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The World's Largest Bear

By Lillian E. Zeh

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HE record breaking and also obtained a series of typical bear of the world from photos showing his natural appearance the wilds of the Alas- in life, together with an interesting ackan Peninsula now count related by a member of the huntmakes his first bow to ing expedition, as to locality and some of the general public the incidents connected with his capture. through the pages of First, here are some of the enormous

this magazine. For proportions of the big bear: in life he nearly a year this great trophy has been was about the size of an ox, and measin the hands of the taxidermists who ured nearly nine feet from tip to tail, have patiently and skilfully modeled his stood five feet in height, and weighed

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giant form in clay and snugly fitted over sixteen hundred pounds. A striking idea the same his immense coat of brown fur. of the size of the skin can be gained I have just had some close glimpses of from the accompanying photos in comthe huge creature behind the scenes parison with a six-foot man standing in of the preparation department of the the center. The great hide would easily Museum of Natural History, New York, afford a cover for eight or ten sleeping men, while the spread of one of his long Alaska region, under the direction of clawed feet takes up a square foot of a well known and experienced arctic ground.

hunter. The main feature of the last It was fortunate from a naturalist's trip was a great bear hunt, lasting nineand educator's standpoint that so valu- teen days, the most important trophy of able a specimen of the big game of the which was the sixteen hundred pound country did not fall into the hands of forest monster here described. The vari

ous pictures reproduced, with the taxidermist at work alongside, show off to good advantage the giant creature's size. Truly a formidable adversary, capable of dealing death with a single blow of his powerful paws. Seated within the shadow of big bruin, the writer had an hour's chat with one of the members of the expedition, who related some of the main incidents connected with his capture, which is herewith condensed into the following narrative:

Our hunting expedition in quest of large mammals of the Alaskan Peninsula, left Seattle last summer and made our first camp near Muller Bay, on the Bering Sea side of the peninsula. On the second day in camp we found fresh bear tracks of different sizes, which led down to a small stream. As it was only a few weeks after their season of coming out from their

winter dens to forage for natives, or some careless white commer- food, such as fish, grass and roots, etc., cial hunters. Owing to the persistent this practically established the fact that hunting by both Indian and white sports- near by was a family or colony of bears. men, many of the large and splendid The animals retire to their dens about types of animals of sub-arctic America the last week of September, and remain are fast being exterminated, notwith- until April. They do not go far from standing the restriction of the game their dens at first and often return to laws. To secure and permanently pre- them at night. And our early hopes serve some of the great forest denizens were fulfilled, for on May 29 we were alike to science and to the intelligent destined to bring down the Herculean big game lovers, some $5,000 was con- sixteen-hundred-pound brown bear, the tributed for a systematic round up of the largest ever taken on the Alaskan Peninanimal inhabitants of the southeastern sula, and claimed to be the record-break



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ing specimen of the world, and indeed animal was sighted well up the mountain there is little doubt such is the fact. side, and even at half a mile the glasses

While hunting the country a large showed him to be a beast of extraordinary proportions. When, by making a lick at the wound, caressing the spot pitidetour, we came up within two hundred fully with his tongue. yards distance of our game, however, we Suddenly, however, the huge creature found a magnificent brown creature of dashed madly again in our direction. astonishing and wonderful size and Keeping my nerve, when he was one hunheight.

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dred yards distant, I aimed straight at The giant had just whetted his appe

his head and fired two shots. Instantly tite on a full grown caribou and with his his head dropped between his fore legs, wonderful paws was just about burying the momentum of his huge body caused his victim's remains in the ground. Being him to turn a complete somersault, and exposed to a broad-side aim we fired at the great beast toppled to the earth stone him. Wounded, and with a shake and


The two bullets had entered groan, the enraged animal rose on his through the forehead, just above the eyes, hind legs and wildly pawed the air, and and had gone clean through the skull and then started on a mad rush straight down spine. Death must have been instanthe hill where we had now advanced to taneous. an open, clear view. The bullet had evi- Our combined party of five took part dently gone crashing into the shoulder in removing the magnificent skin and in and badly wounded the furious animal, the salting, and it has now, by the clay causing great spurts of blood. After he sculpturing or modeling process, been had run a short distance he paused and mounted with an astonishingly life-like with roars of pain and rage, began to and realistic appearance.

