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F. R. MEIER, Consulting Forester,
MAHWAH, N. J.
Advice given to woodland owners and others desirous to place their property under careful management.
Forest material marketed, if this is desired by owner.
THE OFFICIAL ORGAN
TREES and SEEDS
FOR FORESTRY PURPOSES. Our Nurseries are known the world over as headquarters for Forest tree seeds and seedlings, and nearly every Foreign Government is supplied by us. We have a large acreage of one- and two-year-old seedlings especially grown for Forestry purposes.
New “Forestry" Catalogue, with prices of seeds and
The attention of the advertising public
is called to the advantages we offer as a The whole series consists of fifteen numbers, divided into PARTS of three numbers each. They may be purchased singly, medium. Address, 1012 Walnut Street, -by the part, or by the full series, at the prices named below. More than half of the series has already been printed. The drawings are completed, and the remaining charts will be puh · Philadelphia, Pa. lished at the earliest practicable date. One thousand paid subscriptions of $6.00 each would insure the immediate publication
insertion. insertions. insertions. A liberal deduction will be made to Boards of Education or inch others purchasing in large numbers.
$1.00 $4.00 $8.00 NOW READY.-(These with a * as yet unprinted.) sh page.. . 4.00 17.00
34.00 Part I.--THE OAKS. Forty-two species. No.1. Biennial Fruited Oaks. "Black Oak and Allies.
12 “ .. 7.00 30.00
60.00 No. 2. Annual Fruited Oaks. White Oak and Allies. No. 3. Southern, Pacific, Hardy, Foreigm, and examples of I, o Extinct Oaks.
12.00 50.00 100.00 PART II.-THE NUT BEARERS. Numerous species. No. 4. The Chestnuts and Beeches. American, Japanese and
species and varieties.
No. 7. The Willows and Poplars. Numerous species.
No. 9. The Lindens, and allied families of numerous species,
30 minutes from Broad St. Station *No. 11. The Horse Chestnuts and allies.
No. 12. The Maples. (Printed in advance.) PART V.
BOARDING SCHOOL FOR BOYS. *No. 13. Locusts and allies of Pea Family of several genera. *No. 14) Wild Cherry, Mountain Ash, Sweet Gum, Sour Gum,
Persimmon. *No. 15) Ashes, Catalpas, Paulownia, and others.
Illustrated Catalogue upon application. For further information address the author, publisher and
proprietor, GRACEANNA LEWIS,
JAMES L. PATTERSON, Media, - - - - Pennsylvania.
CHESTNUT HILL ACADEMY,
CHESTNUT HILL, PHILA.
One of the very finest deciduous-leaved trees of North
NO BETTER VARIETY CAN BE USED FOR STREET,
PARK; OR LAWN PLANTING,
For this reason it is well adapted for planting near build
ings, as it does not obstruct light or air, and the grass
PLEASE NOTE THE FOLLOWING LOW PRICES..
Each. 7 to 8 ft. ; trans., :::::::::::::::
.... $0 35 8 to 9 ft. ; trans., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 to 10 ft. ; trans., ...
· · · · · · · ·
75 10 to 12 ft. ; 1% to 1/2 in. ; trans., ...
.. 1 00
7 50 12 to 14 ft.; 1/2 to 134 in. ; trans., ...
... I 50 12 50 14 to 15 ft. ; 134 to 2 in. ; trans., ...
.... 1 75 15 00 Larger trees, 2 to 2/2 in. diam. ; trans., . .. Larger trees, 2'2 to 3 in. diam.; trans., ...
30 00 Larger trees, 3 to 3'2 in. diam. ; trans., .
. 4 oo 35 oo
WILLIAM WARNER HARPER.
CHESTNUT HILL, PHILA., PA,
(Y OVERNOR PENNY PACKER and AttorEditorials. Governor Pennypacker at the South Mountain Forestry Reserva
I ney-General Carson of Pennsylvania spent tion......... The United States Forest Reserves.....
two days with Commissioner Rothrock A Lumberman Recommends Forestry
inspecting the South Mountain Forest Reserve in Forestry at Biltmore, N. C....... The Forests of Florida...........
Franklin and Adams Counties, as will appear from Afforestation of a Watershed...... Pennsylvania Forestry Association Council Meeting at Ganoga a sketch of the trip on another page. Such excurLake.......
sions will prove of advantage to the State, and we Minnesota Forestry in 1902...... Forest Protection for Our State Reservations..
hope beneficial to its Chief Executive. If the Railroads Take up Forestry........ Reafforesting Ireland...........
Governor finds time to inspect the various forest New Publications..........
reserves and their surroundings, he will be better
able to advise the Legislature as to their adminisSubscription, $1.00 per year.
tration, and suggest methods for forest care and The attention of Nurserymen and others is called to the advantages propagation. He will appreciate their influence of FOREST LEAVES as an advertising medium. Rates will be fur.
upon stream-flow, their beneficence as health rerished on application.
storers, and their value as sources for future supplies - --- = -- -
of lumber. If in such inspection the Governor seThe Pennsylvania Forestry Association, cures the benefit of change of surroundings and FOUNDED IN JUNE, 1886,
improvement in physical condition, every good Labors to disseminate information in regard to the necessity and citizen of the State will be gratified. We conmethods of forest culture and preservation, and to secure the enact
gratulate Governor Pennypacker upon his apprement and enforcement of proper forest protective laws, both State and National.
| ciation of the necessity of seeing for himself some Annual membership fee, One dollar.
of Pennsylvania's forest reserves.
