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whole country would have dared to think | " Scotia's boasted fame," they would not of such an act.-I, by my resolution, saved have appeared in the business; for where the remainder of my property: -If the is a nian to look for protectors, when asfire had happened at some farm-houses, sailed by the rude hand of adversity, but to the thieving would bave been nearly as the land that gave him birth? It was in destructive as the fire. ---If facts like Scotland that thousands of tongues ought to these are a disgrace to the nation, the have proclaimed his Lordship's innocence, nation has to thank the proprietor or editor and shielded him from the calumnies of his of the Times newspaper for the publicity, persecutors. It seenis, however, to have which they will receive through my chan- been reserved to the native land of bis nel. He would do better to employ his Lordship, to strike the last blow of columns in clearing himself of the charge perfidy, and to give the finishing touch of having been so eminently instrumental to a nation's ingratitude.My limits in causing the war, which has led to the will not admit of my saying all upon battles on and near Lake Champlain, where this subject that I could wishi. But as something much more dangerous than tur- the Gentlemen who have come forward nips have been flung at the heads of our in this very honourable business, appear to unfortunate sailors.-- -As to the proprie- have been hurried too far by an inconsidetor of the Hampshire paper," whence the rate zcal, I shall state to them the chanTimes says it derived its information, I nel through which the Address reached me, dare say that he is some wretch too con- in the hope that, after using a little more temptille for notice.

diligence, after being somewhat more

active in their inquiries than they have KIRKCALDY ADDRESS. - The cor- hitherto been, they may see cause to reruptionists of this rotten Borough, alarmed tract the most essential parts of their statelest the loyalty of their “ good town” ment. The Address in question was banded should be suspected, have been at great to me by Samuel Brooks, Esq. Chairman pains to make it appear, in their favourite of the Westminster Committee. It was journal the Courier, that the Address sent transmitted to that Gentleman by Sir from that place to the Elcctors of West- Francis Burdett, who received it, in the minster, congratulating them on the inde- regular course of post, along with the folpendent mavner in which they had acted lowing letter :-“ Kirkcaldy, 8:h Sept. in the case of Lord Cochrane, was a fabri- “ 1814.-Honourable Sir ---Permit ne, in cation ; that no such Mecting as that at name, and by order of this Meeting, to which it is said to have been voted took "

request you to present the ieclosed Ad· place; and that “ William Davidson,” “ dress to the Electors of Westminster, as whose name appears as Chairman of " a small token of our respect, and the the Meeting, is not a resident in Kirk-" high sense we entertain of the laudable caldy. In this very praise-worthy, and “ steps they have taken in the re-election loyal attempt, the Chief Magistrate, the “ of the Right Hon. Lord Cochrane, and Post-master, and the keeper of the Wel" of his Lordship's innocence of the late lington Inn, seem to have taken the most “hoax, falsely laid to bis charge. Should active part. After what has happened in “you, or the Electors of Westminster, this corner of the island, I am not sur 6 think this in any way worthy your noprised that Scotland, which is but one close“ tice, we shall be happy to see it inserted rotten burgh, should readily stoop to the “ in Mr. CoBrett's REGISTER, of which performance of any dirty work that may be “ we are constant readers. If otherwise, well pleasing to their Southern friends, “ we hope that neither you nor they will who have it so much in their power to re o take offence at this measure, as we have ward them. But when I recollect that " no sinister motive, but regurd for virtne Lord Cochrane was a native of Scotland, I“ and innocence.--I am,” &c.---(signed) could not help thinking it strange, that his “ Williay Johnson, SECRETARY OF own countrymen should have lent them THE MEETING."

The Chief Magis. selves to a transaction which in no view trate says, that the “ Address occasioned appears creditable, and which, considering considerable surprise at Kirkcaldy, as the clear proofs now before the public of “ no one had heard of any such Nieeting, Lord Cochrane's ENTIRE INNOCENCE, was knew any person of the name of ungracious in the extreme. Had these “ William Darulson." The Post-master parties entertained a proper sense of I says, that he and his letter carriers used

or

all diligence to discover this person, but, formal opening of the Congress will therefore be that they could not find him. Here, then, adjourned to the 1st of November, and the I have furnished them with the name of said Plcoipotentiaries Batter theinsolves that the another party conco

cerned, the Secretary to abours to which the intervening period shall be the Blacting Let them use the same devotel, by fixing ideas and cenciliating opi

diligence" as to him, and I dare say pionis, will es-entially advance the great work they will soon be able to discover the partics whih i- the object of their common missiou. who have given them so much uneasiness Vienna, Oct. 8, 1814. those miscreants who had the presumption