The Joy of Hard Labor

“No man can work too hard, or hours too long, if his health

will permit."-Pres. Eliot, of Harvard University.

Said the miner deep down in the earth

(And he laughed at the humor of it)
“It's a joy and a revel to dig like the devil

As long as my health will permit;
And, though it's a loss of delight to the boss,

He doesn't seem jealous a bit!"

Said a girl in the thundering mill,

With a smile that was grateful and sweet:
"It's pleasant, this spinning ; I fear that I'm sinning

In wanting to sleep and to eat!
Oh, it would be so grand to be able to stand

The other twelve hours on my feet."

Said the child in the tenement shop:

"Don't send me to play, if you please ;
I'd rather be sewing and stitching, you know,

In this hotbed of filth and disease.
For a sweatshop, you see, is dearer to me
Than the birds and the blossoming trees!"

-Tom Selby, in Painter and Decorator,

The Wizard of Fruits and Flowers

By Louis J. Simpson

UTHER BURBANK has inated the fuzziness and acid from the attracted a vast amount of quince—in fact there is hardly a fruit or attention because he has at- vegetable that has not been experimented tempted and to a consid- upon by Mr. Burbank, sometimes to their erable extent succeeded in improvement, sometimes unsatisfactorily.

doing something quite In the floral world he has ennobled many novel, at least in this country. He is flowers. He has grown a crimson poppy, breeding up plant, fruit and vegetable a Shasta or larger growth of the ox-eye life. He is the god-father of the sugar daisy, and he has produced various new prune, a giant in comparison to its an- colors of roses, notably his latest, the blue cestor, the French prune, of which Cali- rose. These results in plant life are obfornia produced 150,000,000 pounds of tained through selection and crossing. He the dried product in a year. The sugar implants the pollen of one upon the prune ripens earlier and is of immense stigma of the other. He gathers his secommercial value. Burbank is also the lections from all over the world and when maker of the seedless plum which he ac- the cross produces a seed he plants it and complished by crossing two varieties of experiments until he secures the desired the Pruns triflora. The white blackberry result. A strawberry is crossed with a is another of the wizard of horticulture's blackberry, or one of a species with antriumphs. Sixty-five thousand bushes other. Sometimes thousands of plants were used in tests before he developed will grow when but one develops the this phenomenon. He has given to the ideal desired. From 300,000 apple tree arid deserts a new species of grass which seedlings but one was selected. From will grow on the plains without water.

65,000 bushes but one white-blackberry He converted the cactus into an edible was chosen. plant. The wild potato of South America Mr. Burbank's work has been widely also received his attention. From a sin- recognized, commented upon and not ingle eye of this potato he developed one frequently criticized. The Carnegie Inhundred and twenty hybridizations and stitute of Pittsburg awarded him ten grew a large tuber of good quality. Mr. thousand dollars a year for ten years for Burbank has made endless experiments experimental purposes. Mr. Burbank is with the potato. He keeps, on his farm a living example of his own theory of at Santa Rosa no less than 10,000 varie- transmission of traits. His mother's ties for experimental purposes. He has family included the famous horticulturgrown potatoes of every shape and color, ists Ross and Burpree. From his father round, long, short, square, pure white, he inherited a bent for mechanical invenpink, crimson, purple and yellow. Bur- tions. As a boy he lived on a farm and bank potato seedlings have been shipped took a great interest in grape growing. all over the world. The late Cecil Rhodes He was born in Lancaster, Mass., and planted 10,000 of his seedless plum trees educated in the grammar schools, immein South Africa, and now they have diately going into the Ames Plow Works, multiplied into the millions.

but his love of nature led him to take “I worked seventeen years to produce up experimental work and he went to a raspberry, free from all thorns-with- California in 1875 to secure a suitable out a pricker in it nor a particle of rusty climate. He started a nursery business brown,” he said. Mr. Burbank has elim- to maintain his experiments, acquiring

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