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The forest areas devoted to conifers before sugar, increasing the yield of the trees and the long will attain the ratio to which they are enti purity of the product. Descriptions of the diftled, owing to the increasing demand, which pro- | ferent varieties of maple trees are given, with motes their conservation and culture. In the suggestions for the improvement of maple groves. Imperial forests, to which greater attention is paid, The closing chapter treats of the adulterations of the percentages are : conifers, 23, broad leafed, 24; | maple sirup and sugar, showing that the major conifer and broad leaf, 49 per cent., thinly stocked or blank, 4.
States are adulterated chiefly by the use of sugar Tree planting and culture are greatly adding to and glucose. Eight plates and ten text figures aid the resources of the virgin forests, so that Japan in an admirable presentation of the maple sugar seems to be wisely making provision to carry on industry. the lumber industry for a long period of time.
Report on an `Examination of a Forest Tract
in Western North Carolina. By Franklin W. New Publications.
Reed, Forest Assistant, Bureau of Forestry, De
partment of Agriculture, Washington, D. C., 8vo, The Red Gum. By Alfred K. Chittenden, As 32 pages, illustrated. sistant Forest Inspector, Bureau of Forestry, De This report is known as Bulletin No. 60, and partment of Agriculture, Washington, D. C., 8vo, discusses the proper treatment of about 16,000 56 pages, illustrated.
acres belonging to the Linville Improvement This is issued as Bulletin No. 58, and also con Company, situated in the mountainous section of tains a discussion of the mechanical properties of North Carolina. It is the desire to improve this the wood by W. Kendrick Holt. Red gum section as a summer resort, and at the same time, grows in mixture with ash, cottonwood and oak if it can be done, obtain a return from the forest throughout the hardwood bottom lands of the products. A general description is given of the Southern States, but in the past has had no mar tract, with the various typical trees, etc. It ketable value owing to its tendency to warp and shows that lumbering on a large scale would detwist. Mr. Chittenden describes the characteris feat the object in view, and gives recommendatics of the red gum tree, mentioning its enemies. tions in regard to roads, cutting, possible revenue The rapid increase in the market for this wood in which could be derived, etc. the past six years are described, the methods of lumbering set forth, together with the use, prop- Terms Used in Forestry and Logging. Bulletin erties and prices of the wood. Tables show the No. 61, Bureau of Forestry, Department of Agrirate of growth of the red gum, and suggestions are culture, Washington, D. C., 8vo, 63 pages, made in regard to the conservative management. This monograph was prepared by the Bureau of of the hardwood bottom lands of the South. Mr. Forestry in co-operation with The Society of Holt has prepared a number of tables of tests of American Foresters, and gives definitions of the strength made of the green wood of the gum, and various terms used in forestry and logging, also in a comparison made with the loblolly pine the in the more important, German and French equivred gum showed a slight superiority. The bulle alents. tin is embellished by six plates and a map.
The first half of the pamphlet is devoted to
forestry. There we may read all the technical The Maple Sugar Industry. Bulletin No. 59, terms in good use, from "absolute forest land” Bureau of Forestry, Department of Agriculture, to “ yield table.” Many terms explain themWashington, D, C., 56 pages, 8vo, illustrated. selves, but where they are not so readily under.
This monograph was prepared by William F. stood the short definition makes plain at once the Fox, Collaborator, Bureau of Forestry, and Wilc idea conveyed and the need of a special word or liam F. Hubbard, Forest Assistant, Bureau of phrase to convey it. Forestry, with a discussion of the Adulteration of The logging terms are listed in the last half of Maple Products, by H. W. Wiley, Chief Bureau the bulletin and contains some remarkable exof Chemistry. The whole subject has been gone pressions—terms which, though evidently derived over in a most thorough manner, Col. Fox having from slang, are now in good use among woodsmade an especial study of the industry. Inter- | men either throughout the country or in the region esting facts are given as to the history and present denoted in each case. status of maple sugar making, the various im- A map shows the forest regions of the United provements in the methods of gathering the sap, States, letters after the definition indicating in as well as the manufacture of sirup and maple which region the words are used.
A justly popular tree is the Pin Oak. It presents points which distinguish it readily from other Oaks, and it is undoubtedly the most valuable variety for all practical purposes. The foliage is dense, finely divided, of a beautiful shining green that colors to sparkling red and yellow in Fall. The tree is easily transplanted and grows well on wet or dry ground; is, in fact, the quickest-growing of all the Oaks. As an avenue tree it is unequalled. It is also a good street tree, and one of the best for park planting.
