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ing utensils and small hardware. The builder's name is Stuart Wetmore. The total number of cooking utensils and other pieces used was 231.

This interesting duplicate locomotive is 10 feet long, 5 feet 4 inches high and 3 feet wide. The boiler is formed of four number 9 round washboilers, with one galvanized wash tub for the flaring portion. The cab was formed out of four cake boxes, with a curved stove board for the roof. The eccentrics and working gear were represented by transom lifts and brass tubing of paris green sprayers.

The complete list of utensils and small hardware which went into this locomotive is as follows: Two stove boards, three waiters, two oil stove ovens, three coils hose, nine patty pans, one egg beater, one pint cup, two conductor elbows, one milk pan, one fruit press, seven milk skimmers, two creamers, two door stops, two dampers, two clamps, one A. B. C. plate, one carriage lamp, one covered pail, two transom lifts, two ox knobs, three bread boxes, two kettle covers, twelve fuse tubes, twenty-five butter spades,three knobs,one lamp heater,three cake pans, four funnel tubes, two stair rods,one stove toaster,twelve stove lifters, seven dripping pans, eight creamer taps, four cake pans, nine pokers, one dish pan cover, eleven pipe collars, two brackets, two levels, two meat saws, one cake closet, fourteen lamp collars, one trivet, six pie plates, one lamp top, two jelly molds, three powder cans, four vegetable presses, two cake turners, ten chain links, four pot covers, two cage borders, two filters, two stove pipes, four table mats, four graters, four iron hoops, three axe

handles, three planes, two steel squares. Completed, the locomotive was appropriately named the "Bride's Special."

Mr Wetmore for planning and constructing the "Bride's Special" received the gold medal for the. best display at the Dominion fair at Halifax. The locomotive was wired together.

Wireless Aided Frisco.

"THE United States Naval Wireless A Telegraph Station, on Yerba Buena Island,. California, rendered excellent service during the days of earthquake and fire at San Francisco. This government station has a Postal Telegraph wire in connection and while every other Postal office as well as Western Union and every telephone wire was placed out of commission this one retained communication with Seattle and Portland for three days over an accidental cross in the wires. The Pacific fleet steaming northward from San Diego to Long Beach, were notified of the great catastrophe by wireless from this station. Plans for the landing of a force of bluejackets and marines and supplies of food and medicine were completed while the

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ships were still three hundred miles away. When the Chicago, flagship of the fleet, arrived and took up anchorage off Fort Mason, where General Funston had established his headquarters, the burning city obtained direct telegraphic communication with the outside world by means of wireless to Yerba Buena and then to the East over the abovementioned Postal wire. In addition to this great aid to the military commander and other government officials by placing them in touch with their heads at Washington, great service was rendered by the Commandant of the Yerba Buena station in directing from there the movements of the fleet of naval tugs and tenders in giving succor to the stricken city.

Chinese "Chesty"

'I 'tIE Chinese are rapidly developing a *■ well-drilled and well-equipped modern army; and here is photographic evidence of this development. The Chinese soldier looks strikingly like his Jap cousin, and, in fact, is being trained by Jap officers, to a large extent. Because she is developing a new army, and knows that it is a good one, China has lately been threatening to drive Russia out of all Chinese territory.

There seems to be no reason why the Chinese, when properly drilled and officered, should not be classed as among the world's best soldiers. They are quick to learn, are obedient and possess patience and endurance.

Seat that Disappears

A DISAPPEARING chair for use in *» halls and theatres is designed by its inventor to safeguard large audiences. In case of panic, the chair may be folded and lowered instantly into the floor, thus affording ample floor space for the spec

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Automatic Signal Lead

jV/IR. SJOSTRAND, a Swedish engineer, has invented an ingenious automatic signaling lead which affords a means of protecting a vessel from getting aground when nearing the coast or whilst in dangerous waters. This is achieved by means of a "water-kite" fixed to a slender but substantial line in such a way as to remain always at a given depth with a given length of line, independently of the speed of the vessel. By paying out a sufficient length of line, the kite may be made to touch at any depth. As soon as the water shoals to the depth at which the kite is set, the latter, touching the bottom, causes a signal to be given in an apparatus installed on deck.

