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“ come.'”_In this short extract, there |“ been a matter of astonishment to the are no less than three distinct falsehoods as public in general, what could have preto the causes of the war with America. It unted the imnu dine trunsportation was not provoked by the American Govern- of our victorious troops ut once from nient, but by us. It was not entered into “ Bourdeaux to Imerica.--- Wheo this r* on their part for unjust purposes, but to vile tool of a party professes to be 80 very vindicate the personal rights of its citizens. ignorunt, as to the reason why Lord WeiIt is not from a desire of aggrandisement lington's army was not inn.ediately slipped and conquest that the Americans prosecute off

' for America, he seems to have forgot all the war, but to resist tbe attempts now that he so lately said, about the neces: ily made (after the original grounds of war of our keeping up a large army in Belgium, bave ceased to exist) to compel the relin- in order to support the clains of our dear quishment of a portion of territory in our ally, the Prince of Orange, to that counfavour, which never before was the subject try. It was that measure alone that paraof contention. As to our navy keeping lized our efforts against the Americans, the ports of the United States in a state of and until Ministers give up their views as alarm and confusion, I am not disposed to to continental arrangements, or these mat. question this. But I have yet to learn ters be finally adjusted, it is in vain to exthat we have either“ taken towns or de-pect a vigorous prosecution of the war on the streyed magazines” belonging to the ene- American soil. - But then, we have a navy, my. At least, if we have done more in Yes, a formidable navy, consisting of a this way than holding out threats, I should thousand ships of war. A navy, by which like to have some better evidence of the fact we have actually annihilated the ficets of than the statement of the Courier. It is France, Holland, Spain and Denmark, true, I recollect something of an attempt, and rendered all other European States in a on the part of Sir John Warren, to take manner tributary to our victorious flag. Why possession of Craney Island. But here, if does not the Courier oast of the mighty the Americans did not defeat our purpose, things done against the American navy, they were indebted for their good fortune which is but in its infancy, by so tremento the stupidity of the planners of the attack, dous a force? Why does the Times inwho found it necessary to relinquish it after dulge itself in declamations about the disour troops were in the boats, in cousequence tribution of our army, when the disposal of of the want of water to carry them in shore our nary, and the little it has accomplished --a circumstance as capable of being ascer- against America, presents so wide a field tained before as after the attempt. The for animadversion? Have our brave tars affair which has just happened near the done enough for glory, that they are now Falls of Niagara, has all the appearance to be laid aside ? Or rather, has not the of a drawn contest, in which neither of the influence and importance of those who conparties had any great advantage over the duct the affairs of this essential department other. When the American account of of our national defence, been superseded shis battle arrives, it will then be seen bow by that of the army? Whichever of these far my opinion is correct. Meanwhile, may be the cause of our naval inaction, it though the Courier seems to be fully satis is galling to think of the numerous losses fied with these great and glorious achieve the country is every day sustaining, through ments, I perceive that the Times news- the activity and daring of the Americans. paper does not feel quite so easy upon the A list of captures, made out from Lloyd's subject. In the leading article of this list up to the beginning of this month, morning there is the following desponding makes the number of our vessels taken by paragraph:-"We must own that we had the enemy amount to ONE THOUSAND TWO is hoped, ere this, to have had to record HUNDRED AND FORTY NINE ! In the “ victories obtained in America at a less month of August alone, no less than one hone erpence of blood. It is not economy in dred and five of these were captured. But

War, it is cruelty, to keep back the force it is not capturing merely that is the most " which would render opposition vain. It vexatious and degrading part of thebusiness. " is a wanton wuste of valuable lives, to The greater part of these vessels have been • take the field with an inferior army, taken in sight of our own ports, by an “ when we have it in our power to display enemy over whom the Courier exults, that " an irresistible superiority. From the our navy keeps every port in the United " moment of thic treaty of peace, it has | States in a state of alarma and confusion,"?

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Would it not be wiser if that navy, instead count for these decided advantages, by
of employing itself in alarming the old wo- stating, that the enemy's vessels were
men and children on the coast of America, larger, and carried more guns than ours.
and burning their houses, were to return Formerly, the courage of our seamen used
boine and prołect our own coasts, and com- always to consist, in their beating an
meree, from an evil ten times more fatal to enemy superior both in number and weight
us than all the injury we can ever do in of metal – It is not, however, the fact, that
that predatory warfare? This is not that our vessels have always been inferior in
sort of glory to which British tars used to point of strength to the Americans. This
be accosted. A Nelson and a Cochrane will appear quite evident from the follow.
sought out, fought, and vanquished the ing statement of the relative strength of
enemy. We seem to shon the contest ; or if the different ships of war, taken by the
wedo engage in it, such is the torpid state to Americans and by us since the commence-
which our gallant tars have been reduced, ment of hostilities, and the number of guns
by long neglect and discouragement, that carried at the time by the captors, and the
the Americans have almost uniformly been captured:--
the victors. It has been attempted to ac-

The Ships of War taken from us stand thins:
Vessels Names. Rate. Mounted.

