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vengeance. The American Government do much more than strict right calls upore remonstrated with ours; it besought our • us to do.- We think it strange, passing Government to desist from this practice, strange, that the Jack Tars of England, which it asserted to be a violation of the the joliy, sincere, brave, faithful, paknown law of nations, an outrageous insulttriotic, and loyal sons of Neptune, io to America as an Independent State, and whom that Deity has so long delegated, an aggression, in short, which the American his trident, and who are, as we learn Dation was resolved to resent.-Our Go- from all your pational sayings and singvernment asserted, that it had a right to ings, so firmly attached to their beloved the service of its own sailors; that the King and his family; we think it passing danger to our very existence was so great, strange, that these admirable and singlethat the practice could not be given up; • hearted persons should be disposed to that if Anerican citizens were taken by • leave your glorious ficet, and to flock to mistake, they were sorry for it, and would our poor Yankee service; and, we cannot give them when demanded by their Go- but believe, that some evil-minded people vernment; but that the practice was of have caluniniated your honest, jolly Jack vital importance; for, that witbout it, our · Tars, when they have persuaded you to , navy wonld be ruined.-This last argument believe, that the impressment of the joliy has, indeed, always been the main • Jacks from on board of our Yankee ships with those who have justified the practice is necessary to the existence of your navy. of impressment. The American Govern. However, supposing this really to be the ment, in answer to this, said, . iVe do not case, we are willing, for the sake of want your seamen ; we would rather that

peace, to provide an effectual remedy.'* they were never taken to serve on board They then made these propositions :--That of American ships; we want donc but whenever an American slip was in any

owa scamen, leaving you yours.- port, no matter in what country, any person, • But, if it be really true, that your seanca authorised by our Government, might go • have so great a partiality for our service to any civil lagistrate of the port or town, • and our country as to quit you, or, as to and demand to have surrendered to bin • be disposed to quit you, in numbers so any man out of the American ship, upon the * great as to endanger your very existence allegation of his being a British subject;

as a paiion ; if this be really so, it is no and that, if the Civil Magistrate, upon fault of ours. We cannot lucip their hearing the parties, should dctermine in • preferring our ships and country to yours, favour of the claimant, the man should, at any more than a pretty girl cu help the once, be surrendered to him, though such

young men liking her better than they Alagistrate should be one of our own Jus• like her ugly companions. The fault is tices of the Peace, either in England, or in . in their want of taste, perhaps ; but, at any of our Colonies.-And, further, in • any rate, the fault cannot be ours.-- order must effectually to prevent any Britisa • Therefore, you have no reason to com- subject from being even reccived on board

plain of us ; nor have you any right to an American ship as a sailor, the American • interrupt our commercial pursuits, under Goverament oficred to pass ar Act, imposing

pretence of recovering those whom you a very heavy pecuniary penalty (so high, I *call your subjects. There are, perhaps, believe, as a thousand dollurs,) on every

some Americans who have a taste for Master of an American ship, who should your service. Keep them, in God's name. engage a Britislı subject to serve on board • We never do, and never will, attempt to his ship; so that any such person, so en• inpress them from on board your ships ; gayed, would have had nothing to do lut and, inlees, we have no right so to do, to give information, and receive, I believe, such a practice being without a single 700 dollars out of the thousand. With precedent in the whole list of writings on this regulation, and this penal enactment, * pullic law, and in all the long bistory of it appears to me, that it would have been

maritime pations.'--This was the sub- impossible for any number of our countrystance of the language of the American men to have served in the American sbips. Government. But they did not stop at -Reader, can you imagine any way by a Bariing, that we had no right to do what which the American Government could

edil. Per said further, "Nevertheless, have more fully proved its sincere desire * orier tu convince you of our sincere not to injure England by affording a place * desise not to employ your seamen, we will /of refuge to English sailors ?—If you cun,



