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A person whose surrender has been granted shall not in any case be either prosecuted or punished for any political crime or act connected therewith, committed previous to the extradition.
Neither shall he be prosecuted or punished for any crime committed previous to that on which the surrender is based, unless the nation of which the demand is made so grants.
If any question shall arise as to whether a case comes within the pro. visions of this article, the decision of the authorities of the government on which the demand for surrender is made, or which may have granted the extradition shall be final.
SAN MARINO. Extradition. January 10, 1906.
ARTICLE 4. The provisions of this convention shall not be applicable to persons guilty of any political crime or offence or of one connected with such a crime or offence. A person who has been surrendered on account of one of the common crimes or offences mentioned in article II, shall consequently in no case be prosecuted and punished in the state to which his extradition has been granted on account of a political crime or offence committed by him previously to his extradition or on account of an act connected with such a political crime or offence, unless he has been at liberty to leave the country for one month after having been tried and, in case of condemnation, for one month after having suffered his punishment or having been pardoned. PORTUGAL. Extradition. May 7. 1908.
ARRANGEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS FOR
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL OFFICE OF PUBLIC HEALTH.
Signed at Rome, December 9, 1907; Ratified February 15, 1908;
Proclaimed, November 17, 1908. The governments of Belgium, Brazil, Spain, the United States, the French Republic, Great Britain and Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Switzerland, and the government of His Highness the Khedive of Egypt, deeming it expedient to organize the International Office of Public Hygiene, referred to in the Paris Sanitary Convention of December 3, 1903, have resolved to conclude an arrangement to that effect and agreed upon the following:
ARTICLE I. The high contracting parties engage to found and maintain an International Office of Public Hygiene with headquarters at Paris.
ARTICLE II. The office will perform its functions under the authority and supervision of a committe composed of delegates of the contracting governments. The membership and rights and duties of the committee, as well as the organization and powers of the said office are determined by the organic by-laws which are annexed to the present arrangement and are considered as forming an integral part thereof.
ARTICLE III. The costs of installation, as well as the annual expenses for the conduct and maintenance of the office shall be covered by the quotas of the contracting states determined in accordance with the provisions of the by-laws referred to in article II.
ARTICLE IV. The sums representing the quotas of the several contracting states shall be deposited by the said states through the ministry of foreign affairs of the French Republic, at the beginning of every year in the “ Caisse des dépôts et consignations” at Paris, from which they shall be drawn as needed against warrants of the director of the office.
ARTICLE V. The high contracting parties reserve the right to make, by joint agreement, in the present arrangement any change of which the usefulness shall have been demonstrated by experience.
ARTICLE VI. Governments that have not signed the present arrangement are, on their request, admitted to adhere thereto. Their adhesion shall be notified, through the diplomatic channel, to the royal government of Italy, and, by the latter, to the other contracting governments; it will imply a pledge to contribute to the payment of the expenses of the office in the manner referred to in article III.
ARTICLE VII. The present arrangement shall be ratified and the ratifications shall be deposited at Rome as soon as possible; it shall be put into operation from the date on which the deposit of ratifications shall have been effected.
ARTICLE VIII. The present arrangement is concluded for a term of seven years. At the expiration of that period, it shall continue in force for new periods of seven years between the states that shall not have notified, one year before the expiration of each period, their intention to terminate the effects so far as they are concerned.
In faith whereof the undersigned, duly empowered thereto, have drawn up the present arrangement to which they have affixed their seals.
Done at Rome, the ninth of December one thousand nine hundred and seven, in one copy which shall remain deposited in the archives of the royal government of Italy and duly certified copies thereof shall be delivered, through the diplomatic channel, to the contracting parties. For Belgium:
0. VELGHE For Brazil:
Dr. EGYDIO DE SALLES GUERRA
Dr. HENRIQUE DE Rocha LIMA For Spain :
MANUEL DE Tolosa LATOUR
PABLO SOLER For the United States :
A. M. LAUGHLIN
R. S. REYNOLDS HITT
B. FRANKLIN For Italy :
ADOLFO COTTA For the Netherlands:
H. DE WEEDE For Portugal:
M. DE CARVALHO E VASCONCELLOS For Russia :
BARON KORFF For Switzerland:
J. B. PIODA
ORGANIC BY-LAWS OF THE INTERNATIONAL OFFICE OF PUBLIC HYGIENE.
ARTICLE I. There is established in Paris an International Office of Public Hygiene under the states which accept participation in its operation.
ARTICLE II. The office cannot in any way meddle in the administration of the several states.
It is independent of the authorities of the country in which it is placed.
It corresponds directly with the higher health authorities of the several countries and with the boards of health."
ARTICLE III. The government of the French Republic shall, on the application of the International Committee referred to in article VI, take such steps as may be requisite to have the office recognized as an institution of public utility.
ARTICLE IV. The main object of the office is to collect and bring to the knowl. edge of the participating states facts and documents of a general character concerning public health and especially regarding infectious diseases, notably the cholera, plague and yellow fever, as well as the measures taken to check these diseases.
ARTICLE V. The governments shall inform the office of the measures taken by them towards the enforcement of the international sanitary conventions.
ARTICLE VI. The office is placed under the authority and supervision of an International Committee consisting of technical representatives designated
i It is understood that the phrase “ Board of Health” applies to the Sanitary Councils of Alexandria, Constantinople, Tangier, Teheran and to any other coun: cils that may be charged with the duty of enforcing International Sanitary Con. ventions.
by the participating states in the proportion of one representative for each state.
Each state is allowed a number of votes inversely proportioned to the number of the class to which it belongs as regards its participation in the expenses of the office. (See article XI.)
ARTICLE VII. The committee of the office meets periodically at least once a year; the length of its sessions is unlimited.
The members of the committee elect, by secret tallot, a chairman whose term of office shall be three years.
The personnel of the office shall not be permitted to fill any other salaried office.
The director and secretary general shall be appointed by the committee.
The director shall attend the meetings of the committee in an advisory capacity.
The appointment and dismissal of employés of all classes appertain to the director and shall be reported by him to the committee.
ARTICLE IX. The information collected by the office shall be brought to the knowledge of the participant states by means of a bulletin or of special communications addressed to them either in regular course or at their request.
In addition, the office shall show periodically the results of its labors in official reports to be communicated to the participating governments.
ARTICLE X. The bulletin, which shall be issued at least once a month, shall include especially:
1. The laws and general or local regulations promulgated in the several countries in regard to contagious diseases ;