This desirable tree will thrive in all sections of the United States, in all soils and situations, Our stock (over 30,000) of this POPULAR TREE is clean and healthy, with plenty of fibrous roots.
EVERY TREE A SPECIMEN, OUR BOOKLET “MORE SPECIALTIES,” 30 EDITION, DESCRIBES THESE AND MANY OTHERS.
REMEMBER! EVERY TREE A SPECIMEN!
Per 10 6 to 7 ft. Stocky Trees, ................... $1 00 8 8 50 7 to 8 ft. "
.. I 25 8 to 9 ft. “
.................... I 50 1 2 50 9 to 10 ft. “
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 00 10 to 12 ft.
....... 2 50 22 50 Prices on Larger Specimens on application,
Send for SPRING PRICE LIST and booklet “ HINTS ON PLANTING.” ANDORRA NURSERIES,
CHESTNUT HILL, PHILADELPHIA, PA.
WM. WARNER HARPER, Prop.
LOREST LEAVES reaches its readers late be-
members of the Pennsylvania Forestry AsPresidential Address........
sociation the record of the Annual Meeting, but Treasurer's Report............. Report of the General Secretary...
86 we feel that this delay will be more than offset by Forest Planting for Profit in Massachuse Another " Largest Tree in the State'
88 having in the hands of our readers the reports Woodlot Forestry .......
showing the work of the Association.
The assembling of the Fifty-Ninth Congress in Deforestation and Climate.......
Washington has brought into notice items of inThe Need of Reforestation.... An Early Experiment in Forestry......
terest to all connected with the forestry moveNew Ppblications..
94 ment. President Roosevelt's message treats of the
Forestry Service, and also approves of the transSubscription, $1.00 per Year.
fer of the Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Grove, The attention of Nurserymen and others is called to the advantages i of FOREST LEAVES as an advertising medium. Rates will be fur.!
! California, to the custody of the general governnished on application.
ment, and recommends that proper provision be - - --- -
inade for caring for and policing these acquisiThe Pennsylvania Forestry Association, tions. It also suggests that a similar transfer of FOUNDED IN JUNE, 1886,
Niagara Falls Park by the State of New York to Labors to disseminate information in regard to the necessity and methods of forest culture and preservation, and to secure the enact
the general government would permit of such coment and entorcement of proper forest protective laws, both State and operation between the governments of Canada National, Annual membership fee, Two dollars.
and the United States, as would secure the proLife membership, Twenty-five dollars.
tection of the Falls.
J. B. Neither the membership nor the work of this Association is intended to be limited to the State of Pennsylvania, Persons desiring to become members should send their names to the Chairman of the Membership Committee, 1012 Walnut Street, Phila.
hip EFFORTS will be made to secure favorable acPresident, John Birkinbine. Vice-Presidents, Wm. S. Harvey, James C. Haydon, Albert Lewis,
tion from the Congress now in session to create Richard Wood,
the Southern Appalachian Forest Reserves and General Secretary, Dr. Joseph T. Rothrock.
the White Mountains, New Hampshire, Forest Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. John P. Lundy. Recording Secretary, F. L. Bitler.
Reserve ; and the friends of forestry will be asked Treasurer, Charles E. Pancoast. Council-at-Large, Mrs. Brinton Coxe, Dr. Alfred L. Elwyn, Charles
to exert their individual influence with Senators Hewett.
Finance, W. S. Harvey, Chairman ; Dr. Henry M. Fisher, W. w. and Representatives to secure the passage of legisFrazier, Charles E. Pancoast, and J. Rodman Paul.
lation which will create these national forest reMembership, Dr. J. T. Rothrock, Mrs. George F. Baer, Edwin Swift Balch, Hon. Lucien W. Doty, Charles W. Freedley, W. W. Scranton, Albert B. Weimer, Dr. Samuel Wolfe, and Hon. S. P. Wolverton. Law, Hon. W. N. Ashman, Chairman; Henry Budd, Charles
Independently of the desirability of protecting Hewett, and John A. Siner.
the sections named, we believe the forestry movePublication, John Birkinbine, Chairman: F. L. Bitler, Alfred S. Haines, Alfred Paschall, and Harrison Souder.
ment would be benefited by having, in the more Work. Mrs. Brinton Coxe. Chairman : Mrs. George T. Heston, Miss E. L. Lundy, Mrs. John P. Lundy, William S. Kirk, and Abraham
closely settled portions of the country, opportuS. Schropp.
