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forget the ruinous, the crucl hardship, of Morning Chronicle of Monday, the 3 compelling them to do justice to the coun- instant, entitled a PicTURE OF FraXce. try, and hard as loud as ever. But, as al-The phraseology of it, being rather out of ready said, I am glad these corruptionists, the common line, arrested my attention, w.u bere so long luxuriated on public plun- The subject also, owing to my being fader, 6.5in to feel alarmed at their si- miliar with that country, attracted my til.19a; Girst, because it is high time they curiosity; and to refute the unfair statesaid experience some of those pangs, ments of a writer, more brilliant than that have seat thousands to their graves, solid, is the purport of this letter: and to the workhouse. Next, because, al Various have been the genius, the pusthough it is not upon public grounds soits, and the means of information of the they now complain, something may
numerous tourists, who have a railed themout of tiese complaints that may open selves of the Peace, to take a peep at the eyes of the credulous and deluded France. Superficial as the examiners may mu'titude, and ultimately lead to a fa- bave proved, each traveller has returned vourable change. I see it stated, in all brim-full of consequence, and conceiteq the newspapers, that the Emperors of knowledge, which their disinterested moPlussia, and Austri:1, and the King of desty has not permitted them to keep to Prussia, liave issued orders to recal the themselves, but obliged them to impart to excess of puper currency, which the great the public. A few weeks, or perhaps exigencies of the war had occasioned, and, days, residence in Paris : a slender knowia nther respects, are giving their subjects ledge of the language ; an extensive acsuch relief as must convince them that quaintance of half-a-dozen. Frenchmeo, the cry of peace is not a deception, and among whom stand distinguished their that the benefits resulting from a cessation Tonsor, and their Taylor, with whom they of arms, are not cbimerical.—But in this shall have conversed in a kind of jargon, happy country, under the best Government made of broken English, bad French, and now existing in the world, instead of the
numerous shrugs. To these may be added, circulation of paper inoney being lessoned, I a more intimate and frequent intercourse instead of the public debt being reduced, with English, Scotch, and Irish gentleinstead of the war taxes being removed,
there like thenie they are every day increasing to a fearful selves, or settled, and making fortunes, at amount. Every wbere, amongst all elasses the expence of either nation, as they caa of society, to whatever side one turns him- find customers. With these powerful selt, nothing is to be heard but curses on helps our tourists presume to decide en th: peace. Even when walking along the dernier resort on the genius, the manners, public strects, it is noway uncommon to and the morals of the whole French nation. be attracted by the murmurs of the labourer Thus, the public has to travel through so and the mechanic, who deeply deplore an many erroneous, and, soinetimes, contraerent, which, they calculated, would be to dictory accounts, that France and Frenchthem the dawn of happiness, bat which has men must long remain unknown to the not been accompanied with one single bulk of the English nation, unless some blessing. The plain and obvious reason of person, well acquainted with that country, this disappointment is : people are still in speaking the language fluently, of a rank a state of stupid intoxication, of which for admission into all companies, with the corruption has dexterously availed itself to talent of accurate observation, and unplunge the country into a new war. They tinctured with partiality, should stand may complain of their sufferings as much forth, and faithfully depict a nation and a as they please ; they may talk to doomsday country long since described by another about the hardships they endure ; but as Ministerial writer as having ceased to long as they do not shake off their present exist, and forming a chasm in the map of lethargy; as long as they continue the Europe-an assertion rather invalidated willing dupes, and hug the chains of their by that country having cost us 800 miloppressors, just so long are they unde- lions, spent in digging the pit into which serving of compassion, or of a termination we ourselves and not them must eventually of their miseries,
fall. The elegant writer of the PICTURE PICTURE OF FRANCE.
