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During the fiscal year 1906 there were consumed 33,504,000 barrels of beer, or 27.9 gallons per capita. The decline of about 11 per cent in consumption was in England and Scotland, Ireland showing a slight increase.
The use of spirits also showed a large falling off; the consumption fell from 1.1 gallons per capita to .9 gallon per annum. Measured by population, the decrease was 15 per cent for home products,'and 29 per cent for foreign spirits.
It is only a reasonable deduction to assume that tea is taking the place of beer as a beverage, as the imports of tea for the first seven months of 1906 amounted to 155,767,710 pounds, an increase of 10,000.000 pounds above the same period of 1905. For the year ending March 31, 1906, the amount of tea received from India alone was 217.297,452 pounds. All this should serve as an in
not for the periscope. This is an instrument which projects a few inches above the water, and acts as a mechanical eye. A mirror placed in the upper end of the tube at an angle of 45° reflects the images thrown on its surface downward to a parallel mirror within the submarine. This is the simplest type of periscope.
The French have improved upon this form. Two tubes instead of a single one are employed, one being fixed in the hull of the boat, the other being arranged to slide up and down. Thus the latter, if it be so desired, may be withdrawn completely from sight. The movable periscope also possesses the advantage of allowing the officer to scan the surface of the waters in every direction by rotating the tube. Officers declare the images procured are as sharp and clear as those obtained with a field-glass.
But the periscope may also betray as
well as aid the submarine. It leaves a trail in its course. However, in the event that an exceptionally scientific or lucky shot might remove it, a second periscope could very easily he substituted.
"TTHERE are two little streams -in the * United States which are believed by many people to have miraculous powers for healing. One is known as Egg Harbor Creek and is in New Jersey, while the other is away up in Michigan, and is called Boyne River. Winter and summer, people bathe and wade in the waters of these streams, believing that they will cure such diseases as rheumatism and fevers. It is a common thing for people to go into the water attired in their ordinary clothes, as some of them believe that they will be benefited more greatly by so doing. The discoverer of the beneficial properties of Egg Harbor Creek is an old man called Eather Smith. He has been using its water for several years, and says that he is growing younger in consequence. Eather Smith has built a little house on the banks of the creek, and here he lives with a number of people who are called his disciples —men and women who have heard of the creek and have come here to see if it will cure them.
There is a story about Boyne River that an old man crippled with rheumatism accidentally fell into it one night. I'p to that time he had been compelled to walk with crutches, but the next day he felt so mucli better that he threw away the crutches and has not needed them since. He told his neighbors of his experience, but they did not believe it until several of them went in bathing in the river and claimed that it also cured them of rheumatism. Since that time the people of Boyne village, which is located on the banks of the stream, have made a common practice of bathing in it frequently, and invalids have come to the place from elsewhere to get the benefit of its waters. The accompanying photograph shows some of the people bathing in the stream.
1V/I ANY odd houses have been erected iVA from time to time, but there is one in Chicago that was built thirtv-five years ago and it is probably the only one of its kind in the world. When the city was swept by the great fire in 1871 that destroyed 17.000 buildings, a man by the name of Rettig conceived the idea of erecting a house from partially consumed relics of the fire, which could be had for the asking. This queer structure still stands at No. 900 North Clark street. Melted horseshoes, nails, crockery, etc., went into its composition. It is one of the few things left to recall the time of the great conflagration.
Saved TfoirotLagglhi Freafe
HT] I IS is the photograph of a remark'able railroad accident. A freight engine running wild dashed into the rear coach of a passenger train. Instead of smashing the car to pieces or telescoping it into the next forward car, the locomotive lifted the coach, filled with passengers at the time, upon itself. Strangely enough not a single one of the passengers sustained any injury. This is one of the most singular and at the same time most fortunate railroad disasters known.
&.eclami&a1ta o ara Service
C'Ol'R years ago a * dozen men organized the Reclamation Service in connection with the Hydrographic Branch of the Geological Survey. The work accomplished since then has been of gigantic proportions. . Twenty-five
millions of dollars have been expended in contracts for reclaiming the arid regions of the West, flans are now on foot which will involve a further cost of $15,000,000. Ten thousand men are engaged under contractors in this work. The Reclamation Service itself employs directly 2,000 men—mechanics and unskilled laborers. Recently the organization was separated from the parent body, and it now has quarters of its own. The present membership is 400, consisting of engineers and assistants.
