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also come in. Here we have, not a veritable customs union based on free trade between the countries requiring the treaties, but an approximation thereto. It is another step toward the United States of Europe, which, like the United States of America, may be protectionist to all outside, while securing free trade throughout the economic area of its own frontiers. France is outside, and so long as she in. sists upon pursuing her present policy is likely to remain outside.

has been spared in the construction and equipment of the institute, and with its great endowment it constitutes one of the largest gifts ever made by any man in his lifetime to education or philanthropy. Mr. George W. Childs, who is almost always associ. ated with Mr. Drexel's good deeds, and who has had Mr. Drexel's co-operation in countless beneficences of his own initiation, has bestowed upon the insti. tute his precious collection of manuscripts. Other friends and relatives of Mr. Drexel have added their



MR. A. J. DREXEL. (From photographs by Gutekunst, Philadelphia:)

Noble Gi

The distinguished Philadelphia banker, Mr. Drexel's

Mr. Anthony J. Drexel, has established in

Philadelphia a great institute devoted to the work of instruction in the arts, sciences, and practical handicrafts. It is complementary to the high schools and colleges, and is especially designed to give young women and young men the kind of training and knowledge that will enable them to earn their bread in skilled and useful callings. Elsewhere in this issue of THE REVIEW we describe the great “Polytechnic" in Regent Street, London. Under somewhat different conditions, but in the same spirit of timely helpfulness, this new Drexel Institute is meant to aid the young people of a great city to find their proper places in the industrial en vironment, and to fill them honorably. No money

treasures ; and the new institution, under the presi. dency and active management of so experienced an educator as Dr. James MacAlister, has opened its doors to students, and takes rank from the first day as one of the most important educational establishments in the world. Philadelphia may well be proud of two such citizens as George W. Childs and Anthony J. Drexel. The most gratifying perception and intelligenoe have gone with an unstinted outlay of money in the creation of this educational plant; and it meets precisely the most vital need of day. Every one of our cities should have such a people's university of practical trades, of technical arts, of applied science, of modern languages, and of the finer arts and accomplishments. With its great assembly halls, reading-rooms and libraries, the Drexel Institute is to be a combined Cooper Union and Pratt Institute, with added popular features that neither the New York nor the Brooklyn establishment possesses, excellent and praiseworthy as both of them are. It is indeed encouraging to find that in our American cities there is growing a sense of the need of practical and technical education. The English cities are thoroughly alive on the subject.

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What a substantial thing the Salvation Salvation Army Army's “Darkest-England social scheme"

ojects. is proving may be seen by the summary of its first year's work, as published in our department of “The New Books." The Salvation Army has certain practical advantages for effective work among the poorest and most degraded in our cities that every body except the narrowly bigoted and wilfully blind are now glad to recognize. It is the testimony of all who have made careful comparisons that there is as great need of slum rescue-work in New York and Boston as in London. The Salvation Army is not so powerful a body here as in England, where it originated, but it has vitality and tenacity enough to be counted upon for large things even in our American cities. Under the leadership of Commissioner and Mrs. Ballington Booth, the “slum work” in New York is growing in dimensions, and important plans for the future are forming. The success



of the “Booth scheme” in England will have the effect of stimulating the social side of the Army's work in other lands. Gen. Booth is soon to return to England from his trip around the world, and he will then be prepared to announce the site of his first “over-sea colony." His visits in South Africa and Australasia have been a continual ovation.

Walt Whitman, whose death seemed so * The Good, imminent a few weeks ago, has rallied Gray Poet."

somewhat, and it is hoped that he may survive for a considerable time. These weeks, when he was thought to be dying, have evoked more numer. ous and more kindly tributes than have ever before been paid to the “good gray poet;" and if he should regain strength enough to read them all, he might well feel that his countrymen were not so unappreciative, after all. If he has written things offensive to pure and refined taste, he has also written much that is noble and virile, and that bears the mark of high genius. His American patriotism has always been so intense that it must have grieved him to know that in England, far more than in America, he has been admired and appreciated. On the opposite page, with a good portrait of Mr. Whitman, we reproduce a highly characteristic postal card.


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sometime, the God elemente momentary rule. But it is all right 2 um sure and the long run will prove it (namely Democracy right e

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The convention of the American Federation of Labor held at Birmingham, Ala., adjourns .... Sixty persons killed or wounded in a popular uprising in the province of Pernambuco, Brazil, against the Governor .... Brazil's Congress reassembled.

December 20.- Negotiations begun for a treaty of commerce between the United States and France .... It is announced from Rome that diplomatic relations between the United States and Italy will soon be restored .... Germany supports Bulgaria in the latter's quarrel with France .... A skirmish between Federal troops and the national guard in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil..

