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their mast hearis? Did not the Guerriere i submission ; and, if our fleets and armies shi up and down the American Coist, with should not înails succeed in bringing a bir name written on ber fry, challenging i Property Tax from America into his ilathose or fri, tes? Did not the Wudje na jesty's Exchequer, the far greater part 10., with one vice, exclaim, at the atidir, the people will be most grievously disapoi the Lill: El,“ onis iit Raups pointed. So that this contempt of the corre within reach of one o: on frigties" Yankces have given your Lordship and li, in, such as the opinion on the whole your colleagues a good deal to do, in order nation; of all men of all partic; with | to satisfy the hopes and expectations which what justice is the Board of Aursialty have been excited, and which, I assure bland for not thinking oti:erwise; for you, are confideatly entertained. nut sending out the mours of combatting of the eliceis of this contempt I know an ertraordinery sort of fue ; for pol nobody, liowever, who have so nich reason issuing a privilege to our frigates to run to repent as the officers of his Majesty's 2:5dy frodi one of tia e fir-but this with 1251. If they had triumphed, it would a bit of riped buning ct its nuas-luad? only have been over half a dozen of fir fri
li has always been the misfortune of gates, with bits of bunting at their mastEnglaid, that ler rulers and her people have heads. They were sure to gain 0 reputaspion and have trought (kump2015!y tion in the contest; and, if they were deof the Americ:35. Your Lorship and I feated, what was their lot? The worst of were bors, and, indeed, not born, or, at it is, they themselves did, in some mcaleast, I was not, when our King first was sure, contribute to their own ill-fate ; for, involved in a quarrel with the An. ricaos. of all men living, rone spoke of “ poor But ano t as long as I can remember any - Jonathan" with so much contempt. To thias, i can r member, that this contempt read their letters, or the letters which our was expressed in the songs and sayings of newspaper people pretended to have rethe clod-loppers, amongst whom I was ceived from them, at the out-set of the war, bora ant bred; in doing which we con one would have thought, that they would ducied down to the estil that we delved hardly have condescended to return a shot the sentiments of the Squires and Lords from a buting ship. And now, to see The result of the former war, while it en- that bit of bunting flying so often over the liglatened nobody, added to the vindictive. British Flag! Oh! it is stinging beyond ness of hundreds of thousands ; so that we expression! The people in the country have entered into this war with all our old cannot think how it is. There are some stock of contempt, and a vastly increased people, who are for taking the American stock of ranco:11. To think that the Ame- Commodores at their word, and ascribing can Republic is to be a great power is in their victories to the immediate interren. supportable. Some men, in order to keep tion of Providence. Both Perry and her down in their language, and, at the Donough begin their dispatches by same time, not use liarsh expressions, ob- saying: “Almighty God has given us a serve, that she is only another part of our victory.” Some of their clergy, upon selves. They wish her to be thought, if this ground alone, call them Christian henot dependent upon us, still to be a sort of roes, and compare them to Joshua, who, by
younger child of our fanily, coming in after the byc, was a Jew. I observe, tbat, when. • Ireland, Jamaica, &c. 'I met a very any of them get beaten, they say nothing
worthy cots gontleman, a month or two about any supernatural agency; yet, there ago, vho wished that some man of ability is still a victory, on one side or the other ; would propose a scheme that he had, and and, if they ascribe their victories to such,
ithout whicl, he said, it'e never shoulal agency, why not ascribe our victories, and have peace again. “ Well, Sir," said I, of course, their own defeats, to this same “ and, pray, what is
scheme !"- over-ruling cause? If Mr. Madison had " Why, waille, “it is very simple. It told the Congress, that “ Almighty God “ji to form an UNION with the Ameri- “ had been pleased to enable the enemy to
States." It was raining, and I " burn their Capitol,” how they would have wanted to get on; so that I had not time stared at him! Yet, surely, he might have t certain what sort of Union he meant. said that with as much reason as CommoTii
ii. gentlema, bowever, was remarkably dore Mi'Donough ascribed his victory to nwierate in his views. The far greater such interposition. If Commodore Perry, part of the nation expect absolute Colonial | who captured our fleet on Lake Erie, had
been niet at New York with looks of per- to examine. But the gnllantry displayed fect indicrence, instead of being feasted by the Republicans, in particular cunts, and toasted as he way, and had been told, appears to surpass any thing on record in that the cause of this was, that he iad the history of markind, it the accounts gained no victory, cren according to his can be relied on. General Drummond's orvn official report ; how silly he would report of his action with their land forces have looked! And yet, be could have had cannot be questioned, and tle resolute onno reason to complain. I perceive also, set, on that occasion, cannot be reaci withmany other instances of this aping propen- out a shivering kind of astonizhnent, sity in the Americans. It is the " Ho- which leaves little power of analysing the “ nourable Wm. Jones, Secretary of the feelings of the mind, struck, aghast, trans“ Navy;" the “honourable the Mayor of fixed, and recoiling. But the account “ New York ;" “his Honour the Chief / which you gave of the naval action, at “ Justice," and, even the Members of Fayal, excecds that and every thing which Congress call one another “honourable man has ever heard of; and I am, i
