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not unlike one of the larger chines of the Isle of led by the Josephean numbers with which wes Wight, you come to the beach (how prosaic we are dealing, he has filled the fifteenth, sixteenth, s. in this boasted century, for here there must needs seventeenth dynasties with this alien race, al be a refreshment pavilion !), and you are at once given them a period in all of 954 years, which face to face with the cliffs. They remind one conquering nation could have occupied without much of those at Freshwater, being formed of complete amalgamation with the conquered and chalk with layers of flint, and are hardly so a permanent settlement among them. It is, thert fine. They extend some distance along the sea- fore, amazing that such eminent Egyptologista : shore, towering precipitously above one, and pre- Lepsius, Bunsen, and others should have been lel senting varied and fantastic forms of rocky gran- to adopt such an improbable theory, unless, inded deur. Their superior beauty over so many others it were with the view of extending the chronolog. of the same formation consists in the rich vegeta- I entirely reject his scheme, while I am glad tion on the summit, which is mostly covered by produce Africanus as a remarkable evidence, is magnificent beechwoods : remarks which are not another respect, to the truth of my own. mine, but are taken from Murray's Handbook for 6. Africanus's testimony to the 393 years of Denmark. And this vegetation may truly be called Manetho.-His fifteenth is the same as Josephus's rich or magnificent, and the many peeps of beauty Hycsos dynasty, which Eusebius has made bis which the wanderer among it obtains fully repay seventeenth, preceding, as it should, the Thebar him for his journey to Moën. In the spring it is eighteenth. But curiously we find that Africain finest, but at all times it must be fine. And having has employed it in a double form, though in wandered at will until you have drunk in some of the second case unconsciously. His list of the the sweets of this favoured region, and gazed over eighteenth dynasty starts, not from its trae the Baltic, maybap for the last time, as its sunlit beginning, but from the reign of Chebros, its waves surge and swell under the influence of the second king, in whose first year he places the morning breeze, and bave treasured up in the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt, and to which storehouse of your memory some of the vivid he assigns the date of 1667 B.C. From that point recollections of this most memory stirring spot, to the end of the dynasty there are 263 years, but you return and become horribly prosaic over your he states that it commenced 130 years before the orders for breakfast (do take two or three essen- reign of Chebros and the Exodus. These 130 tially Danish dishes to impart some sort of romance years added to the 263 of the dynasty gire exactly and poetry to the meal), which you have much 393 years as, in his view, the whole period of time difficulty in making the Danish maid understand. between the commencement of the eighteenth Asked if she knows German, she answers in the dynasty and the close of it in the twentieth year affirmative ; but when you begin to talk she knows of Amenophath, just as we have seen it above, not a word —- perhaps it was my German she calculated from the list of Josephus and the sumcould not comprehend. So you leave yourself at mation of Manetho. In so doing, however, he has her mercy, as she volubly asks you in Danish what fallen into a singular mistake by including in this you will take. You hear the word café, and you dynasty the period of Hycsos rule that preceded say “Yes” to all the rest, knowing or hoping it, while he has dropped 130 years from the latter it will be all right. Such is the daring man part of it which it ought to have contained. This when reduced to desperation by the prospect of arrangement of the time is, however, not altogether involuntary fasting.

accidental, as I now proceed to show, and to A farewell to the fairest things must come, deduce from it results still more remarkable. whatever the pang it costs the bidder; and the 6. Africanus's testimony to the 105 years of cockleshell bears you once more to the outer Hycsos domination.- What are these 130 years world, away from the seclusion and repose of the with which he precedes the reign of Chebros and little island, so full of beauty and attraction, so the departure of the Hebrews from Egypt? Where free from the vulgar intrusion of the ordinary run did he get them, and why does he put them there? of tourists, and therefore so totally different from He is either unable or unwilling to explain this the better known but not more beautiful spots mystery, for he gives not a word of information Dearer home. R. P. HAMPTON ROBERTS. about them nor seems to include them in his

general chronology. With the knowledge, howTHE HYCSOS IN EGYPT.

ever, that we have acquired from our previous in

vestigations we are at no loss to identify them (Concluded from p. 445.)

