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was, it seems, in close consultation and to France; they have, in our newspaper correspondence with the persons hold-style, called him the “ tool of Napoleon ;"! ing the reins of Government in Massa- they too, bave dared to assert, that he chusetts, upon the subject of such separa- made war upon us, without the slightest tion, and who pretended that he was em- provocation, for the purpose of aiding Naployed by Sir James Craig, Governor of poleon in destroving England, " the bulCanada, for that purpose. Your Lordship, wark of their religion.” They have beld I believe, disclaimed him and his intrigues, public feasts and rejoicings at the entrance and, therefore, I must believe, of course, of the Cossacks into France, and at the rethat he was not employed by our Govern- storation of the ancient order of things. ment nor by our Governor. But the peo. You will bear in mind, that these people ple of America have been led to believe, are staunch Presbytcrians; and it would that there must have been something in his amuse your Lordship to read the orations, story.

preachings, and prayers of these people; This State of Massachusetts contains a to witness their gratitude to heaven for regreat number of men of talents ; many storing the Pope, whom they used to call rich men, become so chielly by the pur- the Scarlet Whore, the Whore of Babylon; chasing, at a very low rate, of the certific for the re-establishment of the Jesuits; cates of solitiers acho served in the late wur, and for the re-opening of the dungeons, the and by procuring acts of Congress to causc re-sharpening of the hooks, and the rethe sums to be paid in full, which, indeed, kindling of ibe flames of the Inquisition. was thougirt, and openly said, to be their Their opponents, the Republicans, say, we main object in pressing for a Federal Go- never were the friends of Napoleon, as a vernment with large powers.

These men, despot, nor even as an Linperor ; we never now disappointed in all their ambitious approved of any of his acts of oppression, hopes ; seeing no chance of becoming petty either in France or ont of France; we alnollemen; seeing the offices and power of ways complained of his acts of injustice tothe cuntry pass into other hands, without wards ourselves; but he was less burtful the smallest probability of their return to to our country than other Powers; and, as themselves, unless they be content to aban- to mankind in general, though we regretted don all their bigh notions of family dis- to see him with so much power, we feared tinction ; these men have become despe- that that power would be succeeded by rite ; and, if am to judge from their pro- something worse ; and we cannot pow receedings, would plunge their country into joice, that the Pope is restored, that the 2 civil war, rather than yield quiet obe- Jesuits are re-established, the Inquisition dience to that very Government, which re-invigorated; that Monkery is again overthey had so long been in the practice of spreading the fair face of Europe; and that censuring others for not sufficiently ad- the very hope of freedom there, seems to miring. But, my Lord, though thore is a be about to be extinguished for ever. And majority of voices in Massachusetts on our this, your Lordship may be assured, is the side; för on our side they really are, there language of nineteen twentieths of the peois a thumping minority on the other side ; ple of America. and what is of great importance in the es There are, it is to be observed, Fetimate, that minority consists of the nerves, deralists in all the States, which you will the bones, and sinews of the population of easily believe, wbcn you consider how pathe State; so that the sum total of our tural it is for men, or, at least, how phone ground of reliance, as to a separation of men are, to wish to crect themselves into the States, is the good will of the most nu- superior classes. As soon as a man has merous but most feeble and inefficient part got a great deal of money, be aims at of the people of the State of Massachu- something beyond that. He thirsts for setts; and even these, I am fully persuaded, distinctions and titles. His next object is are, by this day, awed into silence by the to hand them down to his family. It will determined attitude of the rest of the require great watchfulness and great reso

lution in the Americans to Acfeat this The same charges, which our vile news- propensity. You have not leisure for it, or papers have bren preferring against Mr. it would amuse you to trace the workings Wladison, have been preferred against him of this would-be nobility in America. They by their Serene Highnesses of Massachu- are very shamefaced about it ; luttbrylet setts. They have accused him of a dovqtion it peep out through the crannics of their

country.

