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State for about an

The Pennsylvania State Forest the line between Franklin and Adams Counties,
Reservations.

and extending northward into Cumberland

County, are now known by the specific name of O N December 31, 1904, the Commonwealth The South Mountain Reservation. This reserva

of Pennsylvania owned and had under tion contains about 42,000 acres. That part next

control for forestry purposes about 550,- ' to the Maryland border is known as the Mont Alto ooo acres of land. Since that time there have Division, because it largely comprises the lands been purchases and contracts entered into for pur formerly owned by the Mont Alto Iron Comchase of about 150,000 acres additional. The pany; while the upper portion is known as CaleState Forest Reservation Lands will, therefore, .donia Division, for the reason that a large part of probably cover an area of 700,000 acres by the it is made up of lands formerly owned by Thadclose of the year 1905.

deus Stevens and later by the Caledonia Mining The lands thus held for forestry purposes are and Manufacturing Company. wild mountain lands, unfit for agriculture or any- The second reservation to which has been asthing else but tree-growing. They are, in the signed a definite name lies in the southwestern main, covered with a fair stand of timber, much of part of Clinton and the northern part of Centre it young and vigorous with dense undergrowth, Counties, and is called the Hopkins Reservation, having a few open places here and there, at one after the Hon. A. C. Hopkins, one of the first time farms, many of them long since abandoned. members of the State Forestry Reservation Com

The State holdings for forestry purposes, as ex- mission. This reservation is now without well hibited by the accompanying map, do not lie in defined bounds, comprising numerous tracts lying one compact body, but are scattered about in in this locality, all of which will no doubt be congreater or less areas in the counties of Adams, nected sooner or later. Convenient divisions for Bedford, Cameron, Centre, Clearfield, Clinton, forestal work will then be made. Cumberland, Dauphin, Elk, Franklin, Fulton, 1. The third named reservation consists of lands Huntingdon, Juniata, Lackawanna, Lycoming, lying in the valley of the Licking Creek, in JuMifflin, Monroe, Pike, Potter, Snyder, Union, | niata and Mifflin Counties, and is now officially Tioga and Wyoming. By reference to the map, known as the Rothrock Reservation, in honor of the approximate location of the State Reservations Dr. J. T. Rothrock, the first Commissioner of may be seen.

Forestry in this Commonwealth, now a member In accordance with an early law, when investi of the State Forestry Reservation Commission, gation of the forest conditions of Pennsylvania and the founder and developer of the forestry was first undertaken, the reservations to be estab- work of the State, achieved after twenty years of lished were known generally as the Delaware Res- | unremitting endeavor. The Rothrock Reservaervation, the Susquehanna Reservation, and the tion was so named because it lies in that part of Ohio Reservation. The lands to be procured the State where Dr. Rothrock was born and where under this act were to lie in the Delaware water- he spent his boyhood years. It was his custom shed, in the Susquehanna Valley or localities to cross and recross these mountain tracts, now whose streams ultimately reach the Susquehanna comprised within the reservation, while laying River, and in the watershed of the Ohio River. the foundation of his education at Academia. The purchases thus far made lie within the Dela No better or more fitting name could be bestowed ware and the Susquehanna Valleys, a small portion upon this particular part of the State Forest Reonly draining into the valley of the Potomac. serves.

The purchase of tracts has not proceeded suf More recently the State Forestry Reservation ficiently far to allow a complete naming of defi- Commission has designated the tracts lying in nite and specific areas. It is believed that one Tioga County as the William A. Stone Reservaforester should not be charged with the care of tion, in honor of Governor Stone, who signed more than about 25,000 acres. If this become the bill making the law whereby the State Departthe established rule, it will no doubt result in the ment of Forestry and the State Forestry Reservadividing of the whole forest reservation into suit- tion Commission were created, and who at all able tracts ranging from 25,000 to 30,000 acres, times was an earnest friend and a loyal supporter over which will be placed one scientifically trained of every endeavor made for the purpose of forforester. Suitable names to designate these parts warding the forestry work within the Commonof reservations will then be selected and applied wealth. In addition to signing the bill creating by the State Forestry Reservation Commission. the department, he likewise affixed his signature A start in this direction has been made. Those to three other important laws bearing upon the lands which lie in the South Mountain region, on subjects of timber preservation, the planting of

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TOTAL AREA OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA 47,000 SQUARE MILES, AREA OF FOREST RESERVES BUT 1,100 SQUARE MILES.

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VIEW OF ROAD BUILT BY FORESTRY DEPARTMENT ON TOP OF SOUTH

MOUNTAIN, WITHIN RESERVATION.

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PANORAMA OF SOUTH MOUNTAIN RESERVATION LOOKING EASTWARD OVER FLAT TOP OF

MOUNTAIN TOWARDS GETTYSBURG.
VIEW THROUGH THE GAP OVER THE VILLAGE OF MONT ALTO INTO THE CUMBERLAND VALLEY,

FROM THE “LOOKOUT" POINT NEAR SANATORY CAMP.

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THE ELM TREE FORMERLY AT BROAD AND WALNUT STREETS, PHILADELPHIA.

(See page 65.)

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