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are now proved to us; these are the natu- States now see what they have to expect at ral consequences of battles, such as that of our hands; and, indeed, they did not want

Chipawa. It has been stated in the to see their towns destroyed, in order to be · newspapers, that Admiral Cochrane has convinced that their safety lay in their firm

taken BALTIMORE, the capital of obedience to the Union, and in the resolu. Maryland; that Stonington has been de- tion to stand by their own Government.-molished; that we are about to attack It is, I suppose, intended to buittor them New London ; and, therefore, says the into a separation; but, who is fool enough writer, Jonathan must look sharp about to believe, that such a mode will succeed him.-- Baltimore is bardly taken, and will, with such a people? The demolition of I dare say, never be taken, without a most Stonington will, in all probability, render bloody contest. But, supposing it to be the name of England so hateful in our fa50; for our ships of great size can go quite vourite States, that no man will dare to up to the city, unless prevented by batte- raise his breath in defence of her conduct, ries on shore. Suppose the fact to be - If we had confined our land war to Catrue, how are we to maintain that position? | nada, it is possible, that Mr. Madison And, if we could maintain it for a year, might have found it very difficult to make how much nearer are we to our object ? the people see how they were interested in Baltimore is exposed to our attacks from the contest; but, the moment we shewed its vicinity to the sea, and from the immense our design of carrying fire and sword along river that opens the way to us to reach it. the whole coast of the United States, that But what is that place, or even all the moment we bound the whole of the people State of Maryland, when we are talking up like the bundle of sticks, described in of this great Republic, inhabited by free the table; especially as the manifestation men, resolved to defend their country of this design was accompanied, on the From the first, it was allowed by me, that part of almost the whole of our public we should do immense mischief; that we prints, with the open declaration, that it might buro many villages, towns, and was necessary, now that we had the oppor. cities, destroy mills and manufactories, and tunity to subjugate America, to counter Jay waste lands upon the coast, to the great revolutionize her, to destroy her Govern: Joss and distress of numerous individuals. ment, to reduce her to her former state of But, at the same time, I anticipated, that dependence on us. It is of great importhese acts would only tend to unite the tance, that we bear in mind, not only these Americans, and, in the end, produce such declarations, but also the time, when they a hatred against us, as would not only began to be made.- While the duation of render final success impossible, but, as the power of Napoleon was not doubted; would tend to shut us out from all future as long as there appeared to be no prospect connection and intercourse with that great of seeing bim put down, a sort of ambiguous and fertile region.—There seemed to be language was held a3 to the object of the wanting just such a war as this to complete war with America. Mr: Madison was acthe separation of England from America; crised with being a friend to Napoleon; he and to make the latter feel, that she had no and his countrymen were abused; but safety against the former, but in the arms nothing was distinctly said as to the object of her free citizens. We were told, as the of the war. As the affairs of Napoleon reader will recollect, that the Eastern grew gloomy, our prints, from time to time, States would, in case of war, separate grew high in their language as to the obthemselves from the rest of the Union, and ject of the American contest; and, when join themselves to us. But, it now ap- Napoleon was actually put down, they pears that our first grand stroke of des- threw off all reserve, and, in the most distraction has been given in these our fa- tinct terms, with an air of official authority, · Fourite States. Stonington, we are told, they informed us, that we were not to lay is demolished; and New London is, we are down our arms, 'till we had effected, in told, about to share the same fate. These America, what had been effected in France. places lie in our favourite State of Connec- The Government, we were told, was to be ticot, in the midst of the Eastern States, done away. Mr. Madison was to be dewho were to join us against their own Re- posed, as Napoleon had been.

