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LEWIS' TREE CHARTS.
12 Price of single number, 50 cents each.
insertion. insertions. insertions. Price of Part, $1.40 each. A liberal deduction will be made to Boards of Education or 1 1 inch, . .
$4.00 $8.00 others purchasing in large numbers. NOW READY.-(These with a * as yet unprinted.)
14 page, .. 4.00
17.00 34.00 PART I.-THE OAKS. Forty-two species.
72 “ .. 7.00 30.00 60.00
I " . 12.00
12.00 50.00 100.00
species and varieties.
No. 7. The Willows and Poplars. Numerous species.
No. 9. The Lindens, and allied families of numerous species.
30 minutes from Broad St. Station *No. 11. The Horse Chestnuts and allies.
No. 12. The Maples. (Printed in advance.) PART V.
*No. 13. Locusts and allies of Pea Family of several genera. *No. 14) Wild Cherry, Mountain Ash, Sweet Gum, Sour Gum,
Persimmon. *No. 15) Ashes, Catalpas, Paulownia, and others.
Illustrated Catalogue upon application,
JAMES L. PATTERSON,
| CHESTNUT HILL ACADEMY,
CHESTNUT HILL, PHILA.
BOARDING SCHOOL FOR BOYS.
One of the very finest deciduous-leaved trees of North
NO BETTER VARIETY CAN BE USED FOR STREET,
PARK, OR LAWN PLANTING,
For this reason it is well adapted for planting near build
ings, as it does not obstruct light or air, and the grass
PLEASE NOTE THE FOLLOWING LOW PRICES.
Each. 7 to 8 ft. ; trans., .... 8 to 9 ft. ; trans., ·
50 9 to 10 ft. ; trans., ............................ 75 10 to 12 ft. ; 1/4 to 1/2 in. ; trans., ... 12 to 14 ft. ; 1'2 to 134 in.; trans., .............. .. .. 14 to 15 ft. ; 134 to 2 in. ; trans., ....... Larger trees, 2 to 2/2 in, diam.; trans., .... ............... 2 25 Larger trees, 2'2 to 3 in, diam.; trans., : ................. 3 50 Larger trees, 3 to 3'2 in. diam.; trans., .
.. 4 00
50 00 100 00
WILLIAM WARNER HARPER.
CHESTNUT HILL, PHILA., PA.
THE forest reserves established in PennsylEditorial...... Forestry at the St. Louis Exposition......
1 vania, which have reached an aggregate Damage to Shade Trees from Electric Wires and Lightning ........ 6 area of 600,000 acres, must be protected Forestry Work at Mont Alto.............
| and cared for, if the forests are to be preserved, Protection and Care Against Weeds in the Forest Nursery............ Forestry in New Zealand.
and if new growths are to be encouraged. ProWesttown Forestry Notes................
tection to be effective must be supported by the National Forestry .........
law, and means of arresting and punishment must The Forests of Hawaii.............
| be provided. The forests of Pennsylvania may be Side Issues in Forestry....... Forestry in Pennsylvania ......
well supplied with foresters who are educated to New Pubiications. ....
select, trim or transplant trees, but unless these
foresters have the legal power to arrest offenders Subscription, $1.00 per Year.
the preserves will soon be such only in name. The attention of Nurserymen and others is called to the advantages
Dr. Rothrock has initiated a movement which of FOREST LEAVES as an advertising medium. Rates will be fur. nished on application.
may well extend to other portions of the State --- -
than the forest reserves. His mounted corps of The Pennsylvania Forestry Association, foresters may be the initiative of a State conFOUNDED IN JUNE, 1886,
stabulary, which at present seems to be in demand Labors to disseminate information in regard to the necessity and
for the suppression of crimes now far too prevalent. methods of forest culture and preservation, and to secure the enact
Whether a mounted and armed force distribment and enforcement of proper forest protective laws, both State and uted throughout the State would be the best National.
means of quelling disorders, and of arresting ofAnnual membership fee, Two dollars.
fenders against the law, is worthy of careful inLife membership, Twenty-five dollars.
Neither the membership nor the work of this Association is intended to be limited to the State of Pennsylvania, Persons desiring to become members should send their names to J. Dundas Lippincott, Chairman
lishment of a State constabulary without such inMembership Committee, 1012 Walnut Street, Phila.
vestigation. It is, however, evident that something President, John Birkin bine.
