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F. on America, 789.
of the King of Sweden and Prince Christian
Against Freemasons, 250.
Restoring the Monastic Orders,
GREAT BRITAIN.-Report of the Corn Committee,
Speech of the Prince Regent, Nov. 8th, 1814, 629.
Fort Erie, Battle of Chipawa, and Devastation
Declaration of Independence, July 4th, 1776, 494.
Constitution of the United States, 498.
Proclamation respecting the Destruction of Wash-
Message to Congress, Sept. 20th, 1814, 597.
Correspondence at Ghent, bet ween the American
and British Commissioners, 696.
PRICES AND BANKRUPTS.
Record of the Prices of Bread, Wheat, Meat, Labour, Bullion, and Funds, en
BREAD.—The average price of the Quartero Loaf, weighing 4lb. 50z. 8drms, io London, which is
Wheat.—The average price for the above period, through all England, per Winchester Bushel of 8
MEAT.- Per pound, on an average for the time above stated, as sold wholesale at Smithfield Mare .
LA POUR..The average pay per day of a labouring man employed in farming work, at Botley, in
BULLION.-Standard Gold in Bars, per Oz. £4.78. 10.-Standard Silver do. 58. 840. N.B. These
FUNDS.-Average price of the Three Per Cept. Consolidated Annuities, during the above per
BANKRUPTS--Number of Bankrapts, declared in the London Gazette, during the above pe
Vol. XXVI. No, 1.), LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY:2, 1814.:[Price 1s.
[2 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. never heard even a hint at the former
having involved the latter in any way MR. COCHRANE JOHNSTONE. -It is whatever. Both Mr. Cochrane Johnstone always an act that an honourable mind and Mr. Butt also always protested their will, if possible, shun to make accusations innocence to me. They all spoke alike as against a man, when he is not present to to the calumpies which had been published answer for himself.—The public now begin against them. I can discover no motive to be staggered with regard to my Lord for their having kept fast a secret from Cochrane; and, happily he has the means me, seeing that I always laugbed at the of yet (I write on Wednesday) obtaining a idea of its being a legal offence; and that, hearing, in a place where he will dare to before I saw either of them, I had said in SPEAK OUT. It is said, in the news- print, that it was a moral offence no more papers, that the pillory part of his sentence than all other gaming was immoral.has been remitted by the Regent, who has Therefore, I am sure, that my Lord Cochcontented himself with ordering him to be rane, though he very prudently and justly struck off the list of Post Captains. This keeps his case distinct from that of the must be false, I suppose, as the time is not other gentlemen, will never be induced to yet come, in the usual course, for the re- become the accuser of his uncle.--The mitting of the part of the sentence alluded absconding of this latter is, I held to to ; and I am very much deceived in my be a proof of his guilt. What a perversion man, if my Lord Cochrane ever asks for, of reason, what an abandonment of common or thanks any bare for, any sort of pardon. sense, whai an ungovernable eagerness to He cannot compel the infliction of the discover guilt, what a rage for vengeance whole of the sentence ; but, I am sure, must exist, before the mind can be burried that he will always openly protest against on to such a conclusion! To abscond receiving any thing in the way of par- after a verdict of “guilty," was certainly don. He is now placed in a situation a proof of a desire to escape fine, imto shew his true character. Before this prisonment, and pillory; it was a complete reaches the public eye, he will have laid proof of that; but how could it be a proof his case and his defence before Parliament. of guilt? If SIDNEY bad escaped from If the mere record of the Court be thought the Tower, after the verdict against him, sufficient for his expulsion, he will be ex- would he have been guilty, for that, of the pelled, of course. But his efforts to main- crime laid to his charge? If he bad saved tain his character need not cease there. his life, so valuable to mankind, by fleeing There are other modes; and to those other from the fangs of judicial, cold blooded modes he will, doubtless, resort. -But, murderers, would his memory have deat present, it is of his uncle, that I am served execration? That he and Russell about to speak. It is said, that, at any too would have escaped if they could, there rate, he must be guilty, why else has he is no doubt; but would they have been gone to France, and I have perceived in guilty being alive, when they were inno the Morning Chronicle, wherein the name cent being deadIt is, then, perfect of Mr. Stuart HALL is mentioned, that nonsense to suppese, that the mere evasion it is the intention of my Lord Cochrane’s of punishment is a proof of guilt. But, if friends to shew, that his Lordship has been it be so, why should not the remaining to misled by a designing individual who has receive punishment be a proof of innocence? abscunded. I will soon dismiss this last If the absconding of Mr. Cochrane Johnassertion. I always understood, that Mr. stone be a proof of his guilt, the not abCochrane Johnstone never had any thing sconding of his nephew must be a proof of to do with dealings in the funds, till some his innocence.I grant, that Mr. Coche months after my Lord Cochrane had. I rane Johnstone might, like his nephew,
have remained to make, at every stage, a against him, and that his refusal could not
But if the settlement which helf, indeed, he had fled before the trial,
We are speaking of a gentleman, I do not pretend to sav, that he had law who, so far from fleeing from iriui, went on his sive. lie himscif