state it; if you cannot, I must leave you f ships of war, they swarm even upon the to discover, why these offers were not coasts of the “ Alother Country," to the accepted, and why this war was not great vexation of the Morniele Chronicie, avoidedByt, supposing these offers who calls them “insolent marauders." not to have been satisfactory, why are we Oh! insolent dogs! come into our own not at peace now? The peace in Europe Channel, and almost into our ports! Come [Mt an end to the cruse of the dispute.- three thousand miles to insult their natural Our s:rilors could no longer desert to Ame- mother! I wonder they are not afraid of rican slips, when they were discharged being destroved by the British thunder.” trm our own. The peace in Europe put But, Mr. Perry, why make use of inapan end to the quarrel, as naturally as the plicable terms. A marauder means ono cessation of a shower pots an end to the that goes to seek plunder, unlawfully; and" qiiarrel of two persons who are contending if he be detected, he is generally hanged. for the shelter of a pent-house. We had Whereas these privateers America nothing to do but to make a treaty of come with commissions on board. They are peace, and say nothing more about the fully authorised by the laws of their own impressment of seamen. If the Americans country to do what they do; and even if were willing to do this, I am at a loss to we chance to capture them, we can treat discover how the continuance of the war is their crews only as prisoners of be justified. I am aware, indeed, Perhaps Mr. Perry, or his Editor, thinks that it has been strongly inculcated in the that we ought to be allowed to destroy Times, and other newspapers, that we American towns, and to lay waste the Qight now, now, now, now, while all goes country without any opposition, or any on so smoothly; now, when the tide is with acts of retaliation. It is not “ insokent, us, to crush America for ever' ; to clip her in us to threaten to reduce the Americans wings for a century; to annihilate ber to“ unconditional submission." It is not means of forming a navy to be our rival on insolent in us to say, in our public prints, the ocean.--Alas! if this be the project, it and under the form of a speech in Parliais not America that we are at war with; it ment hy one of the Lords of the Admiralty, is nature herself, in whose immutable de that Nir. Jadison is to be deposed. In us crees it is written, that no such project shall all this is allowable, and even praisesucceed. We must, to effect this famous worthy.-This, however, is not the way project, annihilate her woods, her waters, to put an end to the war. The dilemma, and her lands; and thougl our Parliament in which the foes of freedom are placed, is has been called omnipotent, its omnipotence one of great difficulty.-- America is the is not of that sort, which is requisite for very hot bed of freedom. While the such an undertaking. It can do what it people in that country retain their liber. pleases with us in these islands; but it ties; that is to say, while that country re. cannot reach across the Atlantic, except by mains unsubdued, despotism, under what. its fleets and armies ; except by means of ever name she may disguise herself, is the same sort, which are there opposed to never safe ; and, if peace takes place with it. Here it is omnipotent, because here is America, not only will she instantly start, no power to resist it; but there, a power with enormous advantages, in the race of exists in open defiance of it. Therefore, manufactures and commerce, but millions it cannot there do what it pleases. It of men and of money will fock to her from is impossible to say what exploits our ar- Europe, whom her example will soon mies and navies may perform in America. again shake to the centre. On the other I shall leave the military and naval opera- hand, if the war be persevered in against tions to time, the great trier of all things. her, all our taxes must be continued, and But, certain it is, that the gentry, who loans must annually be made. Which were so hot for the drubbing, begin to be our statesmen will prefer, it would be very impatient. The war, in their view of great presumption in me to attempt to the matter, appears to languish. Little or predict; and, therefore, I shall, for the no blood is drawn. We hear of no fine present, leave the subject with just observtowns demolished; none of those fatal ing, that those who are still for giving the things, the manufactories of woollens and Yankees a drubbing, ought to receive the eottons, have been destroyed; there are tax-gatherer with open arms, and greet him sill American public ships of war afisat, with an almost boly kiss. and more building; and, as to the private