By thom taken. Rate. Mounted,
Frigate, Java..
.38 guns.
Constellation ... ..11 runs.

.52 Macedonian....38 United States..

.52 Guerrier. ..38 Constitution.

.52 Sloop of War, Frolic....18

Wasp..
Peacock..18

20 Hornet
Epervier... 18

Peacock

..18

.22 Reindeer ..18

Wasp

.18 Avon... ..18

Ditto..

.18 Gun-Brig, Boxer ........4

Enterprize

16 Dominica ....10

.17 Decatur (Privateer). Bellahoe .....8

10 Perry (ditto).. Six sail of Vessels on Lake Erie, under Taken by a Squadron, under the conthe command of Capt. Karclay......18 mand of Commodore Perry.

The following Captures inade by us: Chesapeake...

.48 Shannon..

..38

.49 Argis.

.16
..20 Pelican..

...18

.22 Essex .32

Phæbe

.36....49 Olmutz..

*77 356

.28 All the vessels taken by us from Ame-| been so often made, that our commerce is rica appear, from the above statement, to sufficiently protected by a judicions disposal have carried fewer guns than the captors. of our nary. If these facts, relative to our Several of those taken from us were su- maritime war with America, have become perior in this respect to the Americans who so clear and demonstrable, it will be nothing

took them; and although those captured surprising, considering bow much our by the latter were not all of that sescripRulers occupy themselves with European tion, yet, if we calculate the number of affairs on the Continent, should our Ameguns actually mounted at the time of en-rican troops be ultimately compelled to gaging by all the vessels put together, it retire from the contest, with equal disgrace will

appear that our ships of war carried and lrumiliation. I am, your constant in the aggregate 512, while those of the Reader,

NAUTICUS. enemy had only 466-naking a difference Deptford, Senl. 21, 1814. of 46 guns less on board the Americans. The above facts speak volun.us:— 'They

LORD COCHRANI, AND THE ELECTORS shew the shameful and gross imposition of

OF WESTMINSTER. amusing the public with accounts of great

Kirkaldy, Sept. 8, 1814. successes, said to be obtained br our ariny In consequence of previous intimation, a in America, while an entire silence is kept considerable number of the well-disposed up as to our disasters at sca; they reinte and respectable Inhabitants of Kirkaldy, the ungenerous and invidious charge broeht assembled at the Wellington Ion here, for against the Americans, that they owe their the purpose of forming a Congratulatory daval victories to the superior number of Address to the Ilonourable, Free and Inguns carried by their ships of war; and dependent Electors of Westminster, on they, overthrow the assertion, which has their re-election of the Right Honourablo

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Lord Cochrane; when the following was tained by his Lordslip, tho, nevertheless, publicly read and approveil of'; ordered to are afraid to shew .themselves, lest, like be signed by the Chairman, in name of the some of old, they are put out of the SynaMeeting, and transmitted by the Secretary gogue. We still bope, however, that the to the Honourable Sir Francis Burdett, stigma cast on his Lordship’s friends, inBaronet :

- tead of intimidating them, will rather em. WILLIAM Davidson, in the Chair.

polden them to come forward, and publicly

declare the sense they have of his Lord. GENTLEMEN,-In imitation of the very ship's innocence. That the honourable respectable Inhabitants of Paisley, ike now and praise-worth, Electors of Westminpresume to step forward to congratulate ster nay prosper, and succeed in all their you on the laudable and praise-worthy step laudable undertaking, and long enjoy the you have lately taken, in re-electing the distinguished services of their able and Right Honourable Lord Cochrane as one truly honourable representatives; and when of your Members for Westminster, whom they shall have done their duty in their the base time-servers of me day had, day and generation, that others, in sucres through wicked and deceitful means, un- sion, may fill their place who shall eqıral wariantably deprived of lyset it Parlia- them in abilities and fortitude, is the ment. Not satisfied with this, his Lord- ardent wish of this Meeting. ship’s enemies pushed matters so far as

Signed by appointment, to obtain a sentence of pillory, fine, and William DAVIDSON, Chairman. imprisonment as if he had been a common felon--nay more, deprive him of those