Vice-Presidents, Wm. S. Harvey, James C. Haydon, Albert Lewis, more than our present organization gives is neces-
sary. We say organization, not laws, for the latter Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. John P. Lundy.
are probably ample if well enforced. The laws Recording Secretary, F. L. Bitler. Treasurer, Charles E. Pancoast.
affecting the forests of Pennsylvania are sufficient, Council-at-Large, Mrs. Brinton Coxe, Dr. Alfred L, Elwyn, Charles Hewett.
but the officials often fail to enforce these laws. Finance, W. S. Harvey, Chairman : William L. Elkins, Dr. Henry Hence, it is essential that the wardens or forM. Fisher, W. W Frazier, Charles E. Pancoast, and J. Rodman Paul.
Membership, J. Dundas Lippincott. Chairman ; Mrs. George F Baer, esters who patrol our State reserves should be
organized and clothed with lawful authority. If Wolfe, and Hon. S. P. Wolverton.
such an organization could be extended throughLam, Hon. W. N. Ashman, Chairman; Henry Budd, Charles Hewett, and John A. Siner.
out the State, made up of men selected on merit, Publication. John Birkinbine, Chairman ; F. L. Bitler, Alfred Pas- and not here chall, and Harrison Souder.
and not because of political usefulness, it could Work. Mrs. Brinton ('oxe. Chairman: Mrs. George T, Heston, Miss be employed in cases of strikes or other disorders, E. L. Lundy, Mrs. John P. Lundy, William S. Kirk, and Abraham S. Schropp.
and could be made a terror to the evil doers, who County Ormanisation. Samuel Marshall, Chairman: Eugene Ellicott. Le in James C. Haydon, Dr. J. Newton Hunsberger, and Richard Wood.
ott, i have in turn terrorized suburban and farming
un married chicken and forming OFFICE OF THE ASSOCIATION, 1012 WALNUT ST., PHILADELPHIA. communities by outrages.
We trust that the experiment which is being , Damage to Shade Trees From Electric made at the Mt. Alto Forest Reservation will
Wires and Lightning. demonstrate the possibilities of similar organizations, and permit of candid judgment as to the
M HE Massachusetts Agricultural College at value of using some sort of State constabulary as
Amherst, Mass., has recently issued a bula protection to the people.
letin on the above subject, giving the re
sults of extensive experiments and tests. The Forestry at the St. Louis Exposition. results have been summarized as follows:
The adverse conditions with which shade trees THE Exhibits of Forestry and Fish and Game have to contend in cities and towns constitute a
at the Universal Exposition of 1904 will serious drawback to their development.
be united in a building 300 feet wide and A considerable amount of damage occurs to 600 feet long. In addition to the inside exhibits shade trees by wires, causing abrasions, destrucof the Forestry Department, space is being set tions of limbs and leaders, burnings, and necessiapart for displays of the Government methods of tating much injudicious pruning. tree-planting and forest management. These ex The greatest amount of damage caused to trees hibits, which are not confined to this country, by alternating and direct currents is by local burnmust prove instructive and entertaining to all per- ings. The higher the electromotive force (volt. sons who are interested in the future of the forests. age) the more injury is likely to occur to trees.
The participation in this department will be There is practically little or no leakage from extensive, embracing about twenty States and wires during dry weather. In wet weather, howTerritories and many foreign countries. The ex ever, when a film of water is formed on the bark, hibits from foreign countries will include forestry | more or less leakage is likely to occur, and if the policy as well as the forest industries, and the insulation is insufficient and contact with the tree United States Bureau of Forestry will occupy a exists, grounding takes place, and burning due to large central location in the west end of the build arcing results. ing. One of the popular elements of the display of No authentic cases have been observed by us the United States Forestry Bureau will consist of where the alternating current, employed for lightcolor transparencies illustrating particular phases ing service, has killed trees, though there are auof forest life and conditions ; for instance, the big ! thentic cases, extremely rare, where the direct tree and the sugar pines of California, choice bits current, used in operating street railroads, has of Appalachian farm land and forests, results of killed large shade trees. This has been accomtree-planting, and other instructive forest subjects. plished by reversing the polarity, causing the
Other features of the scientific forestry display positive current to traverse the rail, and the rewill consist of photographs of trees and flowers, turn current the feed wire, which usually carries botanical literature, and specimens of trees and the positive. plants. The tools of the lumberman and saw-mill. This high resistance offered by trees and plants, worker will be fully displayed.
in general, serves as a protection against death A special object of the selected display in the from an electrical contact. Forestry Building will be the complete illustration The least resistance in trees occurs in the vital of the economic uses of valuable trees, such as layer (cambium) and those tissues adjacent to it. yellow pine, white pine, loblolly pine, cedar, cy- Electric currents, of whatever nature, when press, redwood, spruce, fir, hemlock, and other applied to plants of a certain intensity, act as a coniferous trees, as well as the hard woods. While stimulus. the scientific illustration of these species will be The physiological effect of the direct current complete, the economic history and utilization on vegetable life differs from that of the alternawill be shown with equal thoroughness.
ting ; the latter current acts more as a stimulus to Woodenware and cooperage will be offered by the plant than the former. many exhibitors. Basketry, including native manu- There is evidence to support the idea that a factures, will form an essential feature of the dis- current of not sufficient strength to cause burning play. Such forest products as gums, resins, and may overstimulate the plant and cause a retardathe numerous secondary objects of forest indus- tion of its activities which will subsequently retries, notably wood alcohol and turpentine, will sult in death. have important places among the exhibits.