brrcrist. Beira deleated, and tota:lyof Napoleon liimself, with this great difp" : 10 ine route in the ga u fied by the firence, however, that his name and the Fujalgodese ci the peto, se, ibey have !ame of his deeds will descend to the latest rotrd to me rrot contemptuve cevices pierity, while their projects of enobling ter eteciing, Ly de Tets, ti si which they themselves at the expence of their country's

etc curry at a pish. They have freedom and happiness, will be forgotten eşit-bed wilat they call Biseivik ni and forgiven before one half of them are $3:2","? to which they have prefixed, by cateu by liorms. *y riepithet, or characteristi', ihe nanie This is my view of the matter. Your of it's shington. The professed object of Lordship will proba!ly think it erroneous; these societies, who have their periodical but, if it prove correct, hour long and how orations, preachings, pravings, and toast- bitterly shall we have to deplore the exisjogs, was to atiord r:lick to any persons tence of this bloody contest. Iam, &c. who might be ju distress. The real object

VM. COBBETT. appears to bave been to enlist idiers and neudy persons under their positical banners. DESPERATE NAVAL ENGAGEMENTS. Inese little coieries of hypocrites appear

I observe it stated in the Halifax papers to bjave assembled, as it were by an unani- of the 2d instant, that the Prince of mous sentim int, or, rather, by instinct, to Neufchatel, an American armed brig, had · celebrate the fall of Napoleon, and the arrived at Boston, after sustaining a galrestoration of the Pope, the Jesuits, and lant action of twenty minutes, with fire the Inquisition. But unfortunately for this boats fuil of men belonging to our ship of aliiliation of hypocrites, they have little or war the Endymion. The account says, po maerials to work upon in America, that one of our boats was sunk during the where a man can earn a week's subsistence engagement, " which had on board at first

in less time than he can go to apply for “ 43 men, of whom two only were sured; · and obtain it without work ; and, accord “ and another, which had 36 men, was ingly, the affiliation seems destined to “ tahen possession of after having eight share the fate of the Sirene Highness's killed, and 20 wounded." The Endyproposition of 25 years ago.

mion is said to have had lost in all 100 The fall of Napoleon, so far from weak- men killed, wounded and prisoners, among ening, will tend to strengthen the general which the first Lieutenant and a Dsaster's Government in the hands of the Republi- Mate were killed, and three Lieutenants auns. It has dk prived its enemies of the and two Master's Mates wounded. The grand topic of censure ; the main ground Prince of Neufchatel had only “ 31 nien of attack. The “ Cossacks," as they are * at quarters, including officers, and 37 now sometimes called, of \Iassachusetts, “prisoners on board. Six of her men were can no longer charge the President with a hiiled, 15 severely wounded, nine slightheing the “ tool of Napoleon ;" they no “ ly, and eight remained unhurt.” It is longer stand in need of England as “the true, that nothing has been published here bubwark of religion,” seeing that they in an official shape respecting this naval have the Pope, the Jesuits, the Bene- disaster; but this circumstance can no dictines, the Franciscans, the Carthusians, more invalidate the truth of the statement, the Dominicans, and, above all, the In- than the silence which has been kept up as quisition, to supply her place in the to the fate of the Avon, will lead us to performance of that godly office. doubt that that vessel was sunk by her They will no longer, they can no longer, American opponent. The repulse and disreproach the President for his attachment. aster attending the Emlynion, is not, how. to France; for France has now a king, a ever, the only naval triumph of the enchar, legitimate sovereign, who regularly hears which has been carefully concealed from mass. They are now, therefore, put in the public eye. The following article apthis dilemma: they must declare openly for pears in the Paris Papers, received to the England against their country; or, by petty 22d inst. : “ Extract of a Letier from cavilling, must make their opposition con “ Mir. Jolin B. Dabncy, Consul for the temptible. The former they dare not do ;United States of America, Fayal, Oct. 6. and, they are too restless and too full of “ Our countrymen have had a brilliant spite not to do the latter. So that their“ affair. Despising the rights of nations and doom, I imagine, is sealed ; and their fall“ violating neutral territory, three English asill not be much less complete than that,“ vessels, the Plantagenet, the Reta, and

the Carnation, attached the brig General privateer close in alongsidle of the fort, Armstrong, Ảmerican privateer, of 14 within ba!f cable's lengeli, where he meo:ed

guns, commanded by Captain Reed, ati ber, head and stern, with four lines. 'i he “ anchor in these Roads. They succeeded | Governor now sent a remonstrance to the