Our army, publican Government! This fact is, of it- then in France, were to do in America self, quite enough to overset all the stories what they had just done in France. That about stopamtion of these States. These is to say, they were “ to deliver the Ame

i pirans from an oppressive usurpation, ings by what I know to be their character, " and restore them to their former hippy I should suppose, that it must have filled “Crnection with a paternal Government." them with jndignation, if, indeed, that feelTause declarations were, at the period I ing did not give way to that of contempt. allude, daily made in the Tines and the They must, however, have seen the absoCurier. Nay, it is only a few days ago, lute necessity of union and of exertion, unthat the Timas newsp:per, in expressing less they were disposed to become again its iepret, that the Sovereign Prince of the dependant upon England; uoless, in short, Neibcrlands had sent an Anbassador to they were disposed to become again Royal America, observed, that, if he had stopped Provinces, governed by the sons of the no- ; for a few months, be 'might have been bility of England. The time, chosen by spared the disgrace of sending an Ainbas- our prints for the making of those undissidor to such people as James Madison guised declarations, was very suspicious. and his party. -Let it further be borne in It was the moment when France, Spain, mird, that, soon after the deposing of Na- and Holland were put into a state, which pn'en, there having been a debate, in the rendered it impossible for them to assist House of Commons, relative to the reduc- America. It was the moment when we tion of the navy, there was published in the were frced from all enemies ; when all the newspapers of the next day, a paragraph, maritimc force of Europe was in our hands. porporting to be the report of a speech of It was, in short, the first seemingly fair Sir I useph Yorke, que of the Lords of the opportunity for sabjugating America that Adeniralty, in which paragraph it was had been offered us since the conclusion of stated, that, though Napoleon was deposed, the American war; and this opportunity we could not yet disarm to any great extent, the language of these prints must bave led. sceing that there was Nr. İlilison yet to the Americans to believe was about to be dopote'.Tur newspapers have, ever since, taken for the purpose of executing the held the same language. They have, since project. In the year 1794, or 5, a Mr. the deposition of Napoleon, wholly left out Rutledge, who was a judge in South Caroof sight the original ground of the war. lina, made a speech, in which habesought his Nay, they pretend to have no ground at all. country to join itself with the Republic of But insist, that, as we now have the oppor. France in a mortal war against England.

7*7'y ; a3 we have a fleet afisat, and a “ She will,” said he, never forgive us disciplined army that we know not what to “ for our success against her, and for our do with, we ought, while the occasion having established a 'free Constitution. offers, to re-enquer America, or, at least, “Let us, therefore, while she is down, to despoil her in such a way, that she shall “ seize her by the throat, strangle her, denever again be able to shew her dose upon “liver the world of her tyranny, and tbus the sea.—They have published a list of the confer on mankind the greatest of blessAmerican Niry; and have observed apon "ings." As nearly as I can recollect it, that, if America be not now cut up; if them, these were bis very words. I am she be not now, while France, Spain, and sure that I have the ideas correct.-I and Holland are unable to assist her; if she be many more cried aloud against the barba

not now crippled past recovery; if she be rity of such sentiments. They were con* now suffered to have peace; if, in short, demned in epeeches and pamphlets innumer

she be not now destroyed, it is fearful to able. -But,, have we not reason to fear, think of the degree of Naval power, that the present language of our newspaat which she may arrive in the course of pers may make the Americans think that ten or a dozen years of uninterrupted pro- Mr. Rutledge was in the right; and make sperity, having bad a proof of what lier sea- them regret, that they did not join the men are capable of performing.That I Republic of France in the war? If they have here not overcharged, not, in the had taken that step, in the year 1795, the smallest degree, misrepresented the lan. Republic of France might still hare heen guage of these prints, every reader will in existence, and the situation of all Eoallow; and, indeed, I must confess, they rope very different indecd from what it spoke, very nearly, the language of the now is.The English party, the love of whole nation. How the people of Ame peace, and the profits of peace, were too rica, from whom nothing can be kept se powerful in the United States, for those cret, have received this language, I know who thought with Mr. Rutledge. Much not; but, if I were to judge of their feel. I was said about principles ; but, it was the