with Eusebius's seventeenth dynasty. The twent Africanus, whose lists of the Egyptian dynasties five years of Amosis, which he has omitted at the have been transmitted to us by Syncellus, has bead of the eighteenth dynasty, are of course given a most exaggerated account of the Shepherd included in them. When these are removed what domination, such as Eusebius evidently knew is our surprise and pleasure to meet with our old nothing of, and Syncellus himself rejected. Mis- acquaintance the 105 years, which Easebius has

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=shown in his canon to belong to the Shepherds established by Africanus as a fact. Properly the 23 before the eighteenth dynasty began? They are reign of Amosis should have been attached to that G. also found here, as the archæologist would say, in of Apophis, in whose time it began ; but the fear

situ, although Africanus has blunderingly attempted probably of making his reign suspiciously long disto put them into the imperial Theban dynasty, by posed Africanus to unite it to the smaller reign of

which the aliens were crushed and superseded. Pachnan, not knowing probably what he was 12+ This is a singularly curious discovery, but it is a doing.

most valuable and important one. Observe, too, 8. Another and equally remarkable proof of the TL how the old chronographer has assigned no names historic verity of the 105 years of Shepherd rule, con to these years nor reigns of kings, as if he inserted between the banishment of the royal Theban family

them knowing that they should be there, but not to Ethiopia and their return, is to be found in the knowing why or what they were. Thus we have list of the twelfth_dynasty as given by all the Africanus bearing distinct testimony to the historic three authorities, Eusebius, Syncellus, and Afritruth of Eusebius in respect to the 105 years of canus. In this dynasty there are seven reigns, of

Shepherd domination, a witness evidently 110- which Lambares, the fourth king, is said to be he Bize conscious of the importance, and even of the import

, who constructed the labyrinth in the Arsenoite of his evidence, which is all the more valuable on Nome as a sepulchre for himself, and who we that very account. But there remains a circum- know, from the researches of Dr. Lepsius, was the stance to be elicited here more curious and signi- monarch in whose time the invasion of the Shepficant still, to which I next proceed.

herds took place, when he was driven with his 7. Africanus's testimony to the contemporaneous court into Ethiopia. The whole time allotted by rule of the Hycsos kings with those of the eighteenth Eusebius to this dynasty is 245 years, though the dynasty. I have said that the twenty-five years summation of his list amounts to only 182. The of the reign of Amosis, the first Theban king after reason of this discrepancy seems to be that the last the recovery of their supremacy, must be found three anonymous reigns are erroneously set down, imbedded somewhere in those 130 years described or wrongly copied, at forty-two years. Africanus above. A very remarkable discovery here rewards errs still more evidently when he gives to these our research ; but we must look for a moment to three reigns only twenty years, and makes the the list of the Shepherd kings. Africanus has whole only 160. As they stand, however, in all clearly displaced two of the reigns, and put them the three accounts, the first four kings have 140 out of the order which both Josephus and Eusebius years, which, subtracted from) 245, leave exactly have given them. I therefore take the liberty 105 years to their three unknown successors. to restore them to their proper places in the list, These three, together with Lambares, who fled, and now observe that the years assigned to all the were those who continued to keep up in Ethiopia kings are the same that they usually have, with the semblance of monarchy for 105 years, but the the exception of Pachnan, who has sixty-two years, details of whose obscure lives and times were una sum that must contain the missing years of known to our epitomists, and therefore stand Amosis. Accordingly it is found that instead of the unrecorded. This, I think, has never before been thirty-seven years that properly belong to him he observed. The names of all the kings of the has 37 +25=62, so that we find the reign of Amosis twelfth dynasty, though we have now gathered not where it might have been expected, at the close them from the monuments

, were unknown to the of the 130 years, and close to Chebros, but attached ancient chronographers, and thus their very absence to the reign of Pachnan in the oddest position is proof of the fact that I seek to establish. But imaginable. The most interesting feature of this the preservation of the period of 105 years on the case, however, which will be found deserving of our side of the legitimate family, as it has been prevery careful study, bas now been reached. The served on the side of the intruders, as the true and reign of Amosis has been stuck by Africanus just accurate length of the usurpation, bas clearly put about where it ought to be, i.e. 105 years from the into our hand, as I think, the key that opens up head of the seventeenth dynasty. The 105th year the mysteries of this important period of Egyptian is the fifth of Apophis, or five years after the reign history.

