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tion must be bad ; and those who prescribe churchman is bound to consider it as suchi
. such enquiries have their own interest and The third, and smallest party, deny that al selfishness more at heart than the subject Christian is bound to receive the book as itself, or the good of mankind. We live an authentic Jiistory; admit that some of in an aye, in which we daily hear and see the narrative is absurd and incredible if many efforts to promote learning. Far literally understood, but a sert it to be be it from me to discourage those who chiefly allegorical, and should not be interreally have in view the benefits that may preted according to the letter. Vindex arise from such laudable pursuits. But says, you contrived (you best know borr) learning, without the ability and disposition to get possession of a copy of the cours to detect and expose error, appears to me JUDAICUS, and your sellish policy soon useless. If, as I am fearful is often the pointed out to you the advantages which cuse, we engage
in any study to overare you might obtain for your own private and bewilder the multitude, it is highly views us a priest, by raising the howl of criminal.
bigotry against a man who possessed some In the year 1811, Sir W. Drummond share of reputation in the literary world. wrote a book, entitled (Dipus JUDAICUS, You accuse the author of libelling the and had printed about 250 copies for pri- clergy, and teaching the same doctrines as vate circulation among his friends. He Dapnis and Volney, who deny that Jesus throws some ridicule upon the literal inter-Christ ever existed. Your object was to pretation of the Scriptures, and sneers it destroy the character of Sir W. Drumthe bigots of the present times. He says, mond, as a man who possessed no principle that by the allegorical interpretation, the either of religion or of common honesty; Scriptures are exaltal
, as cont:ining a fund and in so doing to obtain credit to yourself of science as well as being of divine ori- in bringing so heinous an individual before gin ; and, holding that opinion, he laughs the bar of the public. But happily for him at the literal interpretation, because it and some others, the power in you is not must happen that to himn wijo believed the waiting the will to do mischief. I, thereonc mode of interpretation to be true, the fore, ci crit expedient to rebuke the spirit other must appear not only false but ridi- of malice which lies lurking under the byculons. The rest of th: work is occupied pocritical cart of the Christian Advocate. in discussing the nature and objects of the For philosophy, you and many others seem allegories introduceel ly the sacred writers to have an innate abhorrence; and, therefor the wisest purposes.
The work is fore, 110 0:11 who knows you will expect written with great labour, and displays a you to discourse with him upon general fund of prodigious eruition. It has been principles of reason. Your views are all attacked by the Rev. G. D'Oyly, B. D. partial and limited. You see the little Christian Advocate in the University of world about you, and you are satisfied with Cambridge, and Chaplain to his Grace the your own knowledge. You sway the opiArchbishop of Canterbury, who says it is nions of the vulgar, and proscription awaits the production of a cruzy dream, and the raslı man who dares to call philosophy treats. the author as an infickl, a blus- his counsellor, and reason his guide. With pher, a lunatic. Three anonymous respect to the sciences, no
bigot ever really avriives have started up in its favour, who loved them. To school learning you
render shew, by sound argument and much learn- due homage. It keeps the mind off" from ing, the utility of the work, and the igno- speculation, which you fear and abhor. ! rance and malice of the accuser.Vindicia sec in your writings abundant evidence of tells the Reverend Advocate, that a person an overbearing dogmatisi, and priestly who do not exercise the reason which pride, but little of the candour which Gol has kiven him in the guidance of his might influence, or the justice which ought faitiu, wil be a l'agan, a Wahometan, a to guide, the pen of a Christian Advocate. Christian, a Lutheran, or a Calvanist, as you would be a persecutor like Garduer, chance may conet, or as example may de- if you possessed' his power; and a high ternine. One party hold that the book of priest, like Land, if you could obtain his Joshua is not a true history, but a collec-dirnity. You have all the intemperance tion of traditions. The second party de los Warburton without his genius, and all vote the firit to the infernal abodes, and the intolerance of Ilorsky without his maintain that the book in question is a true learning.” and autentic liistory, and that every Billicus tells the Archbishop's Chaplain,