December 21.-Rumored massacre of a thousand Christians by the Chinese rebels during the recent troubles in North China .... The Rumanian Ministry resigns as the result of the defeat of a Government measure in Parliament .... Count Tolstoï declares that if the Russian Government would promote village industries, sufficient work could be found to avert actual starvation.

December 22. -The appointment of Mr. Stephen B. Elkins as Secretary of War confirmed by the Senate. ... A new Quebec Cabinet sworn in; M. de Boucherville, Premier .... The South Carolina House of Representatives rejects the World's Fair bill.

December 23.-Speaker Crisp announces the House committees, assigning the chairmanship of Ways and Means to Mr. W.M. Springer, of Illinois; of Appropriations to Mr. W.S. Holman, of Indiana; of Coinage, Weights and Measures to Mr. R. P. Bland, of Missouri, and that of Interstate and Foreign Commerce to Mr. Roger Q. Mills, of Texas .... Mr. John E. Redmond (Parnellite) defeats Michael Davitt (McCarthyite) in the by-elections for Parliament at Waterford city, Ireland, by a majority of 546 votes . ... The alien land law in Illinois pronounced unconstitutional . ... Dissolution of the lower house in the Hungarian Parliament.

December 24,- A collision on the Hudson River Railroad, in which eleven lives were lost. . . . Ex-Governor Cornell, of New York, declares Governor Hill's pardon of Supervisor Welch, of Onondaga County, who was imprisoned for contempt of court, to be an unwarranted assumption of executive power.

December 25.-It is announced that President Montt, of Chili, will proclaim an amnesty to the minor officials who served under Balmaceda. ... Archdeacon Straton, of England, appointed Bishop of Lodore and Man .... Mexican outlaws make an unsuccessful attempt to capture Fort Ringgold, Texas .... Reorganization of the German Socialist Party.

December 26. - Admiral Jorge Montt inaugurated President of Chili .... The French Senate passes the commercial treaties bill, which settles definitely the economic policy to be followed by France during 1892. ... Dissolution of the Imperial Diet of Japan,

December 27. - Installation of Admiral Jorge Montt as President of Chili. ... A murder in Florida threatens to precipitate a race conflict .... M. Patenotre, the new Minister of France, arrives at Washington.

December 28.–France declares that Turkey shall be her intermediary in future negotiations with Bulgaria . ... A plot discovered in Russian Poland against the life of the Czar. ... The Imperial troops defeat the Chinese rebels, inflicting a loss of two thousand .... Secretary Blaine and President Montt confer on the Chilian troubles.

December 29. — The Indian National Congress opened at Nagpur. ... The French tariff bill approved by the Chamber of Deputies .... Celebration of Mr. Gladstone's eighty-second birthday .... The Japanese lower house dissolved .... The Court of Appeals finally decides the New York contested election cases in favor of the Democrats, taking the control of the Senate from the Republicans.... First annual meeting of the National Conference of University Extension at Philadelphia.

December 30. - The Turkish Grand Vizier requests through the French Minister the renewal of relations between France and Bulgaria . ... Meeting of the American Historical Society in Washington.

December 31.-Dublin Castle shaken up by an explosion, due, it is supposed, to the dynamite of the “ Physical Force Party;" and a “crank" fires pistol-shots at the House of

GUY DE MAUPASSANT, The brilliant French novelist who has recently been pro

nounced hopelessly insane.

December 16.- Lieutenant-Governor Angers dismisses the Quebec Cabinet; M. de Boucherville called upon to form a new Cabinet .... The anti-lottery and pro-lottery wings of the Democratic party of Louisiana hold separate conventions .... Herr Gregr, leader of the Young Czechs in the Austrian Reichrath, creates excitement in the lower house of that body by criticising the Hapsburg dynasty's treatment of Bohemia.

December 17.—Mr. Stephen B.Elkins appointed Secretary of War by the President to succeed Hon. Redfield Proctor, resigned . ... The Drexel Institute of Art, Science, and Industry dedicated in Philadelphia ....A centre for University Extension established at Albany, N. Y..... Minister Ribot recalls the French consuls in Bulgaria on account of trouble growing out of the expulsion from Bulgaria of the correspondent of the “ Agence Havos" ... The French Senate passes the tariff bill by a vote

of 219 to 11.

December 18. —The vro-lottery and anti-lottery factions of the Democratic party in Louisiana each selects a State ticket; Mr.S.D. McEnery nominated for Governor on the pro-lottery ticket, Mr. M.J. Foster on the anti-lottery .... The German Reichstag adopts the commercial treaties with Austro-Hungary, Italy, and Belgium; Chancellor von Caprivi made count for his success with the treaties . ... Mr. Samuel Gompers re-elected president of the American Federation of Labor by the convention in session at Birmingham, Ala. .... A violent earthquake in Sicily .... Publication of the correspondence relating to the dismissal of the Quebec minister.