D. Kerr, of Pachnan, as I have shown before, and Afri.

Dunse. canus, by some fortunate destiny, has been made P.S.-In reply to Dr. BREWER, I have to say to fasten Amosis's reign here just where his reign that, having to deal with the numbers of Josephus, commenced. From that date, when the Hycsos I have also made use of his names, and indicated were driven from power, the two dynasties con- as much ; for I have called Tethmosis the head of tinued to reign contemporaneously down to the the eighteenth dynasty, and Amenophis (Metime of Amenophis III., under whom, as we have nephthah)," the son of Rameses the Great, of the seen, the government of the Hycsos came to an nineteenth dynasty. There is an Amenophis, to end. If our opinion of the coetaneous rule of these whom I have referred, in the eighteenth dynasty two dynasties was formerly a conjecture, it is here (the eighth name in Josephus's list), whom, for

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distinction's sake, I have designated Ameno- ship in full sail on waves of sea; 4, Or, a tun fes phis III., as he is commonly called ; but there is wise and in chief three bunches of grapes ered no Amenophis at the end of that dynasty. As all ppr. ; surtout, on an inescutcheon arg. a ka for the Hycsos, I have referred for them to Euse- garoo sejant erect regard., ppr. Crest, The su bius's Canon and History, and there can be no rising or. Motto, By the right use of God's gifts possible mistake, I think, about them.

(Assumed April 23, 1850.)

Hindmarsh, S.A., Town of.—No arms, 1878 Crest, A lion ramp. gard. Motto, Nil nisi patria

. AUSTRALIAN HERALDRY.*

Hobart Town, Tasm., City of.- Arg., a rake an! Australia. —Arg., on a cross gu. five mullets of pitchfork saltirewise, heads upwards, crossed by: the field : 1, a fleece, round the body a collar with scythe, the handle in fess, the blade to the desta ring ; 2, a garb; 3, a ship in full sail ; all ppr. and hanging downwards, the wbole surmounted by Crest, The sun rising or. Supporters—Dexter, a a garb with a sickle issuing from its upper sinister kangaroo regardant or ; Sinister, an emu regardant side, all ppr. Crest, A plough sa. Supportersarg. Motto, Advance Australia.

D., a kangaroo regard. ; S., an emu regard. ; both Adelaide, S.A., City of.-Az., a cross gu.: 1, a ppr. Motto, Sic fortis Hobartia crevit. ship; 2, a fleece, round the body a collar with ring; Hotham, Vict., Town of.- Arg., four bars az, ou 3, bull's head cabossed ; 4, a garb; all ppr. Crest, a canton or a Cornish chough sa., beaked and A mailed arm holding a pickaxe, ppr. Supporters, membered gu. Supporters-Two sailors

, esa a ,

— D., a lion ; S., a kangaroo regardant; both ppr. bolding a cutlass in the exterior hand, ppr. Motta Motto, Ut prosint omnibus conjuncti. (Assumed Lead on. (Assumed Sept. 30, 1859.) May 23, 1859.)

Jas. Siu. Adelaide, See of.—Arg., on a cross between four Melbourne, Victoria. estoiles gu, a crozier or.

(To be continued.) Adelaide, Dean and Chapter.—Arg., a cross fleurie between four estoiles gu.

Adelaide, University of.- No arms, 1878. FIELDING THE NOVELIST.-The other day, in Ballaarat, Vict., City of.- No arms, 1878.

turning over a volume of Chambers's Journal

, I Ballaarat, See of.—Erm., a mill rind sa., on a chief azure a celestial crown or. (Assumed '1874.) case of Elizabeth Canning and Mary Squires,

came upon an article descriptive of the celebrated Ballaarat, East, Town of.- Quarterly, az. and a gipsy, which divided the nation into two parties gu., on a cross arg. four mullets gu. : 1, a miner's or factions in the last century. It will cradle ; 2, railway engine ; 3, a garb ; 4, a fleece ; membered that Canning was a domestic servant