OF FRANCE, which country, hy the bye, Mr. COBBETT.-It was 'not until yes-during his three weeks excursion, he most terday that I read a long article, in the likely has surveyed chiefly through the
windows of a stage coach, so as to render, 1 embellished it with some account of French as he emphatically expresses himself, bis orgics, and drunken parties. They would, mind a complete magic lanthorn-a rapid in some degree, have given a countenance succession of disjointed images. This wri- to those we practise at home. Some tia. ter makes the ground-work of his pic:ure vellers, however, who have had a greater now dwindle into, as he expresses himself, intercourse with the French, than the the worst idea of social Paris. We do wiiter of the Picture of FRANCE, assert, not deny that it may have been this Gentle- that politeness has not been banislied; man's misfortune, to have fallen into that that respect for the sex previyls; that company where the women were treated as those in the least degree above the comsoubrettes, as figurantes, and perhaps as mon class, are remarkable
for good grisettes. But had he been admitted in breeding; and that cleanliness and decency the respectable circles, he would have are essential parts of the education of both found the sex always treated with respect; sexes : Yet, as
wils before histed, ia and he would have had bis choice either to cities like Paris, London, Dablin, of treat them so himself, or to receive from Edinburgh, there must be a class of people, some one of their friends, or admirerr, a who pay little respect to either cleanliness piece of cold iron through his lungs. Had or decency. If his lot fell among such, he however frequented the court, or the and he himself possesses notions of deliaudiences of the great, he would there cacy, I pity him, and shall cease to wonder have seen the fair always enjoy prece at the crude notions he has picked up, redence, and accompanied with the highest specting the morals and the manners of a consideration. Our traveller likewise com- people whom he elsewhere confesses replains of French filth, and particularly of ceived him with cordiality, and on account their spitting. Unfortunate he must have of his high merit treated him with a rebeen in his selection of company, since, as spectful politeness, while, in return, he he asserts, every thing on the surface is seems to have dipped his satirical pen rahorrible beastliness, which with us, do ther in brandy than in sympathetic ink; not erist; they actually seem, in talk, and and, while descanting on the propriety of practice, to cultivate a familiarity with giving, or refusing, the liberty of the Hastiness. In every public piace they are press, to what he calls the volurile French, spitting on your shoes, on your plate, al he practically demonstrates the abuse tó most in your mouth. A well worked up which that liberty may be carried in Engpicture this. The Gentleman does justice land, by passing a precipitate and unjust to bis brief, and richly has deserved his sentence, upon a whole nation, with whom retaining fee. His oratory is fine; it is he has had but'a three weeks intercourse ;
deficient only in the small matter of not forgetful, that however banter and exaghaving strict truth for its basis ! We geration may serve the purpose of the hired will, however, conceive it possible, that rhetorician, nothing but truth and imparamong the Porteurs d'Eau, among the tiality ought to flow from the pen of the ladies de la Halle and of the Place Alau- historian.