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POLAND.-The restoration of this de-Francis, it is said, will be indemnified in voted country to its former rank in the Italy for what he may give up in Poland. scale of nations, is much talked of as a But will the Italian States submit to this) circumstance which will occu[y a con- Much dissatistaction has, we have been siderable degree of attention at the ensuing told, appeared of late in that quarter, from Congress. The Courier seems disposed to an apprehension as to their foiure destiny. throw a damp on the expectations of those Will the Court of Vienna, in these cirwho cherish the idea, that Polish independ- cumstavces, risk a contest in Italy, in en. ence is about to be recognised; while the deavorring to annex new territory to its Times are happy to perceive that the dominions? Or will it rather prefer a war “idea of re-establishing the kingdom of with Russia to secure what it bas, for 50 “ Poland appears daily to gain ground."-long a period, possessed in Poland ? These This latter opinion is founded on the sup- are questions, it must be confessed, not position, that the Emperor Alexander is of easy of selation, and whicli, in my apprehimself able, and already inclined, to effect hension, give some degree of probability to this object. That of the Courier rests what is said in the Corrier, that Austria upon the idea, that Austria will not consent may seriously oppose the restoration of the to the measure. “ The restoration of the kingdom of Poland. There is another cirkingdom of Poland,” says that Journal, cumstance, which tends greatly to thew " is spoken of with confidence; but this is that apprehensions have been entertained, 26 another of the measures that will meet that the supposed views of Russia as to the 56 with decided opposition on the part of independence of Poland might probably « Austria. Those who expect much cor-| lead to a new contest. Dombrowsky, the “ diality between Russia and Austria at Polish Commander, in general orders lately “the Congress will find themselves dis- addressed to his army, plainy intimated, “ appointed.”---Of all the causes of pre- that it was necessary they shou; hi «gain tako tended meditated hostility, said to exist on up arms. Why this necessity, if danger the part of the Continental Powers, it was not anticipated in some quarter? Why appears to me somewhat probable, if a call upon the Polish soldiers to prepare for speedy rupture ought at all to be appre- battle, if no encroachment was meditated hended, that the settlement of the allairs upon their territory? The Poles themselves of Poland is the most likely of any 'to seem, at this time, to have been ignorant as occasion this. There is something so pe- to the fate that awaited them. They thereculiar in the character of Alexander ; fore declared it to be their determination something 80 romantic in this Prince's not to take up arms, unless in defence conduct, that one cannot help entertaining of their own rights. The answer which the hope he will listen to the loud and the Polish Officers returned on this occareiterated calls of the Poles, to be ack now- sion to the call of their Chief, is a most inledged an Independent State. Besides, teresting document. It was dated the the Court of St. Petersburgh cannot be 10th ult. and the following are its conblind to the vast security which the esta- | tents : --.“ General--You call upon us blishment of a kingdom, like Poland, on " again to be ready for war. Formerly its frontier, would give to its extended “ the youth of our country, invited, took empire. Had Alexander adapted this up arms to conquer the rights of the licy before be unsheathed the sword against kingdom of our forefathers. We have France, Moscow would have been saved,

“shed our blood for almost all nations ; and the French armies never would have they deluded us with expectations, and merraced the overthrow of the Czars, even

“ the blood we have shed bas produced no in the Russian capital itself.--Can Alex- “ advantage, except to the adventurers ander; can the Members of his House; can

"who aimed only at promoting their own his Ministers, be insensible to the danger

“ ends. The remembrance of all our enwhich thus threatened them? Is it sur

“ deavours, which seem to have been in prising; nay, is it not extremely natural, “ vain, tear open afresh the honourable that they should be anxious to provide

“ wounds we have received in the service against the recurrence of so great an evil?

“ of our country. There is no Pole who It cannot be supposed, that Austria will

“ does not think with tears on the present slew much opposition to such an arrange

occurrences in the world. All Monarchs ment, if she is disposed at all to consult the “ are endeavouring to give back to Europe security and safety of her neighbours.---1general peace, its rights, and the



$6 balance of power.