J. B. Life membership, Fifteen dollars. Neither the membership nor the work of this Association is intended to be limited to the State of Pennsylvania. Persons desiring to become We regret to learn that owing to insufficient members should send their names to A. B. Weimer, Chairman Member. ship Committee, 512 Walnut Street, Phila.
appropriation the College of Forestry connected President, John Birkin bine. Vice-Presidents, Wm. S. Harvey, James C. Haydon, Albert Lewis,
with the Cornell University has suspended inRichard Wood.
struction, and we presume that the young men General Secretary, Dr. Joseph T. Rothrock. Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. John P. Lundy.
who were studying forestry will have to seek other Recording Secretary, F. L. Bitler. Treasurer, Charles E. Pancoast,
channels for completing their education. Council-at-Large, Mrs. Brinton Coxe, Dr. Alfred L. Elwyn, Charles If we correctly diagnose the cause, a report of Hewett.
Finance, W. S. Harvey, Chairman; William L. Elkins, Dr. Henry M. Fisher. W. W. Frazier, Charles E. Pancoast, and J. Rodman Paul.
Membershid, Albert B. Weimer, Chairman; Mrs. George F. Baer. Edwin Swift Balch, Hon. Lucien W. Doty, Charles W. Freedley. Dr. J. T. Rothrock, W. W. Scranton, Dr. Samuel Wolfe, and Hon. S.
Possibly, the measure was too drastic for the P. Wolverton.
good of New York State, and an easier and better Law, Hon. W. N. Ashman, Chairman; Henry Budd, Charles Hewett, and John A, Siner.
way could have been found to correct what were Publication, John Birkinbine, Chairman; F. L. Bitler, Alfred Pas- considered errors. We do not claim to be in chall, and Harrison Souder.
Work, Mrs. Brinton Coxe, Chairman; Mrs. George T. Heston, Miss E. L. Lundy, Mrs. John P. Lundy, William S. Kirk, and Abraham S. Schropp.
regret that one forestry school should be handiCounty Organization, Samuel Marshall, Chairman; Eugene Ellicott, capped by legislative action. James C. Haydon, D. 1. Newton Hunsb'.ger, and Richard Wood. Opick O: THE 1:1 A. VUT ST., PHILADELPHIA.
The committee which reported adversely upon
the forestry methods followed may be credited Governor Pennypacker at the South with honest motives and a desire to benefit the Mountain Forestry Reservation. State, but the action of the Legislature of New York has apparently placed an obstruction in the NE of the most important events in the path of forestry.
forestry work of the State since our last Forestry schools are new to this country and
issue has been the visit of Governor errors in judgment are to be expected. Without Pennypacker and Attorney-General Carson to the passing upon the points at issue, or defending South Mountain Forestry Reservation. They either the course followed by the Cornell school were accompanied by Col. Kennedy, President of or the views of the committee, it would appear the Cumberland Valley railroad, Judge and Senathat the school could have been maintained under tor Stewart, Mr. David Knepper, Superintendent such conditions as would sustain the committee's of the Mont Alto portion of the reservation, and views while permitting further investigation of Forestry Commissioner Rothrock. There was an the method followed.
escort of eight mounted forest rangers. The We appreciate the interest which the State of latter feature was intended to give the party a New York has shown in its forest-it was fore-practical illustration of the force at work now on most in establishing reserves and has the greatest the reservation. acreage under State protection. But our readers The first day was devoted to an inspection of will remember that the New York forestry laws, the burned district and to noting also the rapid as enacted, have been considered to have practi- growth of the timber where protected against cally made the forests of no value by the restric- fires. After a somewhat long and rough ride over tion placed upon their utilization.
the mountain roads camp was reached and a sub
stantial dinner served and enjoyed. The present Camp and Plant, the excellent publication
and prospective forestry classes were then preissued by the Sociological Department of the sented to the Governor and Attorney-General. Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, devotes most Then the residents of the region were presented. of an issue to the discussion of Rocky Mountain An inspection was made of the consumptive Timber Conditions, accompanying the text with camp. some excellent reproductions of Colorado forests The party then took carriages, went through and streams. The publication of such data aids the young white pine plantation, walked through in the spread of knowledge and appreciation of the Mont Alto park, inspected the nurseries, where forests and the necessity for their preservation. one million young trees are started, and visited These and similar presentations are now accepta | the Wiestling property, which is to be the location ble to readers who a few years ago would have of the forestry school. This done, the Governor considered a plea for forest care uninviting. and Attorney-General returned to camp at the
J. B. top of the mountain, where they spent the night.
The following day the journey through the resFOREST fires and the damage done by them are l ervation was resumed. Leaving Mont Alto, the brought prominently to the attention of the reading Caledonia portion was visited. This property public, by articles in the July issue of the Review once belonged to and was the home of the Hon. of Reviews and Munsey's Magazine. We give to Thaddeus Stevens, and here he conducted extenour readers on another page an excerpt taken from sive iron industries, until the furnace was burned one of these contributions.