CORRUPTION. laurels he had so magnanimously won, and SIR.-I do not think that a word, in the so justly merited at the hand of his country. whole circle of our laoguage, could be His Lordship’s firmness and praise-worthy found to designate more aptly, and with resignation under these uncommon suf- greater effect, the system presently acted ferings, we cannot too much admire and upon in this country than the word Cors respect;, and we fondly hope that, not-ruption.. Dr. Johnson says that it siga withstanding all these adictions, his in- nifies wickedness; perversion of principles ; nocence will soon be confirmed by the ex- the means by which any thing is vitiated ; posure of those base intriguers and their depravation. I was lately reading the intrigues, to the utter confusion of all Discourses of Algernon Sidney, concerntime-serving placemen and their confede-ing Government, in which I found the folrate hirelings. We rejoice that his Lord- lowing passage, that struck me very forciship possesses laurels more noble and last- bly as applicable to the present tiines, and ing, which it is not in the power of Princes, as greatly tending to illustrate the meaning nor their advisers to bestow, or take away. Dr. Johnson has affixed to this word. We also trust, that when his Lordship | Some of your readers may, perhaps, be able shall assume his honourable seat, he will be also to discover the resemblance : more emboldened than heretofore, in con “ Cæsar set up bis tyranny by spreading junction with your other Honourable corruption farther than others had been Llember Sir Francis Burdett, in opposing able to do; and though he, Caligula, and corruption and its abettors, till the nation, some others, were slain, yet the best men roused from its lethargy, shall unite, in be found it as impossible to restore liberty to half of all those who have been unjustly the city when it was corrupted, as the wronged'; and thus will our little happy worst had done to set up a tyranny whilst island outvie, and triumph over all her the integrity of their manners did continue. enemies, both at home and abroad. Gen-Men have a propensity to run into all mantlemen, we hope and flatter ourselves that ner of excesses, when plenty of meane you will have no cause to lament the invite ; of which the succeeding Emperors re-election of your Right Honourable took advantage, and knowing that even Member; we have no doubt bis Lord their subsistence depended upon it, they ship will be proud of the honour you thought themselves obliged by interest, as bave done him, as it cannot but attach well as inclination, to make honours and him more closely to you, and to the inte- preferments the rewards of vice; and rests of the nation. We know that many though it be not always true in the utmost thousands in Great Britain rejoice at the extent, that all men follow the example of step you bave taken, and the victory ob- the King, yet it is of very great efficacy.

Fulse witnesses and accusers had a better manner hermetically sealed, for the pur. Irade under Tiberius than under Trajan, pose of preventing intelligence of its read who abhorred them; and whores, fidlors, situation transpiring. But this does not with other such vermin, abounded certainly always prevent the truth from coming out. more when encouraged by Nero, than when From Cadiz a proclamation, and general despised by Antoninus and Marcus Aure-order, has been received, issued by the lius. All tyrannies have bad their begin- Captain General of that province on the nings from corruption : the histories of 28th ult. which sufficiently develope the Greece, Sicily, and Italy, shew that all agitated state of the public mind. He those who made themselves tyrants did it complains of “the seditious conduct of by the help of the worst, and laughter some individuals;" he talks ot'"traitors and of the best: men could not be made subser- distures of the public repose who con- ' vient to their lusts whilst they continued in "tinua mislead the people"; he says their integrity; so their business was to that these pilences can no longer remain destroy those who could not be corrupted; "unpenifello; a that “justi shall in future they must therefore endeavour to maintain be executed vith the externit demands;": the corruption by which they attain to their that a mill try tribunal will be established greatness. 'Tis not easy to name a Mo- tp deck hree days; and that every narch that had so many good qualities as He is to be Wolat betove it, who may be Julius Cæsar, till they were extinguished accused of having directly or indirectly by his ambition ; he knew that his strength “ spoken agaiiht, the Sovedynty of Ferdilay in the corruption of the people, and that “nand VI." #Whenta Grament finds he could not accomplish his designs without it necessary to be soit to messures of this increasing it: he did not seek good men, description, in order to compel a people to but such as would be for him; and thought be loyal, it is very plain that its power is none sufficiently addicted to his interests, fast verging to a clost. But the most exs but such as stuck at the performance of no traordinary part of this Spanish Captain's wickedness that he commanded : having proclamation is that which respects the spread his poison among the soldiers, his other Sovereigns of Europe.-- Aftet stating next work was by corrupting the Tribunes that every Spaniard “ought implicitly to to turn their power to the destruction of obey the orders of the Monarch,” he asthe people, which had been erected for their signs as a reason for this, - that these preservation." – Yours, &c.

