Higher Education Cannot Escape History: Issues for the Twenty-first Century

Front Cover
As we approach the end of the twentieth century and enter the twenty-first, the nation's system of colleges and universities, as well as higher education around the world, will face some enduring conflicts and contradictions--the basic challenges that must be confronted and solved again and again in every generation. These include nationalization versus internationalization in higher education, merit in academic pursuits versus equality of treatment, the preservation of the past versus improvement of the present or changes in the future, differentiation of functions among higher education institutions versus their homogenization in a world of mass access, and commitment to ethical conduct in the pursuit and dissemination of knowledge versus exploitation of the process for individual gain.

This book outlines possible solutions to these dilemmas that will enable higher education to continue to serve its own imperatives as well as contribute to the quality of life around the world in the coming years and decades.

 

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Contents

Central Issues and Converging Solutions
xiii
The NationState and the Internationalization of the Enterprise of Learning
1
Introduction
3
Allegiances The NationState and the World of Learning
5
Current Contradictions Universalism versus Nationalism in the University World
19
Global Perspectives in Education
31
Heritage versus Equality versus Merit
39
Introduction
41
Knowledge Ethics and the New Academic Culture
129
Introduction
131
The Academic Ethic and the Professoriate A Disintegrating Profession?
137
Academic Citizenship in Decline
149
Missions and Purposes The Many Choices
157
Introduction
159
Alternative Approaches to Higher Education
163
Mission of the University Reexamined
167

Accumulated Heritage Faces Modern Imperatives
43
Equality Rising Controversies over What It Means
53
Meritocratic Higher Education in a World of Universal Access Higher Education
61
Differentiation versus Homogenization of Functions among Institutions of Higher Education
79
Introduction
81
A TwentyfirstCentury Convergence Model of Higher Education both Universal Access and Advancement of Merit
85
The Research and Advanced Training Component within the Convergence Model
101
The California Master Plan for Higher Education of 1960 An Ex Ante View
111
A Digest of the California Master Plan
127
The Purposes of Higher Education in the United States
181
Other Statements of Purposes of Higher Education
209
Competing Visions of the Future
213
Introduction
215
Ice Age or New Horizons The Wheel of Education
217
Higher Education and External History Cannot Escape Each Other
229
Looking Backward to Look Forward
233
Index
245
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About the author (1994)

Clark Kerr is President Emeritus and former Chancellor and Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the former Chair of the Carnegie Commission (and later Council) on Higher Education, and the former Chair and Director of a National Commission on Strengthening Presidential Leadership under the auspices of the Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges. He is the author of The Great Transformation in Higher Education, 1960-1980, and Troubled Times for American Higher Education: The 1990s and Beyond, both published by SUNY Press, and The Uses of the University.

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