The above Declaration, by explaining the moto hold a Meeting, either public or private, lives which have occasioned the postponement in behalf of“ virtue and innocence," with of the Cungress of Vienda, is the first pledge of out first obtaining the permission of the the spirit of wisdom which will guide the labours Chief Magistrate!!!-Then the result of of the assemblea Plenipotentiaries. It is indeed this inquiry is made as publicas

the by the maturity of Councils--it is ainidst the former, I shall

, perhaps, pay my respects calm of the passions, that the tutelary authoagain to this worthy, Magistrate, and his frity of the principles of public lnro, invoked particular friends the Past-master and the and recognised in the late Treaty of Paris, ought Publican.

to be re-established. - Thus the just object of

contemporaries will be fuillled, and in the apTHE CONGRESS.-Notwithstanding the proaching negociations, a result will be obtained circumstantial, and, as it was said, highly conformable to what the law of nations, and uniinteresting details of the proceedings of -versal law of justice, prescribe to nations in theịr Congress, with which our newspapers have, concerns with cach other. At the epoch whea for so:ne weeks back, been satiating the the great Powers are leagued to re-introduce stomach of John Bull, it appears, from the inin the mutual relations of Statrs, the respect of following official document, that that As- property and the security of thrones, no political sembly is not to meet till the 1st of Noveon- transactions, except such as are invested with ber. The observations, from the Bloniteur, that equitable characier, are to be expected.on this Declaration, are important in many Ittrape aiready accepts this happy augury, and respects, but chicly because they distinct- France, who is not jealous of any advantages for ly shew, that the interests and influence of which the States may reasonably hope, aspires France wil be more predominant at the to nothing more than a just equilibrium, Posses, ensuing meeting, than our corrupt press is sing within herself all the clements of strength willing to allow :--

and properity, she seeks not for them beyond DECLARATION.

her limits: she will not listen to any insinuations The Plenipotensiaries of the Courts who signed tending 19 establish systems of more convethe Treaty of Peace at Paris, of the 30 of nienci : but, resurning the character which the May, 1811, have taken into consideration the esteem and the gratitude of Nations beretofore 321 article of that treaty, which declares that alientitled her, she will desire no other glory than the Puwers engaged on both sides in the late Wiat of which the guarantees rest on the alliance war, shall send Plenipotentiaries to Vienna, in of power with moderation and jostice. It is her erder to regulate in a General Congress, the ar. wish to re-become the prop of the weak and the rangements necessary for con:pleting the enaci- defender of the oppressed.– France, in this diswenis of the said treaty ; and after having ma- position, will concur in the arrangements tendturely reflected on the situation in which they ing to consolidate a general peace, and those So. are places, and on the duties imposed upon them, vereigos wilo dave so nobly proclaimed the sune Whey have agreed that they could not better fuifl principles, will consecrate with her this durable them, than hy establishing, in the Arst instance, compact, which is to ensure the repose of the free and conidential communications betrocen world.-( Moniteur.) the Plenipotentiaries of all the Powers. But they are, at the saine tine, convinced, that it is AMERICAN OFFICIAL ACCOUNT the interest of all parties concerned the postpone OB THE BATTLE ON LAKE CHAMPLAIN, AND THE the general assembly of their Plenipoteoriaries, till the period when the questions on which it GENERAL ORDERS.--Head Quarters, Plattswill be their duty to pronounce, shall have at- burgh, Sept. 14, 1814. -The Governor General of tained suci a degree of maturity, as that the re the Canadas, and Commander in Chief of the sult may correspond to the principles of public British forces in North America, having invaded law, the stipulations of the trcaty of peace, and the territories of the United States, with the the just expectations of contemporaries. The favored purpose of conquering the country as far

RETREAT OF SIR GEORGE PREVOST.

