druggist's activities are more wide-spread than
ailments, provided they are appropriate for use are those of his jobber. Perhaps 33 1/3 per
in the particular affections for which they are cent would be about right.
recommended, and are not deceptively labeled It follows, then, that possibly one-third of
or advertised or otherwise improperly exthe druggist's business is involved in the con
ploited. Says the Commission: “It is the troversy. What is being done to safeguard right of the pharmacist, sanctioned by custom the druggist's interests?
and tradition, to keep such remedies in stock, Well, in 1913 a committee was appointed
whether manufactured by himself or by others, by the American Pharmaceutical Association
and to supply them to the general public on which is known as the "Commission on Pro
demand.” A word of caution is interjected, prietary Medicines.” It was contended at that
however. The pharmacist "should refrain time that the proprietary medicine issue could
from usurping the proper functions of the no longer be evaded; at least a thorough inves- physician, especially in regard to diagnosis.” tigation of underlying principles and conditions
We have, then, the right of the druggist to must be made. That committee, consisting of handle proprietary remedies justified by the James H. Beal, Martin I. Wilbert, John C.
Commission, and we have the assurance that Wallace, Charles Caspari, Jr., and Thomas F. reform measures are being initiated within the Main, with Dr. Beal as chairman, is still in ex- ranks of the proprietary manufacturers themistence and still working. Its first report was
selves. In the latter connection much that was made in 1915; its second at the Atlantic City objectionable, not only to doctors, but to drugmeeting of the A. Ph. A. in September of this gists, is gradually being eliminated. The drug year.
trade is being put in a position to offer a front The commission felt that the first thing to without fear of being flanked, and a grounddo was to take some action towards separating work is being prepared for perhaps a number the sheep from the goats. Perhaps, indeed, of defensive movements. this was all that it would be necessary to do. What will they be? Time alone can tell. If the evils in the industry could be remedied, Meanwhile it is but the part of wisdom for the problem would be solved. To that end every man engaged in the retail drug business
to give the matter many moments of serious come general stores competing with other consideration; nor should he at the same time
merchandising shops of which there are already fail to appreciate to the fullest degree what has far too many. The prospect is scarcely a welbeen done for him in a really constructive way by those leaders in pharmaceutical thought The druggists of America will not, we ascomprising the A. Ph. A. Commission.
sume, give up their independence without a fight. As a matter of fact, economic inde
pendence, as the business of the world is now IS THE DRUGGIST TO REMAIN?
conducted, is a rare flower. The farmer is inYou perhaps remember that we had an edi
dependent. The retail merchant is independent. torial in the BULLETIN last month devoted to
Some classes of professional men are indethe attempt being made by the American Asso
pendent. Pretty nearly everybody else nowaciation of Labor Legislation to force upon this
days works for somebody at a salary and has
to take orders. The druggist should realize his country a wide-spread scheme of compulsory health insurance. More light now comes on
great good fortune. With a relatively small capital, and with a reasonable degree of ability,
a the proposition from other quarters. We find Dr. Richard Cabot and Dr. Alex
he may conduct his business as pleases himself, ander Lambert, men conspicuously prominent
with complete freedom and liberty. in the medical world, voicing the prediction
Does he want to give it up?
We assume that he does not, and we assume that the physician as we know him will cease to be. That is to say, the independent physi
also that when these compulsory health bills
appear this winter in various State legislatures cian, charging individual fees to his patients,
he will be found resisting an inexcusable onmaster and controller of his own destiny, will
slaught upon his independence. The State has give way to the salaried physician under the
no more right to sell drugs than it has to sell control of State or corporate regulation. The
shoes—than it has to sell stoves—than it has to machinery that will produce this radical change
sell groceries. We don't want European paterwill lie inherent in social insurance.
nalism in the United States. We can't have it, If the physician is to pass away as an inde
indeed, unless we run the serious risk of paupendent man, so likewise will the druggist. perizing and weakening the national character. Does the druggist relish the prospect?
It is a significant thing that the American The proposed laws, you will remember, are
Federation of Labor is itself against this to provide protection against illness and acci
scheme of paternalistic legislation. Mr. Gomdents for all workers earning less than $1200
pers and his associates don't want it. They rea year. They will make provision for free
alize that on the one hand it would weaken the drugs, free medical and surgical attention, free
character of the laboring man, and that on the nursing, free hospital service, and the like. The
other it would be impossible for the State to drugs are to be furnished by dispensaries oper
provide health insurance and medical attendated under the supervision of the social insur
ance as cheaply and efficiently as they can be ance commission in each State. Inasmuch as
provided by private means. the scheme covers three-fourths or more of all the workers in the country, this means that three-fourths of all the business in drugs, pre
A WIDENING BREACH. scriptions, and medical and surgical supplies Even a careless observer of drug affairs will be taken away from drug stores as they
cannot fail to be impressed with a condition exist to-day and will be deflected to these in
that is sure to result disastrously if permitted surance dispensaries.
to go on unchecked. We refer to a spirit of This also means, doesn't it, that large unrest among drug clerks, on the one hand, numbers of druggists will no longer be inde- and a certain critical attitude on the part of pendent business men, but will revert to the proprietors, on the other. status of clerks and will either be managers or Employers complain of a shortage of comemployees in these dispensaries? Either that, petent clerks and of the high wages they are or else the drug stores of the land will cease compelled to pay. They point out that profits to be drug stores in fact and will in effect be- are being reduced by reason of keen competi