Nox CAUSIDICUS. bert, and among numerous Decroteurs Oct. 12, 1814. SED VEREDICTS. with whom Paris abounds, some characters may be found nearly as fitting as he
TYTHES. depicts them. But if such have been his MR. COBBETT-Having seen in your associates, whereon he builds his PICTURE excellent Register a paper signed Arisof FRANCE, we need not be surprised tides, proposing, as a means of liquidating should he, in a subsequent visit, enter the part of the National Debt, the sale of the temple of Cloacina, thence to draw his de-Crown lands, and if the lands of those inscription of the Thuilleries and the dividuals who have pledged themselves and Louvre. While he is not ignorant, so let their property, orer and over again, to the him not be forgetful, that in his own dear carrying on of the war against those Dablin, there are individuals, nay quarters monsters, tñe French, and against their of the town, which it would be the height cowardly, sneaking, leader Boney, I was of misrepresentation and injustice to bola induced to think that that is not the only up as a faithful picture of the Irish nation. measure to which this ever frugal GovernBut as it is possible his account may have ment might have resort; but that there is been rendered outrée for the purpose of another, which, if adopted, will prove na pleasing in a certain quarter, he might have legs beneficial in its effects; I mean thee
appropriating of the church lands, together | resting, in consequence of the bold avowal with the tyi hes, to the same laudable pur- of our corrupt press, that it is our design pose. And that those who a. present live to overthrow the Dumocratic Government upon these lands and tythes may not en- of the United States, and to replace it by Lirely be turned out of bread, i propose the best Government in the world; I have that a moderate income be allowed them thought it adviseable to republish the forfor their lives, at the expiratio. of which, mer, in order that, by a comparison of their salaries and offices expire also; unless both, the public may judge which of them those people who now attend Divine wor- deserves the preference. As to the right, ship, in the Church of England, and think which we claim, of compelling the Amerithat it is there carried oz as it ought to be, cans to accept of what form of Goverafollow the example of the Dissenters, and ment may be most suitable to our ideas, and pay their successors out of their own the probability of their complying with pockets, and not allow the whole nation to our views, the Declaration of Independence, be burdened with the maintenance of a set which precedes the Constitution, is the of people, who are most properly denomi- | best criterion that can be given upon that Bated, irhen they are called, dead bands. subject. With the truth of the statements As an inducement to follow this measure, which this Declaration presents I have do and as a proof that a country is none the concern. I give it merely as a public doworse without liierarchy, but rather the cument, which all the world saw at the butter, we have the example of America time, and which may be still seen in our at this instant before our eyes; a country files of newspapers, in our magazines, and which bids fair to become one of the most in accounts of the American Revolution, wonderful and happy on the face of the published at that period. It may, bow'globe. And if America can thrive without ever, be remarked, that our Government supporting an expensive established clergy, afterwards recognised the independence of why may not England ? Is there any the Americans, entered into treatics with such great difference between the two them, and received their Ambassadors at countries? To be sure, the soil of Ame- the Court of St. James's, upon the same sica is much more productive than that of terms that we now receive the accredited Englan:), but that is the very reason why Ministers of the most favoured nations. every possible burden should be taken off | These circumstances, in my apprehension, the English farmer, in order to enable him go pretty far to shew, that the complaints to bring liis produce to market as cheap as of America, and the reasons she assigned possible. But to this it may be said, can in 1776 for separating from this country, the taking the tythes from the clergy, and were acknowledged here, by our own Gostill levying them, but applying them to vernment, to be well founded. Since then, defray the expences of Government, lessen a thousand circumstances bave occurred to the burden of the grower? In the first render independence more dear to the peoj:zstance it cannot, but in the long run it ple, and to induce them to resist any atundoubtedly will; for, on the present sys- tempts that mas be made to restore British tem, tbe fármers are paying these tythes influence. When they forced us out of to people who are of no service to the the country, they only then anticipated the Government; but if the measure were blessings of freedom. Now they enjoy adopted which I here recommend, they them ; and if to this we add, that they vould go towards paying our navy and have become great as a manufacturing, te army, and so gradually dimioish the amount commercial, and as a naval people, we of taxes indispensably necessary to be shall soon be convinced, that the recoloniraised on the present corrupt system. It zation of, and the destruction of democracy must be evident to every one, that the debt in, the United States, iš a task much easier is already unpayable ; and as, no doubt, accomplished by the per than by the sword; many families will be utterly ruined by it, and that, if we are so mad as to persevere humanity itself should make us use every in this project, we may chance not to have means to prevent its increase. A. B. so lucky an escape as we had at the termic
nation of our last unnatural contest with AMERICA,
readers having found it difficult to procure a copy
IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776. of
The unanimous DECLARATION of the THIRTIES the American Constitution, and, as that UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Hocinent is now become somewhat inte. Whes, in the course of bumaa erenn
Some of my