nities to see the effect of government control upon County Organization, Samuel Marshall, Chairman: Eugene Ellicott, James C. Haydon, Dr. J. Newton Hunsberger, and Richard Wood, these reservations. While the United States has a OFFICE OF THE ASSOCIATION. 1012 WALNUT ST.. PHILADELPHIA. number of important forest reserves in the western
portion of the country, the Philippines, etc., The invitation of the Canadian Forestry Assothere are none in the Eastern States, which surely ciation to members of the Pennsylvania Forestry requires as much attention as other sections, and Association to attend the Forestry Convention to while we would not urge the creation of these re- be held at Ottawa, Canada, on January 10th, 11th serves merely from a sectional standpoint, we be- and 12th, was read. lieve that their location can be used to decided Messrs. J. Franklin Meehan and Leonard advantage in advancing interest in them. In fact, Morse were appointed tellers, of the election, if there is a weak point in regard to the Appala- and, after counting the ballots, declared that the chian Reserve as planned, it is in its limitation, following officers were unanimously elected :and we feel satisfied that the more of the Appa
President, John Birkinbine. lachian region which can be covered by it, the Vice-Presidents, Wm. S. Harvey, greater will be the co-operation which may be ex
James C. Haydion, pected from the people of the country. J. B.
General Secretary, Dr. Joseph T. Rothrock.
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. John P. Lundy.
COUNCIL and Provincial officials, representatives of Lum At Large, Mrs. Brinton Coxe, bermen's Associations, Boards of Trade, Rail
Dr. Alfred L. Elwyn, roads, Universities, etc., have been invited, and
Charles Hewett. the United States National and State Forestry Bu
Adams County, C. E. Stahle.
Allegheny County, Wm. A. Baldwin, reaus and Associations are requested to send dele
Hon. Geo. W. Guthrie, gates. The call has been issued by Sir Wilfrid
George M. Lehman, Laurier, Prime Minister of Canada, and we wish
Henry Phipps, Jr.,
Wm. Wade. our neighboring country the fullest measure of
Armstrong County, R. M. Moore. success in this convention, the object of which is
Beaver County, J. S. Duss. to discuss various subjects in connection with for Berks County, Mrs. George Brooke, estry on those vast areas which may yield impor
J. H. Sternbergh.
Blair County, Jos, S. Sillyman. tant future sources of timber supply.
Bradford County, C. S. Maurice. The President of the Pennsylvania Forestry
Bucks County, Mrs. Geo. T. Heston, Association will be gratified to issue commissions
Alfred Paschall, to any members who will attend this Convention
Dr. Howard Pursell.
Butler County, Wm. Campbell, Jr. as representing the Association.
Cambria County, Hariley C. Wolle.
Carbon County, M. S. Kammerer.
Chester County, Henry T. (oates,
Alfred S. Haines,
Wm. S. Kirk, THE Annual Meeting of the Pennsylvania
Samuel Marshall. 1 Forestry Association was held at 1012 Clarion County, Jos. M. Fox.
6 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, on Monday, (learfield County, John E. DuBois. December 11th, at 3.30 P.M., President John
Clinton County, Wm. P. Mitchell.
Columbia County, John R. Townsend. Birkinbine in the chair.
Crawford County, George Frank Brown. The Presidential Address and the Reports of Cumberland County, Frank C. Bosler. Council, the General Secretary and Treasurer Dauphin County, Miss Mira L. Dock, were presented, and will be found on other pages
E. ( Felton.
Delaware County, Samuel A. Crozer, of this issue.
Charles Potts, The following resolution was presented and
William Trimble, unanimously adopted by the Association :
Chas. S. Welles. Resolved, That the Pennsylvania Forestry As
Elk County, N. T. Arnold.
Erie County, Isaac B. Brown. sociation endorse the action of the American
Fayette County, Hon. Nathaniel Ewing. Forest Congress in favor of the establishment of Forest County, Samuel D. Irwin. national forest reserves in the Southern Appala Franklin County, Geo. H. Wirt. chian Mountains and in the White Mountains of
Huntington County, Mrs. William Dorris.
Jefferson County, S. B. Elliott. New Hampshire, and earnestly urges the imme
Lackawanna County, G. Edgar Dean, M.D., diate passage of bills for these purposes.
Hon. L. A. Watres.