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marketed the product in competition with wormseed. This patch yielded at the the imported and often at a decided ad- rate of over a thousand pounds an acre, vance in price. These experimental crops and gave a net income practically double have been raised at Burlington, Vermont, that received from cotton grown on soil of in connection with the

the same kind. The State Agricultural

next spring it was Experimental Station,

found that the plants on the Potomac flats,

renewed themselves near Washington, and

from the roots, thus at Ebenezer, S. C., so

saving all the expense that a fairly wide

and time of reseeding. range of soil and tem

At the present time perature has been

the experimenters of tested. With golden

the Plant Bureau are, seal, one of the most

in co-operation with valuable of the me

the various State dicinal weeds — the

Agricultural Stations, roots being valued at

making tests which from $1.30 to $1.50 a

will cover most of the pound—the latest ex

territory of the United periments have proved

States. They will be entirely successful

able shortly to tell acand a bulletin has

curately just what been published and

drug-weeds are best can be obtained from

adapted to cultivation the Agricultural De

in various sections. partment, which gives

They are especially full direction for its

desirous of finding planting and cultiva

profitable crops of a tion.

kind which can be At Ebenezer, S. C.,

grown in dry and arid the experiments were

countries, where irrion a somewhat larger

gation may be too scale than elsewhere.

difficult to be immediSeveral hundreds


ately undertaken with pounds of stramoni

profit, um leaf were grown,

But always it must cured by artificial heat in a barn ordi- be remembered that the demand for menarily used for the curing of tobacco, dicinal plant products is by no means unand sold to the trade at a price higher limited and, for the present at least, their than that quoted for the imported. But cultivation should be attempted only on the best results from a financial stand- a comparatively small scale and in compoint were had with a plot of American bination with other standard farm crops.


Supplies the drug known as digitalis, valuable as

a remedy in heart disease.


the wooden handle fits snugly. Stuck into the interior extremity of this handle

the end protruding inside the ball—is a pin, whose head extends to the center of the transparent globe. The sand is dyed a bright indigo blue as is the globular head of the pin. Thus we have a little ball—the pin-head—within a larger

YPNOTISM is being used more and more by physicians in the treatment of nervous affections where sleep must be enforced or

where a suggestion must be deeply emplanted in the mind to induce resistance against bad habits or to replace morbid ideas, sane or insane. Having induced the hypnotic sleep, the neurologist's path is bare of impediments, but unless the subject is "sensitive" the iatter resists sleep during his early treatments.

In 'such cases it is the favorite trick of the hypnotist to assert very positively that sleep is fast approaching and to be using meanwhile artificial aids, producing the external symptoms of sleep-eye fatigue and heaviness of the. eyelids. Feeling an increase of these symptomswhose real cause he does not understand

—the subject, even if a stubborn one, unconsciously gains confidence in the hypnotist's ability to make him sleep and finally yields to it. To aid the nerve specialist in producing these external symptoms with the least possible expenditure of effort and time, various ingenious mechanical devices have been invented in recent years.

One of the newest of these mechanical aids employed by the hypnotist is the "hypnotic ball.” It might be mistaken for the half of an hour-glass mounted upon a short handle of ebony. It is, in fact, a glass ball half filled with sand, and having a bottle-mouth, into which

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transparent one, and, between the two, a headgear, a bright nickel ball being subbright-colored powder.

stituted for the incandescent globe. The subject concentrates his eyes upon It may seem paradoxical that light, the pinhead, while the ball, held at about generally regarded as the most potent the height of his head, is revolved by enemy of Morpheus, may be harnessed the operator with both a circular and ro- and utilized as a soporific. And yet this. tary motion within a foot of the sub- is being done, also, by aid of the “hypject's eyes. The rotary manipulations notic lamp.” The subject, having run cause the sand to

the gauntlet of the fall like a cascade

first two tests withbehind the pinhead.

out succumbing, Thus there are

may be seated snugthree movements

ly in an armchair, corcular, rotary, and

while behind him, vertical—all intend

upon a pedestal, ed to puzzle vision

which elevates it as it inquisitively

above his head, follows the ball.