it becomes necessary for one people to dis people would relinquish the right of resolve the political bands which have con- presentation in the Legislature ; a right nected them with another, and to assume, inestimable to them, and formidable to tyamong the powers of the earth, the sepa- rants only: He has called together Lerate and equảl station to which the laws of gislative Bodies at places unusual, uncrinnature and of nature's God entitle them, fortable, and distant froni the depository of a decent respect to the opinions of man- their public records, for the sole purpose kind requires that they should declare the of fatiguing them into compliance with his causes which impel them to the separation. measures. He has dissolved representaWe hold these truths to be self-evident; tive houses repeatedly, for opposing, with that all men are created equal ; that they manly firmness, his invasions on the rights are endowed, by their Creator, with cer- of the people. He has retired for a long tain unalienable rights ; that among these time, after such dissolutions, to are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happi- others to be elected; whereby the Legislaness. That to secure these rights, Govern- tive Powers, incapable of annihilation, ments are instituted among men, deriving have returned to the people at large for their just powers from the consent of the their exercise; the State reinaining, in the governed ; that whenever any form of mean time, exposed to all the dangers of Government becomes destructive of these invasion from without, and convulsions ends, it is the right of the people to alter within. He has endeavoured to prevent or to abolish it, and to institute new the population of these States ; for that Government, laying its foundation on such purpose obstructing the laws for naturaliprinciples, and organizing its powers in zation of foreigners ; refusing to pass such form, as to them shall seem most others to encourage their migrations hither, likely to eilect their safety and happiness. and raising the conditions of new appropriPrudence, indeed, will dictate, that Govern ations of lands. He has obstructed the ments, lon established, should not be administration of justice, by refusing his changed for light and tra isient causes ; assent to laws for establishing judiciarg and accordingly all experience hath shown, powers. He has made Judges dependant that mankind are more disposed to suffer, on his will alone, for the tenure of their while' evils are sufferable, than to right offices, and the amount and payment of themselves by abolishing the forms to which their salaries. He has erected a multitude they are' accustomed. But when a long of new offices, and sent bither swarms of train of abuses and usurpations, pursuin: officers, to harass our people, and eat out invariably the same object, evinces a de their substance. He has kept among us, siga to reduce them under assolute des- in times of peace, standing armies, withipotism, it is their right, it is their duty, out the consent of our legislatures. He to throw off such Government, and to las affected to render the military indeprovide new guards for their future secu- pendent of, and superior to the civil nwer. rity. Such has been the patient sufferance He has combined with others to subject us of these Colonies ; and such is now the to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, necessity which constrains them to alter and unacknowledged by our laws; giving their former systems of Government. The bis assent to their acts of pretended legishistory of the present King of Great lation : For quartering large bodies of Britain is a history of repeated injuries armed troops among us: For protecting and usurpations, all having in direct ob- them, by a mock trial, from punishment for ject the establishment of an absolute ty- any murders which they should commit on ranny over these States. To prove this, the inhabitants of these States: For cutting let fact, he submitted to a candid world. off our trade with all parts of the world : He has refused his assent to laws the mosi For imposing taxes on us without our conwholesome and necessary for the public sent: For depriving us, in many cases, of gooil. He has forbidden his governors to the benefits of the Trial by Jury: For pass laws of immediate and pressing im- transporting us beyond seas to be tried for portance, unless suspended in their opera- pretended offences: For abolishing the tion till his assent should be obtaineil; and free system of English laws in a neighwhen so suspended, he has utterly ne- bouring province, establishing thercin an glected to attend to them. He has refused arbitrary Government, and enlarging its to pass other laws for the accommodation boundaries, so as to render it at once an of large districts of people, unless those example and fit instrument for iptroducing
the same absolute rale into these Colonies : frity of the good people of tliese Colonies, For taking a way our charters, alsolishing solemnly publish and declare, That these our most valuable laws, and altering fun- United Colonies are, and of right ought to damentally the forms of our Governments : be, Free and independent States; that For suspending our own legislatures, and they are alsolved from all allegi n e to the declaring themselves invested with power British Crown ; and that all political conto legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. nexion between them and the Siate of He has abdicated Government here, by Great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally declaring us out of his protectioa, and dissolved; and that, as fice and Indepenwaging war against us. Ile las plundered dent Siates, they have full power ro levy our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our war, conclude peace, contract alliances, towns, and destroyed the lives of our establish commerce, and do all other acts people. He is, at this time, transporting and things which Independent States muy large armies of foreign mercenaries to com- of right do. And for the support of this plete the works of death, desolation, and Declaration, with a firm reliance on the tyranny, already begun with circumstances protection of Divine Providence, we mú. of cruelty and perfidy, scarcely paralleled tually pledge to cach other our lives, ose in the most barbarous ages, and toially unfortunes, and our sacred honour. worthy the head of a civilized nation. He
JOIN HANCOCK, has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken Ver Tanpshire. James Sm'.
