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at Jeffersonville, designed and con- valley, at the bottom of which flows a structed an engine especially for the small stream that afterward joins its Madison hill, a middle notched rail was waters with those which tumble over the used to assist trains up the steep incline. hundred-foot precipice of Clifty Falls. This engine, which always bore the name Just across this valley is a great overof its maker, was in use until two years hanging rock, under which man and ago, when it was retired on account of nature have combined to construct a age—to become a valued relic of the country pike. Purdue University mechanical museum. All around Madison the scenery is

From an aesthetic point of view the beautiful, and no sight is prettier than Madison cut and grade present scenes that of the broad Ohio plowed into great that have few, if any, counterparts. In waves by the Cincinnati-Louisville mail every direction immense hills rise above packets, or freighters that ply between and around the railroad track and the the isolated river towns. Nature, repregreat walls of the cut tower menacingly sented by the river, seems to vie with over the narrow roadbed. Just before humanity, whose work is shown by the the road plunges into the deepest part cut. Indeed, to the traveler the scenery of the cut it passes along the brink of a is charming, the great engineering acnarrow ledge of rock overlooking a deep complishment awe-inspiring.

Poverty

I am the giant tree whose boughs unstirred,
Conceal no happy nest of singing bird.

I am the perfect rose whose hundredth leaf
Remains uncrumpled by the touch of grief.

I am the nightingale that eve and morn
Escapes unwounded from the lyric thorn.

I am the cloud that moves in light august
Without a tear of pearl to fling the dust.

I am the sun that in uncrimson wave,
Sinks down without a battle to the grave.

I am the night that knows not near or far,
The tragic splendor of a falling star!

--EDWARD WILBUR Mason, in Overland Monthly.

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the ingenuity of Herr yarn, loose or tightly spun, of all Emil Clavie z, a well- thicknesses, have been successfully woven known Saxon inventor into almost every conceivable fabric, and manufacturer, is due and tested and retested, until the inventhe production of a paper tion has become an important com

yarn termed “Zylolin," mercial success. The paper yarn has exthat has been successfully used in a wide traordinary wearing properties, and as range of textile fabrics.

the full scope of its usefulness has probThe utilization of wood-fiber paper in ably not been determined, it will, in all this practical way and the extreme likelihood, lend itself to other purposes cheapness of the new material compared yet to be discovered. with other yarns now in use is really a Zylolin is wood-fiber spun into a paper most remarkable achievement. This is thread or yarn, and may be woven into not a liaphazard discovery, but rather the any desired fabric. Although of the logical result of years of painstaking same material as paper, Zylolin is not study and experimentation. The final de- used in sheets and has nothing whatever velopment of the theory shows that the of the nature of papier-maché. It is primaterial may be used in the various tex- marily a thread or yarn and is employed tile industries. The paper thread and exclusively in weaving. The looms used in the manufacture of most textiles do not have to be especially constructed for this substance, although they may have to be slightly adapted for its readier manipulation. A carpet loom of almost any kind can employ this new yarn. A loom that is used for weaving linen or cotton fabrics of fine or loose mesh can readily take the finer kinds of paper thread. The thread is not at all brit

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FROM THE PAPER FIBER,

A BATCH OF SAMPLES ShowinG VARIOUS KINDS OF FLOOR COVERINGS MADE tle, it does not have a hard surface, and it

The colors and designs in the originals are exquisite. neither shrinks nor stretches to any appreciable extent. Hav- bleached the yarn or thread is of a snowy ing certain resilient qualities, it cannot whiteness, and at first glance cannot be be readily crushed or dented like paper distinguished from cotton. It can be and on it moisture has practically no ef- woven to appear as homespun linen. It fect. It is a serviceable substitute for combines the good qualities of cotton and cotton, jute, linen, and even silk. When linen at one-third of the price of cotton

and one-tenth of the price of linen. Being paper, it can be more easily dyed in delicate shades, far outmatching the range of colors to which cotton or silk are susceptible and vastly more than those of the best linen. The process of dyeing the thread or yarns is patented, and appears to be so nearly perfect that no colors, from the daintiest shades to the richest hues, are affected by strong light. If it should be the wish of a manufacturer to combine the paper thread or yarn with other materials to gain the cheapness of the new substance, it can readily be done. It can be run in greater or less quantities as may be desired. This is of course something great

