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been a “ reverse.” A reverse I have al- / wounded officers behind him, because he ways understood to mean, a check after a feared that the nsilitia might collect, and séries of victories. Whether this be the cut off his retreat to the ships. Incursions character of the “ occurrence” in question like this are not much thougåt of in the I must leave for abler judges to decide world, when men are talking of the proBut I am quite rejoiced to hear, that you bable result of a war. It is true, that the entertain such “confident exprcíations” of character of our movements in the Chisaseeing the “ascendancy" of his Majesty's peake “has produced on the minds of the arm3“ secured” in Canada ; because I inhabitants a deep and sensible impression." felt, with many others, some féar upon this But if I am to julge from the liessace of score, when I found, that an army of four- Mr. Madison, that impression is one of the teen or fifteen thousand men, under the most resolute hostinity towards England; Conmander-in-Chief in person, had re-aud, from every tining that I bear frun treated, in haste, and with great loss, from that country, I am convinced, tivat a disbefore a fortress, containing five or six position to yield to us, in any one point, thousand Americans. The Republican was never so far from the breasts of the Commander asserts, that he captured a Republicans as since our operations in the considerable part of our army, having, by Chesapeake. However, we shall not now his militin and volunteers, pursued it å be many durs before we KNOW for a cerconsiderable distance on its retreat. Un- tainty what the American peopl. say, and less this account be false, there appears to what they think upon the subject of the me still to be some little room for fear, that for the Congress will inio Coin. the ascendancy of his Majesty's arms, in mittees on the matters mentio..ed in the that quarter, will not be maintained. You Presiuent's Message. Those Committees say, as the newspapers tell us, that you will make Reports, expressive of their build your confident expectations on the opinions. These Reports will be discussed amount as well as the description of the in the Senate and the House of Represenforce now serving in Canada. But this tatives. When agreed to they will be pubforce is exactly the same that appeared be- lished. When published they will express fore the fort at l'lattsburg. It is not the sentiments of the unbought, unsold changed since that time; nor has there Representatives of a whole people, those been any change in the force of the enemy. | Representatives being chosen by the free So that, to me, it does not, I must con

voices of all the men in the country, who fess, appear at all likely, that the prospect pay taxes to the amount of only a penny in in Canada should brighten before another a year. There can be no room for doubt campaign has made some very material in such a case. No one can pretend to change in our favour. It is said, that Sir say, that the Congress does not speak the George Prevost is recalled. If that could voice of the people. It must speak the give us an advantage over the Yankees; people's voice.

İt is elected for a very if that could defeat their triumphant ficets, short space of time. The people have the the measure would be of great value. power to turn out any Member in a few The

newspapers state, that you speke months after he displeases them. All the of “the brilliant and successful operations people reail. They all look narrowiy to " in the Chesapeake and at the City of the conduct of those whom they have sent " Washington. Having lately had the to the Congress. And, therefore, whatmisfortune to sce a couple of my

ever the Congress says, re may be well fire, I can the better conreive the brilliancy assured the people themselves say. I direil of the scene at Washin ton. But, Sir, with more earnestness upon his point, bewhile this scene was exhibited there, un cause our venal prints live long been lafortunately the Republicans were sallying bouring to persuade us, that the American from Fort Erie on the army of General people are opposed to their Government, Drummond, and the fatal battle was pre- and because you are reported 10 have paring on Lake Champlain. What are the talked of the war begun against us operations in the Chesapeake, when we by“ the Government of America. The lok towards Canada ? It, indeed, we bad Government, in that country, does not been able to REMAIN at Washington, mean any man, or set of men, who rule the case would have been different. So over a people, who command a people, to far from that, our Commander stated, that whom the people oue allegiance,

The be hastened away, leaving several of his people of America acknowledge the existi

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a power, of no such a thing. our energy, with an undiminished dispo'l hey look upon the Government as consist “sition towards peace and friendship on ing of th: ir agents; persons appointed and honourable terms, must carry with it the paid by them for conducting their public “good wishes of the impartial world, and utors. They look upon these persons as the best hopes of support from an omnino more than their fellow citizens. The “ potent and kind Providence.". -Now, m .st learncd and most wise of their fellow Sir, what I could have wished to see was, citizens, to be sure, but, still, their fellow a contradiction of this assertion with recitizens. The persons so employed have gard to these thousund wsscls and these, not the power to do that which the people thousands of impressed American citizens... disapprove of; nor can they have the in- You may be well assured, that this Mesclication, seeing that they have no inte-sage will be read with deep and general inrest to do that which the people dislike. terest on the Continent of Europe. This There is none of them who can have any Message and your Speech are before the priydie interest in war; none of them can would. Not before this nation only, but gai: by var. It is impossible to fatten before all the nations in the world. Every their families by the means of a public ex ma.. will form his own judgment upon them. prenditure; and, as to patronage, they know It is not reasonable to suppose that Mr. of no such thing, nor could they derive any Madison's assertion will be disbelieved, unadvantage from it, if they had it. There less it be proved to be false. It may do fore, whatever the Congress says, you riay here for our public prints to call 'bim, as be sure the people say, in spite of all the they do, liar, fool, traitor, usurper, malicious and silly assertions of our public coward," and the like. This may satisfy prints, whose efforts are continually direct those who inhabit the country through ed to mislead the people of this country, which runs the Serpentine River; but it whose want of information renders them will have no weight, or, at least, no weight the casy dupes of these designing knaves, against Mr. Madison, in other countries, having a corrupt press in their hands. Ilis assertion, therefore, relative to the