as ('rown Point and Ticonderoga, there to win-retreated with his whole army towards Canada, fer his forces with a view to further conquest, leaving his wounded on the field, and a vist quanbrought with bim a powerful army and flotilla. tity of bread, four, and heet, which he had not An army amounting to 11,000 men, completely time to destroy, besides a quantity of bomb. equipped, and accompanied by a numerous triin shells, shot, fiins, and immunition of all kinds, of artillery, and all the engines of war-men win which remained at ihe balleries, and lay conhad conquered in France, Spain, Poringal, the cealed in the ponds and rivers. As soon as his Jodies, and in other parts of the Globe, and led retreat was discovered, the light to 'ps, volunhy the most distingushed Generals in the British teers, and militia, were ordered in pursuit, and army. A flotilla also superior to our's in vessels, followed as far as Chazy, capturing several traineo, and guns, had determined at once to crush goons and soldierā, besides covering the escape us, boia by land and water. The Governor-Ge- of hundreds of deserters, who still coulinue to be neral after boasting of what he would do, and coming to. A violent storin, and continued fall endeavouring to dissuade the loyal inhabitants of of raio, prevented the brave volunteers and ini. the United States from their allegiance, by threats litia froin further pursuit. Thus have the atand promises, as set forth in his proclamation and tempts of the invader been frustrated hy a regu. order, fixed his head-quarters at the village of lar force of only fifteen hundred men; a brave Champlain, to organise his army, and to settle and active body of militia of the State of New the government of his intended conquest. On York, under General Mooers, and volunteers of the second day of the month, he marched from the respectable and patriotic citizens of VerChamplain; and on the 5th appeared before the mont, led by General Strong, and other Gentlevillage of Plattsbargla with his whole army ; and men of distinction ; the whole not exceeding on the 11th, the day fixed for the general attack, 2,500 men. The Britislı forces being now either the flotilla arrived. The enemy's fotilla at eight expelled or captured, the services of the voluain the morning passed Cumberland Head, and at reers and militia may be dispensed with. Gengnine engaged our Botilla at anchor in the hay of ral Macombe cannot, however, permit the milia the town, fully confident of crushing in an instanttia of New York and the volunteers of Vermont the whole of our naval force ; but the gallant

to depart without carrying with them the high

sense he entertains for their merits. The zen) Cominodore Macdonough, in the short space of wish which they came forward in the defence of two bours, obliged the large vessels to strike thrir country, when the signal of danger was their colours, whilst the gallies saved themselves given by the General, reflects the highest lustre

on their patriotism and spirit; their conduce la dy flight. This glorious achievement was in full the field has corresponded with the landdanie mo view of the several forts, and the American forces tives which led thein into it. They have deserved

the esteem of their fellow-citizens, and the worn had the satisfaction of witnessing the victory approbation of their commanders. They have The British army was also so posted on the sur- exemplified how speedily American citizens can Founding heights, that it could not but behold the lo te cifying his sense of the merits of thr trumps,

he prepared to meet the enemies of their country interesting struggle for dominion on the Lake. At the General cannot but express his sorrow and the same hour the fleets engaged, the enemy regret for the loss of some brave and virtuous ci

tizens, and for those wlio have been wounded, opened his batteries on our forts, throwing hun. The loss, no doubt, will be keenly felt by their dreds of shells, balls, and rockets, and attempted friends and countrymen, but at ihe same time at the same time to cross the Saranac at three will be borne with that fortitude and resignaling

which become good citizens and good christians. different points to assault the works. At the The affection of the General will accompany his upper fort he was met by the militia and volun. brave associates in arms, wberesoever they go ;

nor will any thing give more pleasure than opteers, and after repeated attempts was driven portunities of testifying to them individually his back with considerable loss in killed, wounded, actions as words, the high regard he cherishes for and prisoners. At the bridge, near the village, them. The General, in the name of the United

States, thanks the volunteers and the militia forhe was repulsed by the picquets and brave rifle their distinguished services, and wishes them * men under Captain Grovenor, and Lieutenants happy return to their families and friends.

(Sigoed)

ALEX. MACOMBR. Hamilton and Riley, and at the bridge in town he was foiled by the guards, block-houses, and COPT OF A LETTER FROM VICE-ADMIRAL COCK: the artillery of the forts. The enemy's fire was

RANE To Ma. How ? *:.. returned with effect from our batteries, and by

His Majesty's ship the Tognant, in the

Patuxeni River, August 18, 1814. sun-set we had the satisfaction to silence seven Srr-Having been called upon by the Goverbatteries which he had erected, and to see his oor-General of the Canadias to aid bin in carry columos retiring to their camp beyond the reaching into effect measures of retaliation against the

inhabitants of the United States, for the wantna of our guns. Thas beaten by land and water, the destruction commitied by their army in Upper Governor-General withdrew his artillery and Canada, it has become imperiously my duty,

conformably with the pature of the Governor raised the siege. At nine at night, sent off his General's application, to issue to the naval force heavy baggage, and under cover of the darkness I under my command, an order to destroy and lay.