' was aware that unnecessarily and appeared at the trial in le ha uot. Buit, unless he could obtain person.- This was the stage when he would what be deemed, and what appeared to have acted upon the feelings of conscious nie and to others to be an equitable settle- guit; this was the stage when conscious nieut, he was ruined, and the public was guilt would naturally huve induced bim to the guiner.--Mr. Cochrane Johnstone flee, if, in any stage, it was to bave that ansconds with none of the public money. I effect, -olf consciousness of guilt induced The nicans of reimbursement (without loss) | him to alıscond, why did he not do it before the Government has, in a state of seques- the trial? He made no effort to put to tration, in dollars and in wool. But the the trial; he did not remove the indict. Government demanded more than he had ment; he, on the contrary, wished it to come to pay with; and, therefore, le refused to on; be, if guilt induced him to flee, acted an-wer the Bill, knowing that the luw was directly against himself; he foolishly thre tr
away bis money npon lawyers and attor- | drawn forth by an observation of mine. Deys; a guinea laid out in boat hire would For, I was so stricken with the ingenuity have saved bim a month's toil, and, per- and beauty of the performance, that I ob haps, a thousand pound in law-expences. served to Mr. Johnstone, that he must So that, if it were “ conscious guilt,” certainly have paid a great deal of money which, at last, set him in motion, he acted for it. He then told me what he had paid, the part of any thing but that of an adroit and I observed that it was very chcap, and enterprising man.--As to the fact and that I did not believe that there was of his guilt, he has been found guilty, and another man in the kingdom capable of I shall not attempt to arraign the verdict. doing such a thing.There is another But though his situation cannot be altered circumstance, on which I cannot help obby any thing that I say, there is one cir- serving. It has been made matter of suscumstance which I feel myself impelled to picious co-incidence, that Mr. Tahourdin state. -As far as I can collect, the chief should be, at the same time, the attorney circumstance against him was, that De of Mr. Johnstone and of Mr. De Berenger. Berenger bad, in his possession, bank Now, I remember seeing Mr. Talourdin notes, which had passed through the hands at Mr. Jolinstone's on business in the of Mr. Cochrane Johnstone and Mr. Butt. month of May or June, 1813; and I It was alledged, in defence, that Mr. believe, that the latter pever had any thing Cochrane Johnstone had paid De Berenger to do with stock-jobbing till a long while a sum of money for certain drawings and after that. I never saw Mr. Johnstone, explans, and that, thus, the transit of the cept for an hour in passing through Botley, notes was accounted for.-Now, I recol- from June, 1813, to very early in February, lect, that, LONG BEFORE the indict- 1814, when I saw him at a friend's house ment was either preferred, or talked of, in Westminster, for about ten minntes, I Mr. Cochrane Johnstone shewed me some being about to come home, and not having drawings and plans, very beautifully and time to go to his house. I then, for the first most ingeniously executed, which he told time, learnt, that he was engaged in stock me were the work of the Baron. The dealings; he, with his usual unreserve, told occasion of his shewing them to me was me about his transactions; but never did I my telling him that my son, who was with hear even a hint from him that he had any me, was learning to make plans; and I other means of securing profit than those remember his telling me, that he had paid possessed by other well-informed people. the Baron several hundred pounds for his Nay, I know that, at that time, only about trouble in executing those plans, and also three weeks previously to the hoax, his infor drawings of birds, I think it was, and tention was to go to Dominica, in March or some other things: so that, at any rate, April, to do something about his property this account of the transit of the notes there, which had suffered greatly from might not be wholly an invention, as it tempests. And, therefore, at that time, he has been represented to have been. I had could not have had any hoaxing system in forgotten this conversation, at which my contemplation.—As to the risk he ran in son was present, till I saw that the plans holding such a quantity of Stock as was 'had been produced at the trial; or I and sold out for him on the day of the Hoax, my son should certainly have been wit- and which risk has been, by many, regardnesses upon the occasion. This was some ed as too great to be run by any man not time about the 20th of March : long sure of his mark, I appeal to all those, before the indictment was even talked of; who have ever known him even for a week, long before De Berenger was taken ; and whether this be any presumption against at a time when it was thought by every him. With him risks are nothing. Conone that he had gone out of the country.- sequences make no part of his calculations. Now, it is not only improbable, but it is It has been very ably contended, that his next to impossible, if not quite impossible, conduct, in this instance, was prudent; that Mr. Cochrane Johnstone should have but, whether it was or not, those who are told me this story about paying De Beren- acquainted with his spirit of adventure, ger money with a view to any future dis- will never infer deliberate guilt from the closure; and, therefore, I am thoroughly circumstance of his having exposed himself convinced, that he did pay De Berenger a to danger. Thus much it has occurred to considerable sum of money for those ser- me to say at present with regard to a gen. rices. The meation of the payment was tleman, now not here to speak for himself.