, all or.' Motto, For one for all. (Assumed 1857.)' who on Jan. 1, 1753, disappeared on her way from

Collingwood, Vict., City of.-No arms, 1878. her uncle's, near Moorfields, where she had spent Crest, A stag's head erased or. Motto, Labor. Daylesford, Vict., Borough of.--Motto, Concord then she was found almost divested of clothes,

the day. Nothing was heard of her for a month; Dunedin, N.Z., See of.—Gu., St. Andrew bear-robbed of her garments, being sustained only on

and told a tale of having been shut up and ing his cross, ppr., on a canton az. three mullets of bread and water. Squires's house was eight points arg. (Assumed 1867.) Emerald Hisi , Vict., Town of.-Crest

, A ship description, and after some little hesitation Camp

by somebody or other as one that answered to her under full steam and "sail on waves of sea, ppr. ning swore that

this was the place, and those Motto, In ordine primum. Essendon and Flemington, Vict., Borough of. who had robbed and imprisoned her, until she

Squires and one Susannah Wells were the people No arms, 1878. Motto, Certum pete finem. liberated herself by creeping out of a boarded-op

Fitzroy, Vict., City of. - Quarterly, 1 and 4, window. The two were condemned to death, and France and England quarterly ; 2, Scotland ; 3, would have been hanged but for the good sense of Ireland ; over all a baton sinister compony of' six the Lord Mayor

of London ; and after a long arg. and az. Supporters—D., a lion gard. or, struggle, the populace being against the convictim gorged with a collar counter compony arg. and az? Squires and Wells were pardoned, and Canning and ducally crowned az. ; S., a greyhound arg. and sentenced to seven years' transportation for perjur, gorged as the dexter

. Motto, Et decus et pretium Some of her dupes gave her one hundred pounds recti. (Arms of the Duke of Grafton.) Geelong, Vict., Town of.--Quarterly, 1, Gu., a

as a solatium, but there is no question that she sheep standing in grass ; 2, Az., a garb'; 3. Arg., a drawn herself in order to be delivered of a child. * Abbreviations.- N.S.W., New South Wales ; N.z.,

On further “ looking up” the case in a scarce , Australia; W.A., Australia; Tasm., Tasmania; Vict., Victoria to my surprise that Henry Fielding was the magie .

trate before whom the charge against Squires and

and progress.

pitched on

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Wells was first heard. He seems to have pre- shapes which composed it ; between vair and verre
judged the case from the first, and, not satisfied (not the material, but) a drinking glass. And in
with that, actually wrote a pamphlet on the side of England we allowed pronunciation to mislead us

Canding. This production is no better than might so far that we have long translated, not only vair 2:1 have been expected, and it does not appear in his into verre, but verre into the material of glass

published works. Neither does it elevate his re- instead of the small glass-shaped figures of the fur
putation for acuteness. He would appear, how- which formed the pantoufle de vair. D. P.

ever, to have realized the possibility that he had Stuarts Lodge, Malvern Wells.
T&- been made a dupe, for he says (and this is the
only extract I shall make) : " In solemo truth, who says to his master how curious it is to look at

A FEW IDLE WORDS.— I think it is Mark Tapley e to the only error I can be charged with in this case is an error in sagacity. If E. Canning be guilty of

a newspaper, for you always see in one column ad a false accusation, I own she hath been capable of persons advertising for that which every one in the

imposing on me.” So much for a contest of wits next is anxious to supply. The supply and the
between an artful servant girl and the great English instance in “N.&'Q." of the 7th inst. MR. STAVEN-

demand, however, do not always fit. There is an
novelist.