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love of the profits of peace which prevail- every man of enterprise, krill have all the ed over every other consideration. The world, England excepted, for her friends. Americans have now seen enough to con- No nation will envy or hate her but Engvince them, that it would have been their land; because, to every other nation, the soundest policy to have taken oue sirle or increase of her population, her produce, the other, long ago.—What they wished her commerce, and her naval power must for was, peace and commerce with all the be advantageous.---She may, and she, douiltworld; but they have now found, that, to less, will, suffir much in this war. Many of enjoy some peace, they must be prepared to her towns will be knocked down; thousands have some war; and that to enjoy inde- of her people will be greativ injured. But pendence and freedom, they must make if she keep on launching ships of war, as themselves respected in arms. If the she is doing at present, she may have a war should end without our doing some score of ships of the line and forty frigates, thing, approaching very nearly to the sub- at the end of a six years war, mained wiih jugation of America, it will prove a most such officers and sailors as those whom we calamitous war to us. Because it will have already seen afloat, and to whom wo have added immensely to our debt; it will have had the inexpressible mortification to have left us horribly exhausted ; it will see so many English ships strike their have given France a time of peace and flags, after contests the most desperate and economy wherein to recover her wonted bloody. If this were to be the effect of means of meeting us by land or by sea ; it this war of drubbing, how should we have will have made the Americans both a to curse those malicious writers, who, for military and a naval nation ; it will have so many months, have been labouring to given to these two nations the most power cause this nation to believe, that it will ful motives to a close connection, dictated only be a holiday-undertaking to drub, to by their mutual wants and safety; it will humble, and to subdue the American nahave rendered America not only complete- tion I am aware, that there is a dely independent of us as to manufactures, scription of men in this country, who say, but will have implanted in the bosoms of that, even with all these possible, and even her people a hatred against us never to be probable, evils before us, we ought to have removed or mollified. If, ivdeed, we undertakon, and ought now to proceed were to subjugate America, to make the with, the war. "Because,'


these inen, States again our colonies; or were, at even if these eviis should come with the least, to destroy all her ships of war; raze war, they would all, or, at least, the worst all her fortifications ; stipulate with her of them, come without it. Not to have never again to make a cannon, a ball, or a o undertaken the war, or to put a stop ta pound of powder; to place in our hands, as it now, would have been, and would now guaranters, all her principal sea-ports and be, to leave the Americans in possession all the mouths of her rivers; and to abstain • of the naval reputation they have acfrom every sort of manufacture in the quired, in possession of all the means country. If we were to accomplish either of augmenting their naval force, and, of these, we might have little to apprehend. what is of still more consequence, in the as the consequence of a five or six years enjoyment of real freedom, and of happiwar against America. But, if we accom bess unparalleled, under a Republicun plish neither, how will the case stand? · Government, at once an exanıple and an Why, thus: she will, single handled, have asylum to all the disloyal of every comcarried on a war against us. She will try in Europe. Leaving her thus, she have, through the world, the reputation of must, in the present state of men's minds, having been able, alone, to beat England ; prove the destruction of all kingly Gofor, to defend herself against us is, in suchvernment, and of every hierarchy in the a case, to beat us.

Other nations, sore at • world. Therefore, even failure in the the sight of our predominance on the sea, war is no objection to persevering in it, will look up tn America as to a balance seeing that the worst that can arise out against us. They will natnrally seek a of the war, must arise out of suffering connection with a country, offering innu- this Republic to enjoy peace, especially merable sources of beneficial intercourse. • with the reputation that she bas acquired She, whose products are so abundant, and on that element, the absolute dominion of 80 much in request all over the world, and which we have so long claimed. When who holds out such great advantages to there is, at least, a possibility of destaoy