that his book does bim no credit either as those who sincerely ask it, the Bible mnay a gentleman, a scholar, or a christian; that be spiritually understood ; therefore a cobif he had cither grace in his heart, or the ler may be as good a teacher as a Doctir manners of a gentleman, “ shame would of Divinity. The Doctor has shewn us, “burn his cheeks to a cinder” for his un- that an establishment is requisite to make paralleled assurance ; for while lie accuses Christianity seem a rational system of bebis adversary of heretical opinion, he is lief; and Nir. Cunningham has shewn us guilty of the same crime himself
. Thus, there is no such pecessity, inasmuch as in the character of a supporter, he denies Christianity cannot be comprehended merely the prophecies, and is sapping the founda- by human reason, but requires the aid of tion of the Christian religion. Candidrs, inspiration. The Doctor secms to place who appears still to prefer the old version, the whole merit of Christianity in its moral and writes the most like a mild, moral precepts, and uses the name of God very man, thus observes :-“ I abhor persecu- sparingly. Mr. Canningham says, that tion in all its shapes. The Romisli Inqui- moral precepts are nothing without docsition tortures its victims. Is it less than trines, and talks of God as familiarly as torture to an enlightened man, who has if he were his next door neighbour: The acquired a reputation for learning and ta- Nov. Richard Warner, in one of his serlents, to hear himself charged with gross mons, observes, " Whatever wild enthustupidity and ignorance, while such a cla-siasts, on the one hand, or wordly Divines mour is raised against him that he cannot on the other, may assert, conceit, or write be heard in his own defence? Is it no tor. to the contrary, this I must continue to ture to be driven from the Republic of think, as long as my faculty of ratiocinaLetters by an aconser, who is scarcely tion remains unclouded, that Christianity, ever in the right through the long cata- according to the spirit and letter of the logue of his specific churges ? Our holy Gospel, is a system neither veiled in nysreligion wants no such ausiliary as perse- tery, nor involved in difficulty, as the forcution ; and it is persecution, cruel perse mer would lead markind to imagine ; nor cution, unjustly to take away the moral is it essentially and exclusively associated and literary reputation even of an infidel. with any particular form of litargy, sysBut the author of the CEDIPUS JUDAICUS tem of establishment, or modification of is no infidel ; and if he were, I should be government, as the latter would suggest slow to accuse a man of being an inbidel. Its real doctrines display, in language level. because his method of understanding the to the lowest intellect, mercy to the conbooks of Moses and Joshua were not trite, aid to the humble, and cternal hapmine. Archbishop Tillotson, and other piness to all good Christians, whether they excellent divines, have ridiculed the inter- be of Paul, or Apollos, of Luther, Calpretation the Roman Catholics have given vin, or Arminius, of the Romish pale, or of some most important tests in the New the Reformed Church, followers of PresTestament, which the Romanists bave byterianism, or advocates of Episcopacy. chosen to understand according to the To place these simple, but interesting, letter. These Romanists accuse the Pro-doctrines in an affecting and impressive testants of blasphemy ; but we reply that, point of view, and to urge upon mankind in ridiculing their interpretation of the the steady observance of them, is, if I do Scriptures, we respect the word of God not greatly err, genuine evangelical preachas well as they do."
ing: and the teacher who leads his learers I find that two Gentlemen, I believe both into the mazes of mystery, bewildering members of the Church of England, a Dr. them with irresistible grucc, imputer Maltby, and a Mr. Cunningham, have also righteousness, positire predestination, para been busily engaged upon this subject. The ticular redemption, the perseverance of the Doctor contends, that the use of an esta-saints, or such like incomprehensible jarblished Church consists in expounding those gon, and the divine who dcludes them hy passages of the Bible which require the aid accommodating his discourses to the popuof human learning and gaod sense to under- lar errors, the reigning prejudices, or the stand. Now bis opponent says, there can fashionable babits of thinking, which chaþe no use for any Church at all, because racterise these tinies, the spirit of party,
the aid of the Spirit is vouchsafed to all or the suggestions of secular interest, ap?