G. H. W.

HAGEN JONES (ante, p. 449) asks, From whom did
Bath.

the racehorse Sir Bevys derive his name? At
CINDERELLA AND HER SLIPPER.-In the Times P. 451 Mr. John E. Bailey says there is a Sir
of December 23 and 24, 1878, appeared two ex-

Bevis Thelwall mentioned in Howell's Familiar
cellent letters on this subject. The pantomime of

Letters.
Cinderella, then announced, gave occasion for I was once travelling with Crabb Robinson, and
them. The first writer, signing himself X., said :- a lady in the same carriage said, “O, Mr. Robin-

“As thousands of the new generation will receive son, you are an antiquarian.” “Madan,” he replied,
lasting impressions of that famous tale, it may not be I am a noun, and not an adjective. An antiquary,
inopportune to protest against the vulgar error which if you please.” I have often told the story when I

persistently gives to Cinderella a glass slipper. The fairy have been addressed as an antiquarian, and I sup2-The gave her pantoufles de vuir (a.costly fur) and not de verre, pose I shall have to do so again and again, for I storytellers

see that even in “N. & Q.” (ante, p. 453) the late The second writer, E. de B., of course agrees to Mr. Albert Way is spoken of (in a quoted paraS. all this, and adds one of the two forms of the

graph - Ed.] as the well-known antiquarian.”
story of the person whom he in error calls “Signor

In Kent this week I inquired of a labourer my
de Čoucies," with whom the use of vair originated. road through a wood, and he told me I was to go
The designation "Signor” would make him Italian; on till I came to "four went ways," and then I
but he was, De la Colombière tells us (Science was to take the left. I see Halliwell gives “Went,
Hermique, Paris, 1669), “ un Seigneur de l'ancienne a cross way"; but until I consulted him I did
et illustre Maison de Coucy en Picardie," a family not know whether my country friend was guilty
so well satisfied "de sa condition” that their of using, as some of the Kentish people do, or used
saying was, “ Je ne suis Roy ne Prince aussi. Je to do, the w- -the digamma of our friend Coote-
suis le Sieur de Coucy." I should like to give instead of the v.
both stories, but I am afraid to encroach upon the

In this trip I noticed how abbreviations and
space of "N. & Q." However, neither of these corruptions of the names of places may creep,
writers explained how so absurd a mistake came in. Numerous trucks were chalked “GEnd
to be made. The history of the fur itself, vair, meaning Gravesend. When the New Zea-
will make this plain. I will translate from De la lander goes there to spend a happy day, he will
Colombière's chapter (p. 59), “ Dv Vair":-

not perhaps be able to recognize it by its original
“And with regard to vair......it was composed of pieces Dame. On my return, by another route, I found
brought together, made in the shape of little vessels of that the porters at Shoreham and St. Mary Cray
glass (petits pols de verre), which the furriers joined with announced that we had arrived at “Shram” and
white furs."

“Emcray."

CLARRY.
He then mentions the two kinds :

« That which has the least number of rows, and is of Post Days.-A curious old observance in the
three rows, is called Belfry of Vair (Beffroi de Vair); city of London has this year been broken through.
and that which has the most, and is of five or six tow Before penny postage Tuesdays and Fridays had
is called Menu Vair; the Belfry also making itself been the foreign post days, and further, the days
known by this, namely, that the first figure which is on
the dexter side of the chief is always metal and is made for negotiating foreign bills on the Royal Ex-
in the shape of a bell. Instead of which pure Vair is in change, even after there were daily mails. In the
the shape of a glass (en forme de verre).

old times of residence in the City the merchant
A drinking glass without a foot being thus the and his clerks remained at work till ten or eleven
pattern of the fur vair, a confusion sooner or later at night. On those nights he was safe to be at
arose from the pronunciation of the fur and of the home, and a supper was a certain finish. On the

Geek plire da

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exodus of residents from the City, on postal ex- 2. Sir Alpha Beta, a baronet, predeceased i tension and postal reform, a number of old gentle wife, who thereupon, in her widowhood, wrote her men with pigtails persisted in making up their name in books, &c., as“Aleph, Lady Beta." Tuesday and Friday mails, and, as they had no 3. Sir Gamma Delta, baronet, survived his wži

, longer City homes, would 'sup at the City Club and caused her name to be inserted in the mer and defy Rowland Hill and all his wiles. Now tuary column of the Times as “Ghimel

, Lads the foreign bill days are made Tuesdays and Delta, wife of Sir Gamma Delta,” &c. Thursdays, the latter day being at length arranged These instances are personally known to me to suit the Hebrew members, who are chief dealers, Are the last two correct? I always thought the and the exchange is held at an earlier hour. the legal designation of the widow of a baronet e

