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tar, so that each particle becomes covered of travel. Some of these chairs are with a fair coating.

placed directly over the boiler. In makThis tarred gravel is then allowed to ing their inspections the railway officials stand in heaps, protected from the have their private coaches attached to the weather, for eight or ten weeks. It is engine, retiring from the observation car asserted that during this period fermen- when wearied. tation occurs which causes the tar to penetrate the pores of the gravel and in this way lessen the formation of dust. This

Cloth To Stop Bullets material must be applied to the roadbed

NEW protective principle for solin absolutely dry weather, and no foreign

n diers has been discovered by an matter allowed to become mixed with it. Italian, Signor Benedetti. ExperimentaA steam roller is used to smooth it out, tion shows that great resistance is offered

water must be used in this roli- by substances that have air within their ing. The cost of preparing the macadam cells. The principle may be illustrated is small, 44 pounds of tar being sufficient

in this manner: fire under precisely the for 1 cubic meter of gravel, or, if lime-.

same conditions in both cases, a bullet stone is used, for 55 pounds.

at each of two calendars, one of which consists of thick sheets of paper, the

other of thinner sheets. The ball wiil Engine for Touring penetrate farther into the calendar of

heavier material. This difference is due A COMBINED coach and locomotive,

to the elasticity of the layer of air that “Pittsburg," is used on the New

is imprisoned between the successive York Central lines as an official observa

sheets. The thinner the cushion of air, tion car. As will be noted from the

the more elastic it is, and the more photograph, the unusual feature of a

sharply it reacts. stairway on the fore end of the locomo

Benedetti, adopting this principle, has tive is provided and a miniature coach

constructed a cuirass of a kind of felt. is built into the engine. There are quar. It is not rough, however, like ordinary ters, and very comfortable quarters, too, felt. The special features of this new for six or eight persons. Leather-cov device for stopping bullets the inventor ered chairs render easier the hardships has not as yet disclosed in any detail.

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America's Pearl-Bearing River

By Emily Frances Smith

HE glories of the Hud- ence of this majestic river. It was

son, the marvels of the supposed to wander aimlessly through a Rhine, the appalling commercially impossible section, to prebeauty of the Grand cipitate its useless energy through Ozark Canyon, the lure of fastnesses and go rippling on, after the the Yosemite cave re- fashion of rivers, to meet the greater gions and medicinal waters of the Arkansas near its inter

springs have drawn mingling with the Mississippi. heavily from the travel channels of the But, finally, the railroads broke into world. Yet from the heart of America the wilderness and the first settlers found, flows an artery, the White River of Mis- to their surprise, that these alluvial valsouri and Arkansas, which runs through leys, bought for a song, were as fertile a wonderful and almost unknown country as the celery lands of Michigan, as combining the attractions of them all. fine agricultural territory as any in Indeed, until a few years ago, but a the central belt. Its graceful foothills sinuous black line, established the exist- furnished orchard and pasturage. Its


shion of and go ripply through o prehemingling of the Ark to meet 17 after the

oil and gas, Fuller's earth, building stone, marble, onyx, coal, lead, zinc and manganese.

Arkansas rivals in quality Italy's marble. The most favored are the St. Joe and St. Clair varieties, so called from the localities where first found. “St. Joe” is pink, mottled with white, gray or pea green; “St. Clair” shades from light gray to chocolate. The pioneers of Newton County hauled a nine thousand pound block of mottled marble sixty miles, with oxen, and sent it by water to take its place in the Washington Monument.

It is estimated that about every ten miles a large stream flows into the White River. Consequently it is doubtless no idle boast that from one to ten acres in the White River Valley will afford a living for a family—more than a living, it would seem, since two crops of potatoes the same year are not unusual, and strawberries grown out of doors are marketed in November.

The White River, coquetting with sun and shadow, lavishing fertility and mirroring the beauty of leaning, needle-like peaks, massive rainbow-hued boulders, and interlaced drapery of willow and chinaberry, had its own secrets. Who first discovered its plentitude of bass,

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rainbow trout, jack salmon, buffalo redhorse, suckers, catfish, "large, firm-fleshed, fighting fellows," was surely not the sportsman; but it is a matter of history that in 1879 a young man from St. Louis, hunting and fishing in White County, picked up a small object which attracted his attention by its peculiar color and brilliancy, and which his negro guide informed him was common in that locality It proved to be a “truly” pearl His, and similar finds about that period, initiated pearling. Immediately there was "a Klondyke rush ” It is calculated that two million dollars' worth of pearls have since been taken from Arkansas waters The little town


highest tension of pride and dignity incidental to the honor of being headquarters for its state's pearl buyers. Out of this industry grew one less alluring, more certain and substantial, the collection of mussel

HANDFORD BLUFF-OVERLOOKING THE WHITE RIVER. shells for button factories. After being examined for pearls, its painted rosettes of rock, its waving the shells are thrown into bin sheds, ferns and grasses, its tangled mossy drift, awaiting the purchaser, who pays six to its cosmopolitan fish'haunts. ten dollars a ton for them.

The valley of the lower White River A deeper secret had the White River, contains clusters of low mounds, reguguarded longer than its piscatorial and lar, evenly spaced, always near water or molluscan treasure, its fairy islands and where water has been. These are acits hiding places in the hills: a wonder- credited to the Mound Builders, and the ful, submerged garden, its own artistic supposition is strengthened by interachievement. Above this entrancing gar- jacent fragments of burned earthenware. den there is no array of glass-bottomed Near Penter's Bluff, Arkansas, there is a boats, strident-tongued guides, and agile relic field, yielding fint arrow-heads, penny-divers, as at Catalina ; but the hammer-heads, lance-points, barbarous elixir-breathing voyageur upon this implements, and hand-made stones the charming river may feast his eyes upon size of a canister, attributed to the exits tasselated, many-colored pavement, its pedition of De Soto after its valiant brown and gray Doric and Ionic columns, leader had been buried in the Mississippi.

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