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further, to say that the Angora goat is creature, inasmuch as it is capable of supposed by naturalists to have orig- yielding a vastly greater output, all of inated in Persia. Apparently, however, which would find ready sale. Goats of it was first domesticated in the district this kind are quite as hardy as the everyof Angora, in the Taurus Mountains, day variety; they readily adapt themwhere it was certainly known as far back selves to any sort of climate; they cost as the time of Moses.
very little to keep, and the labor required It is a veritable golden fleece that is in caring for them is trifling. produced by this species of goat—the There are in the United States vast most valuable, indeed, of all fleeces, and areas of mountainous and other waste fetches now an average of thirty-four land, unavailable for any other purpose, cents a pound in the market. The ani- which could easily be made to yield a mal is so extremely clean that it does not valuable crop of mohair annually. For have to be washed before being clipped, Angora goats appear to enjoy no sort and its hair, snowy white and of a beau- of provender so much as brush and weeds tiful silken luster, grows in ringlets, from of all sorts; and one way in which they five to twenty inches in length, curled as make themselves useful is by clearing daintily as if twisted about a stick. This brush-covered territory and rendering it fleece is the mohair of commerce a kind available for tillage. of fiber so highly valued that the demand As pets they are altogether satisfacat all times far exceeds the supply, and tory, being as docile and as easily trained might be indefinitely increased.
to harness as the common Billy or Nanny Indeed, the Angora has already proved —though, if given their choice, they preits usefulness in America, nearly 2,000,- fer to roam over high places, and will 000 pounds of mohair having been pro- even essay out of mere sportiveness the duced in this country during the last climbing of a roof. Silvery-white in year. But the government is exceedingly color, they are most graceful creatures, anxious to encourage the breeding of the with short legs and spirally-twisted
horns. It is necessary to beware of their as trimmings for coats and capes, while appetite for clothing, which seems to be the finest kid fleeces furnish collars and difficult to restrain if they have an op- borders for the most beautiful opera portunity to get at it; and precautions cloaks. And in the shops many exquisite must be taken to prevent them from at- "furs," sold under trade names, are in tacking fruit trees. In all other respects reality supplied by the Angora. For they are quite harmless, as well as ami- robes for baby carriages there is at the able in disposition.
present time nothing more widely emIf we chose to create the necessaryployed than the same kind of silveryflocks, there is no reason why we should fleeced pelt. not supply the world with mohair. On F or certain purposes the leather of the waste lands in various parts of the Angora is considered valuable, and the United States there is plenty of room, as meat is highly esteemed by those who well as food supply, for 30,000,000 of have tasted it. In fact, the flesh of the these goats. Having so much territory kid, served with green peas, is hardly disavailable for the purpose, we could es- tinguishable from the tenderest spring tablish the industry on an unrivaled scale, lamb. Thus it will be seen that the aniexporting great quantities of the fleeces mal has a wide variety of uses; and, to Europe, and incidentally supplying when it is considered how easily and raw material to keep busy scores of fac- cheaply the goats may be reared, it is, tories in our own country.
or should be, obvious that they afford an The Angora fleece makes the handsom- opportunity of wealth to the farmer est rugs imaginable, as well as uphol which he cannot afford to neglect. steries and other such fabrics not sur- The finest mohair fleece comes to marpassed by any other material. Inquiry ket from Turkey. Only a small fraction elicits the fact that the skins are being of that produced in this country is of utilized largely for children's muffs and equal quality—the trouble being simply
to Peling great quantitiesunrivaled scale, tai
more than five or six years.
The only thing to which the Angora goat really objects is wet. Except when a very young kid, it does not mind cold, but it will run miles to avoid a coming rain. Accordingly, suitable shelter, proof against damp, should be provided by the goat-owner. It is said, by the way, that the animals afford in the manner above sug
gested quite remarkable A FLOCK OF YOUNG ANGORAS.
indications of approach
ing storms. that the American goat-owner does At some future day, it may be, we shall not take the trouble to improve and main- import into this country a certain small tain the breed. It is most important that variety of Angora which is native to this fact should be recognized, inasmuch Thibet and northern India. It is known as the demand is not for a short, coarse as the "shawl goat," and bears in the staple, but for long silky fiber. There is winter season an under-coat that yields a single manufacturer at Sanford, Me., only two or three ounces of a delicate who uses a million pounds of mohair greenish wool. This wool—some of it every year, and, for the reason men- collected by the natives from bushes by tioned, he is obliged to import the bulk which it has been torn off—is the most of it.
