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that he is able to answer the social calls of board; and when he rises to speak he the metropolis. He is a frequent partici- brims over with quaint conceit and pator in gatherings about the banquet humor, and says things that stick.

The Messave Enarer


NAME which is just vanus Thompson, he is at the same time coming to be well wonderfully expert with his hands and, known in the country is as he goes about the shops, the workmen that of Poulsen, the are constantly appealing to him for adgreat Danish electri- vice and assistance. Personally, those cian and scientist, who know him say that the inventor is whom his countrymen modest and retiring, living almost with

proudly called "the out society and being entirely devoted to Edison of Denmark." His inventions and absorbed in his work. have already won him wealth and His most spectacular invention up to his present experiments are at present the present time is that of the telecarried on in a large group of connect- graphone, which was described several ed buildings which stand on the out- months ago in this magazine. The teleskirts of Copenhagen. Herr Poulsen is graphone, it will be recalled, records by a stalwart man of thirty-eight, sturdy in magnetic action, the human voice on figure and able to endure long and severe spools of fine wire or thin sheets of steel.. strains, both physical and mental. Often, A business man, for instance, can dicwhen on the track of a discovery, he tate a letter to one of these thin sheets works straight ahead for twenty hours of steel, drop it into an envelope and mail at a stretch, hardly stopping for meals or it, quite in the usual way. The person sleep and rushing from shop to shop in receiving the sheet has only to insert it his great plant, at a sort of a gliding run, in his machine to have the message deso strong his interest in the work and so livered vocally, with every inflection of great his energy. Though admitted to be the voice preserved. Poulsen is said to one of the most advanced students of the look forward to the day when most busimystery of electricity and a scientist who ness and personal correspondence will be ranks with Lord Kelvin and Prof. Syl- carried on in this way.

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Crocodiles, water-moccasins, Seminole Indians, plume hunters, and occasional fugitives from justice have been for more than a hundred years the principal inhabitants of the Everglades of Florida –that vast tangled morass which occupies almost the whole of the southern end of the peninsula. Now the Everglades are to be drained. Both State and national governments are at work. When the great work is done more than seven million acres of the richest sugar land in the world will be added to the productive domain of the State. - EDITOR.

O most minds the name around its outer margin where it ap-
Everglades has an indefi- proaches the Atlantic Ocean on one side
nite meaning, carrying and the Gulf of Mexico on the other.
with it an idea of Indians Soon after the admission of Florida
and alligators, pathless into the Union, in the same year in fact,

forests and immense sur- Congress was petitioned through Florida faces of water. Very few understand representatives to take steps toward the that it occupies almost the entire southern investigation, survey, and reclamation of half of the peninsula of Florida, and that this section. Two years later Congress its millions of acres of water and mud are was requested “to grant to this State all exciting the attention of engineers and the swamp and overflowed lands south scientists throughout the country. In of the Caloosahatchee River and of the round numbers its area is six or seven northern shore of Lake Okechobee and million acres and it occupies most of the between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atcounties of Lee, DeSoto, Dade and St. lantic Ocean.” In 1850 as a result of the Lucie. Its surface varies in character Arkansas Bill, Florida became possessed from the shallow waters of Lake Oke- of the land herself under the proviso, as chobee and the slight highland north of stated in the bill, that she should devote this lake to the tide level region of the the moneys derived from the sale of these extreme southern point of the state. It lands, first, to their reclamation, and is generally covered with saw-grass, a afterwards, to the public education of the vegetation which is absolutely worthless, State. and is entirely without trees except The State accepted this trust and in

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1855 organized by an act of the Legis- who were sufficiently acclimated to withlature a Board of Trustees for the Inter- stand the ravages of malaria and swamp nal Improvement Fund, consisting of the fever. Explorations were made, it is Governor, Comptroller, Treasurer, At- true, but they were generally unsatisfactorney General, and Commissioner of tory and unscientific and only served to Agriculture, in whoni the title to these fix the idea of their apparently absolute lands was vested, and who were given worthlessness. It was generally considsupervision of them to carry out the con- ered impossible to reclaim them as they ditions of the grant.

were thought to be on the sea level and Of the millions of acres comprising the directly affected by the ocean tides. swamp and overflowed lands which be- Since the establishment of the trustees, came the property of the State as stated, the belief in the feasibility of drainage legislatures subsequently granted and has grown with every survey, and engitrustees have deeded to railroads and neering investigation and spasmodic efother corporations and to individuals, for forts have been made to effect a recla

mation of a portion of the area.

The most important effort of this kind was that of the Hamilton Disston company, which owns by purchase and otherwise about four million acres. A survey made by the company's engineers, among whom were V. P. Keller and J. M. Kreamer, showed that the surface of Lake Okechobee was a little over twenty-one feet above the sea level. The Disston Company, acting upon this information, began operations on the Gulf side in

1881, opening a waterway cang from Lake Okechobee to

Lake Hicpoche and thence along the Caloosahatchee River

the Gulf. This gave direct com

munication through a distance of sixty-five miles from Lake Okechobee to the Caloo sa hatchee valley and the Gulf. This passage was not successful,

for the immense volume of MAP OF FLORIDA, SHOWING Everglade Country, AND Route of Pro

water from Lake Okechobee, coming annually

through the canal during cash and internal improvements, a very the summer rainy season, overflowed large share, leaving only about three the banks of the Caloosahatchee River million acres now vested in the State. and flooded the lands along its course.

Before their grant to the State by the Although these operations were carried national government these lands figured on for fifteen years, and not abandoned only in story, and their actual occupation, until 1896, it was not until 1902 that the as far as the Everglades were concerned, canal was closed again. This backed the was left to a few half-breeds and Indians water into the Okechobee region and the



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