Dron. orders have been “recognised by the

Powers of Europe."--He also asserts, SPANISH AFFAIRS_In Europe and in that Ferdinand owes his restoration to the South America the affairs of Spain are

thrones of Spain and the Indies to “ the every day assuming an aspect more con

valour and fidelity of his subjects and soling than they have of late, because they armies." I question mucb whether any of are more favourable to liberty. The last the Powers of Europe (uuless indeed we accounts from Buenos Ayres convey the except the Pope) have given a direct agreeable intelligence of the surrender of sanction to the measures of which the Monte Video, the last strong hold, in that people complaio. But although they had ; quarter, of Spanish despotisin. “'The fall although all the world had recommended • of Monte Vidco," says the writer of these the re-establishment of the Inquisition, and accounts, “ is considered as a death blow the uncontrolable domination of the priest" to the monarchial system in this part of hood, it was the duty of the King to reject “ the world.”In the mother country,

this ; and to shew, by the establishment of oppression still rears its head, but measures good laws, that he consulted the happiness are parsuing of a nature so obnoxious, that of a people, to whom, he admits, he is inthe disaffected must, ere long, become suf- debted for his crown.-In giving them up ficiently formidable to overawe their op

to the savage controul of a barbarous and pressors.-Almost every where the people

brutish clergy, he puts the seal upon his are ready to proceed to extremities, and to own ingratitude, and relieves his subjects repay,

with the
usury,

from all obedience to his orders and dewrongs they are suffering by the re-establishment of political crees, and spiritual tyranny. The country is in

Printed and Published by J. MORTOX, No. 94, Strand,

Vol. XXVI. No. 14.] LONDON, SATURDAY, OCT. 1, 1914. [Price ls.

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417)

[418 SUMMARY OF POLITICS, great, that the Americans, in one instance,

put their horses into the limbers (or shafts) AMERICAN WAR.-We liave not the of our camnon, instead of the shafts of thcir Guzette account of the battle of Chipawa, own; and that the Americans cut down and also the American account of that our artillerymen from

the
very

stiles of our memorable and important contest guns. The Morning Chronicle exguessed our force at about three or four presses its great satisfaction, that the exthousand men; and it appears now, that pedition has, at last, sailed from Portsit did not amount to three thousand, out of mouth to America. A few more batties, which we lost in killed, wounded, missing, like that of Chipawa, would cause this and prisoners, 878! The Americans say, organ of the Whigs to change its tone.that their force was inferior to ours. They As I said before, it does appear, that the state that they have eighteen of our officers Americans, after the battle, retired some prisoners; and their account agrees with miles ; and so does an army rery often, ouus as to the numbers that they took in when it has been successful. How many the battle. Our Gazette says, that we victories, good God! did we win in Portutook “ several hundreds of prisoners." gal and Spain, without stopping an hour But, why have we no detail ? why no de- on the field of båt:le, but retrcatiog from tailed list of what we have captured ? it with all possible speed ? Did we not Surely, several hundreds are soon counted. win a most glorious victory at Corunna ; A thousand sheep, spread over a field, are and did re not instantly embark, in the counted in ten minutes. These omissions atnost confusion, leaving the town to the Jook suspicious. It is certain, however, braten enemy? Did we not win a still that the Americans did retreat with the more glorious victory at Talavera, which prisoaers they had made, and that they had earned the winner a fille'; and yet, did to cootend with a most gallant enemy. we not leave even our own wounded to Numerous as were the battles of Napoleon, the humanity of Napoleon's gallant army? and brave as were his soldiers, I do not Now, the Americans, though they rebelieve that even he, the grcatest warrior tired, they retired with our second in conthat ever lived, can produce, from his mand, and a great many other prisoners. svars, an instance of a contest so well main- Why, therefore, may they not, in fact, tained, or, in proportion to the numbers have been the victors, if we were the engaged, so bloody as this of Chipura.victors at Corunna and Talavera ? Our own account tells us, that our first in But, it is of little consequence who really command was severely wounde 1, our sccond gained the victory. The important fact is, in command severely wounded and taken that we have now got an enemy, who lights prisoner; and, when we come to see the as bravely as ourselves,- for some time, American account, we find, that their first the Americans cut no frere on land. and second in command were both so se- They now have proved to us, that they verely wounded, that neither was able to only wanted time to acquire a little discipwrite, or to dictate, a dispatch to the Go- line. They have now proved to us what vernment several days after the battle. they are made of; that'they are the same; Yet we find, that this little band of raw sort of men as those wbo captured whole troops (as the Americans must be), though armies under Burgoyne and Cornwallir; really left without heads to direct them, that they are neither to be frightened nor took off the cannon and the prisoners that seduced; and that, if we should beat them they had captured during the engagement. at last, we cannot expect to do it withiorit

It appears from General Drummond's expending three or four hundred millions account, that the cannon of the two armies of money, keeping "p all our present taxes, were run up to each others muzzles ; that and adding to their amount, or inposing. the fight was so closc, and the confusion so 'new taxes. These are the facts, that

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