It is stated, in the newspapers, that you, thousand vessels and the thousands of imin your Speech, said that this war originated pressed sea-faring citizens I could wista in the “MOST UNPROVOKED AG- very much to see contradicted and dis. GRESSION on the part of the Govern- proved in some official and authentic way; ment of the United States.” It is to be la- for, until that be done, I am afraid, that mented, that you did not take this opportu- we may lay our account with bis being benity of contradicting, in a pointed manner, lieved by a great majority of the world. the assertion contained in sir. Madison's And, if he be believed, if the world do belate Message; because he, most explicitly lieve, that we really did capture a thousand asserts, that we were the aggressors. He Republican vessels; that we really did imsays: “ Having forborne to declare press thousands of sea-faring citizens hee'

war until to other aggressions had been fore the Congress declared war, I am afraid " added the capture of nearly one thou- that it must be doubted whether the de* sand American vessels, and the in-claration of war was wholly an unprovoked pressment of thousands of sea-furing ci- aggression on the part of America. I am

tizens, and until a final declaration had aware, that there will be no doubt upon the “ been made by the Government of Great subject in this country, which never was.

Britain, that her hostile orders against engaged in any war so popular as this. I

our commerce would not be revoked, believe, that, if the whole nation, paupers " but on conditions as impossible as un- and all, were put to the vote, that there “just, whilst it was known that these would appear for the war nine hundred “ orders would not otherwise cease but and ninety-nine out of every thousand. “ with a war, which had lasted nearly The press worked up the people to the wår,

twenty years, and which, according to pitch, where it keeps them. There are appearance at that time, might last as prevalent these notions:-1st, that the Re.' many more-having manifested on every public joined Napoleon in the war against“.

occasion and in every proper mode, a 13; 2d, that we are now able to punish her, “sincere desire to meet the enemy on the for this; 3d, that she went to war for the W ground of justice, our resolution to de- purpose of robbing us of maritimne rights “ fend our beloved country, and to oppose essential to our very existence ; 4th, that " to the enemy's persevering hostility all she may nou, now, now! be crippled for

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The war,

ever; 5th, that we ought, at least, to con- | Minister was, that they had been remiss tinue the war, 'till we have effaced, by. vic- in their measures against her ; though, on tories over the Republican ships, the recol- the other hand, it is reported of one lection of the affairs of the Java, the Guer. member who moved the Ludress, that he riere, the Macedonia, the Avon, and of said, that “our successes against her had those on the Lakes. Then the events in been UNVARIED.” The First Lord of the Chesapeake, and the description of the Admiralty stated, that he had not rethem, have caused the nation to look uponceived the official account of the affair of the Repubiicans as cowards. This is very Lake Champlain, which, besides, appeared, inconsistent with the before-mentioned no- from the language of the two Houses, to be tion ; but it prevails. So, that, here are considered as but a trilling sort of a thing, all sorts of ingredients necessary to make a unworthy of any very particular notice. war popular, and popular it is beyond every The speech of Mr. Whithread tvas long, thing that ever was popular. It is quite and, therefore, cannot be inserted bere ; useless for any one to attempt to remove but that of Sir Gilbert Heatheote shall any of these notions, which have taken have a place in this letter; and, as you fast hold, and which it will require some cannot suspect him of any disloyal motive, years of war to shake. Jonathan, therefore, I hope you will give his words a patient athas no ground for reliance on any opposi- tention. tion in this country. The opposition in

6 Sir GILBERT HEATHCOTE rose and Parliament will only be as to the mode of " observed, that it would laave been most prosecuting the war. If they ceasure, the “ satisfactory to have heard from Minisburden of their censure will be, not against “ters that the negociations at Glent were the war, but against those who have not going on favourably. That he could not dove enough against the enemy.

' approve of that part of the Address therefore, bas popularity to recommend it. " which promised further support in the This I allow, and, in so doing, I have the “ American war, inasmuch as the cause of mortification to confess, that all my labours “ the dispute had ccused since the general against the war lrave proved wholly useless. " pacification on the Continent. When we Still I think myself bound to endeavour, as

" withdreis our Orders in Council the occasion may offer, to give my reason

“ Americans had rescinded their Retaliaagainst its further continuance.