OW!), “gentlemen," and their honourable led to doubt the correctness of the state. "friends;" I was not, 'till of late, aware, ment. Whether our force was employed that this sickly taste was become so preva- regularly or not, must be left to future lent in America. This is, indeed, con- elucidation. I believe, from the character temptible; and England will bave, in a few of our naval officers, it will be found that years, a much better ground of reliance for no impeachment of them will, finally, be success, in this change of the national cha- proved. But taking the account which racter in America, than in the force of our you have published to be, in other respects, arms. When once the bankering after exact, I must confess that no parallel titles becomes general in that country; transaction has ever come to my knowledge. when once riches shall have produced that What to admire most, the deliberate coneffect, the country will become an easy duct, or the desperate valour, of these men, prey to an old, compact, and easily-wielded becomes a question of difficulty. The Government like ours. When men find, commander first makes inquiry of the Porthat they cannot obtain titles under the tuguese authorities as to his safety. He form of Government now existing, they then abstains from hostility till be is actuwill, as soon as they have the opportunity, ally attacked, and the aggression becomes sell the country itself to any Sovereign, undoubted. Now, having repulsed the who will gratify their base ambition. This assailants, he rous his tiny vessel under is the slow poison that is at work on the the neutral fort, that his statina may be no American Constitution. It will proceed, problem. When called upon there to act, unless speedily checked, to the utter de he and his brave crew, seemingly well prestruction of that which it has assailed.- pared for the worst, deal destruction on the Our best way is to make peace with them enemy, with almost supernatural good fornow; and leave this poison to work. By tune and success. As long as resistance the time that they get to “Right Horour- could be made, with hope of glory, for “ ables,” we shall be ready to receive their there could have been none of final safety, allegiance. When the bit of bunting comes they remain at their post, to, encounter, to be exchanged for some sort of ar morial after every struggle, a ship of superior thing, the fellows, who now " fight like force, which could not want a superabun“ blood-thirsty savages," as our papers say, dance of hands for offence and defince, and will become as tame and as timid as sheep. beat her off. Not seeing any good from I am, &c. &c. WM. COBBETT. prolonging a contest, in which they de
stroy more than twice their own number,
they render their cock-boat urserviccable, AMERICAN BRAVERY.
and retire. Yet pursued and demanded, SIR, -As the American contest is he- they resolve, with their small numbers, to come remarkable, and begins to excite brave danger to the last, and occupy a poconsiderable interest, allow me to make sition on land, determined to render as some desultory remarks upon it, which may dear as possible their eventual fall before bave a beneficial influence on some, at such superior force. This last determinaleast, of your readers. Whether the ad. tion is the essence of heroism; it drives vantare is or is not in our favour, at this one wild with admiration. stage of the contest, it is not my purpose But the features of the contest, which
throw the most brilliant la tre on it, are their having their fuil share of it ; fet, it the inprising force thai surrounded the un- is not always right to blazon, to our forces, daunted R publicans, and the high quali- how much we rate the skill ard courage of ties of the enemy iciun thuy hu to en- our antagonists, though it is both cowardiy counier. A privateer, Sir; vrs; a priva- and ill policy to deny that be possessts teer, of 7 or of 1+ guns, pa matter which, them, after meeting us in a way to content sets, at anchor byiis sive, an English it, the most ambitious of fame. But I am an English frizure, and an Lagtish briz tired of these inconsistencies and contraof war, and cie. the last of superior force; dictions, and shall go on with my remarks. and yet it resists! Would aay man have — The inequality of force that we have expected that tary would not have scuttied sometimes seen on the side of the Americ their can; on the slighten: appear:uice of cans, and their extraordinary efforts at all hosti'ity, then to their beats, and made times, new to war themselves and opposed the best of their way to land, which they to the English, and to the English wored would have been fully ja zied in doing to warfare for tienty years by land and Tell me, when the English bave ever met sea, lead us to inquire into the cause of a with an enemy such as the Americans had phenomenon, that is, to say the least, rare ta tug with in thein. When, where ! and singular. I am apt to think thai someu ales in this war; and the Republicans thing must bx attribuied to corporeal force. are, at last, al'aud to be antagonists The Yankees are, surels, possessed of worthy of ns. Bat an observation forces more bodily power, more muscular strength, itself on me at this place, and I do not 'firmer stamina, sterer nerves, than the study metient. How incon-istent with the English. It is probable that there may be national bonour, and how contradictory in something in this. Food, in America, is the.nlves, are our words and actions with at the command of every human being, ia respect to the Americans ! It one moment superabundant quantity, from his youtb. it would seem that they are cowardiy, base, Has not this a tendency to bring man up and cruel; but even our great men, at with that force of limb which gives hia the same moment, speak of their humanity the pre-eminence in manhood over such as as so extraordinary, as to indicate a secret have not the same advantage? In this inclination to place themselves under our conntry, food has been, to the poor, s protection ; while our prints, with the sil- scarce commodity for many years. May liest reluctance, are forced to give such not this circumstance cause a degree of accounts of their noble daring, as alone nervelessness and impotence, which cannot can justify our forces when worsted by be removed by the abundant fare supplied them. This reluctance I call silly, be when they enter into his Majesty's sercause it is even more silly than it is en-vice ?