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*ing this Republic by war, and no possibi- | the motives influencing him attentively

lity of avoiding destruction from her considered, it appeared to me, at the time, • without war, reason says, go on with the that he acted a prudent part ; such a part . war!'- know that there are many as fully justified the step he had taken, and that argue thus, because I have heard cleared him from all censure. The reason them argue thus. And, I must confess, he assigned for agreeing to this new allithat, if I could bring myself to their feel- ance was, that he was obliged to adopt ings as to the consequences which they that measure ; that he was threatened with dread, I should be bound to say, that their dethronement if he continued any longer arguments were unanswerable. As the in alliance with the Emperor of the French. matter stands, I could, I think, give a sa- This, at least, cleared him of all suspicion tisfactory ansiver ; but, as every one likes of having volunteered in the cause of the to have something left to be supplied by Allies. Murat, however, had not only himself, I leave the reader to give to these acquired the art of war, and learned to be arguments such an answer, as, after some a politician ; he had been taught the scia minutes of sober resection, his mind may ence of Government ; and, as it now apsuggest. Before I conclude, however, pears, was fully occupied, at the time of I must repeat what I have before said, as Napoleon's reverses, with plans of imto the dilemma in which we are placed. proving the state of the country which he It is very certain, that America, at peace, governed, of abolishing the ancient tyranny, in the enjoyment of such perfect freedom and of giving good laws to his subjects. and such great superiority, under a Re- He was evidently aware, therefore, if le publican Government, the very head of rejected the flattering offers that were which does not receive above five thou- made him to join the coalition, that there sand pounds a year, and having no esta- was a probability of his being deprived of blished church, and no use for the hang- the opportunity of ameliorating the condiman; it is certain, that America, pre- tion of his people, without bencfiting the senting this picture to the world, might, cause of France. Hence bis acquiescence and would keep alive the spirit of Jacobi- in the proposal to make common cause with nism in Europe ; and that spirit might, in the Allies. It was conjectured by some, a few years, produce very serious conse- not without the appearance of probability, quences. -But, on the other hand, to pre- that the King of Naples, notwithstanding vent her from presenting this dangerous his joining the enemies of France, was picture to the world, we must keep up all secretly attached to Napoleon. For this our present turcs, and, perhaps, continue to I do not sce how any one can blame bim, make loans. - This is the dilemma ; the if, at the same time, it is acknowledged, grand dilemma, in which we are at present that he owed his elevation to the French placed, and out of which, I must confess, I Emperor. It has been since said, and do not see how we are to get, unless we that only very lately, that Murat was carwere, as the Times supposes we shall, to rying on a treasonable correspondence, finish this insolent Republic in the space of through means of his officers, with the a few months."

Island of Elba. It is easy to account for

reports of this nature, when it is seen that Naples. I have for some tiine in. Ferdinand, the deposed King, is publicly tended making a few observations on the avowing his determination not to relinquish wise policy pursued by the present King his claims to the possession of the throne of of Naples, and the great benefits result- bis ancestors. There are men, in every ing therefrom to his subjects. It will be country, ready, on all occasions, to court recollected that Murat, who had been one the favour of the great by calumniating of the Emperor Napoleon's best generals, their supposed enemies; and to such men enjoved a more than ordinary share of his “the unprincipled flatterers of the former confidence, and, as a reward for bis merit, monarch--may easily be traced these base was raised to the throne of Naples; was accusations against the present King. afterwards prevailed upon, by the Allies, Murat, I have no doubt, entertains the to withdraw bis support from his former highest respect and regard for Napoleon, master, and join his troops to those les pued and may apxiously desire, without comunitagainst France. At first sight, this looked ting any crime, to do him a service.-like ingratitude. But, when a nearer But that he should openly, by sending miview was taken of Murat's situation, and litary officers to the place of his retire