All nations expect this. If, more desirous of her own aggranti from tbe attainment of this great object dizement than the independence of nations, 1:a durable peace. Poland alone was she should again plunge Europe into " hitherto had no share in the general joy, another war, in support of her claims of " to which, however, she claims a right. territorial acquisitions in Poland, I do not “ We Poles, who have given to other na- think it could long remain a doubt, that t. tions an example, how one ought to fight such procedare would be contrary to “ for one's rights and independence, re- justice, and completely subversive of those * main en enigma to the whole of Europe; principles so recently avowed by the Em* all are full of joy at the new life they peror Francis, when he marchedhis troops " have received ; but no single nation at into France; when he united with the “ tends to the justice of our cause. Ua- other Allied Powers in declaring, that

happy Brethren! we alone return to they were the enemies only of tyrants! ** our mournful homes, deserted by hope, the assertors of the people's rights. But “ as if all nations intended to cover the why need we speak of justice, with the case " wrongs we bave endured, and the splen- of Norway before our eyes? Where look

dour of our ancient glory, with the veil for respect of the people's rights, when we “of oblivion. What torture can be com- recollect the total disregard of all justice,

pared with this? Why does the Angel of all right, and even of mercy itself, in the ts of Peace, who formerly opened upon us final partitioning of Poland, in the year “ such cheerful prospects, delay to declare 1793, by Catharine of Russia, by I.eopold 5 more loudly in favour of our cause, that of Germany, and by Frederick William " he may crown all his great deeds, and the Second? The subjugation of the * not give us alone reason to lameut the Norwegians to a foreign yoke, is an event to establishment of a general peace. Ex- we have all witnessed. The overthrow of <plain to us, General, what your measures Polish independence is more remote. It

mean, and why we must take up arms ? may, therefore, be useful to recal to our “Shall we not spare our bleeding hearts, recollection the leading features of that

when we arm for a war, the object of which borrible transaction. Well may the " is unknown to us? Ask the Conqueror in Polish people say, that the remembrance of sour name, what he requires of us? We their sufferings opens afresh the ho* are in his power, but our country alone nourable wounds we received in the service “can demand oar blood. As soon as he of our country,” for such sufferings as they “ insures to us this country, we will take then endured are unparalleled in history.

up arms for it, and for its generous Pro- Let us hope, while the Sovereigns who now “ tector. Duty and gratitude will then fill the thrones of Russia, Austria, and “ double our co. tage and our national Prussia, are congratulating themselves on * spirit; but without this assistance we having had no participation in this dread.. 16 shall not arm.

We declare this, and ful outrage, that a recollection of what took are ready rather to submit to the hardest place on that awful occasion may soften s necessity, to endure the fate of prisoners their hearts, and lead them to forget their

of war, than to act unworthy of ourselves own interests, in their anxious desire to " and of you. Such are our sentiments, atone for the incalculable injuries done to sour confidence-the national spirit, to the gallant and unfortunate Poles.-The 5 which weare resolved to remain faithful." existence of the treaty of Pavia, called the It is more than probable that this eloquent “ Partition Treaty," by which the fate of and impressive appeal, has had the effect Poland was determined, is a subject of dis.

it was calculated to produce upon the pute amongst politicians, Subsequent – mind of Alexander, and determined him in events however shew, that, whether the

favour of Polish independence. If this dismemberment of that country was settled should be the fact, there is no one more at Pilnitz, or at Pavía, the three great desirous than I am of seeing that injured Powers who participated in the spoil had nation once more restored to something previously agreed on this, in one diplomatic like, what may be called, her natural rights form or another. Early in 1791 the King Alexander may then have some claim to the of Prussia, in a Note presented by his Mititle of Liberator; it may then be acknow- nister at Warsaw to the Polish Diet, stated, ledged that, in some degree, be 'merited" that his Prussian Majesty fully approved the appellation of “ benefactor of the hu- f“ of the Revolution in Poland, and gran naan race,"-But if Austria should oppose ranteed its Constitution." - In the yeas