burns the hypnotic In this way the

beacon, fed by a ocular muscles be

gas tube and hoodcome quickly

ed with a cylinder fatigued, the influ

of metal, which conence being an ex

centrates all of the aggeration of the

gathered light in a soporific stimulus

narrow beam and caused by the rapid

projects it, searchflight of the landscape past a

light-wise, through a funnelcar window,or the rapid change

like opening. of environment viewed from a

A large slightly concave rapidly moving swing. That

disk—a dark plaque eighteen which fatigues the ocular

inches in diameter-mounted muscles, of course, favors sleep,

upon a similar pedestal, is staand physiological drowsiness is

tioned directly in front of the but the vestibule to the hyp

subject. In the center of the notic state. The eyelids be

plaque is a small concave mircoming heavy, the skilled hyp

ror, highly polished. The nologist has but to utter the

miniature searchlight upon the command “Sleep !" and the

lamp behind is directed upon sensitive is then ready to abide

this mirror, and the angle of by his will.

the plaque is so regulated that Another of these mechanical

the beam strikes the eye of the aids is the “electro-hypnotic

subject, seated in the chair. head-band." It is of rubber,

He concentrates his stare upon and is clasped about the fore

what appears to him as a head. From it depends a tiny,

miniature moon surrounded by incandescent electric light-bulb, which is a black shadow. made to hang between and above the eyes. A bright ball, which can be moved This concentrates the attention of some back and forth upon a rod thrust through subjects better than does the hypnotic it, is another means of producing eye ball. It is well nigh impossible to look fatigue. One end of the rod rests upon elsewhere when the glowing bulb hangs the top of the subject's head ; the other is so near. It is even more difficult to think in the hand of the operative. The stare of anything else under such circum- is fixed upon the ball, which gradually stances; hence, perfect concentration, as moves by force of gravity towards the well as eye fatigue, is effected. In a subject's head and thus attracts the eyes simpler hypnotizer-known as the “fasci- upward until they gaze over their own nator"—there is practically the same lids. But of still greater interest are the hypnotic dynamos, which work automat- common axis being through their cenally, while the hypnologist himself sits tres. Each panel is studded on both idly by or is even absent. These are sides with a row of circular mirrors, known to the profession as “alouettes.” seven in number. They maintain a Their efficacy has already been demon- velocity of one revolution per second for strated in the neurological clinics of the a period of one hour. Old World. There are many forms, but This device is placed upon a tabourall are based upon the same principle. ette or table, while the subject, cozily



BALL, Used to fatigue the

ocular muscles.

reclining upon a bed or couch, gazes steadily at the flash of the mirrored mosaic. The mirrors appear as distinct balls of white fire, alternately glowing and disappearing, concentrating into one solitary, fiery globe, then disappearing, then scattering into seven separate, luminous balls, as if manipulated in the hands of a skillful juggler.

The subject at first becomes fascinated and, while his concentration is fixed, the monotony and ocular fatigue conjure up a series of yawns. These are augmented by suggestions from the hypnotist that sleep will readily follow. Finally a heaviness of respiration signals an actual falling off into deep sleep, consummated by the com

mand "Sleep now," SAND-FILLED Ball in USE,

from the lips of the

hypnotist. One alouette Monotony, as well as fatigue, is a pow. has been known to hypnotize simultaerful sleep inducer, and the two are well- neously an entire clinic of patients while nigh infallible when concentrated upon the hypnotist was out of the room. This the orb of sight.

occurred in the clinic of Dr. Berillon, the These hypnotizers consist primarily of noted hypnologist of Paris. But these motors, which revolve mirrors in a hori- subjects had previously received the sugzontal plane. The motive power may be gestion that the machine would cause electricity or clockwork, usually the sleep. The success of all of these melatter, on account of its simplicity and chanical aids described depends upon this portability. A compact box holds the prior suggestion. machinery and above this projects a re- There are alouettes with single, mirvolving pivot. One of the most success- rored blades, and others with revolving ful alouettes—lately installed in the Na- wings, modelled like those of birds, while tional Museum, Washington—revolves still others revolve cubes and other forms two horizontal panels of ebony in oppo- coated with mirrored surface. The base site directions, one above the other, the of one is modelled in the form of a vase

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