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DEBATES OF CONGRESS,
FROM 1789 TO 1856.
FROM GALES AND SEATON'S ANNALS OF CONGRESS; FROM THEIR
REPORTED DEBATES, BY JOHN C. RIVES.
THE AUTHOR OF THE THIRTY YEARS' VIEW.
ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856, by
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.
TENTH CONGRESS.-SECOND SESSION.
BEGUN AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, NOVEMBER 7, 1808.
PROCEEDINGS IN THE SENATE.
MONDAY, November 7, 1808.
part, to wait on the President of the United Conformably to the act, passed the last ses- States and notify him that a quorum of the two sion, entitled "An act to alter the time for the Houses is assembled. Dext meeting of Congress," the second session A message from the House of Representaof the tenth Congress commenced this day ; tives informed the Senate that a quorum of the and the Senate assembled at the city of Wash House is assembled and ready to proceed to ington.
business; and that the House had appointed a committee on their part, jointly with the com
mittee appointed on the part of the Senate, to GEORGE CLINTON, Vice President of the Unit- wait on the President of the United States and ed States and President of the Senate.
notify him that a quorum of the two Houses is NICHOLAS GILMAN and Narom PARKER, from assembled. New Hampshire.
Resolved, That James MATHERS, Sergeant-atTIMOTHY PICKERING, from Massachusetts. Arms and Doorkeeper to the Senate, be, and he
JAMES Hillhouse and CHAUNOEY GOODRICH, is hereby, authorized to employ one assistant from Connecticut.
and two horses, for the purpose of performing BENJAMIN HOWLAND and ElisuA MATHEW- such services as are usually required by the sox, from Rhode Island,
Doorkeeper to the Senate; and that the sum of STEPHEN R. BRADLEY and JONATHAN ROBIN- twenty-eight dollars be allowed him weekly for sox, from Vermont.
that purpose, to commence with, and remain SAMUEL L. MITCHILL and John Smith, from during the session, and for twenty days after. New York.
On motion, by Mr, BRADLEY, John CONDIT and Aaron KITCHEL, from New Resolved, That two Chaplains, of different Jersey.
denominations, be appointed to Congress during SAMUEL MACLAY, from Pennsylvania. the present session, one by each House, who Samuel WHITE, from Delaware.
shall interchange weekly. WILLIAM B. GILES, from Virginia.
Mr. Bradley reported, from the joint comJAMES TURNER, from North Carolina. mittee, that they had waited on the President
THOMAS SUMTER and JOHN GAILLARD, from of the United States, agreeably to order, and South Carolina.
that the President of the United States inWILLIAM H. CRAWFORD, from Georgia. formed the committee that he would make a
BUCKNER THRUSTON and John POPE, from communication to the two Houses at 12 o'clock Kentucky.
TUESDAY, November 8. the Legislature of the State of Massachusetts, SAMUEL SMITH and PHILIP REED, from the to sapply the place of John Quincy Adams, re- State of Maryland, attended. signed, took his seat in the Senate, and produced
The following Message was received from the his credentials, which were read, and the oath PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES : prescribed by law was administered to him.
Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the To the Senate and House of, House of Representatives that a quorum of the
Representatives of the United States :
It would have been a source, fellow-citizens, of Senate is assembled and ready to proceed to much gratification, if our last communications from business; and that Messrs. BRADLEY and POPE Europe had enabled me to inform you that the belligbe a committee on the part of the Senate, to-erent nations, whose disregard of neutral rights bas gether with such committee as may be appoint- been so destructive to our commerce, had become ed by the House of Representatives on their l awakened to the duty and true policy of revoking
(NOVEMBER, 1808. their unrighteous cdicts. That no means might be Under a continuance of the belligerent measures, omitted to produce this salutary effect, I lost no time which, in defiance of laws which consecrate the rights in availing myself of the act authorizing a suspension, of neutrals, overspread the ocean with danger, it will in whole, or in part, of the several embargo laws. rest with the wisdom of Congress to decide on the Our Ministers at London and Paris were instructed course best adapted to such a state of things; and to explain to the respective Governments there, our bringing with them, as they do, from every part of disposition to exercise the authority in such manner the Union, the sentiments of our constituents, my as would withdraw the pretext on which aggressions confidence is strengthened that, in forming this decia were originally founded, and open the way for a re- sion, they will, with an unerring regard to the essennewal of that commercial intercourse which it was tial rights and interests of the nation, weigh and alleged, on all sides, had been reluctantly obstructed. compare the painful alternatives ont of which a choice As each of those Governments had pledged its readi- is to be made. Nor should I do justice to the virtues ness to concur in renouncing a measure which reached which, on other occasions, have marked the character its adversary through the incontestable rights of of our fellow-citizens, if I did not cherish an equal neutrals only, and as the measure had been assumed confidence that the alternative chosen, whatever it by each as a retaliation for an asserted acquiescence may be, will be maintained with all the fortitude and in the aggressions of the other, it was reasonably ex- patriotism which the crisis ought to inspire. pected that the occasion would have been seized by The documents containing the correspondences on both for evincing the sincerity of their professions, the subject of foreign edicts against our commerce, and for restoring to the commerce of the United with the instructions