Waste such towns and districts upon the coast, led to their perpetration. The late destruction as may be found assailable...in trad hoped of the houses of Government in this city is anothat this contest would save terminated, with-ther act which comes necessarily into view. la out my being obliged to resort to severities the wars of modern Europe, no examples of the which are contrary to the usages of civilized kind, even among nations the most hostile to warfare, and as it has been with extreme re- each other, can be traced. In the course of ten luctance and concern that I have found my years past, tbe capitals of the principal Powers self compelled to adopt this systein of devasta- of the Continent of Europe have been conquertion, I shall be equally gratified if the conducted, and occupied alternately by the victorious of the Executive of the United States will inte armies of each other, and no instance of sach thorise my staying such proceedings, by making wanton and unjustifiable destruction has been reparation to the suffering inhabitants of Upper seen. We must go back to distant and barbaCanada; thereby manifesting, that if the de rous ages, to find a parallel for the acts of which structive measures pursued by their army were I complain. ever sanctioned, they will no longer be permit Although these acts of desolation invited, if ted by the Government.--I have the honour to they did not impose on the Government, the be, Sir, with much consideration, your most necessity of retaliation, yet in no instauce has it obcdient humble servant,

been authorised. The burning of the village of (Signed) ALEX. COCHRANE. Newark, in Upper Canada, posterior to the Vice-Admiral and Commander in Chief of early outrages above enumerated, was not exe

his Britannic Majes y's ships and vessels cuted on that principle. The village of Newark

upon the North American Station. adjoined Fort George, and its destruction was The Hon. James Monroe, Secretary

justitied by the officer who ordered it, on the of State, &c. &c. Washington.

ground that it became necessary in the inilitary

operations there. The act, however, was disac, copy of A LETTER FROU MR. MONROE, TO SIR vowed by the Government. The burning which ALEXANDER COCHRANE, VICE-ADMIRAL, &c.

took place at Long Point was unauthorised by

the Government, and the conduct of the officer Department of State, Sept. 6, 1814. subjected to the investigation of a military triSIR-I have had the honour to receive your bunal. For the burning of St. David's, commitletter of the 18th of August, stating, that, having ted by stragglers, the oltrer who coinnanded in been called on by the Governor-General of the that quarter was dismissed without a trial for not Canadas to aid hiin in carrying into effect mea- preventing it. sures of retaliation against the United States, I am coinmanded by the President distinctly for the winton desolation committed by their to state, that it as little comports with any 'arıny in Upper Canada, it has becoine your orders which have been issued to the military, duty, conforintbly with the nature of the Go- and nayal commanders çf the United States, as Vertior-General's application, to issue to the it does with the established and known hinta naval force under your command, an order to nity of the American nation, to pursue a system destroy and lay wačie such tows and districts which it appears you bave adopted. The upon the coast as may be found assailable, Government owe it to itself, to the principles Ti is seen with the greatest surprise that this which it has ever heid sacred, to disavow, as' sustem of deva tation, which has been practised justi; chargeable to it, any such wanton, cruel, by the British forces, so manifestly contrary to and injustifiable warfare. the usage of civilized warfare, is placed by you Whatever unauthorised irregularity may have on the ground of retaliation. No sooner were been comunitted by any of its troops, it would the United States conpelled to resort to war have been ready, acting on these principles of against Great Britain, than they resolved to sacred and eternil obligation, to disavow, and wage is in a manner most consonant to the prin- as far as miglit be practicable, to repair. But ciples of humanity, and to those friendly rela in the plan of desolating warfare, which your tions which it was desirable to preserve between letter so explicitly makes known, and which is, the two nations, after the restoration of peace. attempted to be excused on a pica so utterly. They perceived, however, with the deepest re-groundless, the President perceives a spirit of gret, that a spirit alike just and humane was derp-rooted hostility, which, without the exis neither cherished nor acted on by your Govern-dence of such facts he could not hav: believed ment. Such an assertion would not be hazard- exisied, or would have been carried to such an! ed, if it was not supported by facts, the proof of extremity. which has already carried the same conviction For the reparation of injuries, of whatever, to other nations that it has to the people of these nature they may be, not sanctioned by the law States. Without dwelling on the deplorable of nations, which the naval or military forces of cruelties committed by the Savages in the British either power may have committed against the rauks, and in British pay, on American prisoners, other, this Government will always be ready to at the River Raisin, which to this day have never enter into reciprocal arrangeinents. It is preal been disavowed or atoned, I refer, as more im- sumed that your Gureroment will neither ex: mediately connected with the subject of your pect or propose any which are not reciprocal.Jetter, to the wanton desolation that was com- Should your Government adhere to a sistem mitted at Havre-de-Grace and at George Town, of desolation, so contrary to the views and prac. early in the Spring, 1813. These villayes were tice of the United States, so revolting to huma. burnt and ravaged by the paval forces of Great nity, and repugnant to the sentiments and usages, Britain, to the ruin of their unarmed inhabitants, of the civilised world, whilst it will be seen who saw with astonishment that they derived no with the deepest regret, it must and will be me: protection to their property from the laws of with a determination and constancy becoming a