pear to be alike unworthy of the office who have the immediate superintendance they assome, and traitors to the cause they of the prison, were informed of this circumprofess.”
stance; and, as it appeared to the writer, I shall leave your readers to form their that no time was to be lost in obtaining own opinions, on the different points of some relief to these prisoners, he addressed controversy here introduced. But I can- the following letter to the Rev. Dr. Lee, not belp observing, that though the pro- the Vice-Chancellor :mulgation of these opinions may be con “ This letter is most respectfully adsidered by many as the proof of too much dressed to the Vice-Chancellor by one who liberty of the press being now allowed, and entertains hopes that it will be received that by the generality of your admirers it with his usual condescension, and not be may appear to them quite enougli, it seems hastily thrown aside or disregarded. The to me no prout at all upon the subject. It Vice-Chancellor is acquainted with the is too ofien the case, that it is the man structure, as well as the management of who falls the victi'n, instead of his mea- the city-prison, to which he has the power sures or opinions, and it always will be so of commitment. He must know the damp while we have a corrupt press, shackled state of the walls of that prison, arising without a previous censorsbip. A free from the nature of the stone with which it press can do harm only to those who wish is built ; and that there are merely slidingto live like droves, by any means that craft boards, and no glass, to the windows of and villainy can devise, on the industry of the cells in which the prisoners sleep; a others. It ought always to be borne in severity which, as it was never in the conmind, that in America they have a press templation of the law, will, it is hoped, be really free, a population of 7,000,000 of specdily obviated; for, under these circumhuman beings, generous, brave, and free, stances, imprisonment, in the winter, is a without either a superstitions, or a despotic punishment of the severest kind, and most establishment. If ever there was a cause destructive to the health and constitution worthy of nartyrdom, and : victim could of those who are not very rol ast, and do good to so noble a cause, in that cause, more particularly of females. The Viceand no other, might my countrymen de Chancellor, however, may possibl; not be mund the life of
awaie (as lie may never have been inform
ed of the fact) that two of the females, UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. whom he conmitted a short time ago, were SIR,-- In the letter which lately appear- ill of the venereal discasc, and that since ed in your REGISTER, on the severity that their commitment, they have been under a has been frequently exercised by the course of medicine for that disease, admiProctors of the University of Oxford on nistered by the apothecary of the establishcertain unfortunate females, it is stated ment; and that these females have always that, in the city-prison to which they are been obliged to sleep in the common cells, generally committed, " in damp weather, though they might have been accommo5 the cells in which they sleep literally dated with a warmer apartment in the
rna down with water; that there is no prison. The Vice-Chancellor is humbly “glass in the windows, and only a sliding requested to make some inquiry into the is borri to exclude the wind and rain.” circumstances of this case ; and always to To the truth of this statement, any person ask those women who are likely to be ill seeing them at the present season of this disease when brought before him, fully testify; to which might have been whether they are so or not; and to issue added, that were the sliding board well his orders, or adopt some method, by which adapted for the purpose of excluding the women so diseased, may not be obliged to wind and rain, which is hy no means the pass the long winter nights in the abovecase, it must recessarily üt the same time mentioned cold and damp cells, then taking exclude the light.---The writer of this, a medicine that requires particular care and letter, together with some friends, lately attention. The writer of this appeals to saw almost every part of this prison. - the humanity of the Vice-Chancellor, most Amongst the female prisoners, there were sincerely hopes that it will not have been two ill of the venereal disease, who, during made in vain !"? the w?role time of dicir confinement (and it Orford, Dec. 5, 1814. hal ticu been for many days), slept in The writer of the above letter to the these wretched cells. The city magistrates, Vice-Chancellor has reason to think that