ly to be desired, and LACE DRAPERY MADE FROM ZYLOLIN,

which will be appreciated. The crude materials in various proportions are consequently very cheap compared with other vegetable fibers used in weaving, and this alone will make its place in the textile world permanent. Already factories are busily at work in England and in Bohemia, as well as in Saxony, turning out the paper thread and yarn, which is bought by textile manufacturers for use in their mills. It is the business of the inventor to supply the spun paper and not, with the one exception of floor coverings, to make up the multitude of articles which can be woven from Zylolin.

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Among the various fabrics in which the greatest amount of work has thus far beer. accomplished is the making of rugs and carpets, and the output of the factories of the inventor is already being exported to this country with marked success. Here the yarn of heavier quality, woven into beautiful designs, is found

Coat of Paper Wood Weave. to possess advantages over certain classes of floor coverings. They can be turned out in any thickness as rugs, mats or

fear of injury. As wood is unpalatable carpets. They are very elastic to the to moths the fabrics made of the new tread, do not retain dust and are easily yarn can be stored without fear of damcleaned by beating or washing without age from these insects. The paper floor

coverings naturally do not possess the
properties of rich Persian carpets, but
are adapted to uses to which oriental
rugs can ill be put. Although they can
be made in pile, they are at present man-
ufactured chiefly after the manner of an
ingrain carpet, but in finely wrought,
artistic patterns. They are clean, crisp
and fresh, and particularly suited to
summer homes and veranda use.
• Another great field for the paper yarn
is in the manufacture of bagging, being
a practical substitute for more expensive
jute. It has been found best, however,
in making sacks to mix one thread of
jute with two of paper. The combina-
tion secures the advantages of jute gunny
cloth and the lightness and cheapness of
wood paper. Closer woven, equally
strong, and at one-half of the cost, it can
replace with advantage the jute sacking
now in general use. Inasmuch as the
production of jute is localized and the
demand for it steadily increasing, Zylolin
used in place of jute for sacks will make
those who have hitherto used jute sack-

ing in large quantities more or less indeAN "ALL-Wool" Rug.

pendent of the jute market, with the high

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prices now prevailing. Sacking made gathered from the fact that last year with the combination of Zylolin and jute 7,000,000 pieces were made and sold, and seems to be a cleaner and a neater fabric it is likely that not one purchaser in a and not nearly so heavy as jute alone. hundred thought he was buying anyThe output of this combination paper thing but linen toweling at bargain prices. sacking is already of great proportions, Medium sized towels made of the new and it is estimated that in the near future yarn are sold for about 24 cents a dozen. the new sacking will be a formidable This new fiber is not placed on the marrival of the jute now in use the world ket, however, as a crafty imitation. To over.

the contrary, makers of many sorts of The spun fiber has also been woven textiles have found it so serviceable that into outing hats both for men and they use it for mixing with other thread women. “Canvas” shoes have been made and yarn or weave it alone. Wonderof it at a nominal cost, and some idea fully successful have been the essays in of its adaptability for towels may be making wall hangings and furniture

coverings. When used for mural decoration, the material may either be tacked, nailed or applied with paste, and the delicate coloring that the paper fiber takes renders the effect of the tapestries singularly pleasing. For upholstering veranda furniture the material has an unusual advantage beyond its merits of decoration because it is not subject to injury by light or dampness or even rain.

For certain grades of wearing apparel the new paper fiber has in itself an important sphere. The readiness with which yarn can be made up into cloth of any design or shade makes its use in this regard easy and successful. One peculiar feature when the paper thread is used in garments for clothing of medium thickness is the resultant warmth. It possesses the advantage of lightness in comparison with an equal bulk of linen or even cotton. The cost of the material for a full three-piece suit of clothes of average weight is not over $1.

In lighter weight it is Jute" BAGGING.

particularly adapted to

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