.-- Naples

ment, see:n to'ínvite him again to take the character remains to be illustrated. I

field, and to assert bis claims to the have already said, that, on ascending the · crowns of France and Italy, which he had throne of Naples, he occupied bimself with so rebently resigned, at the desire of the improving the state of the country, with people, would be to suppose that Murat abolishing the former tyranny, and with hand, in a homent, lost all sense of pru- giving good laws to lis subjects. The excence, and adopted a line of policy totally ternul affairs of his kingdom, while the different froin ut by which he formerly struggle with France existed, must have

gained so much credit, and secured for left liảm little time to attend to its internal "S himself te quiet possession of the throne management. Still, it appears, that he

of Naples. Though these vile traducers possesses a mind, like Napolcon, capable of his fame deserved; in my opinion, to of greater exertions than most other sovebe ticated dth silent contempt, Afurat bas reigns; and, as there is every reason to thought otherwise,, at appears from the fol- believe he seriously wishes to better the I loping declaratio:9, publishes in the Nea- conuition of man, we find that, even in politaja Aloniteri of the 29th uli. the midst of war, he found leisure to carıy

limsiry of General Pulice.-It is not into effect many of his beneficial schemes. “ witliut surprise, that tlge Government Only six years have elapsed since Murat " has been informed by letters from Ciyita- obtained possession of the throne of Naples. “ Vecchia and Leghorn, that some indivi- During that short period he has done more " duals, calling themselves officers, em- substantial good than all the sovereigns of “ployed in the service of bis Malisty the Europe put together have done for the last

King of Naples, and decorated with his century. He has awakened a national “ Roviel Ortler, lave announced them- spirit ámong the depressed and degraded “selves as Envoys from the Court of Naples Neapolitans, le bas created a brave and

to the Islo of Elba. Although nobody Kell disciplined army; he has given them " can be deceived as to the alajeet of this wise, political, and judicial institutions ; “miserable stratagem, tire wodersigned he has conferred on them the means of a thinks it necessary to decl::re, that these acquiring cuucation ; and, in cvery part “ jatriga:rs do not belong to the kingilom of his Government, measures are uniformis “ of Naples ; that they ae unknown to it; pursucd, calculated in an coincut degree, " and that they have never been charged to promote the happiness and prosperity el 6 wiib any mission to the Isle of Elba, the natiol. The wakacos alid crinie's A "All the Local Authorities are requested former kings, wlio abandoned thiasises " to arrest evers individual who sdrail state to muvlence and cupidity, while they lesi " that he is charged with a similar mis- their sabjects to be the prey of an inta“sion.”—This declaration must prove a rested and barbarous clerovi uliimateię death blow to all the hopes of the parti-drove them from the throne, and thaough 229 of Ferdinand. Besides, they must the instrumentality of Napoleon, prepared know, that the present sovereign's title has the way for the elevation of a mail, viho been- recognised by all the powers of Eu- appears fully convineed that his best title to. rope, tint even excepting Great Britain, the Crown, and its future stability, coliwho, nevertheless, are so inconsistent as to sits in his making the happiness of his erfiise acknowledging the titles of the very people the chief object of his care. The man who, by force of arnis, placed Murat political causes which koud to this important ori a throne. The respect paid to a Gene- alteration in the condition of the people of ral of Napoleon in this casi, as well as in, Naples, have been very ally discussed in the case of the Crown Prince of Sweden, á pamphlt recently published by Ridya who exercise the sovereign authority by no way, entitled, “ A Leiter by an Englisla better title than that hy which the French man lately on his Travels in Italy ; writteit Enperor reigned, ought surely to have on his return to England in Aug. 1$112."" procured more attention to the wishes of | This pamphlet owes its origin to the prothe latter, when he stipulate l--not for the testation of Ferdinand against Murat's pswim of a kingdom to which another right of possession, which the author enhad it prior claim, but for the micre acknow-deavours to establish, and, I think, pretty le.lenent of an empty title, that could successfully. First, upon the right of eonmith r enrich him, add to his consequence, qucst and cessioy ; secondly, the acknow. mejupipe any of the contracting parties. Sledgment of the title by all the sovereign Jaman Dut, the most aniable part of Murat's powers of Europe ; and thirdly, the de

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