finally in destroying her, but paid dearly Van Lloyd of the Plantagenet agaiist such “ for it, for they had 120 killed, and 90 of proceedings, and trusted that the privateer “ their best marines wounded, including would not be farther molested; she being " the flower of their officers. Captain in the dominions of Portugal, and under “ Reed, with his brave crew, consisting the guns of the castle, was ertitled to

only of 90 men, had only scven men Portuguese protection. Van Lloyd's an

slightly wounded."Aboni ten days swer was, that he was determinevi lo deago I received the following letter from an stroy the vessel at the expence of all Fayal, English geotleman at Fayal, which he and should aav protection be given her by transmitted by a vessel bound for Lisbon, the fort, he would not leave a house standgiving the full particulars of the above ing in the village. A! the inhabitants affair. It speaks volumes, and must reach were gathered about the walls, expeting a conviction to the minds of those who are renewal of the attack. At midnight, 14 so far deluded, as to think that it is in the launches were discovered to be coming in power of this country to subdne a people rotation for the purpose. - When they got who fight with so much undaunted resolu- within clear, or gun shot, a tremendous tion as the Americans:

and ellectual discharge was made from the Fayal, Oct. 15, 1814. privateer, which threw the boats into conWM. COBBETT, Esq.--Sir,—The fusion. They now returned :2 spirited fire, American schooner privateer General Arm- but the privateer kept up so cortinasi a strong, of New York, Captain Samuel C. discharge, it was almost impossible for the Reid, of sever guns, and ninety men, boats to make any progress. They finally entered bere on the 26th ult. about noon, succeeded, after inmense loss, to get 17 days from ibat place, for the purpose of alongside of her, and attempted to board obtaining water. The Captain, seeing at every quarter, cheered by the officers nothing on the horizon, was induced to with a shout of no quarter, which we anchor. Before the elapse of many hours, could distinctly hear, as well as their his Majesty's brig Carnation came in, and shrieks and cries. The ternyination was anchored near her. About six, his Majes- near about a total massacre. Three of the ty's ship Plantagenet, of 74 guns, and boats were suk, and isat one poor solitarý the Rota frigate, came in and anchored officer escaped death in a boat that conalso. The Captain of the privateer and tained fifty souls ; he was wounded. The his friends consulted the first authorities Americans fonghi with great fi mness, bat here about her security. They all con more like blood thirst v savaises than any sidered her perfectly secure, and that his thing else. Thev rushed into the boats, Majesty's officers were too well acquainted sword in hand, and put every soul to death with the respect due to a neutral port to as far as came within their power. Some molest ber. But, to the great surprise of of the boats were left without a single man every one, about nine in the evening, four to row them; others with three and four. boats were dispatched, armed and manned The most that any one returned with was from his Majesty's ship, for the purpose of about ten. Several boats floated on share calling her out. It being about the full of full of dead bodies. With great reincmoon, the night perfectly clear and calm, tance I state that they were manner with we could see every movement made. The picked men, and commanded by the first, boats approached with rapidity towards srcond, third, and fourth Lieutenants of the her, when, it appears, the Captain of the Plantagenet'; first, serood, third, and privateer hailed them, and told them to fourth ditto of the frigate, and the first keep off several times. They, notwith- officers of the brig; together with a great standing, pushed on, and were in the act number of midshipmen. Our whole force of boarding before any defence was made exceeded 400 min. But three efficers for the privatcer. A warm contest ensued escaped, two of which are wounded.-on both sides. The boats were finally This bloody and mifortunate contest lasted dispersed with great loss. The American, a hont forty minutes. Allier the boats pow calculating on a very superior force cave not, nothing more wes attempted till being sent, cut his cables, and rowed the day-light the next morning, when the Car

nation hauled in alongside, and engaged committed liy our vessels on this occasion. ber. The privatuer still continued to make the vessel that was dispatched to England a most gellunt defence. These veterans with the wounded, was not permitted to reminded me of Lawrence's dying words, take a single letter from any person.-off the Chesapeake, “ don't give up the Being an eye-urines to this transaction, ship."--The Czrnutin lost one ci ber I lave giren you a correct statement as it top-masts, ind her yards were shot away; occurred. With respect, I 'm, &c. she was mich cut up in rigging, and re