-And, by the bye, if this be admisvious and arudging : for unless they admit sible, may not an argument be deduced the superior gallantry of the victor, what hence against Corn Laws, if their effect is the conquered, in the name of British be to render food dearer, for that would renown? And yet I cannot think it less render our defenders feebler, which is by silly to give such unequivocal marks of no means a desirable result? Besides, on acknowledgment of the gallantry of our account of the pressure for men in our foe, as we have done, in the travwardness late extensive warfare, many of tle feeblest of the mixed admiration and scoffing with of the English population bave been adwhich we have loaded him. Such a coo- mitted into our naval and military service, duct may have an ill eflect on the morals of and the hardships of our manufacturers our gallant scamen und soldiers, and make drove them to seek that or any mode of them suspect that success is equivocal, keeping body and soul together. These may than which nothing can be more injuri- he considered as the puniest of our people. ous to it. Therefore, I cannot say that I Whereas, the Americans have men who think Captain Broke should have been have spent their lives in plenty, and free made a Baronet, or that he should have from excessive labour in the country, or accepted the distinction, for it is proclaim in all the abundance which their flourishing ing, that to capture an American ship of commerce supplied. But as the above equal, or nearly equal, force, is some great cause may be disputable, and can, but in achievement. Perhaps the enemy may part only, account for the fact, if it be s kave meriied this compliment; for, surely, fact, that the Republicans are stronger it is no complinent to any one else without Imen than our brave defenders, I will
state what appears a more unequivocal rea-fona klonum:nt smiling at Grif, it is daily son for the superiority which they have seen, sitting on certain benches, biot merely sometimes shewn, and the efforts which, smiling, but eren levighing lout at the imthough raw and new, they have, at all potence of its -accusers. But tiie publia times, made. The history of the world, having accused it, let it be fairly placed at from the creation, to say nothing of the na the bar, and allowed counsel. First, then, ture of the thing, shews that tkere is some it must be granted, that a name given thing in Republicanism that gives extraor- does not make any alteration in the thing dinary energy to those who possess it, whe- itself; for example, all is not charity or ther à Republic be a good or a bad instiptriotism that pass under those denominatution. We will not go to ancient times, tions ; corruption may designate pory, and because it is sufficient to appeal to the pay is an aci of the strictest justice; just last American war, and to the war of the as a ROTTEN OLIO* is the best di b in Sprite French Revolution, to prove the point. nish cookery, and no one refuses to regale The Americans were successful to the end, himself there with on account merely of the and it will not be denied that they conti- disgustful name. Nearly the same may be nued Republicans. The French Republi said of corruption : it may possibly be the cans were also always successful. Indeed, most savoury dish at a Minister's talle, such a career of success scarcely ever fell Which of the well-bred guests, then, would to the lot of any other people. We well shew hinself so fastidious as to refuse tastrecollect the events of that day. No man, ing it, solely because of its name
me? Next, that has memory, can forget the universal your Reformers clamour about paying their impression, that it was Republican energy Representatives. Is it not tantamount if that crowned that nation, every wliere, corruption is employed to pay such Reprewith rictory, over all Europe armed against sentatives? Were the public actually to it. The conclusion of the Continental war pay their Representatives, it must go adds all its force to this observation through some regular channel, and be perWhen the sublimation, the soul, which formed by some regular officer, appointed strung up Republican Frenchmen to deeds for the purpose. Now the Kingly authoof imperishable renown, ceased to animate rity we term the Executive, and Ministers the French, though they had the memory derive their power from the King. Who, of their triumphis as a temporary stimulus, then, can have so great a right to pay the yet they were conquered, conquered by a people's Representatives ? Ilere again is force far less than had been repeatedly another argument in favour of corruption : brought against them in the days of their were it to employ its own money, nothing Commonwealth. If there is any thing in could be said in its defence ; but it this, let it arise itself from what cause it is not yet so void of principle: it draits may, I will venture to say that the Ame- from the public purse, and no one will ricans possess it, in its fullest measure ; presume to deny that the contents of that for no nation on earth ever existed more purse are drawn from the pockets of the thoroughly Republican than the people of people. The people, therefore, may be the United States. If you like the above, justly said to pay their Ropresentatives! it is at your service and that of your What would Reformers desire more.--Iacreaders ; but I must now take my leave. knowledge they complain ihat they are not
HORTATOR. fairly represented; that the majority of the
nation have no yotes, &c. Here let ne DEFENCE OF CORRUPTION.