precious of all fibers, being the material To start a flock of Angora goats is not out of which the Cashmere shawls are an expensive matter, inasmuch as the made. Ten goats are required to furthing may be accomplished by purchasing nish stuff for a single shawl four and a one or two well-bred bucks. They cost half feet square—the wool being first fifty dollars apiece ; but for does the or- bleached with rice flour, then spun into dinary, every-day Nannies will serve per- thread, and finally woven, fectly well. For the first two or three generations the fleeces will be inferior, but after that (all males being carefully eliminated) they will begin to bear much longer hair, and pretty soon the entire flock will produce mohair of first-rate quality. It should be explained, however, that the does originally selected must be of the short-haired kind and entirely white. To build up a flock in the manner described ought not to require
Milch GOAT FROM MALTA.
However, the Angora is not the only kinds of cheese. The milk is more nugoat that has been imported into this tritious than cow's milk, as well as more country recently with the government's digestible; and the yield for a twelveencouragement. From Switzerland and month is from ten to eighteen times the also from the island of Malta have been weight of the animal—that is to say, fetched about one hundred milch goats, when the latter is of proper breed, as with which experiments are now being for example the Toggenburg, which
made. It is thought that they would gives from four to six quarts a day. prove most valuable in the United States, The preliminary experiments with im- . especially to people who are too poor to ported milch goats have been made at keep a cow. The milch goat, it may be the Agricultural College, at Storrs, said, is the poor man's cow. Besides, the Conn. From this point small batches of milk has certain advantages which them are being distributed to experihighly recommend it, being specially de- ment stations in other States—the idea sirable for invalids and for infants. The being that in this way they shall eventluxurious “bottle baby” may even take a ually become obtainable by farmers or goat along with him wherever he trav- other persons who want them. It is a els, and thus keep himself supplied with line of investigation at once interesting an unvaried diet.
and novel; and this brief description of So excellent is goat's milk for infants it ought to be supplemented by reference that already there is a movement to es- to efforts which are now being made by tablish goat dairies in the vicinity of a philanthropic lady in Chicago, Mrs. large cities, to supply babies with the bot- Edward Roby, who is trying to create an tled article. Such milk appears to be free American breed of milch goat. She befrom germs of tuberculosis, and is rec- gan, a few years ago, with a few speciommended by physicians for patients suf- mens of the ordinary suburban variety, fering from consumption and typhoid and is improving them by scientific propfever. But it also furnishes most excel- agation—meanwhile supplying many lent cheese, and efforts are being made poor people, at cost price, with goats, in by the government experts to utilize it in order that their babies may be better this way, in imitation of certain foreign nourished and safer from scarlet fever
and other maladies which, through in- ciency, and this special development has fection of the ordinary milk supply are special interest to the city dweller as well threats to infancy.
as to those who will be likely to take up The goat has been a much maligned the industry. For, in the light of recent animal in this country, but the people scandals connected with milk supplies, who have been investigating along the
families who live in the greater cities lines laid out by the government experts
are eager to learn of anything which have conceived a wholesome respect for
promises better conditions. New York the animal. It is quite likely that a few years will see a strong industry de
and Chicago have both suffered epidemveloped as the result of these importa
ics of sickness chargeable to tainted milk tions, and instead of figuring only as a
and if the goat can furnish city children stock joke for the funny papers, the goat with a pure product its future is assured. will undoubtedly make his virtues known A curious use for the longest and finest so widely as to command general interest of the fleeces clipped from Angora goats It requires very little investigation to is in the making of wigs and false hair become convinced that he is very far ornaments of various kinds. Fleeces of from a joke, when the relation of the this kind, growing sometimes more than animal to the poor is considered. And 20 inches in length, are easily salable at one of the strongest hopes of the promot- from $3 to $5 a pound. The fleece of a ers of goat-raising is that the poorer single doe, owned by a woman in New classes will come soon to recognize the Mexico, was sold in New York to a facts and to see their opportunity. In manufacturer of wigs and toupees for this field, in the meantime, Uncle Sam's $43. From the fleece of another goat the workers are again proving their effi- owner sold ten pounds for fifty dollars,