Earth discharges during thunder storms are
more common than generally supposed, and they The tanning content of bark of oak trees varies are known to disfigure and cause the death of greatly with the region, soil and density of stand. / trees.
Forestry Work at Mont Alto. spread over these are pine needles. Some beds
were covered with pine branches and a few, D Y referring to the June issue, the readers of especially those having seed in them, were cov. D FOREST LEAVES will note that the spring ered with leaves and needles alone.
work consisted of enlarging the forest nur- In addition to their nursery work the students sery and planting fifteen pounds of white pine have opened up, along old roads, in all, from fifseeds, two pounds of red spruce seeds and some teen to twenty miles of fire lane. The advance catalpa seeds. One thousand six hundred white class has been using a transit to survey the main pines were set out into plantation and 3000 trans- roads and are making a map of about 1500 acres. planted in the nursery. The result of this sowing The other young men have been with the county and planting has been very encouraging, with the surveyor, who comes every other week to surexception of, perhaps, the transplants. They vey on the outside lines of the reserve. A valmade an excellent growth, but toward fall were at- uation survey of the above 1500 acres has been tacked by a small insect which eats the bark from begun. The work will continue along the same the root just below the ground. In this way lines during the winter, and by spring a considerabout one-half were lost.
| able area will be in an improved condition ; howFrom June until September very little was done ever, after the first of the year more attention outside of the nursery. It was necessary to keep will be paid to school work. the weeds out and the beds worked to kill the In various sections of the reserve considerable moss. A number of compost heaps were made. dead wood is being sold. Under the direction of These have been given a portion of lime and the Superintendent about two miles of road were wood-ashes, and after they are thoroughly stirred | made in the spring. This road was very steep up will be used in the spring on the beds as and rocky and perhaps one of the worst roads in fertilizer.
the township. For a little over two hundred On the ist of September the force was in dollars he has made it one of the best.roads in the creased to 14. The nursery work for fall was county.
G. H. W. completed as rapidly as the weather would permit. An inventory of stock resulted in the following : Protection and Care Against Weeds in 1500 three-year old white pine transplants; 30,000
the Forest Nursery. one- and two year old white pine seedlings ; 100,ooo one-year old white pine seedlings ; 10,000 MORE or less annoying and never absent one year old red spruce seedlings; 3000 catalpa
enemy in the seedbeds, whose subduing, seedlings; 1000 white oak seedlings, and some
though expensive, may be effected thorfew pitch pine and chestnut seedlings. The 1500 oughly, are the weeds. To illustrate how the inthree year old and the 30,000 one- and two-year vasion of this troublesome enemy may be preold seedlings were taken out of the beds and vented, as well as up-rooted in the best and at heeled in for the winter. The larger ones will be the same time cheapest way, is the object of this placed in a plantation near the Sanatorium next article. spring and mixed with western catalpa as an ex- The weeds appearing in the seedbeds, manifold periment. The others will be transplanted in the in number and species according to the mineral nursery. The remaining one-year old pines will substances in the soil, its natural humidity or its be left as they are for another year, as well as the former use, rob the plants of part of the nourishspruce. The catalpa and white oak will be set ment which is drawn out of the soil, of the benefits out in the Spring. In the beds from which the of the finer atmospherical precipitation, especially pines were taken, the students of the Academy the dew ; overgrow the slowly developing seedhave planted as many different kinds of seeds as lings, overshadowing them, limiting the space of they could obtain on their Saturday morning their roots, preventing the circulation of air in botanical excursions. This has been done that the soil, and using up the water distributed in the we may have an opportunity to study the growth | ground. of our trees right from the seed and as they grow In the fight against weeds, as in the case of in the nursery. The beds which were not planted many another enemy to the forests and plantawere spaded up and will be allowed to lie fallowtions, it is necessary to deal with the prevention of during the winter. The beds which still have their appearance in large quantities and quick seedlings in them have all been covered, to protect | growth, as well as the extermination of those sproutthe seedlings from frost and to prevent the grounding in spite of all endeavor. from heaving. Between the rows of the pines. The excessive appearance of weeds is prevented and spruces small sticks of wood were laid, and | by appropriate selection of the soil for the seed