H. K. F.. ceived several shot in her hull. This obliged her to haul off to repair, and to

AYRICAN PIPER. cease firing.--The Americans now finding

WASHINGTON, Ocr. I). their principal gun (long Tom) and several others disimounted, deemed it fo'ly to The fullowing lensia was ye-terday sent think of saving lier a ainst so superior a

to both llouses of Congress by the President

of the l'aited States. The soutientsilege forcc ; they therefore cut away her masts cited in both Houses are purely national, to the deck, blew a hole through her hot and almost unanimous :tom, took out their small arms, cloathing,

- To the Senate and House of Pepresenlatives &c. and went on shore. I discovered oniy

of the Uniled Siales. two shot holes in the hull of the privatcer, “I lay before Congress communications although much cut up in rigging.–Two just received from the Plenipotentiarics of boats' crews were soon after dispatched the United States, charged with negociating from onr vessels, which went on board, peace with Great Britain, shewing the contook out some provisions, and set her on fire willing to pat an cad to the war. The in

ditions on which alone that Government is For three days after, we were employed instructions to those Plenipotentiaries, disburying the dead that washed on shore in closing the grounds on which they were authe surf. The number of British killed whorised to negoriate and conclude a treaty exceeds 120, and ninety wounded. The of peace, will be the subject of another coni

munication. enemy, to the surprise of mankind, lost only two killed and seven wounded. We may

"JAMES MADISON."

(Signed) “ God deliver as from our ene

Mr. Monroe to the American Plenipoten

tiaries al Goltenburgh. “ mies, if this is the way the Americans

“ Dispatch of Siatr, 28th Jan. 1811. “ fight.”- After burning the privateer, Van

[The letter begins by acreding to the proLloyd made a demand of the Governor to posal of the British Governmeni to treat dideliver up

the Americans as his prisoners, rectly with the American United States. Mr. which the Governor refused. He threaten- Mouroe then ealls the attention of the Pleed to send 500 men on shore and take nipotentiaries to the grounds of the war

with Great Britain.] them by force. The Americans immediatriy retired, with their arms, to an old United States to be exempted from it, I have

“ On Impressment, as to the right of the Gothic convent; knocked away the adjoin- nothing new to add. The sentiments of the ing drawbridge, and determined to defend President have undergone no change on themselves to the last. The Van, how- that important subject. This degrading ever, thought better than to send his men. practice must cease ; our flag must protect He then demanded two men, which, he sider themselves an independent nation. To

the crew, or the United States cannot consaid, deserted from bis vessel when in settle this difference amically the President América. The Governor sent for the men, is willing, as you are already informed by but found none of the description given.- the former insiructions, to remove all preMany houses received much injury on texts for it to the British Government, by shore from the guns of the Carnation. A excluding all British seamen from our ves. woman, sitting in the fourth story of her sels, and even to extend the exclusion to all house, had her thigh shot off

, and a boy only the few already naturalized, and to

British subjects, if necessary, excepting had his arm broken. The American

stipulate, likewise, the surrender of all Bri. Consul here, has made a demand on the tish seamen deserting in our ports in future Portuguese, Government for a hundred from British vessels, public or private. It thousand dollars for the privateer, which was presumed by all dispassionate persons, our Consul, Mr. Parkin, ibinks in justice that the late law of Congress relative to seawill be paid, and that they will claim on

men would effectually accomplish the object. England. -Mr. Parkin, Mr. Edward

But the President is willing, as you find, to Barley, and other English gentlemen, dis- ther. Should a treaty be made, it is proper,

prevent a possibility of failure, to go furapprove of the outrage and depredation and would have a conciliatery effeci, ihat

well say,

all our impressed 'seamen, who may be disa lon lhe future relations of the two countries, charged under it, shouid be paid ior their ifindemnity should be stipulated on each side, services by the British Government, for the for the destruction of all unforiited towns, time of their detention, the wages which and other property; contrary to che la s and they might have obtained in the merchant usages of war. It is equally proper that the service of their own country.

