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the woodland—that it can never be cut down an adjacent cedar and split it into off, but fire and the axe are playing shingles for a roof, and the house is such havoc with it at present that ex- ready for occupation when the stove, perts of the Bureau of Forestry predict dishes and furniture are put in. A trunk that these great firs will, like the buffalo, fifteen feet in diameter will give a surbecome only a memory unless more prising amount of room. Some of them stringent measures are taken. For this contain nearly one hundred and fifty reason the Bureau of Forestry advocates new methods of felling the trees, such as If the stump is so sound that it would using saws driven by steam power, which be too big a job to cut away the inside will cut the trunks close to the roots. A of it, the settler sometimes uses one end law is also being advocated compelling for a wall of his house, placing logs or the timberman to bore into the base of planks against it and making a sort of the tree and not leave the decayed spots roof lean-to, which is covered with to guess work. Laws of some sort are shingles or boards. Then he nails some certainly needed, for it is estimated by cleats against the sides of the stump for the forestry experts that of the total a stepladder and it is used for a variety amount of timber cut for various pur- of purposes. Children may take it for a poses only sixty-five per cent is actually playground. It is handy for the mother saved, and that the enormous proportion to spread out her clothes to dry in the of thirty-five per cent of good lumber is sun where she has no other back yard. left in the forests to waste.
It also serves for a front porch, the The big stumps which are not cut up family sitting on it in the summer eveninto shingles, however, are not all wasted. ings. After the farmer gets enough The people who are taking up the logged- money ahead to build a larger and more off lands are usually accustomed to get- comfortable home the old stump is genting along in a small way and do not erally preserved, for it can be used as a mind living in rather crowded quarters, shed, sometimes a stable for the ponies, so quite frequently one of the biggest or as a storehouse, will be kept for a temporary home. The decayed wood is so rich and fertile After the tree has been cut down, if the that plants will readily grow in it, and heart of the stump is rotten, exposure to some of the people who can find time to the weather rapidly increases the decay, have a dooryard and a few flowers will so that in a few years it may become leave one of the stumps after the land merely a shell with the outside only a has been cleared, to be turned into a few inches in thickness. Then it is an flower bed, sometimes planting vines easy matter to cut a hole in one end for which run up about the base and make a a door and two or three small holes for very pretty effect. So are covered some windows, to clean out the inside, to cut of the scars the lumbermen leave.
Life-Saving and Swimming Hints
Written and Illustrated by Montague A.
Holbein, Famous Swimmer
For upwards of twenty-five years Mr. Holbein has created walking, cycling and swimming records every year with unfailing regularity ; while his persistent swims across the English Channel from Dover to Calais, more than twenty-one miles, proclaim him, at forty-four years of age, one of the greatest “stayers" of his time. -Ed.
DON'T know why I should swimmer little if he can only negotiate state that every man and
half the distance before he becomes exwoman, boy and girl should hausted. I remember a press man in the know how to swim, and tug following me on my last swim across save life in the water be- the English Channel, calling out: "Why
sides. The thing is so ob- do you carry your head so low, Holbein ?" vious. And yet, what a strange state
"I don't carry my head," I replied ; of affairs we see. Every year thousands
"I let the water do that.” of people lose their lives bathing in the The whole situation is here sunimed sea or rowing and sailing in small boats up. Watch any long-distance swimmer, on lake or river. And even winter brings and you will find that his mouth is well its tragic tale of drowning because of below the water at the beginning of each skaters slipping through the ice.
stroke, when the air is expelled, and a I have no hesitation in saying that fresh breath taken as the stroke raises nearly all these sad events might be pre- the mouth above the surface. In other vented if elementary instruction in swim- words, the correct time to breathe is ming and life-saving were made com- when the arms are fully extended in the pulsory in the public schools. And in stroke. the Old World at any rate a new era The swimmer who breathes "anyhow" is dawning in this matter-especially in will never go far, however powerful he London, where the various school swim- be, as the strain of maintaining and proming associations with hundreds of thou- pelling himself is too great, if his body sands of adherents are teaching first of be incorrectly balanced. The fact is all "dry-land" swimming in the play- swimming should not be a fatiguing “
a grounds, and then practical instruction exercise; certainly the strain should be as in specially erected swimming baths nothing compared with that of riding a under competent instructors engaged by bicycle up a stiffish hill. the school authorities.
P'ersonally I have no great opinion of And quite apart from the question of the sea-bathing idler who steps gingerly saving one's own life or that of another, out of his tent, wades out up to his swimming opens up a new and pleasur- middle, bobs for a few minutes, and then able exercise, as well as quenching for- goes miserably back with the secret conever the dread of deep water which viction that sea-bathing is a delusion and seems to be on the bravest of us who
a snare. All who have made the expericannot swim.
ment agree that the most delightful and And as to those who can, I never could beneficial of sea baths is obtained from a understand their utter exhaustion after boat pulled half a mile or more from going a few hundred yards until I in- shore. No swimmer should miss the devestigated the questions of balance and licious shock of the first dive-which by breathing adopted by so many novices. the way should never be over the side, You see in the event of a boat upsetting but over the stern; the former is a dana good way out from land, it avails the
gerous as well as incorrect method.
And to re-enter the boat the experi- it over one's head and shoulders or even enced swimmer swims partly up to the to dive through it, with the result that stern and then leaps up and climbs in. the head is merely thrust under water You should never attempt to clamber and kept there by the buoy's weight. It over the side or bows, since the former is in fact next to impossible to get it will bring about an upset almost surely over the shoulders, and should you sucwhile the latter is extremely awkward, ceed in getting only partially through, even if you succeed.
there is grave danger of becoming Having plunged from the stern and wedged. received a sensation so exhilarating that I have known an inexperienced swimit must be experienced rather than de- mer, to whom a buoy was thrown from a
scribed, the swimmer will, do well to yacht, "saved" wrong-end up; his head practice a few useful water-feats as a being submerged and his lower extremivariation from merely swimming until ties maintained above the surface. The he grows tired. There is little excuse correct thing is to grasp the two sides for swallowing water even in a fast of the buoy with fingers of the hands stroke; this is merely a matter of correct uppermost, lower yourself right under it, breathing. I would also recommend so that its weight submerges your head practice with a life-buoy in the water. for a moment. Then you will come up It affords great fun to a party of robust through the center. Draw your arms young swimmers and may one day or through, and you will find yourself comanother prove vitally useful in some fortably supported as long as necessary, grave catastrophe far out at sea.
with your arms resting on the sides. To a person ignorant of the correct A much neater way to do it in one way of getting into a buoy, this life
movement is to put both hands close tosaving contrivance is perhaps more dan- gether on the edge of the buoy nearest gerous than useful. When it is thrown
to you, and suddenly throw all the into the water the temptation is to lift weight of the body upon it. This will.