Jiah Darilett Circrg Taylor, captive on the high seas, to bear arms
Jane's lills in against their country, to become the exe-Marthew Thornton. George Russ.
Dilara... cutioners of their friends and brethren, or
Cæsar Rodrit, to fall themselves by their hands. He has
George Read, excited domestic insurrections amongst us, Robert Treat laine, Toomas M.Kran.
Mary'und. and has endeavoured to bring on the invia-| Elbridges Cierry;
Rhode Island, Sc. Samir ('.png bitants of our frontiers the merciless Indian Stephen Hopkins, William Paca,
Thom.15 will, savages, whose known rule of warfare is William Lilery.
Connecticut. C. Carru!!, of i'arrollt a an undistinguished destruction, of all ages, Roger Sherman,
Virginia. sexes, and conditions. In every stage of Sinnuel Huntington, Crorin Mirip,
Richard Flrnry Lee, these oppressions we have petitioned for Willian Waliams.
Oliver Wolcoti. Thomas Jefferson, redress in the most humble terms: Our
New l'ork. Benjamin tiarrison, repeated petitions have been answered only William Fioyd, Thomas Nelson, jun.
Brand Litou. Lee. by repeated injury. A prince, whose chap Livingson,
Cartrs Bravon. racter is thus marked by every act which Lewis Morris.
North (urolina. may define a tyrant, is infit to be the ruler jicic Jersey.
Richard Stocklon, Josep !!eues, of a free people. Nor have we been want- John Witne njicon, Juan Penn. ing in attentions to our British brethren. Franci: 110,9nin:00, coulh Carolina.
Ldward Rutledge, We have warned them, from time to time,
Abraham Clark. Thonet's lieskaril, jin. of attempts by their Legislature to extend
Pinsulrania. Thomas Lynch, jan. an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. Robert Morria,
Georgin. We have reminded them of the circum- Benjamin Rush
Benjamin Franklin, Putton (winnetl, stances of our emigration and settlement Jobin Norton, Luman Hall, here. We have appealed to their native jus- George Clymer, (eurge Walion. tice and magnanimity, and we have conjured CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. them by the ties of our common kindred to We the people of the United States, in disavow these usurpations, which would order to form a more perfect Union, extainevitably interrupt our connexions and blish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, correspondence. They too have been deaf provide for the common defence, proriote to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. the general welfare, and secure the blessWe must, therefore, acquiesce in the nc- ings of Liberty to ourselves and our cessity which denounces our separation, posterity, DO ORDAIN AND ESTABLISH and hold them, as we hold the rest of man- this CONSTITUTION for the UNITED kind, enemies in war, in peace friends. STATES of AMERICA. We, therefore, the Representatives of the
Article I. United States of America, in General Con Sect. 1. All legislative powers herein gress assembled, appealing to the Supreme granted, shall be vested in a Congress of Judge of the world for the rectitude of our the United States, which shall consist of a intentions, do, in the name, and by autho- | Senate and House of Representatives.