I have had the pleasure to know him for the above I observe, that the consideration about eleven years. He was the last man of my Lord Cochrane's case is put off till in the world to reserve any thing from any Tuesday. I have also ascertained, what I body; and his character must have under- suspected to be the case, that his Loidgone a very great and sudden change, if he ship's name has not been struck off the list reserved any thing from me. Yet he never of Post Captains, and that no part of the did, from first to last, give me the smallest sentence has been remitted. So far from ground for believing, that he had any hand this, an official notice has been sent his in the transaction in which he was accused Lordship to prepare for the pillory on the of being a party. It is impossible for me 10th day of August next! to produce, by any thing that I can say or do, any change in his situation.
But DENMARK. -The advocates of interevery thing that I do know, or that I may minable war; those sanguinary wretches hereafter learn ; every thing that a strict who have assumed to themselves the apadherence to truth will enable to say in his pellation of the “ War Faction;" and favour, I shall always seek occasions for who boldly avow that they see nothing insaying. It is very likely that we shall human in spilling the blood of their fellow never meet again; but, in whatever part men “ in the cause of kings, of religion, of the world he may be, I shall always be and of social order ;" fioding that they anxious to hear from him, and learn that were unable to provoke a new war with prosperity and happiness attend him; and, France; that the war with America and as long as I am able to hold a pen, and have with Norway was insufficient to occupy senses left to guide it, no man shall, in this the whole of our immense flcets and armies; country, through the channel of the press, and that their friends, who depend for supunjustly assail him with impunity: To be port upon, and who look to, a state of warsure Mr. Cochrane Johnstone is justly fare as a source of enriching themselves; chargeable with many acts of indiscretion; finding, I say, that what they call the but, who is not? I am not setting myself enemies of Great Britain, were too few in up as the defender of his follies or his vices, number to justify long the continuance of having, like my neighbours, enough to do to the war taxes, whence so many advantages keep in check, or repair the effects of, my were derived by their party, they have, own. There are few men who have been from day to day, been labouring to embroi) exposed to so many and such great tempta- this country with other nations ; they have tions as the gentleman of whom I am speak- been unceasing in their recommendations ing; and those amongst us who have, to Ministers not to fulfil the terms of either from natural disposition or extrane- treaties solemnly entered into; and, in ous causes, not been so exposed, ought not order to afford some plausible pretence for to pass too hasty a judgment upon any part what, on our part, would be a gross violaof his conduct. Mr. Cochrane Johnstone tion of all honourable principles, these men has been reproached with being the instiga- endeavour, by the basest calumnies, and tor of the actions, or informations, against the foulest abuse, to provoke the rulers of the people of the Stock Exchange for other countries to some imprudent act, Stock-Jobbing. If true, is it a crime, then, which they would not fail immediately to to endeavour to enforce the law against of- plead as a justification of the hostile meafenders ? But, is this a proof, too, of “con sures they had been successful in occasionscious guilt.?". Was it likely for a man to ing.-In no instance does this infamous do this, who knew that it was, or, who mode of proceeding appear more conspicuthought that it was, in the power of the ous than in the case of Denmark. The Stock Exchange to punish him? Would people of that country have, no doubt, all not conscious guilt have taken special care along evinced a decided partiality for the to commit no new offence'; to do nothing to French nation. But who that recollects. add to the sharpness of the prosecutors' | the attack upon Copenhagen can blame anger ?-Here I close what I have to say them for this ?-I am not here insinuating 1pon this subject, at present, with referring any thing about the injustice of that act: the reader to the statement of my Lord what I mean is, that it is impossible for Cochrane, published in the last Register, any people, whatever may be their state of and also to that defence, which I suppose he civilization, to regard with a favourable will have made in Parliament, before this eye that nation which could burn and dewill go from the press. Since writing stroy their capital, even though such a