given to our Ministers at London States its legitimate freedom. The instructions of and Paris, are now laid before you. our Ministers, with respect to the different belliger- The communications made to Congress at their last ents, were necessarily modified with a reference to session explained the posture in which the close of their different circumstances, and to the condition the discussions relating to the attack by a British ship annexed by law to the Executive power of suspension of war on the frigate Chesapeake, left a subject on requiring a degree of security to our commerce which which the nation had manifested so honorable a senwould not result from a repeal of the decrees of sibility. Every view of what had passed authorized France. Instead of a pledge therefore of a suspen
a belief that immediate steps would be taken by the sion of the embargo as to her, in case of such a re
British Government for redressin a wrong, which, peal, it was presumed that a sufficient inducement the more it was investigated, appeared the more might be found in other considerations, and particu- clearly to require what had not been provided for in larly in the change produced by a compliance with the special mission. It is found that no steps have our just demands by one belligerent, and a refusal by been taken for the purpose. On the contrary, it will the other, in the relations between the other and the be seen, in the documents laid before you, that the United States. To Great Britain, whose power on inadmissible preliminary, which obstructed the adthe ocean is so ascendant, it was deemed not incon- justment, is still adhered to; and, moreover, that it sistent with that condition to state, explicitly, on her is now brought into connection with the distinct and rescinding her orders in relation to the United States, irrelative case of the Orders in Council. The instructheir trade would be opened with her, and remain tions which had been given to our Minister at Lonshut to her enemy, in case of his failure to rescind don, with a view to facilitate, if necessary, the repahis decrees also. From France no answer has been re- ration claimed by the United States, are included in ceived, nor any indication that the requisite change in the documents communicated. her decrees is contemplated. The favorable reception
Our relations with the other powers of Europe of the proposition to Great Britain was the less to be have undergone no material changes since our last doubted, as her Orders of Council had not only been session. The important negotiations with Spain, referred for their vindication to an acquiescence on which had been alternately suspended and resumed, the part of the United States no longer to be pre- necessarily experience a pause under the extraorditended, but as the arrangement proposed, whilst it nary and interesting crisis which distinguishes her resisted the illegal decrees of France, involved, more internal situation, over, substantially, the precise advantages professedly With the Barbary Powers we continue in harmony, aimed at by the British Orders. The arrangement with the exception of an unjustifiable proceeding of has, nevertheless, been rejected.
the Dey of Algiers towards our Consul to that ReThis candid and liberal experiment having thus gency. Its character and circumstances are now laid failed, and no other event having occurred on which before you, and will enable you to decide how far it & suspension of the embargo by the Executive was may, either now or hereafter, call for any measures authorized, it necessarily remains in the extent orig- not within the limits of the Executive authority. inally given to it. We have the satisfaction, how- Of the gun boats authorized by the act of Decemever, to reflect, that in retarn for the privations im- ber last, it has been thought necessary to build only posed by the measure, and which our fellow-citizens one hundred and three in the present year. These, in general have borne with patriotism, it has had the with those before possessed, are sufficient for the harimportant effects of saving our mariners, and our past bors and waters most exposed, and the residue will mercantile property, as well as of affording time for require little time for their construction when it shall prosecuting the defensive and provisional measures be deemed necessary, called for by the occasion. It has demonstrated to Under the act of the last session for raising an adforeign nations the moderation and firmness which ditional military force, so many officers were immegovern our councils, and to our citizens the necessity diately appointed as were necessary for carrying on of unit
in support of the laws and the rights of the business of recruiting; and in proportion as it adtheir country, and has thus long frustrated those usur-vanced, others have been added. We have reason pations and spoliations which, if resisted, involved to believe their success has been satisfactory, although war, if submitted to, sacrificed a vital principle of our such returns have not yet been received as enable me national independence.
to present you a statement of the number engaged.