During the same season, scenes of inva free people, contending in a just cause for ilicir sion and pillage, carried on uuder the same essential rights and their dearest interests. aothority, were witnessed all along the waters I have the honour to be, with great consideras of the Chesapeake, to an extent inflicting the tron, Sir, your most obedient bumble scrvani, Brost serious privite distress, and under circum

(Signed) JAMES MONROE. stances that justified the suspicion, that revenge Vice Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, and cupidity, rather than the manly motives that Commander-in-Chief of his Britannic should dictate the hostility of a high-ininded fue, Majesty's ships and vessels, &c.

Printed and published by J. MORTON, 94, Suraad.

War.

COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.

Vol. XXVI. No. 19.] LONDON, SATURDAY, NOV. 5, 1914. [Price 1s.,

577]

[578 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. cording to these people, a war to prevent

infumy sticking to us.--I shall endeaAMERICAN WAR. My office, as to vour to shew, that a continuation of the this war, is now changed. Instead of war is not necessary for this purpose, as I endeavours to convince my countrymen, have, for years, been shewing, that the that the Americans are not that contemp- war was not necessary for any other purtible nation which they were said to be ; pose. But I must first lay before the instead of endeavours to convince them, reader the proof of the truth of my statethat we have, in this new enemy, a more ment as to the existence of these new formidable one than in any that we have grounds of the war, or, rather, of its before combatted ; instead of endeavours continuance.----By looking back into the to guard them against disappointment from last REGISTER, the reader will see, what their sanguine expectations and almost in- was, a few days ago, the language of the solent predictions, I now find it necessary Times newspaper, which paper, let it be to endeavour to convince them, that we observed, has, all along, been the great may now make peace with America, with- trumpet of the war.--Now I have beout the loss of any thing necessary to the fore me another article from that paper, real honour and the happiness of the peo- pretending to be written from Paris, under ple of England. - It is wondrous strange, the date of the 22d of October. I saya that those writers, who, only a few days pretending ; but it is no matter whence it back, would not bear of any thing but our came. The object in the publication of it valour and the cowardice of the Americans ; is the same.--I beg the reader to go who anticipated nothing short of the de- over it very attentively. It is of great posing of Mr. Madison in a few months ; importance, because the reader may

le who were only in doubt about what sort of assured, that it is intended to convey the Government our Ministry might intend to sentiments of the war-party in England, establish iu the United States ; and who which, I am sorry to say, is composed of hectored in a style far surpassing that of almost the whole nation.--" The news Bobadil. It is wondrous strange, that "reccived of our disasters by sea and land these same writers are now insisting on the " on the side of Canada, has produced at necessity of continuing the war, not for “ Paris a very deep impression. It is not the sake of our gaining by it ; not for the “ at Court, or amongst the King's friends, sake of an extension of dominion ; not for “ that there appears any rejoicing at the the purpose of " chastising the Ameri- “ endless humiliations to which the British cans ;" not for the purpose of giving the “ Navy has been fated in this extraordi" Yankees a drubbing ;' not even for the nary contest, with a people just entered purpose of obtaining an acknowledgment the lists of maritime war, and having no of our right to ransack American ships, “ other title but their victories over us, to and impress men from on board them on “ be considered as a formidable naval the bigh seas ; but for the purpose of *** power, But it is not in the nature of WHAT, think yon? Why, for the pur-" things that all the enemies of England, pose OF SAVING OURSELVES, OUR " that is to say, nineteen-twentieths of the NAVAL FAME, OUR WEIGHT AND " French nation, should not exult in those INFLUENCE IN THE WORLD,“ misfortunes by which they hold us to be FROM UTTER DESTRUCTION!“ not only injured, but disgraced. At the This is, indeed, a change pot less striking “ Palais Royal, accordingly, the intellithan the new language is humiliating to gence was soon spread amongst the our country. The former objects of the groups of politicians and other idlere, war are now all lost sight of. It is now a " and in every group, and at each recital, War, ret for gain or for fume ; but, 26- "met with repeated cheera

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In every

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