“tive Acts; so that the right of searching I was happy to see, in the newspaper “ American ships for British seanien alone, report

of
your Speech, that

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66 remained as a subject of controversy. sincere desire to bring this war to a con “When prace was established throughout clusion on just and honourable terms ;" |“ Europe we coald not think of exercising aud as Mr. Madison expresses the same " that right; so that this last point of condesire, let me hope, that the conclusion of tention fell to the ground naturally. the war may soon take place, without wait-" The war must, therefore, be carried on ing till more sea battles have effaced the “ for other reasons, for the sake of what recollection of those which have already might happen, and not for any present taken place. But, Sir, what a pity it is grievance. He thousht the situation of trat the war did not end with the war in the country did not warrant Ministers in Europe. What a pity it is that Mr. “ doing this. Were our finances so flourishMadison has to complain of delays on our ‘ing, the property tax a burt'ien so light part to give effect to our own proposition

and

easy, that it mattered not what for a direct negociation, after we had re might be the amount of tre annual fused the offer of the mediation of our own pational expenditure. There miglit le ally the Emperor of Russia ! And what a some pretext for Ministers to keep on pity it is, that the American people have," some of the late war taxes, after the in our public prints, sern so much abuse of “ country was placed on a peace establishtheir Chief Mayistrate, and so many threats ment, provided there was an excess of to reconquer their country!

"expenditure, to make up any deficiency Since writing the above, the debates on “ in balancing the accounts; but no preyour Speech hare reached me. With the text whatever for retaining such imposts exception of Mr. Whitbre:d and Sir Gil-“ for the prosecution of a war which apbert Heathcote, all agreed, that America“ peared unnecessary. It appeared to him with the aggressor in the war; and, as was " that we feared the rising power of me anticipated, the only fault imputed to the "rica, and wished to curtail This

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was an important feature in this war, for “ would march across that continent. The “ if persevered in we must be prepared to “ flower of our army was sent, and com. " completely subjugate our enemy, or we ““ manded by Officers wbo had served with " should be in a worse state than we now reputation in the German war under

were. We liad tried to subdue America “ Prince Ferdinand. The result is well " thirty years ago, and had failed, when" known ;-those troops, as brave as any in " she was nothing like so powerful as at “ the world, were compelled, at two differ

present. We should recollect how we ent epochs, to lay down their arms to the “ left France situated, whilst we were en new raised levies of America. He was “ gaged in this contest; she was at pro against the continuance of the war."

found peace, recovering from her wounds, I agree with Sir Gilbert Heathcote ia s and if the war was protracted, or unpros- every word that he uttered. But he was

perous, she might join America or attack almost alone. He bad but one member

us herself. A strange policy seemed to with him. Thus, then, we are to go oa “ be pursued, whilst we were waging war with this war. A battle is to be fought “ in America to prevent her becoming a now between the whole of our navy and “ powerful naval State, close at home, in army and those of the Republic of Ame. " Flanders, we were creating one. Letrica. She will not shy the fight. She is

us recali 10 mind the history of the reign ready for us. The world is now going to “ of Charles the Second, or, in latter times, witness the full of the last Republic, or the of the politics of the Dutch Cabinet, pre- decline of the naval power of England. k vious to the engagement off the Dogger There will be no medium after another “ Bank in 1781, and the march of the year

of We must completely subjun * Prussian Army under the late Duke of gate the Americans ; or openly fall before “ Brunswick into Holland in 1787. Would them. We must beat them ; or they must

any one, having a knowledge of these beat us; and the beating must last during “ transactions, believe that our Ministers the existence of the parties. “. would, in all times to come, be able so to Mr. Whitbread asked if there was not

manage the Dutch Cabinet, so to eradi- any new ground of the war. Any new “cate all French influence there, as that object. Nobody avowed that there was. power we are now creating may not, at But I fear the Americans will bear in

distant time, become highly dan-mind, that the moment Napoleon was sube gerons to the naval supremacy of this dued, and our alarms in Europe were at “ country. With respect to the conduct an end, our public prints, the most patro“ of the war, he did not wish now'to enter nised, openly proclaimed to the nation, that “ into it, he was against the war alto- the object now ought to be to subdue the gether.-In these contests we must ex. American Republic, and to bring her back

pect the alternate vicissitudes of fortune. to the parent State. And, which is never He had always understood that Sir to be forgotten, the whole of the London “ George Prevost was both a brave and prints, in giving what they call a Report of “ intelligent man, and, no doubt, he had the Debates in Parliament, published a re

good reasons for what he had done. port of a speech, which they gave as Sir “ That in a country like America, after Joseph Yorke's, wbo was one of the Lords “ having lost the naval support, on which of the Admiralty, and in which reported “ depended the provisioning the army, and speech it was stated, that, though Napo“ conveyance of military stores, with the leon was deposed, we must not yet lay azide “ remembrance of Sarratoga and York our Navy, seeing that we had another pero