by the rebels when they invaded this State just The attention which forest fires receives from the before the battle of Gettysburg. The lessons of daily and weekly press and from the monthly the previous day were again impressed upon the magazines is to the advantage of forestry, for it | party. brings before the reading public the importance At Caledonia a call was made upon the Misses of protecting our forests. Forestry is at present Dock, Miss Mira L. Dock being the lady memin general esteem, and this fact calls for the high- ber of the Forestry Commission and probably the est discretion on the part of those who are leaders most accomplished practical lady forester in in the effort to popularize it. Our aim must be North America. to keep forest legislation free from partisan or fac Dinner was then served by Col. D. B. Meretional politics, and to watch that the influence of dith, who is superintendent of the Caledonia porforestry advocates is not used for personal ad- tion of the reservation. vancement.-J. B.
It is needless to say the host and the caterer had amply and delightfully provided for the occasion.
There were about forty covers laid and the tiful and unprofitable fairyland-a leafy lure for mountain men had the pleasure of dining with the dryads, gnomes and what not. There are probGovernor and Attorney-General. The guests, in ably fewer trees in these square miles of forest turn, were rewarded by the local information which reserve than in any other equal area in the whole they gained concerning the condition of affairs country. during and prior to the administration of Mr. The whole territory lies west of the one hunStevens.
dredth meridian, that imaginary line which, cleavThe most important practical result of the trip ing Texas, Kansas, Nebraska, and the Dakotas, is was, that the Governor and Attorney.General re- | regarded as dividing the fertile from the barren cognized the immediate need of effective protec- | region. Beyond it lies the great American desert, tive measures to guard the property against forest the bald mountains of New Mexico and Colorado, fires, and suggested the appointment of force the sandy wastes of Arizona and Utah, enough to do the work. They, at the same time, Not for the intrinsic worth of the timber have sanctioned the opening of the School of Forestry. the reserves been created, but for the enormous This is expected to be in operation by September. value of all vegetation in increasing the water
Pennsylvania has been favored above some supply in those desperately arid districts. On other States in having had four consecutive Gov. water-supply, in the final instance, not only agriernors who were heartly interested in the forestry culture, but cattle raising, mining and manufacwork, and who neglected no opportunity to turing depend. place the work upon a productive and scientific There are at present about five hundred rangers, basis.
supervisors, superintendents and special agents in
the forestry division of the Interior Department. The United States Forest Reserves. The rangers are the rank and file; a supervisor
has charge of one or more reservations, a superMTEN years ago, after four centuries of increas- i intendent of one or two States or Territories. 1 ingly ruthless tree-chopping in America, a | These latter officers make frequent tours of inspec
protective policy towards forests was inau- tion through their respective domains; and, in gurated. The right of the farmer or miner to seize addition, there are the special agents, men with an axe, advance to the nearest government land, a purely scientific, instead of an executive, interest and there to help himself to such material for build- in the matter. ing as he could find, was for the first time seriously But the most picturesque person in the group is denied. In the spring of 1891 Congress provided the actual forester or ranger. He is assigned by that the President “may from time to time set his superintendent or his supervisor to a given disapart and reserve any part of the public lands trict of a forestry division. He is generally not wholly or in part covered with timber or under- a native of the region, though it is expected that
he will be a resident of the State or Territory in President Harrison, not minded to delay until ; which the division lies. Experiment has shown the “may” of the law became a “ must,' imme- that it is not wise to appoint the men of a neighdiately set aside a tract of something more than borhood to guard its forestry interests. These a million and a quarter acres in Yellowstone Park weigh too little in comparison with the claims of as a timber reserve. Since that time each Presi- neighborliness. So it happens that the foresters dent has added to the total public forest land, until | enter a district as strangers, and not infrequently now there are more than fifty million acres they have to combat all the suspicion, jealousy (now more than sixty million acres.-ED.), or and inhospitality of which the rural population is about eighty thousand square miles, where every | capable at its worst. The foresters must live upon tree and bush, every blade of grass, indeed, is at the reservation. least theoretically sacred. That the increase is | In the dry regions, where most of the reservalikely to go on under President Roosevelt is indi- tions lie, fire spreads with lightning-like rapidity. cated by the fact, that he has declared the problem The shrubbery, little as it is, is chiefly of the which forest preservation aims to solve the greatest resinous woods, which seem almost self-inflammainternal question of the day.
tory. A match dropped among some pine needles The figures are almost staggering to minds used on the top of a hill starts a merry blaze. It runs to dealing with tens instead of millions. They across the ground, shoots up some slender trunk are not, however, so terrifying when studied. It with little knobs of flame-inviting pitch all over is not the case that eighty thousand square miles it, and fairly leaps from tree to tree. Here a of woodland are being reserved as a vast pleasure- camping party moves from its over-night stoppingground, as a gigantic nursery for trees, as a beau- place without carefully covering the remains of its