it was favourab'y received. The Vice- Joffer their services to the Government of Chancellor's interference, however, in the the United States." present case was quite unnecessary, as it Mr. Troup also reported a bill “ to prowas anticipated by the kindness and libe- vide for the further defence of the frontiers rality of the Mayor and City Magistrates, of the United States, by authorising the to whom application had been previously President to angment the present military made on the subject. The sick-rooms establishment.” (which have not been used for a long time) [This bill proposes to provide, “ that, in are to be immediately repaired, and fur- addition to the present military establishnished with beds for the accommodation of ment of the United States, there be immcthose prisoners who are ill; and the writer diately raised forty regiments, in such pro. is convinced, that the humanity of the Ma- portions of infantry, artillery, riflemen, and gistrates will induce them to order that the cavalry, as the President of the United windows in the cells be glazed, which, by States may deem proper, to be enlisted to being made to open, will sufficiently venti- serve during the war, unless sooner dislate the prison; and if wire-lattices be charged, and limited a3 to service to the placed on the outside, there will be no defence of the frontiers of the United States, danger of the glass being broken. This &c. &c.”] will be an example worthy to be followed The three bills were severally twice by all who have the management of pri- read, and referred to a Committee of the sons; for confinement, labour, and spare whole. diet are surely all that the law requires; Mr. Troup also laid before the House and these are sufliciently distressing with the following letter from the Secretary at out the addition of cough and rheumatism. War to the Military Committee :It is cruel, unjustifiable, and presumptuous
Department of War, Oct. 17. in man to convert the inclemency of the Sır,-The great importanee of the subject, seasons into the means of punishment. It and the other duties of the Department which must be observed too, that the prison is could not fail to be very sensibly felt, at so inteused, not merely as a house of correction, resting a period, by a person who had just taken but as the place of confinement of those charge of it, are my apology for not answering who are committed for trial at the City your letter of the 24th of September, at an earQuarter Sessions, and who, till convicted, lier day, on the defects of the present military are legally to be considered as innocent. establishment.– Due consideration has been beTo these prisoners every moderate and rea- stowed on the subject maties of that letter, and sonable indulgence, consistent with the se
I have now the honour to submit to the Commitcurity of their persons, should be granted. tee the following Report: -1. That the present Every magistrate, who has the power of military establishmeat, mounting in 62,4-18 inen, comnitting persons, should occasionally be preserved and made complete, and that the visit the prison to which they are commit- most eficient means authorised by the Constituted. By making proper inquiries con- tion, and consistent with the general rights of cerning the health and management of the
our fellow-citizens be alopred, to fill the ranks, prisoners, and taking care that they have and with the least posible delay.–2. That a gond medical assistance, many unnecessary permanent force, consisting of at least 10,000 hardships might be prevented, and much
inen, in addition to the present military estamuscrv alleviated.
blishment, be raised for the defence of our cities Oxford, Dec. 12, 1914.
and frontiers, onder an engagement by the exe
cutive with such corps that it shall be employed IMPORTANT AMERICAN DOCUMENTS. in that service within certain specified limits, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, and that a proportionate augmentation of Gene. Washington, Oct. 27.
ral Officers of each grasle and other staf be proMr. Troup, of Georgia, from the Mili vided for.--3. That the corps of Engineers he tary Committee, reported a bill, making enlarged.-4. That the ordnance department be further provision for filling the ranks of amended. Respecting the Enlargement of the the regular army, hy classifying the free Corps of Engineers, I shall submit hereafter a male population of the United States.
more detailed communication. For the pro. Mr. Troup also reported a bill “ to an- posed Amendment of the Ordnance, I submit a thorise the President of the United States Report of the Senior Officer of the Departement, to accept the services of volunteers, who in this city, which is approved. I shall be reaty may associate and organize themselves, and land happy to communicate such furt!;er remaiks
and details on these subjects as the Committee sure, that it is his intentios to press the air muy desire, and shall requesi permission to sag. frun Canada, on the arijvining States, whilea'. gest the resalı of further attention to, and reflec- tempts are made on the City of New York, ard tios on, our Military Estajlishment generally, other important points, with a view to the vain should say thinz order which may be deemed project of di-memberirent or subjugation. It worthy its attentioa. I have the honour to be. may be inferred likewise to be a part of the &c.