1793, the same Monarch, on marching his disgust, that no less than ten thousand troops into Poland, issued a declaration, in Polish soldiers, who had so gobly defended which lie said, that “the Revolution of their country, were put to death after they "1791 was elected without the knowledge bad surrendered themselves prisoners of “ of the frie::dly Powers, and that owing to war! But the bloody scene did not ter. "the Jacobinical proceedings of the soi-minate hero. The whole inhabitants of "disant patriots, he must, for his own Warsaw, amounting to nearly 20,000,

safety, an army into great were butchered by these ferocious barba“ Plaad."-After giving 'so striking a frians, without any regard to age or sex ; proof or bad faith, it is no way surprising and when they bad satiated their savage to find the Magistrates of Dautzic commit- thirst for blood, they sought a farther te i to prison, by the leaders of the Prussian gratification to their revenge, in burntroops, ivecause they refused to sign an acting the dwelling houses of the wretched of renunciation in favour of the invaders of inhabitants!! Warsaw thus rendered a to ir libertus.---It was in vain that the dreary waste, it only remained to sanctify Polish Government entered their protest the deed by a Te Deum, which Suwarrow against these iniquitous, proceedings.-chaunted, with the utmost fervour, to It was in vain that they solicited the the God of Mercies, only two days after interference of the Courts of Vienna and the massacres of Praga had been comSt. Petersburgh. It was in vin that pleted!!! Such, in a few words, are the ti y' appealed to all the Governments circumstances that led to the extinction of of Europe, and called upon them to resent Polish independence. It was an outrage,

manilest a violation of the rirhts of characterised by every feature but that of natios.” A Manifesto of Catharine soon respect for justice, or the rights of nations. laid

open the schemes of plunder and an- It was an outrage against the most sacred bition, by which the integrity of Poland ves duties of that religion, under which it was no louver to be respected. Russia, Austria, attempted to cover the guilt of the inhuman and Prussia had agreed to partition its perpetrators, and to mock the Majesty of territo:y, and therefore it was in vain Heaven; and it left a stigma upon the for the Poles to resist. The other names of the principal actors in this bloody Powers of Europe offered no assistance. catastroplie, which the elapse of time can They stood hy as unconcerned specta- never eradicate. If Alexander of Russia tors, and sanctioned, by their silence, wishes to present to posterity a memorable this imprinci;led iftack upon the ivslepend- example of magnanimity, he will, in good ence of nations.--The bayonet put an earnest, srt about the emancipation of a end to all opposition, and the Polisi Diet, people who were treated in so merciless a surroun:led in their Hall of meeting by a manoer by his country. He will not lend Russian army, were compelled to subscribe a deaf ear to the calls of the injured Poles, *to the conditions of a treaty, which trans- who ask the conqueror what he requires of ferred their country to a foreign yoke.--them; but le will justly appreciate the A bold effort was afterwardis made by the value of the declaration, that, as soon as celebrated Kosciusko, and a band of real he guarantees (not such a guarantee, how

. patriots, to deliver their country from ever, as was formerly given by Prussia) the this degraded state. At first success independence of Poland, the gallant, but crowned the efforts of this mallant and pa-opressed, ratives of that country triotic Chief, and he saw himself in posses ci take up arms for it, and for its generous sion of Warsaw, after defeating the invaders“ protector. Duty and gratitude will then in every quarter. Want of sufficient force,“ double their courage and their national however, to oppose the immense legions“ spirit.”-Although acting a part like this that were pauring in froin all quarters, could be no atonement for the wrongs of rendered his efforts usc!rss. While clicer- Poland, it would go far to banish them ing his troops

in the field of battle, and ex- from the memory; it would revive the citing thera, bv deeds of personal valour, to drooping spirits of its inhabitants; and it most extraordinary displays of courage, would give them a taste of that “ Koscinsko fill, and with him fell the liber- joy” consequent on the retury of peace, of ties of Poland. The suburbs of Warsaw the want of which they so justiy complain, were carued by storn : and when it is re and in which, from the conspicuous part collected, that the assailants were led on by they filled in the late contest, they are as Snarrow, it will not astonib any one, i much entitled to a share as any of the however much it may occassion horror and | Belligerents.

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