ask, in what does the majority of the nation MR. COBBETT,It surely is neither consist? Is it composed of virtues or of generous nor fair for the multitude to run vices? Let the public look around. Each down an individual, altbough a supposed will find that, excepting with himself, and enemy; neither is the accused to be pro- a very few of his acquaintances, virtue and nounced guilty without having been heard honesty do not exist, but that all the vices in his own defence, by himself or his coun- reign triumphant, and overspread the land, sel. Much has been said against corrup- _Each having made this remark, will tion, yet its defence has never been pro- draw the natural conclusion, that the Naperly attended to. Accusations from all tional Representation is complete, and quarters have been poured in, yet, con- while he circumscribes honesty and virtue scious of its integrity, it has maintained a dignified silence; and, like Patience sitting
* Olla pod ida,
wit in the cię narrot circle of bimself is often as cruel as an innate malevolence, and frieds, he wil take confort in knowing' for it is frequently prodactive of the same that so comparatively »mall a portion of , effects. When a gownsman has been rational honour and sirtoe is represented found in any of these houses, the proctor in Parismes:t by at least an ade quate rum- has been known to have ordered the Marber of lie niers. Art.then, with all us shal to take the woman away in the middle founded paint and predice.' Derm it no of the night!-However we may, as molonger corruption, but par-and honestly I ralists, deplore the fact, it is to be feared ac krowiet te the nation to be fully and that the existence of common prostitutes fairiy repre-ented, although no way flat must be acknowledged to be a necessary evil, terea in the pictere.
and one that can never be eradicated. As AN AYTI-REFORMER. an immorality it is not to be defended; but,
perhaps, it has the effect of preventing the CIVERSITY OF OXFORD.
commission of greater ones ; among which, S!R,– 1 few months aço, some letters and particularly in such a place as Oxford, appearcis pour paper relative to the great may be reckoned the habits of intriguez and a puses thich prevailed in the exercise of the arts of seduction. If this be the case, the procurtimiapostei at Oxford. I am and experience seems to confirm it, it is row h-p!'s to state, and for the credit of cruel to punish an unhappy woman for the Univery it should be made public, exercising an occupation, that generally that, in corsquence of a change of officers, brings its own punishment with it; an of a very nisterial alteration has taken place cupation which, most probably, were it in With respect to the domicilivry visits, ber poiver, she would be happy to relin(which sutrct formed a great part of the quish; and which from necessity should be above-mentioned letters), it gives me plea- connived at, if carried on with an atteation sure to say, that the present proctors, as
to public decency. Instances have occurred far as I have been able to learn, have never
in Oxford of women of this description har. pilt them into practice. Indeed, these ing been imprisoned, merely for having been visits are of so tyrannical a nature, and so
30 unfortunate as to be found by the proccontrary to the cominon law of the land, tors with gownsmen at their own houses, that unless in cases of riot,
when there has been no noise or riot, for å
or any other breach of the peace that would authorize longer time than persons vbo bave been a similar exertion of power in any other convicted of theft at the quarter sessions! place, they should never be put in exccution. Imprisonment for a month in the city The act of searching the lodgings of un
prison is a very common, but a most severe fortunate females, and (which has fre- punishment. In damp weather, the stone quently been done) making them leave walls of the cells in which they sleep, litetheir beds in the night to open the doors of rally run down with water. There is no their apartments, and examining every glass in the windows, and only a sliding corner of their rooms, is surely a degrada- board to exclude the air. The writer of tion of the procuratorial office. It must this letter is aware that it will expose him be observed, too, that the description of the to the censure of all those whose hypocrisy scenes which soinetimes take place on these is greater than their humanity. He can occasions, a9 related by the proctors them- only say, that the censure of such men is, selves, and the consequent 'merriezent in in his estimation, of little importance; and conversation to which such searches give that with every attention to a rational and rise, have frequently inclined us to attri- well-regulated discipline in the University, bute these domiciliary and nocturnal visits and a proper and becoming respect to his to motives less pure than those of the dis- superiors, he never has, and never will, be charge of an official duty. And all this deterred from noticing acts of cruelty and has been sometimes done by men who are oppression, by the frown of pedantry or generally considered as good-natured. The the threats of self-assumed authority. fact is, a prying and unmanly curiosity
0.xford, Dec. 1814.
Printed and Published by J. MORTON, 94, Strand.