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Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe test- education. They were trained first of all ing the dogs of the Ambulance service to mistrust every man in civil dress. And by means of hidden "wounded," disposed they were also taught by officers who in realistic fashion.
“dressed the part” to know and chase So much then for the war-dog, now persons who ran off with suspicious thoroughly established as a valuable ally. bundles. As "policeman” the dog was born in They went on duty only at night, and Ghent. Belgium. The idea is due to the city's crimes diminished at once. Nor Ghent's Chief of Police, M. Van Wese- is it hard to understand why. Those mael. Alarmed at the increase of crime dogs were everywhere—eager, restless, he asked for more men, but was told the zealous for reward which took the cheap city could not afford it—“the Municipal form of an affectionate pat or an appreBudget has been exhausted.”
ciative word. There was no hiding from And as it was, Van Wesemael's men them, for their keen scent ever betrayed already dreaded the outlying suburbs by the lurking malefactor. When he ran night, for they were haunted with des- they ran much faster. When he plunged peradoes who stopped at nothing, even into river or canal, he might shake off murder. And so he thought of big pow- the officer with two legs, but never the erful dogs as four-legged aids, and one with four, which was a rapid and bought six forthwithi.
powerful swimmer. A serious experiment, seriously under- No wonder, therefore, the dog policetaken. The names of the canine re- man came to stay. More than that, his cruits were gravely entered on the police fame spread in France and Prussia, books. A veterinary surgeon was en- Austria and Italy, where you will find gaged to provide for their health ; and the dog police today, comically conscious of most patient, resourceful and intelligent their own dignity, and seeing to it that all of the captains (a breeder of Belgian civilians respect them. draft dogs, at that) entrusted with their The canine police of Paris are likewise life-savers; but their element is the River Seine, rather than snowy mountain-top or fire-swept field of battle. They are all Newfoundlands, strong and courageous, devoted and sagacious to an almost human degree. Some of them, like Diane and Athos, have a long and noble record of life-saving. As quite a youngster, Diane saved a whole ship's crew. A “tramp” of 3,000 tons was driven ashore near Cherbourg in a sea so furious that no boat could put off to her rescue.
Diane was in “private life" in those days. Her owner, standing on the galeswept beach, directed the big dog's attention to the distressed ship, put a little stick in her mouth and bade her plunge into the boiling sea. Slowly Diane
NEWFOUNDLAND SEARCHING THE QUAYS FOR THJEVES fought her way to the tramp, which by that time was being pounded to pieces on man ketch Maria, which went ashore and the jagged rocks that emerged from the was in danger of breaking up. The crew spume from time to time, like gigantic saw it was hopeless to jump overboard spear-points.
by reason of the rocks and terrific swell. The powerful animal could not quite They therefore tied a rope to a stick and reach the steamer, but approached near threw it into the sea, hoping it would enough to enable the crew to throw over- drift ashore. But it did not-quite. board a rope with a piece of wood at Athos was there with his mistress, who tached, and this fell within five yards of urged him with thrown stones to "fetch” Diane, now fast becoming exhausted. the fateful scrap of driftwood. Dropping her own stick she seized the He tried nobly, but was driven back new one, struggled back to shore with time after time by the heavy seas, and it and laid it at her master's feet. In badly hurt on rocks whose topmost pinthis way a line of communication was nacles were often awash. The distance established and every man on board was only one hundred and twenty yards, rescued.
but it nearly cost brave Athos his life. A very similar case is that of the Ger- He did succeed, however, in bringing the
line ashore—a feat impossible to any human swimmer-and received the ovation he deserved so well.
Of such recruits are the agents plongeurs, or water-dog police of Paris composed And you may be sure the first of them—Pelvoux, Diane and Athos, with Cesar, Paris and Turco; as well as Meidje, D'Artagnan and the rest-became the pets of all Paris. They were installed by M.
Lépine, the Prefect of A MOCK RESCUE,
Police, seven years ago when the great Exposition was in full men directed by M. Lesage, and continue swing and the "City of Light” estimated their education at the station on the Quay she had upwards of a million visitors de la Tourelle. Here they study the river pushing their way through her streets currents, the construction of bridges, and and along the quays of the Seine. all kinds of boats and lighters, and ob
M. Lépine and M. Touny, his deputy, argued that during the Exposition season there would be such hosts crossing the bridges ; fishing from the Seine's banks; boating up the river, and traveling up and down on crowded steamers, that accidents would surely happen. And so, having seen the marvelous work of Ghent's police dogs, the Paris Prefect decided to procure much larger and more powerful animals, which could be trained with equal skill to rescue persons who fell into the river within the city's limits, whether the mishap were an accident or suicide premeditated.