As seen from Fig. 1, the kite is designed like a roof with its planes aslant against the motion of the vessel, so as to cut down into the water when the latter is moving. It thus sinks to the bottom in the same way that an air-kite rises in the air. The wire to which the kite is fastened is kept strained, taking the shape of a bow. The bend of the curve is quite independent of the speed of the vessel, as the resistance of the water increases or decreases in the same proportion on each part of the line and kite irrespective of any alteration in speed. The actual ver

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into the water, after a slight adjustment has been made.

In dangerous or unknown water, or in foggy or misty weather, when approaching a coast, or in other difficult cases, the signal-lead will afford a certain knowledge of the minimum depth of the water throughout the ship's course. In fact when giving out as much of the line as corresponds to a certain depth of water, the lead will give a signal immediately the vessel gets into shallower water. The depth may be ascertained at any time by slowly giving out the line until the lead strikes bottom. And, finally, the lead may be used in connection with observations to be used for pricking charts, and will prove useful in saving time and work, the signal being obtained as soon as a certain depth is passed, without any slacking of speed.

The arrangement for signaling is a mechanism placed in a kind of cupboard on deck, which acts as soon as the strain on the line is release! by the uncoupling of the kite.

Flying Machine Model

MOW that the Wright brothers have A' made a successful flying machine it is natural that this new departure should attract the attention of a great many unscientific people who are interested enough to try a few experiments of their own. Not all, however, care to hurry life insurance along by testing mancarrying machines. Here is another line of endeavor for such.

Everybody has seen a bird soar and a few observers have spent a good deal of time and energy wondering how it is •done. If they never tried to imitate they are probably still wondering, for mere watching the birds will never teach us to fly. A machine that will imitate the birds and give to a beginner his first lessons in flying is easily made out of inexpensive materials as shown in the sketch.

It is made of heavy drawing paper cut into the shape shown and braced with a thin piece of wood glued on top. The weight which is glued to the bottom of the model and which corresponds to the body of a bird may be made of any piece of wood or rubber shaped so as to present the least possible resisting surface to the action of the wind. The wings are curved as shown in the end view and the tail should be bent slightly upwards. The position of the tail, the curvature of the wings and the location of the weight will have to be altered in winds of different speeds in order to make the model fly at its best.

To test one of these gliders it is best to begin by casting the model from the hand at a height of about six feet and by comparing the action of the glider in each flight ascertain the correct adjustment of the wings, tail and weight. It may then be launched into the wind from any height with the assurance that the resulting flights will well repay you for the time spent in making and testing it.

Much can be learned by watching the flights of this and similar models, and it is not long before the experimenter learns just what changes in the machine are necessary to produce certain results. To the beginner, however, the accompanying table of cause and effect may come in handy in clearing up some of his principal difficulties.

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Cycles for Police and Soldiers

By Frits Morris

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Belgian Sharpshooting Riflemen With Their Folding Cycles.

volvers, which they are not supposed to use except in extreme emergency, yet their service is competent and effective. They ride the boulevards and greater thoroughfares always in pairs, and traffic of all kinds is absolutely under their control. Motorists and cyclists have a wholesome respect for them, for they carry speed indicators qn their wheels and when an offender against speed-limit regulations appears, they have only to follow him a short distance to secure certain proof of his offense. Arrest, immediate or subsequent, is sure to follow and fitting penalty is exacted. The men are carefully selected for their task upon the streets, are experts in handling blockades and other street troubles and are under a system of telephone reports and calls which makes them quickly available at any point. The statement is made by observers of their work that two mounted men are worth ten foot-men. They are also used as messengers in all sorts of police duty.

During the last ten years the Belgian army has made use of the bi


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