nogrors taken from the southern Stales “ Blockade is the subject next in point of should he returned to thair owners, or paid importance, which you will have to arrange for at their full value. It is known that a In the instrictions, fiearing date on the 15th shameful trullic has been carried on in the of April, 1813, it was remarked, that as the West Indies by the sale of these persons British Government had revoked its Orders there, by those who professed to be their de. in Council, and agreed that no blockadeliverers. Of this fact, the proof that has could be legal which was not supported by reached this department shall be furuished an adequate force, and that sucli adequate you. If these slaves are considered as nonforce should be applied to any blockade combatanis, they ought to be restored ; if, which it might hereafter institute, this cause as property, they ought to be paid for. l'he of controversy seemed to be removed. Fur-reaty of perce contains aa article which re. ther reflection, however, has added great cognizes this principle. force to the expediency and inportance of [After some further arguments relative to a precise definition of ihe public law on this the Russian mediation, which the President subject. There is much cause to presume, laments was not accepted, the letier conthat if the repeal of the Orders in Council cludes.]

• JAMES MONROE." had taken place in time to have been known here before the declaration of war, and had Messrs Adams, Bayard, Clay, and Russell, to had the effect of preventing the declaration, Mr. Monroe, Secretary of Stale, Aug. 12, not only that no provision would have been 1814. obtained against impressment, but that under 6. Sin-We have the honour to inforın the name of blockade the same extent of you, that the British Conimissioners, Lord coast would have been covered by procla- Gambier, Henry Goulburn, Esq. and Wilmation, as had been covered by the Orders in liain Adains, Esq. arrived in this city on SaCouncil.–The war which these abuses and turday evening, the 8th instant.-Thic day impressments contributed so much io pro- asier their arrival, Mr. Baker, their Secretary, duce, night possibly prevent that conse called upon us to give us notice of the fact, quelice. But it would be more satisfaciory, and to propose a meeting at a certain hour, if not more safe, to guard againsi it byä on the ensuing day. The place having been formal definition in the treply. It is triie, apreed upon, we accordingly met, at one should the British Government violate again o'clock, on Monday, the 8th instant. We the legitimate pricciples of blockade, in enclose berewith a copy of the full powers whatever !erms, or under whatever pretext exhibited by the British Commissioners at it might be done, the United States would that conference ; which was opened,' on have in their hands a corresponde:it resort; their part, by an expression of ihe sincere but a principal object in making peace, is to aud earnest desire of their Government, liiat prevent, by the justice and reciprocity of the negociation might result in a solid peace", the conditions, a recurrence again to war, honourable to both parties. They, at the for the same cause, If the British Goverij- saire time, declared, That no events which ment sincerely wishes to make a durable had occurred since the first proposal fur peace with the United States, it can have this negociation, had allered thic pacitic dise no reasonable objection to a just definition positions of their Government, or varied its of blockade, especially as the two Govern- views as to the terms upon which it was wille ments have agreed in their correspondence, ing to conclude the peace. We answerer, in all its essential features. The instructions that we l:card these declarations with great of the 15th April, 1813, have stated in what satisfaction, and that our Government had manner the President is willing to arrange acceded to the proposal of negociation, with this difference.

the most sincere desire to put an end to the "On the other, neutralrights, enumerated differences which divided the two countries, in the former instructions, I shall remark and tv lay, upon just and liberal grounds, only, that the catalogue is limited in a man- the foundation of a peace which, securing ner to evince a spirit of accommodation; the rights and interests of both palions, that the arrangement proposed in each in- should unite them by lasting bonds of stance is just in itself ; t. at it corresponds ainity: The British Commissioners then with the general spiril of treaties between stated the following subjects, as those upon commercial powers'; and that Great Britain which it appeared to them that the discuss has sanctioned it in masy treaties, and goue sions would be likely to turn, and on wlich, beyond it in some.

they were instrucled : *. On the claim to indemnity for spolia- of merchant vessels, and in connection with it:

“1. The forcible seizure of mariners on board tions, I have only to reler you to what was the claim of his Britannic Majesty to the alle said in the former instructions. I have to giance vf all the native subjecis of Great Britain: add, that should a treaty be formed, it is We understood them to intimale, thit just in itself, and would bave a happy effect the British Government did not propose this

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