It was M. Lépine, too, who inaugurated the cyclist-police, which have since spread to every great city. In Paris they carry neither lamp nor bell, and are of course armed
IMPLEMENTS Used BY THE Seine LIFE-SAVING SERVICE. with loaded revolvers, especially in the dreaded quarters of La tain an intimate knowledge of riverside Villette, Menilmontant, Vaugirard and life. Grenelle. Here are found the typical Pa- The big trained Newfoundlands, which risian Apaches, or hooligans, almost al- act as their allies, enable them to search ways armed to the teeth; and they find more thoroughly and over a wider area rich scope for nefarious labor along the than ever before. And you may well beSeine quays in barges, and in the great lieve the Paris “apaché" dreads one of stacks of merchandise piled up before these four-footed policemen more than riverside warehouses.
a whole human platoon in the old days. Now as the life-saving river dogs can It is no use his hiding in a great stack of not be at their spectacular work all day, goods covered with a tarpaulin, for Cesar through lack of case or cause, they may will surely find him out. He cannot and do very profitably fill in their spare sleep underneath the bridges any more, time patrolling miles of quays both by for Athos takes him roughly by the shoulday and night. Their masters pass der, shakes him as a cat shakes a rat, and through the curious “school” for police- bids him be gone in terms unmistakable. But after all, it is because of their life- human intelligence in the same number saving work that Paris loves these grand of individuals. It sounds strange to think animals. It was well known that the of a monstrous effigy or dummy, larger French desperado's favorite way of dis- than life-size, being constructed with posing of his victim was by throwing public money; but that was what M. Guilhim dead or alive into the river. All this lemin did for the water training of his has been altered, however, by the new dogs. “Brigade of Diving Police," whose head “M. Mannequin," as the monster was quarters may be found on the Quai de called, was soon forthcoming-artistic la Tourelle. M. Lépine entrusted its or- and a little fearsome, with a canvas cloth ganization to his subordinate, M. Mor- on which was painted a terrifying visage, quin, of the Municipal Police, who was cunningly arranged over a cork head. He empowered to pay as much as $100 each floated limply when hurled into the river for the new recruits.
with strong arms; and I fear he deluded As in Ghent they were duly enrolled the anxious dogs, who had to be forcibly on the force, provided with a few canine restrained until the psychological monecessaries in lieu of uniform, and then ment for the “rescue.” Hardly a day handed over to M. Guillemin, Inspector passes that you will not see M. ManneGeneral of Navigation on the Seine. His quin, tucked under a policeman's arm office is very sparsely furnished, so there with his legs dancing across the cobbled are no "home comforts” to entice the bank from station to riverside. dogs or their human colleagues from Here he is either pitched in, if the pupil their duty up and down the river, where is a very young dog, and it is desired to
they are constantly on the look-out for instruct and direct him from the quay drowning folk. At present there are wall; or he is taken out in a boat to midtwenty magnificent dogs at work, all of stream when one of the "old hands” is to them quite young, and increasing in in- give a demonstration of canine cunning telligence and discretion with each year. and powerful swimming. You will see
Experience has shown that the aninials the dummy floating limply down the must be educated separately, for their river; and it is an inspiring sight to see sagacity appears to vary as much as Turco or Athos leap in with a mighty splash to reappear instantly and head off the approaching figure.
Once it was thought advisable to send two dogs to the rescue of the “drowning” person. That experiment was never repeated, and that for a comic, almost pathetic reason. Both dogs attacked the dummy, and such was the zeal of each to accomplish the “rescue” single-handed that they they fought in mid-stream, so that the unfortunate Mannequin when brought ashore was so mutilated as to be almost unrecognizable.
More than once a demonstration has been specially arranged for my benefit by MM. Guillemin and Mouquin; the dog selected being Sultan, now the ablest of all the life-saving dogs of the Seine. This fine animal has already saved fifteen lives from the river, and the sagacious way he seizes the helpless figure in the water has to be seen to be believed. Sultan is perfectly at home in deep water, and will swim round and round the drowning person until he sees his most advantageous hold, which is usually under the arm.
Then, no matter how strong the current, the huge brute turns his face shore
"DUMMY" EMPLOYED IN TRAINING Dogs. ward and swims with powerful strckes, pushing the drowning person in front of him until he reaches the quay-wall, when work. A notorious criminal whose record one of his human colleagues relieves him
was well known to M. Goron, head of tlie of responsibility and drags the hapless
Criminal Investigation Department, person to land. Needless to say there is
e is robbed a rich youth on the Pont Alexan
dre III, stunned him with a bludgeon and every possible "First Aid" appliance in central office on the Quay de la Tourelle.
threw him into the Seine. As to the brave dog himself, it would
The splash was heard and Pelvoux do you good to see him shake his great
sprang to the rescue, while D'Artagnan curly body and massive head, and leap
and his master shot in pursuit of the runaround in ponderous play, looking from
away ruffian. Finding the big Newfoundone to the other as though to claim his
land gaining upon him the "apaché" drew meed of praise. It is no wonder his
his revolver and fired three times. Two trainer should be forbidden to use the
shots took effect, but the big dog pulled whip and there is no practice with “M.
him down, and although dying fast held Mannequin” on very cold days.
him until the officer came up. As it is, after each rescue the dog is Poor D'Artagnan! His magnificent is taken back to the station house, rubbed record is graven in brass on the Quai de down and thoroughly dried; for upon his la Tourelle, and a marble monument has well-being precious lives may depend. been erected to him in the well-known Last year a tragic episode marked the dog's cemetery on the Ile des Chiens.