December 19.-Congressman Mills declines to take second place on the Committee of Ways and Means ....

Commons . . . . A gale drowns thousands of Chinese in Hong Kong harbor . . . . The French Chamber of Deputies passes the new tariff bill.

January 1.-The South Wales Mining Conference settles the labor trouble, and work is resumed .... Another war imminent in Samoa .... The Dublin Castle explosion of the day previous turns out an accident . . . . Mr. Roswell P. Flower inaugurated as Governor of New York at Albany .... Mr. Bishop W. Perkins appointed to succeed Senator Plumb, of Kansas.

January 2.-It is reported that France in on the eve of signing a commercial treaty with the United States giving them the benefit of the minimum tariff .... Garza, the Mexican outlaw, defeated by United States troops .... The Portuguese Cortes opens in Lisbon.

January 3. — The British bark Childwell in collision with the Noordland; fifteen lost.

January 4.-France and the Vatican arrive at an understanding .... The Salvation Army assailed by a fierce mob at Eastbourne, England .... The French author Guy de Maupassant attempts suicide and is put in an asylum.

January 5.-Governor Buckley declared the lawful executive by the Supreme Court of Connecticut .... Mrs. Robert L. Stuart leaves $5,000,000 to public institutions .... The French Chamber of Deputies decides that the persons responsible for the Panama Canal failure shall be prosecuted . ... The Bulgarian Government refuses the demands of France. ... The Hungarian Diet dissolved by the Emperor Francis Joseph.

January 6.-French, English, and Spanish warships despatched to the scene of the Morocco revolt .... A new ministry formed in South Australia .... John Sherman nominated for Senator over Foraker in the Ohio Republican caucus . . . . Mr. Morrill spoke vigorously against free coinage in the House . ... The first snowstorm of the season in New York.

January 7.-A high Russian official expresses the belief that the famine will lead to serious political consequences for Russia .... Secretary Blaine threatens the foreign countries not pledged to reciprocity with the retaliatory clause . ... The New York Chamber of Commerce calls on the Legislature for an appropriation of $1,000,000, to defray New York's exhibit at the World's Fair.

January 8.- Arrest of anarchists in Walsall, England .... The English favor the accession of Abbas Pasha to the throne of Egypt.... Terrible disaster in an Indian Territory coal mine, killing 100 and injuring 115 men .... Meeting at Memphis of the Mississippi Valley Cotton Growers' Association.

January 9.-Much opposition in Germany to the Em

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peror's anti-alcohol measures . ... The crew of the Bal. timore testify that the Valparaiso attack on them was a concerted action . ... The Behring Sea arbitration stopped by England's failure to name arbitrators.

January 10. -Democratic Congressmen talk of an international silver Congress . ... The Central Labor Union of New York declares strongly against the Chinese .... Denial of rumors of foul work in the death of the Khedive .... Wholesale sanitary evictions in Berlin's slums.

January 11.-Mr. McKinley inaugurated Governor of Ohio. ... The United States Senate ratifies the Brussels treaty for suppressing the slave-trade and establishing relations with the Congo .... The Moorish rebellion becomes more serious .... Prince Abbas does not accept the Sultan's invitation to visit him at Constantinople.

January 12. - The Duke of Clarence seriously ill .... British warships occupy the harbor of Alexandria, waiting for the new Khédive .... Congress to appropriate $100,000,000 for fortifications and coast defences.

January 13.–British warships sail for Morocco. ... The steamer Namchow founders in the China Sea, drowning over four hundred persons .... A report that the Sultan will insist on asserting his suzerainty over Egypt .... Destructive overflow of the river Guadalquiver in Spain .. .. Senator Sherman re-elected by the Ohio Legislature.

January 14.--Opening of the Russian Landtag ... Terrible cold throughout the northwest of the United States.

January 15.-Congressman Holman's resolution declaring the House of Representatives to be opposed to granting subsidies or making needless appropriations adopted .... A band of revolutionists at Ascencion, Mexico, surrender to Mexican troops.


OBITUARY. December 16.-Ex-Governor A. P. R. Safford, of Arizona, for several years member of the California Legislature . . . . Captain Allan McLane, of Washington, D.C. .... Mary J. Safford, a prominent physician of Boston, Mass., and the first woman in the United States, it is said, to administer relief on the field of battle. ... James W. Emery, ex-Speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives . ... David Lewsley, one of the best-known and most able of Washington correspondents

December 17.-General Patrick Edward Connor, a veteran of the Florida and Mexican wars and the civil


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