HYDE CLARKE. knight is Dame. Was Sir Gamma Delta cortet TRE COMMA As A Note of ElisioN.—Abp. Now let me ask another question respecting a point

in styling his late wife “Ghimel, Lady Delta" Trench, in his English Past and Present, says : for which I find no provision in the authentic list “The comma, an apparent note of elision, being of precedence drawn up by the late Sir Charles G. a mere modern expedient, 'a late refinement, as Young, Garter. Foreigners and foreign titles are Ash calls it, to distinguish the genitive singular entitled to no legal precedence in England, Alept from the plural cases." What con be said of the

a British subject, marries Beta, a foreign marque following ?

count, viscount, baron, n'importe quoi. An Beta “ This wretchid world'is transmutacion

children are counts and countesses, or the like

, s As wele and wo, now pore, and now honour, Without ordir or due discrecion,

the case may be. In the course of time Beta dia, Govirnid is by fortun'is errour.”

and his widow returns to British territory with Balade of the Village without Paintyng. a family of counts and countesses. This lady

, I MEDWEIG.

take it, occupies in Great Britain the same degree “TU DOCES.” — This is known as an inscription to her marriage, and neither more nor les am

of precedence to which she was entitled preriously on a tea-chest. I have lately noticed the follow- I correct ?

Eors ing account of its being so used :

Athenæum Club. "A correspondent observing this paragraph in a newspaper,- Harry Erskine, the Selwyn of Edinburgh, Hannah More's Life.- Amongst several puzzled the wits of his acquaintance by inscribing on a attacks which were made upon this lady one of tea-chest the words tu doces, observes that this pun the most violent was the Life of Hamad More was on the tea-chest of the Rev. John

Coulson, F.R.S.

, with a Critical Review of her writing, by the above fifty years ago, when he was master of the mathe. matical school at Rochester, He was after that at Rev. Sir Archibald Mac Sarcasm, Bart., STO. Cambridge."--Gentleman's Magazine, vol. Ixi., pt. i., note in my copy asserts that the writer was ** Sidney Coll., and Lucasian professor of mathematics, printed at Bristol 1802, pp. viii and 20s. A.MS. p. 259, March, 1791,

Shaw." -I presume meaning the Rev. Dr. Wil

Ed. MARSHALL. liam Shaw, mentioned in Shoberl's Dictionary of THE LAST AND PRESENT CENTURIES.— In an Living Authors, 1816, as the writer of Suggestions obituary notice of Canon Beadun, the Times states on a Plan of National Education, 1801 ; A Ser

. that he took his degree in the first year of the mon preached before the Grateful Society at Bristol

, present century. This is an error ; his B.A. 1809; and a Visitation Sermon preached at Beddegree is dated, in the list of Oxford graduates, minster, 1810 ; and Rector of Chelry, Somerset. May, 1800. Now, the last century ended, as it Can any information be given to prove or disprove appears to me, on Dec. 31, 1800, and the present this? And is it known when Dr. W. Shaw died? commenced on Jan. 1, 1801.

I have failed to find any obituary notice of him. E. WALFORD, M.A.

EDWARD SOLLT. Hampstead, N.W.

THEODORE Hook. I have among wy auto

graphs the rough proof of a prospectus of a “ His Queries.

tory of Hanover,” to be published by subscription, We must request correspondents desiring information by Theodore Edward Hook, Esq. The corrections names and addresses to their queries, in order that the proof itself was probably printed in or about 18 on family matters of only

private interest, to afix their in the margin are in Hook's handwriting, and the answers may be addressed to them direct.]

or 1831. “Subscriptions," it is stated, “ will be

received at Messrs. Herries, Farquhar & Co WIVES OF PEERS AND BARONÉTS.

Bankers, St. James's Street"; and the price 1. Alpha, Marquess of Beta, and Gamma, Baron the two 'volumes was fixed at three guineas, or fit Marchioness of Beta, and Ghimel, Lady Delta! ever actually published ? or was it ever complete Delta, die." Their widows are described as Aleph, large-paper copies at five guineas. Was this work This is all correct.

in MS.? I do not see it mentioned in the fall

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