JAJES MONROE. scheme to continue to invade this part of the Hon. G. M. Troop, Chairman, Military
Union, while a separate force alt.chs the Suite Comaillee, House of Representatives. of Louisiana, in the hope of taking possessioa
of the City of New Orleans, and of the mouth of Explanatory Obseruntions, de companying the Let- the Mississippi, that great inlet and key to the
ter from the guepeory of IV ir to the Chairman corrmerce of all that portion of the United States. of the Military Com reittee of the House of the ring westward of the Allezbany mountains.Representatives.
The peace in Europe, having given to the enemy In providinga force necessary to bring this war a large disposable force, bas essentially favoured to a happy termination, the nature of the crisis in these objects. The advantage which a great which we are iovolsed, and the extent of its naval superiority gives to the enemy, by enabling dangers, claim particular attention. If the him to move troops from one quarier to aro:her, means are not fully adequate to the end, discom- from Maice to the Mis-issippi, a coast of 2003 ftare must inevitably ensue. It is confidently miles exten', is very considerable. Even a "mall presumed, that it is the intertion of the British force, moved in this manner for the purposes Government, by striking aitite principal sources avowed by the British commanders, cannot fail of our prosperity to diminish the importance, to be sensibly fell, more especially by those w ba if not to destroy the political existence, of the are exposed to it. It is obvious, if the militia United States. If any doubt remained on this are to be relied on principally for the defeace of subject, it has been completely rem wed by the our cities and coasts agrin-t their predatory and dispatches from our Ministers at (ent, which desolating incursions, werever they may be were lately laid before Congres. A'nation con- made, that, by inteifering with their ordinary tending for its exiccence against an enemy pow-porsuits of industry, it must be attended with seerfol by land and sea, fiivoured in a peculiar rious interruption and loss to them, and injury manner by extraordinary events, must make to the public, while it increases the expence.great exertions, and suficr great sacrifices.-- | It is an object of the highest importance, to pro. Forced to contend again for our liberties and in- vide a regular force, with the means of transdependeare, we are called on for a display of porting it from one quarter to another lang all the pairiorism, w'sich distinguished our fel our coast, thereby following the movements of low-citizens in the first great struggle. It may the enemy with the greatest possible rapidity, and be fairly concludel, that if the United Stales sa- repelling the attack wherever it may be made. crifice any right, or inake any dishono:irable These remarks are equally true as to the militia concession to the demands of the British Govera- service generally under the present orgai ization ment, the spirit of the nation will be broken, of the militia, and the short term of service pre. and the foundations of their union and independ-scribed by law. It may be stated with conga ence shaken. The United Slates must relinquish drnce, that at least three times the force in no right, or perish in the struggle. There is no in- militia has been employed at our principal cities termerlin', sround to rest on. i concessit n on one along the coast, and on the frontier in marching point, leads directly is the surrender of every other. to and returning thence, that would have been The result of the contest cannot le doubtful. necessary in regular troops; and that the er. The biggest confidence is enteriained that the pence attending it has been more than proporstronger the pressure, and the greater the danctionally augmented, from the difficulty, if not ger, the more firm and vigorous will be the re
the impossibility, of preserving the same degree sistance, and the more successful and glorious | of system in the militia as in the regular service. the result. It is the avowed purpose of the ene But it will not be able to repel these predatory my to lay waste and destroy our cities and vile and desolating incursions. To bring the war to lages, and to desolate our coast, of rich exain
an honourable termination, we must not be ples have already been afforded. It is evidentiy
content with defending ourselves. Different his infention to press the war along the whole er.
feelings must be touched and apprehensions extent of our seaboard, in the hope of exhausting cited in the British Coveroment. By pushing equally the spirits of the people, and the na
the war into Canada, we secure the friendship tonal resources. There is also reason to press of the ludian tribes, and command their ser.