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Journals; votes.

Proceedings public.

tion of members thereof, and at no other time, unless as provided by this constitution. A majority of the members elected to each house shall constitute a quorum. Each house shall determine the rules of its proceedings, and be the judge of the election returns, and qualifications of its members; shall choose its own officers; and the senate shall choose a temporary president to preside when the lieutenant governor shall not attend as president, or shall act as governor. The secretary of state shall call the house of representatives to order at the opening of each new legislature, and preside over it until a temporary presiding officer thereof shall have been chosen and shall have taken his seat. No member shall be expelled by either house, except by a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to that house, and no member shall be twice expelled for the same offense. Each house may punish by imprisonment any person, not a member thereof, who shall be guilty of disrespect to the house, by disorderly or contemptuous behavior in its presence, but no such imprisonment shall extend beyond twenty-four hours at one time, unless the person shall persist in such disorderly or contemptuous behavior.

SEC. 8. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and publish them (except such parts as may require secrecy), and the yeas and nays of the members on any question shall, at the desire of any two of them, be entered on the journal. All votes in either house shall be viva voce. The doors of each house, and of [the] committee of the whole, shall be open, unless when the business shall be such as ought to be kept secret. Neither house

shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for Adjournment. more than three days.

SEC. 9. Any bill may originate in either house Bills. of the legislature, except bills appropriating money, which shall originate only in the house of representatives, and all bills passed by one house may be amended by the other.


vote on pas


SEC. 10. The enacting clause of a law shall be, use of laws; "Be it enacted by the legislature of the state of Nebraska," and no law shall be enacted except by bill. No bill shall be passed unless by assent of a majority of all the members elected to each house of the legislature. And the question upon the final passage shall be taken immediately upon its last reading, and the yeas and nays shall be entered upon the journal.

printing bills.

Title of bill.


SEC. 11. Every bill and concurrent resolution Reading and shall be read at large on three different days in each house, and the bill and all amendments thereto shall be printed before the vote is taken upon its final passage. No bill shall contain more than one. subject, and the same shall be clearly expressed in its title. And no law shall be amended unless the Amending new act contains the section or sections so amended, and the section or sections so amended shall be repealed. The presiding officer of each house Signing of bills. shall sign, in the presence of the house over which he presides, while the same is in session and capable of transacting business, all bills and concurrent resolutions passed by the legislature.


SEC. 12. Members of the legislature in all Privilege from cases except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, shall be privileged from arrest during the session of the legislature, and for fifteen days next be

Member not to receive civil appointment.

Nor to be in

terested in public contract.

Impeachments, how tried.

fore the commencement and after the termination. thereof.

SEC. 13. No person elected to the legislature shall receive any civil appointment within this state from the governor and senate during the term for which he has been elected. And all appointments, and all votes given for any such member for any such office or appointment, shall be void. Nor shall any member of the legislature, or any state officer, be interested, either directly or indirectly, in any contract with the state, county, or city, authorized by any law passed during the term for which he shall have been elected, or within one year after the expiration thereof.

SEC. 14. The senate and house of representatives, in joint convention, shall have the sole power of impeachment, but a majority of the members elect must concur therein. Upon the entertainment of a resolution to impeach by either house, the other house shall at once be notified thereof, and the two houses shall meet in joint convention for the purpose of acting upon such resolution within three days of such notification. A notice of an impeachment of any officer other than a justice of the supreme court shall be forthwith served upon the chief justice by the secretary of the senate, who shall thereupon call a session of the supreme court to meet at the capital within ten days after such notice to try the impeachment. A notice of an impeachment of a justice of the supreme court shall be served by the secretary of the senate upon the judge of the judicial district within which the capital is located, and he thereupon shall notify all the judges of the district court in the state to meet with

him within thirty days at the capital, to sit as a court to try such impeachment, which court shall organize by electing one of its number to preside. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members of the court of impeachment, but judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than removal from office and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, profit, trust in this state, but the party impeached, whether convicted or acquitted, shall nevertheless be liable to prosecution and punishment according to law. No officer shall exercise his official duties after he shall have been impeached and notified thereof, until he shall have been acquitted.


SEC. 15. The legislature shall not pass local or special legisla special laws in any of the following cases, that is


For granting divorces.

Changing the names of persons or places.


Laying out, opening, altering, and working roads or highways.

Vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys, and public grounds.

Locating or changing county seats.

Regulating county and township offices. Regulating the practice of courts of justice. Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of justices of the peace, police magistrates, and constables. Providing for changes of venue in civil and criminal cases.

Incorporating cities, towns, and villages, or changing or amending the charter of any town, city, or village.


Extra compensations.

Balt springs.

Providing for the election of officers in townships, incorporated towns or cities.

Summoning or empaneling grand or petit juries. Providing for the bounding of cities, towns, precincts, school districts, or other municipalities. Providing for the management of public schools. Regulating the interest on money.

The opening and conducting of any election, or designating the place of voting.

The sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to minors or others under disability.

The protection of game or fish.

Chartering or licensing ferries or toll bridges.
Remitting fines, penalties, or forfeitures.

Creating, increasing, and decreasing fees, percentages or allowances of public officers during the term for which said officers are elected or appointed. Changing the law of descent.

Granting to any corporation, association, or individual the right to lay down railroad tracks, or amending existing charters for such purpose.

Granting to any corporation, association, or individual any special or exclusive privileges, immunity, or franchise whatever. In all other cases where a general law can be made applicable, no special law shall be enacted.

SEC. 16. The legislature shall never grant any extra compensation to any public officer, agent, servant, or contractor, after the services shall have been rendered, or the contract entered into. Nor shall the compensation of any public officer be increased or diminished during his term of office.

SEC. 17. The legislature shall never alienate the salt springs belonging to the state.

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