Heaps of DiaumoKads
LIE A PS of diamonds, flashing and * * burning beneath the artificial lights overhead and aggregating in value $215.000, is what the accompanying photograph represents. For this is a diamondcutter's table. The tools may be seen lying about. The little cup-shaped instrument just back of the diamonds is the glass through which the workman examines the gems. The stones-in the center are cut; the little piles lying about in a semi-circle are still awaiting the adamant instruments of the workman.
Basalt from Osae Tree
A LARGE Baptist Church that stands in the city of Santa Rosa, Cal., enjoys the distinction of having been constructed entirely from a single tree. Of course, that includes the woodwork of the structure. The tree from which the timbers, lumber, and shingles were cut was a giant California redwood. A con
Diamond Cutter's Work Taiile.
siderable quantity of the lumber was left over after the church building was completed.
This building has a spire seventy feet high ; an audience-room capable of seating 300; a parlor capable of seating eighty; a pastor's study fourteen by twenty feet, a vestibule and toilet room. The building is thirty-five by eighty feet. There are not many buildings in the country all the timber of which came from a single tree.
Mosccpaitoes Like Black
""THE most rational way to wage war * against larvae and eggs of mosquitoes, which they deposit in swamps and stagnant waters, is done by means of a thin coating of kerosene. But the number of bites from this sanguinary insect may be greatly decreased by the use of lightcolored clothing, as it is stated by an eminent German scientist that the mosquitoes are strongly influenced in choosing their victims by the color of their clothes. As far back as 1841 it was discovered that a loose fabric of white threads kept mosquitoes away much more effectively than one of black threads. Joly observed in Madagascar that the insects prefer to alight on black soil rather than on white
Church Built From One Tree.
"lWIEDICAL science has not yet penetrated the secret of spotted fever," says Doctor W. W. Kirig, of the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, who has recently returned from several months' study of the disease in the Bitter Root Valley of Montana, where he was sent by the Government.
"There are many baffling characteristics about spotted fever," said he. "In the first place, the disease is only known in a few valleys of the West. It is exceedingly dangerous, but not even prevalent where it occurs. For instance, in the Bitter Root Valley there were ten cases this year with eight deaths.
"A peculiarity of the disease is that it appears only on the east side of "the Bitter Root Valley. People on the west slope have never been affected. In other valleys in the mountains it may appear on the west side, but it is always confined to one side.
Dr. King has brought back with him several guinea pigs and monkeys infected with the disease. These subjects are being experimented upon at the Hygiene Laboratory at Washington, and the hope is expressed that the germ of spotted fever may ultimately be discovered, and that it may be eradicated. Practically all the progress made thus far has been to determine that spotted fever is a blood disease.
The Dip of Death
lV/ILLE. YVONNE D'ARCI was the first woman, or indeed the first person, to loop the loop in an automobile. The feat of looping the loop by a bicycle rider has become, relatively speaking, quite common. The somersault in mid air with the auto is a "thriller" that is still something new for summer resorts and carnival shows. The inauguration of the automobile introduced a new problem: how to neutralize the tremendous force of the fall that a heavy machine necessarily must experience on striking the earth.
A Frenchman solved the riddle. Consulting his mathematics, he placed a collapsible platform where the machine would drop. It was thirty feet from the end of the incline. His mathematics also told him that before the car reached the earth, its momentum would force it to turn a complete revolution. With a dummy of the same weight as a human figure, he pursued the problem and found that in nine cases out of ten, the car would finish its somersault before it struck the platform.
To break the tremendous force of the fall, the collapsible framework suggested itself and the apparatus for the act was complete.
Each day, at the appointed hour, Mile. D'Arci steps into the automobile and is slowly hoisted skyward. Not until it reaches the extreme edge of the skeletonlike incline does it pause. Of a sudden, the ropes are severed, and the car is
hurled earthward. It whizzes into the lower curve, of the incline, is flung outward and upward. Then it plunges downward again to complete its revolution and crashes into the platform below. The timbers snap and the car strikes the ground airiid the wreckage, the force of the impact broken.
It is hard to believe that a woman would care to take such tremendous risks, and, yet on one occasion, when D'Arci wanted a substitute she of women eager to take her place. The money, the excitement, and the glory—all are incentives.