Town, he must have been a bold man son to depose, namely Mir. Madison. Far “ indeed who would have placed himself, be it from me to assert, that Sir Joseph

by advancing into the country, in a si-Yorke really did utter this speech ; but it “ tuation to be surrounded. What bas is very certain, that it was published as his “ been said in the public prints of the mor- speech in all the London newspapers ; that " tification felt by the troops which had it was so received all over the kingdom, " been sent from Spain, he believed, if more and that its sentiments met with universal “confidence was placed in their exertions approbation. The language of the princi“ than on those of the rest of the army, we pal London prints has been, from that day " should be disappointed. In the outset of to this, in perfect harmony with the tenor “ the last American war, it was boasted of this speech ; and when the news of the " here, that a battalion of British troops | barning of the buildings of the City of

no very

Washington arrived, it was the com- | the next campaign. A million of free mea mon notion, that a Vice-Roy was about in arms will be ready to receive whoever to be sent thither to represent, and shall march against them. The debates in Envern in the name of your Royal Father. our Parliament, the language of our news. Nay, I verily believe, that, if the war papers, which JONATHAN knows so well ceases without our reconquering the Ame- how to estimate, will urge hin on to mearicans, as the chances are that it may, the sures of preparation. He is expeditious in people of England will be utterly astonish- these matters beyond ail macions upon ed and confounded! So that JONATHAN earth. The battle will be a battle fit to must stand clear; for we are now safely engage the attention of the world. I have launched against him. It is, in my opinion, often been rebuked for endeavouring to idle to expect peace with America in a less draw the public attention to American space than six or seven years; for, I am atlairs. I have never been able to permorally certain, that JONATHAN will not suade any body, that America was of any give in. Ife, as Lord Melviile very justly consequence. She has now become of conobserved, is at home; he has all his men sequence ; and, if the war go on, as I lear and tools upon the spot; he has been it will, she will soon be of most fearful hired to the riflc from his cradle ; he has a importance in the view of.every nation in cheap Goverhinent, or, rather, he loves to Europe. govern himself; and, though he may not : Perhaps you do not know, that the prealways feul bold, he will, first and last, sent injuries, which we are able to viflict give us a good long tough battle. JONA on America, are the greatest ofblessings in TUAN, Sir, is not subject to fits and starts the eyes of some of her statesmen. They in his politics and notions of Government. have always wished for something that We found no rabble at the City of Wash- would separate her as widely as possible ington to cry “vivent nos genereux alliés," from Great Britain. Whether wisely or as did the cunnalle at Paris. Men must not is another matter. They have always submit to a musket or a buronet at their wished it; and, if they can see this ac. breuts; but we shall, I am of opinion, not complished by the destruction of trenty or find suimission go much further before us thiriy towns og the coast, they will think in America.

the acquisition wonderfully cheap. Mr. WHITBREAD is deceived in sup " When to marry or to fight," as somo posing, that it is the mere burning of the are, “ both parties are equally eager; they buildings of Washington, which has united, - soon get together.” Both parties are in as he calls it, all parties in America.- carnest and eager in this case ; and they There never was any party our friend in will soon reach one another, though the opposition to their own Government. All distance betreen them is so great. The parties cried out against our conduct. All battle will be a famous one. parties cricd out against what Mr. Madi-kingdom, the mistress of the sea and dictason complains of noty. And, as to a sepa. tress of Forope, on the one side; and the sation of the Stats for our sake, no one last of Republics on the other. Not only but a down-right fool ever thought of such the question of maritime rights is now to a thing. It was always a false potion. he decided ; but the question of the nature There never was any ground forit ; and ex- of Governments. The world is now going perience will show us, that, in this respect, to see, whether a Republic, without a this nation las been listening to knaves, standing army, with half a dozen frigates, who were seeking their own interests in and with a Chief Magistrate with a salary arging us on to the war.

of about five thousand pounds a year,

be I am well aware, that we shall do able to contend, single-handed, against a JONATHAN an infinite deal of present mis kingdom with a thousand ships of war, an shuf. And he seems aware of it too. Mr. arniy of two hundred men, and with a Madison takes great pains to give his con- Royal Family, whose civil list amounts to stituents a strong sense of the violent lios- more than a million pounds a year. Notility they have to encounter. They are thing was ever so interesting as this specmuir, even at this moment, getting ready tacle. May the end be favourable to the their powder and ball, their rifles and their honour and happiness of this country and words, their laversucks and accoutrements. mankind in general ! here will not be a man unarmed, or un

I am, &c. &c. prepared for battle, before the opening of el

WM. COBBETT.

A great

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