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who tunnelled under East River, and that great tunnelling contracts in New York, while Henry Hudson discovered the W. H. Baldwin, President of the Long North River in 1609, he was the first man Island Railway, and A. J. Cassatt, Presito pass under the North River from New dent of the Pennsylvania system, passed York to Jersey City, and this in 1904 away before the completion of their cherwhen conducting the president and di- ished projects, though both lived to see rectors of the New York and jersey rail- them well under way. road." The other eventful remark of Mr. Mr. Jacobs has just secured the conJacobs' was made in 1905 where he was tract from the French government to cornered by a reporter, “I'm too busy do- design a tunnel under the Seine from ing things to talk about them," was all Rouen to Havre at a cost of $10,000,000. the tunnel digger would say.

The tunnel will be a mile long and will Charles M. Jacobs' crowning feat was be a counterpart of the North River tunthe construction of a hydraulic shield nel, New York. which is a gigantic cylinder twenty feet Mr. Jacobs is about six feet tall.carries in diameter and thirteen feet long and is himself like a soldier, has a round, florid forced forward by hydraulic jacks and face, a heavy, snow-white mustache, finerams. The shield has several chambers ly shaped Roman nose, high, unwrinkled which have hinged doors through which forehead, bald head, fringed with closely the mud and gravel enter. This contriv- cropped hair, firm mouth, strong chin, ance has forced its way through many a and eyes like an eagle's. Health and precarious condition, sometimes with- strength are written all over his face, and standing great floods of water rushing there is about his manner a repose and upon it through breaks in the river bed.

quiet dignity that suggests the possession Mr. Jacobs is fifty-eight years of age an immense store of reserve force. It and was brought to America by the late is this reserve force that has carried him Austin Corbin who wanted to bridge the through many a moment of peril, many a East River. The young engineer was crisis in which only prompt and energetic even then prominent in England and had action could prevent disaster. It is the done work for the great Pearsons firm knowledge of this immense strength and when they tunnelled under the Thames. the cool brain that directs it, which has He had also executed important commis- inspired in the men who work for him sions for that firm in India and New such confidence in their master that they South Wales.

will face unhesitatingly any peril when It is a sad fact that the two men whose ordered by him, or will follow him into implicit confidence in liim gave him the what looks like certain death.

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HEN the late Russell The great engineer who revolutionSage and George Gould ized the construction of the steam engine gave the $2,000,000 and who designed the great Allis-Chalniorder to Edwin Rey- ers shops near Milwaukee, recognized as nolds of Milwaukee, for models of convenience and economy, was the eight combined travelling from Albany to New York vertical and horizon- when the question demanded his atten

tal cross-compound en- tion. Not until he reached the Hariem gines, giving eight equal impulses to a tunnels did he act, however. Less than piston throughout a revolution, that fur- fifteen minutes were at his disposal, for nish the power for the Manhattan Ele- a committee was to meet him at the vated railway in New York, they turned Grand Central Station. Drawing from to Mr. Reynolds for suggestions as to his pocket a letter, Mr. Reynolds hastily the manner of housing those 12,000 horse drew in accurate, detailed plans for the power monsters—the largest stationary power house. They proved entirely acengines in the world.

ceptable to the committee and the power

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house was built from the pencil sketch on a riot, Edwin Reynolds scattered a mob, the back of the envelope.

led by an anarchist, that had raided some Edwin Reynolds has always been a of the leading shops and attacked the Old man of quick decision and quick action. Reliance works of E. P. Allis & Co. Mr. When he was a boy, sixteen years of age, Reynolds met the gang personally at the working on a farm in Mansfield, Connec- gate of the works and with a fire hose, ticut, he left the plow at a moment's no- having one hundred and ten pounds of tice and accepted a proposition from a water pressure, drove them in confusion, machinist, Anson P. Kenney, to learn the without stopping to argue. trade in his shop. Years later he sudden- Mr. Reynolds is recognized as perhaps ly left a lucrative position with the fa- the foremost engine designer and builder mous old engine builder, George H. Cor- of America. He has also built pumps liss, to go with the younger and more that hold the world's record, notably the advanced builder, Edward P. Allis. Milwaukee waterworks pump, handling Again, inside of a week's time, he con- 500,000,000 gallons of water every twenceived the idea of forming the gigantic ty-four hours. To recount his engineerAllis-Chalmers engine combination. ing feats would require a volume. He is

Mr. Reynolds has shown that he can act hale and hearty at seventy-eight and is a with expediency and grit. In the days of director of many companies and associathe Milwaukee riots, when “Uncle Jerry" tions and a member of many electrical Rush, Ex-Governor of Wisconsin and and engineering organizations. He is a Ex-Secretary of Agriculture, made his man of very affable personality and may reputation for nerve by appearing in the well serve as a model for the emulation streets with a Gatling gun and quelling of the ambitious young engineer.

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HILE not exactly the rebuilding the New York Central's ter"Father of Skyscrap- minal facilities. These two most signifiers,” John F. O'Rourke, cant engineering works, at present being the young Irish lad who pushed to completion, will go far to alter gained his education in the aspect of transportation facilities in Cooper Union, New the Metropolis and with the practical York, has made possi- part of the work Mr. O'Rourke will have

ble the construction of much to do. the forty story skyscraper, irrespective Mr. O'Rourke knows his New York: of nature's foundation. O'Rourke has he was born and bred within sight of St. done many things the casual observer Patrick's Cathedral, of which he is now a wots not of. He had laid the foundations trustee. He was designed by his parents of towering steel structures, dug tunnels for a legal training; but he had a purpose and devised processes for"shoring up”ad- of his own to become an engineer. When jacent buildings whose walls were threat- he went to work to earn a living he deened by the giant caissons sunk far below

termined at the same time to realize his their underpinnings. O'Rourke applieci ambition.

ambition. He attended night school at the diving bell principle to the work of Cooper Union and graduated from the constructing a foundation and invented engineering class. Îhe first work that

exhibited his quality was the Poughthe wooden caisson. Thousands of tons of steel are erected with safety upon these keepsie bridge, of the building of which

he had charge. This secured for him adcaissons and it is due to O'Rourke

O'Rourke mission to the American Society of Methat New York holds the record of rapid chanical Engineers in 1884. Then he beconstruction of skyscrapers. This genius gan to undertake those burrowing works of subaqueous construction is digging in Manhattan with which his name lias the Pennsylvania railway tunnel under since been identified. the Hudson river and depressing and He is not so absorbed in his work but

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